nél(l)fartach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél(l)fartach or dil.ie/33066

Forms: neullfartach

adj f. slumbering, dozing: neullfartach `slumbering', Eg. Gl. 491. a neullfartaigh air an leabuidh, Job xxxiii 15 . grádhach air neullfurtaigh, Isa. lvi 10.

? nellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nellach or dil.ie/33067

Forms: n-ellach, ndellach

n lengach gach n.¤ , Laws iv 378.9 ; perh. = n-ellach or ndellach `every [ beast ] that lies down', Atk. Gl.

? nélmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nélmach or dil.ie/33068

adj. seabhac eich fút . . . um chreich námhad go néalmhach, TD 6.13 .

néltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néltach or dil.ie/33069

adj o, a. cloudy, misty: Donn slebhi na sreabh nealtach LL 394.50 .

1 nem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nem or dil.ie/33070

Forms: nem, nnem, nem, nem, nim, nim, nime, nimae, neme, nime, nimi, nime, ebad, neamh, nim, nimh, nimhe, nimhe, nimhe, nime, nimib, nime, indithib, indithidib

n s, n. n s. (with art.) a nem , Ml. 42b10 , cf. 22 . a nnem n-airerda, SR 112. in nem n-amra, 120 . a s. nem, Wb. 6c9 , 12c9 . d s. nim, Wb. 15c22 , Ml. 51c29 , 106a3 . Mid.Ir. nim (rarely neim, PH 160 , 420 ). g s. ind nime , Ml. 51c27 . nimae, Thes. ii 254.11 (Stowe Miss.). Mid. Ir. nime (-i). neme, O'Mulc. 830 a. n p. nime, Ml. 45b15 , 126c9 . Thes. ii 1.24 . nimi, SR 194. g p. nime, SR 1810. Given as ex. of neut. (and masc. Auraic. 595-98 , Stud. Hib. xxix 197 n. 5 ) decl., Auraic. 1859 fg .; written with diphth. ebad (ea), 1295 , 4394 . In later lang. fem. (occas. masc.): neamh (d s. don nim núa, don nimh naoi, g s. na nimhe nua, nimhe naoi), IGT Dec. § 206 ; in P the g s. nimhe naoi is said to be correct; pl. forms are proscribed as incorrect.

(a) the sky or physical heaven ; commonly used without art. nem, gl. coelum and coeli, Ir. Gl. 812. ind firm[im]int .i. a nnem adchiam-ni, Ml. 42b22 . ni artu ní nim nothing is higher than heaven, Thes. ii 248.3 . ri dorigne nem noithech . . . ocus talam, SR 13. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind, TBC 4752. cuirfither tar cend in nem ┐ talam, PH 3622. tuarcaib G. a ruscu co nem, 1418 . rith fri nemh running skywards (of a hopeless enterprise), IT i 124.18 . ní fil fo nim ní nā dingned there is nothing under heaven (i.e. on earth) he would not do, SC 42. nochon fuaratar . . . slúag fo nim dia n-ergaire, ZCP viii 218 § 21. ó nim co lár, LL 371b11 . tuag nime a rainbow, Sg. 107b1 . drúcht nimhe, Hackett xlii 53 .

In pl. in imitation of Lat. coeli: inna nime (gl. coeli), Ml. 45b15 , cf. 126c9 . In Mid.Ir. the pl. is freq. used in reference to the seven heavens supposed to encompass (or be super- jacent to) the earth: do chur cuarda secht nime, SR 1810. a choimmdiu secht nime! Fél. Prol. 2 , cf. Ep. 401. is docomail drém na secht nime, FA 15 ( LU 2080 ), cf. PH 8096. conúar- gabad Pól apstal cosin tres nem, FA 2 , cf. PH 1675. Acc. to SR 105 fg . there are three heavens between the earth and the `firmiment', those of air, ether and `Olimp' (Olympus); in these the planets are contained; beyond them three others extend for an equal distance and last of all is the `riched' or Empyrean. Occas. in wider sense, of sky in general: legtair asna nimib .ix. ngaetha, Ériu ii 112.4 . hi nimib , PH 7824. fa choim na neamh, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 .

(b) heaven, the abode of the blest, common in rel. lit. a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar, Ml. 42b10 . ropia nem ye shall have heaven, Wb. 22b23 . i llogh a cheirtgnim . . . fuair nem, Fél. 114.19 . is neam a n-iartaige [sic leg.] they win heaven as the result, PH 8423. techt for nem, Wb. 15c22 . for nem . . . ro drebraing, Fél. Aug. 26. dul for neam, LB 110a60 ( MacCarthy 48.28 ) = dul co nem, SR 1095. in anim . . . da breith for nem, Arch. iii 216.6 . for nim ocus talmain in heaven, Fél. Ep. 294. bia for neim cen crích, PH 420. dá mbeithea ar neamh na naoi ngrádh, Dán Dé v 32 . for deis Dé athar ind-nim, Hib. Min. 10.324 . i nimh no a ttalmain, Arch. iii 309.15 . rí nime, Hy. vi 23. flaithem nime, i 31 . hi flaith nime, Fél. Ep. 196. eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5 (i.e. the angels and the spirits of the blest). fer nime a religious or cleric: ni meiccditer fir nime ┐ soscela Crist, Laws iv 210.7 . comlabra fer nime, Arch. iii 232.28 . See nemnall. ainm nime ann sin forsin scriptuir the name of heaven is here given to the Scripture, PH 3554. ainm nime for Ierusalem in sin (= Jeru- salem is here a name for heaven), 1901 . ? g s. as attrib.: in fer doroega na .lll. as duthain ┐ is nime `the man that chose the thrice fifty [psalms] is transitory and shortlived' (?), Lism.L. ix 30 = is duthain. ┐ nime, LL 283b4 ; perh. is shortlived and is sure of bliss. Cf. nimhidh, Lism.L. 4282 (see nemedach).

(c) a ceiling (only in follg. ex.): nem, gl. laquear, Sg. 97a1 . For the expression nem tened, see ném.

Compds. ? ¤arracht, Acall. 3905 n . = ildelbach of text, epithet of a beautiful girl; `a heavenly image', Stokes, Gloss. ¤grian: oll natha nime nemgrian, ACC 144 ( RC xx 418 ); `of heaven's holy lights', Stokes, taking as g p. ¤iath: do nimiath nél ` heaven-land ', ACC 5 ( RC xx 156 ) = LU 519. ¤indithib d p. gl. horoscopis, Thes. ii 33.28 ; edd. Thes. emend ¤indithidib ` horoscopists '. ¤nél: fo nemnélaib, SR 7462. ¤nuall see nemnall. ¤tech n. freq. name for heaven: rombie-sum dar héisi | nemthech nglēisi nglanóll, Trip. 36.29 = rombia-sum . . . neimtheach, Mart. Don. Apr. 29. ri dorigni nemthech necht, SR 573 , cf. 2745 . Dia . . . ro dealb im niullu nemtheach, IT iii 189 z .

2 nem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nem or dil.ie/33071

n the membrum virile: neamh .i. ball fearrdha, O'Cl. O'R. ? fris niad nem (.i. ria fferdacht an ghaisghedhaigh), Leb. Gab. i 260.21 ( = f. niadh neamh, BB 42a7 ), tr. `from a warrior's nakedness ' (?).

1 nem-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nem- or dil.ie/33072

Forms: neph-, neb-, neph-, neb-, neph-, neph-, neph-, nem-, neph-, nem-, nemth-, neamh-, neamh-, neimh-

(neb-, neph-) neg. prefix used in composition with nouns and adjectives in temporary formations, serving merely to negate the positive sense of the word or denote the absence of the object (action, quality, etc.) expressed thereby, without adding any new meaning as do the prefixes an-, é-, mí- (e.g. nebchretem = not believing; anchretem = unbelief). In O.Ir. the forms neb- and neph- are used; in Wb. neb- before a vowel or voiced consonant, neph- before a voiceless cons.; in Sg. and Ml. only neph- (often written as a distinct word). In early Mid.Ir. neph- (nef-) and nem- are used, before voiceless and voiced consonants respectively; during the Mid.Ir. period neph- is ousted by nem- (also written nemp-, nemth-). Before a palatal vowel in the follg. word the final consonant is affected (later expressed by the spelling neim-). Mod.Ir. neamh-, (before palatal vowel) neimh-. Lenites follg. consonant; occas. (in late texts) eclipses a follg. b: nemhmbith, Ériu ii 64 n. 31 ; neimmbind, ZCP iii 32.2 ; neimmbisid (leg. -mbisig), O'Gr. Cat. 289.32 ; neamhmbáidh, Keat. i 50.22 ; neambocht, Keat. Poems 30. nemtsomainech, ZCP x 306.34 is due to analogy of cases in which lenited s prefixes t after the article; cf. nemtsos.

In Glosses common esp. with verbal abstracts, participles and nomina agentis. With vn. commonly used in O. and Mid.Ir. in the sense not to (do someth.), to refrain from (doing someth.), where in Mod.Ir. the prep. gan would be used. With adj. in Glosses freq. renders Lat. in-.

With nouns and adjs. often used to express an alternative or contrast to a foregoing corresponding positive: imdibe Tít nó a nebimdibe Titus' circumcision or his non-circumcision, Wb. 18d9 . eter gess ┐ nemgess, BDD 59. ní ébairt riu a chathim ┐ ní ebairt a nemchathim to eat it . . . not to eat it, TBC 137. ni tharat aichne for charait nā for nemcharait, FDG 238. o na comarsannaib ┐ ó na nemchomarsannaib, PH 7576. náire fri maith, nemnáire fri holc, PH 8228. ara hingin do tabairt do Aenias ┐ ara nemtabairt do Thuirn, Aen. 1644. do ced Gall ┐ do neimhchet Chloinne Taidhg, FM v 1708.7 . an laphuirt ┐ a[n] nemhlabhuirt speech and silence, Ériu v 130 § 47 . ri ro gni cach ṅdūil . . . aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR 330. cia lasmad laind nō nemlaind in sluagad, TBC 413. longa na cenntur foicsi ┐ nemhfoicsi near and far, Marco P. 5.

In many cases compds. with nem- come to be stable and assume a more or less positive meaning; cf. marbum na nem- caraid ud Crist those foes of Christ (i.e. the Saracens), RC xix 164.2 , with FDG 238 quoted above.

In later Bardic poetry compds. of neamh-, neimh- somet. serve mainly to supply a rhyme.

In later Mid.Ir. occas. compounded with finite forms of verb.

The following lists are illustrative only:

(a) with subst. ¤acallam: ba himned la F. nempaccallam ina hingine not to converse with, ZCP iv 38.4 = cen acallaim na ingine, LL 249b 26 ( TBFr. 155 ). ¤accomol: dliged nephaccomoil inna teora liter of not joining the three letters, Sg. 7b9 . ¤ág ill luck: ZCP ii 354.24 (nemagh). neamhágh, Keat. Poems 1033. ¤airchóit harmlessness: istait na nemurchoite, PH 7773. ¤áirem: hó nephairim, gl. innumero, Ml. 17d6 . ¤airitiu: tri nebairitin lóge not accepting pay, Wb. 11a12 . nemfairitiu, Mon. Tall. 35. nephairmid a non-computer , Ml. 50d2 (gl. incompotem, connected by glossator with compoto = computo) ; cf. Sg. 67b16 . nephascnaidid, gl. impos, Sg. 106a1 . neimbiathad laech a tri corgusaib na bliadna no refection of laymen, Anecd. i 44.10 . ¤breth: fochund a facbála ┐ a nembrithi leis of not bringing her, TTr.² 15. ¤buith not being: n s. nebud, Wb. 24d11 . nébeth, 9b17 . i nepbuith dia réir in not being subject to his control, 14a16 . ón nepuid hi cumgaib from not being in straits, Ml. 122a11 . Ériu ii 64 § 6. nemhchaint holding one's tongue, Ériu v 130 § 50. nemchaithem, TBC 137 (see above). tre neamhchaitheamh bídh abstaining from food, Keat. iii 2096. ¤chara, FDG 238 (see above). O'Gr. Cat. 384.17. ¤cenél: hi nephchenéil, gl. in non gentem, Wb. 5a14 . neimhcert wrong (injustice), KMMisc. 174.9 . neimhchert gaoidhilghi incorrect Gaelic, Mac Aingil Pref. 8 . ¤chet, FM v 1708.17 (see above). neimchin (< cin guilt) guiltlessness, ZCP vi 277.12 . neimchin (< cin regard, affection), BCC 304.4 . ¤comainsid: g s. ind nephchomainsedo of the non-trampler, Ml. 42b28 (gl. inculca- toris, in- taken as neg.). ¤comairle: rena nemcomhmairle do denamh by heeding not his counsel, BCC 246.34 . nebchomaitecht non-indulgence , Wb. 6c12 . as crād don cach . . . nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi not to be indulged with a change of diet, Mon. Tall. 64. nemchomall non-fulfilment , PH 7951. nebcho- malnad not fulfilling, Wb. 19c4 , cf. 14a15 . ónd nephchomḟogur, gl. inconsonantia, Sg. 152b3 . nebchongabthetu, gl. inconti- nentia, Wb. 9d24 . nemchotlud not sleeping, TBC 1703. nem- colladh insomnia, RC xlix 18.4 ; 23.9 ( ¤codladh). nebchretem a n-ad[f]iadar di Crist not believing, Wb 27a10 . ¤crích: ar neachrích (= unsettled, aimless), Measgra D. 64.48 (neimh- crich v.l.). nemhchuimhne not remembering; an amnesty, FM vi 2182.1 . nephcuimsighe incapacity, O'Gr. Cat. 222.9. neph- chuindchid anmae Dáe not seeking, Ml. 104c1 . neamhchuid non-participation, indifference , TD 16.10 . nephchumsanad not resting, Ml. 33d20 . nephchumscugud immutability , Sg. 10a14 . LL 38b37 (nem-). ¤déicsiu not looking, g s. nephdéicsen, Ml. 50d11 . ¤déine lack of vigour , see CCath. 4417 ; Dán Dé xiii 8 . nephdéirge not deserting , Sg. 209b26 . Ériu iii 106 y . neph- dēnum neich di ulc not doing any evil, Ml. 23c20 . nebdénum, Wb. 5c23 . fil ara nemdénam de | maíle is meth the penalty of not doing it is baldness, Met. Dinds. iii 24.313 . nephdiall absence of declension, Sg. 75a1 . nemhdileghadh indigestion , O'Gr. Cat. 207.11. a leth an nemdileghtha, RC xlix 8.5 . nemduine, gl. nemo, Ir. Gl. 954. nephetarcnae inna timnae non-discernment, Ml. 58a20 . -fagbá(i)l not finding, PH 3699. ZCP viii 543.17 . nemagbail in measa, Arch. iii 240 § 3. ¤faicsin (= O.Ir. aicsiu): fer a nemhfhaixena gusin tan sin one who had never seen it till then, Fl. Earls 188.12 . Cf. i nem- fecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 62. nemfheodaigecht unfadingness, LB 221b65 . ¤fis(s) ignorance: nephis, Ml. 58a20 . ¤ḟonn indifference : toirsi ┐ nemhfhonn fā neithibh diadha Celtica i 192.1032 . nemhforbunn, Lism.L. 4617 (of the Law of Moses, oppd. to forbann = heathen law). némfreccra epistle not answering, Alex. 826. ¤fuigell: nemfugell do chiunn fria membru that the head should not pass judgement on the members, ZCP xv 331 § 23. ¤gabál: is ferr a nemgabail not to accept it, Mon. Tall. 35. nephgabaltaid, gl. incapax, Ml. 117a1 . ¤gess non-taboo, BDD 59. nemhghlóir inglorious- ness, O'Gr. Cat. 466.19. nephícc non-salvation, Ml. 88b8 . neimhiocht lack of trust, suspicion , Keat. ii 2504. nebimdibe, Wb. 18d9 . nemimniche (.i. cen imnedh do beth air) freedom from care, Anecd. v 25.4 . nephinotacht non-entrance , Wb. 33b5 . ¤insce impersonal form ( Transactions of the Philological Society lxiv (1965/66) 153 ): tigther, tegar as .c. ar a neminscne sin IGT Verbs § 5 (174.19) . nephithe, gl. inedia, Ml. 127c18 . nemláthar `mean spirit', Met. Dinds. iii 56 z (: derbráthar). ¤lécud: bui comairli . . . im nemlegodh Logai isin cath not to let L. into the battle, RC xii 88 § 95. neamhlón lack of support, Content. xxix 14 (: mearshlógh). ní lour in nebmaldachad mani bendachae it is not enough not to curse, Wb. 5d23 . ¤marb- tacht, gl. immortalitatem, RC xxviii 320 § 47. nebmarbtu immortality, Wb. 29d24 , cf. 15c13 . nebmess for nech not judging any one, Wb. 8d26 . nebmoídem not boasting, ib. nephmolad Dáe not praising, Ml. 145c3 . nemnáire lack of diffidence, boldness , LL 400a22 . 187a24 ( ¤nári). PH 8228. nemnerte want of strength, Aen. 2889. ¤ní see neimní. ¤olc: o nach ulc nó nephulc, ZCP vii 481 ( Enchir. Aug. 74a ). ¤opair, O'Mulc. 446. ¤pecad, ib. 97 . hond nephpiandatu, gl. impuni- tate, Ml. 28a11 . ¤praind: g s. nepproinde la geinti of not dining, Wb. 19a10 . ¤ríar: dá neimhréir against his will, Dán Dé xxviii 13 . ¤sástid (lit. a non-satisfier): ind nephsastid, gl. inexplebili- ter, Ml. 62a7 . nephscríbend omitting to write, Ml. 94a1 . Alex. 826 (nem-). nemhshén misfortune, ill luck, FM iii 226.20 . nephthabart, Ml. 51d2 ; 54b22 . tre nebthabirt dígle fuirib, Wb. 18b13 . nephthairmthechtid an intransitive verb, Sg. 189a7 . ¤tathaige: o ro airigh sidhe a nemhtathaighe asa sccoraibh `that they were not in the habit of going outside their encamp- ments', FM vi 2192.21 . nemhthathaidhe deuosioin, Fl. Earls 120.1 . ¤techt: dogena nephthecht dia cungid thou shalt not go to look for them, LL 251b36 ( TBFr. 360 ). neimhtheacht ré chéile discrepancy, variance, Keat. i 86.65 . nebthobe non- circumcision, Wb. 1d18 . nephthoimtiu bed peccad són not supposing that it was sin, Ml. 43a15 . ¤tol: asa ndérnad nemthoil Dé ┐ toil ar máigistrech-ne, PH 8142. toil ┐ nemtoil na naturae, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33. do nemhthoil Rígh Saxan against the wishes of, FM iii 200.11 . nemthomailt fheola abstention from eating meat, PH 6542. nebthórtrommad not pestering, Wb. 27c24 . ¤tráth: codla nemhthrátha `unseasonable sleep', Ériu i 32.4 . ¤tuath: bid tuad dom-sa mo nebtuad (= non plebs mea), Wb. 4d1 . ¤tuidecht: nephtuidechd do Dia not coming, Mon. Tall. 21. PH 5462. ¤uall: a dhuine doní neamhuaill `who art humble', Dán Dé vii 31 .

(b) with adj. (in O.Ir. chiefly participial formations render- ing Lat. compds. with in-): ¤acnatae unnatural: neph- acnataib, gl. insolitis, Ml. 129d3 . nephadnachtae unburied , Sg. 20a4 . ¤aerda `non-aerial', material, gross, YBL 161a21 (of demon host). ¤aicside invisible: aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR 330. i rétaib nebaicsidib, Wb. 4a24 . na huli dúli aicsidi ┐ nem- aicsidi, Trip. 120.2 . iarndligud nemaicsidi, LU 2557 ( RC xxv 238 § 9). tuirsi inmhedónach nemhfhaicsidhe, Parrth. Anma 352.3 . slainte nemaidilcnech o legessaib not in need of medicines, Alex. 844. ¤airchóitech harmless, innocent: nepherchoitecha, gl. innocuos, Ml. 74c6 . fuil nemurcóidech, Maund. 86. i mbéalaibh na leanbh neamhurchóideach, Keat. iii 1596. ¤airchradach: cēt guth nemircradach never-failing, Cog. 50.17 . ¤airdirc: marbhta nemhoirderca `not illustrious', FM vi 2230.7 . nephaithimfolṅgidi, gl. inefficaces, Ml. 80c12 . nephanmanaigthi, gl. nec spiritu viventium animati, 124c20 . nephanmandi, gl. inanimata (a p n.), 60b5 , cf. 130a3 . ¤arsaid not old: co nemarrsaid with fresh vigour, ZCP vi 41.27 . nephatdānaigthe, gl. inremuneratus, Ml. 138a5 , 116b7 . sluag . . . neambāid unloving, unkind, YBL 161a20 . ¤básaigthe(ch) immortal : Día do bhī nemmbāsuighthe Celtica i 169.240 . a mbethaidh shuthain nembāsuighthe 170.268 . nemmbāsuighthech 170.258 . ¤bec: nephbic, Ml. 39d21 (gl. immodicae [laudis]; the glossator uses gend. of `molad'). ¤bind, ZCP iii 32.2 (neimmbind). ¤boc[h]t, Thes. ii 351.37 (gl. díbocht, Hy. vi 8 ). ¤bras(s): triath n. (of Christ), Anecd. i 39 y . Met. Dinds. iii 360.2 (`mild'). ¤brisc infrangible , Aisl. MC 105.17 . nephchainchomracacha, gl. impacata (neut. pl.), Ml. 26b13 . nephchathaigthe, gl. in bellum (taken as compd. adj.), 126c22 . ¤cetaigthech unallowed: mian nemhcedaighteach, ITS xvi 12.21 . go neamhcheaduightheach without leave, Keat. iii 3185. nephcētbatai, gl. inanimata (neut. pl.), Ml. 130a4 . ¤cintach guiltless , see ZCP vi 277.19 . FM ii 1138.25 . ¤clóithe: nephchloithi, gl. invicti, Ml. 83b7 . is nemchlóti Dia, PH 799. cenél nemclaeti, Aen. 2752. nemh- choigealtach unsparing, ruthless, Fl. Earls 198.9 , 18 . ¤coim- se(-ch) immeasurable, beyond reckoning: is nemchoimsi mét anóra na mainistrich, Maund. 183 , cf. 162 . nemchoimsigh, 78 . is nemchoimseach do mōrchomachta, Fl. Earls 138.18 . neamh- choimsigh ` incomprehensible ', Eg. Gl. 764. nephchomtetar- rachti incomprehensible , Ml. 55d11 (n p.). nephchorpde (= in- corporalis), Sg. 59b16 . nepchostae footless (gl. apes), 102b4 . ¤creitmech: isin tír ngentlighi neimchreitmidh unbelieving , Ériu v 156.3 . ¤chríchnuigthe infinite : mur chumhachta neimhchrīochnuighthe Celtica i 165.80 . in mhaith nemhchrīochnuighthe 167.169 . ¤chrín unwithered, unfading , CCath. 4717. craind nua nemchrína, LL 218b32 . ¤chrínda id., LL 295b7 = RC xiii 40 § 10 . nephchumscaigthe immovable, Ml. 40d23 . nemcums- caighthi (= immobiles), Trip. 4.24 . nephchutmaide, gl. illap- sam, Ml. 89d4 . ind nephdeithbir, gl. immerito, Ml. 38d10 . 94a8 . ¤dermatach not forgetful, PH 8254. ¤desctha unleavened: arān n., SR 4352 , cf. PH 5073. hi cét-ló na némdescata (= azymo- rum), 5028 . nephdiachtae (= inultus), Ml. 111b6 . ¤diada: ar tír a ndéé nemṡuthain nemdiadai Neptúin not divine, LL 224b10 ( TTr. 535 ). duine neimhdhiadha ungodly , Prov. xvi 27. co sollsi némdibaide inextinguishable , LB 138b5 . ¤dil not dear: nir bo n. la Dia hé acht robo dil, LU 1110 (gl. ni andil, ACC 116 ). arccain a n-eccrat ┐ a neimhdheala foes, Hugh Roe 188.18 (f. 50b) . ¤díles: in nephdílius, gl. improprie, Ml. 28d4 . duine neimhdhílios unfaithful , Prov. xxv 19. neph- dilledach indeclinable , Sg. 91b5 , cf. 35a13 . ¤dimde (< dim `thing') unreal: it nephdimdi .i. nidat ní, gl. nihil, Ml. 130d7 . ¤dingbala ( ¤bálta) unworthy: cidat nemdingbal-su [sic] do thabairt onora, LB 236a1 . nemdíngbala, 233b34 . airdeaspog neamhdhiongmhálta, Keat. iii 51. nephdíte, gl. indefensus, Ml. 103c5 , cf. 85d13 . ¤dligthech irrational , see Ml. 16b12 . ¤dorcha: neithe nuaidhe nemhdoirche clear, manifest , ZCP x 6.23 . nebdruailnithe uncorrupted , see Wb. 13d20 . neph- dudrachtach (= ¤duth-) gl. indevotus, Ml. 49c1 . nephecailse, gl. indiscussum, 56c8 , cf. 114b4 . ¤élnide (élnigthe) undefiled , PH 2390 , 2391 . o'n ōig nemelnigthe, 176 . in t-Uan neimelnidi, Lism.L. 1119 . nephǽrnaidi (< ess-ro-snī-) not escaped, Ml. 134b9 (g s f.), gl. invasae (in- taken as neg.). neimheasbadhach without want, Ériu v 64.13 . nephéscide moonless , Ml. 29d14 , cf. 30a1 , 5 . neamhfhann not feeble , Buile S. 26.19 . ¤féig not keen-sighted: n p m. nephfegi, Ml. 42d8 . nemfegtach unobservant, unheeding: co hanbḟaitech n.¤ , LB 234b23 . neimh- fhealltach free from treachery, see Fl. Earls 92.22 . neim- fhirindech untruthful , Acall. 3903. neimhfhírinneach un- righteous , Prov. xiii 5. nephfodlaide indivisible , gl. impertitum (taken as = in-partitum), Ml. 26a9 . gl. insecabilem, Sg. 189b6 . nephḟodlaidi, gl. atoma, 28b23 . nephḟograigthi, gl. inconcinna (neut. pl.), Sg. 138a8 . ¤foirbthe imperfect , see Fl. Earls 126.22 . íodhbairt neamhfholamhail bloodless, Eochairsg. 24.9 . ¤forcennach boundless (of the ocean), Ériu iv 142.10 . mur- brucht nemḟorcnedach, LL 168b10 . neph[ḟ]repthae, gl. imme- dicabile, Ml. 58a17 . neph[ḟ]rept[h]anaigthe, gl. immedicabilem, 76a17 . nepfrescastae unexpected ; gl. insperatus in Ml. 36b9 ( ¤frescestu), 56d1 ( ¤rescastu), 40b10 ( ¤rescastib). nephfrith- gabthe, gl. ineffrenata (n s f.), Tur. 114. nephfrithortae, gl. inlaesum, Ml. 39a4 . ¤fhuirechair, gl. [im]provigil, Ir. Gl. 985. neamhfhuirithe unprepared , FM v 1430.8 . neamhghann ample, unstinted , Dán Dé xxvii 21 . ¤gel not fair, swarthy: re cois nglúine neimhghil Néill, IGT Dec. ex. 1233 , cf. KM Misc. 170.7 . cathugud neimgēr can arm not keen, spiritless, BColm. 2.25 . nebglan, gl. inlustratus, Thes. ii 234.13 . an dá ghuthaidhe neamhghlana impure vowels (i.e. the semi-vowels u and i), IGT Introd. § 9. Nemglan, rí énlaithi BDD2 145 . neimhghlic unwise , A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 8. nephglidi (part. of gelid), gl. intonsi, Thes. ii 46.21 (Philarg.). ¤glinne not secure (?), see Thes. ii 352.41 . ¤gnáth unusual, unwonted , LB 234b40 . nephgnatha, gl. insoliti, Ml. 40d15 . ceardacht neamhghnáth rare, Dán Dé vi 39 . ¤gnáth- ach id.; Fl. Earls 236.34 , FM vi 2226.24 . neimhiarmartach regardless of consequences, reckless , CCath. 5904. nephícthe, gl. immedicabilem, Ml. 76a17 . nephimmaircide, gl. incon- veniens, 17b6 . nephimfolngidi, gl. inefficaces, 17a5 . nephim- gabthi unavoidable , 40b9 . neimhionann not the same, different , Fl. Earls 100.8 . go neimhionann unevenly, irregularly , TSh. 1655. nephindlachtae, gl. inscissus, Ml. 96a8 ( ¤indlachtu d s m.). nephinducbaide, gl. ingloriosus, 139d2 . neimhiongnadh not strange , Keat. ii 4878. cocad . . . nemlac not weak, Cog. 100.26 . ¤laind unenergetic , TBC 413. nephlesc, gl. impiger, Ml. 106c7 . nebleisc, gl. non pigri, Wb. 5d17 . go neimhlescc, FM v 1658.13 . brúti nemliterdhai illiterate , Aisl. MC 29.21 . ¤lochtach faultless , see LU 4250 , PH 2399. ¤lochtaigthe unblamed, blameless , SR 592. nem[m]aithmech unforgiving , Fianaig. 82.13 . cunntas nemmhaithfech inexorable , O'Hussey TC 172.7 . ¤marbda not mortal , IT i 191.26 ( FA 30 LB). ní mhuirbfitis in nemhmarbdhai, LB 229a54 . ¤meirgide un- rusting: d'uma nemergidi, Cog. 152.10 . nemergdi, 50.16 . nem[m]ertnech unflagging , Cog. 100.26 , cf. 160.7 . neimmert- nech, LL 224b14 . nephmesse, gl. inexaminatum, Ml. 117a2 . ¤munnterdha unfriendly , RC xxviii 316 § 26. ¤nár un- abashed, bold, shameless: LU 5253 = TBC 775 (neph-). co nefnar, LL 3b23 = co nemnár, Leb. Gab. 212.2 . ¤nech- tardae neutral, see nechtardae. ¤opthach non-refusing? n.¤ fri hernail cech uilc ` consenting to', PH 8181. ¤pecthach sinless , see BNnÉ 196.29 . ¤pudrach harmless , Alex. 837. neamsádhal ` ungentle ', Ériu iv 114.10 . FM v 1314 y . neph- saithrach, gl. inlaborata, Ml. 103b4 . neamhsgaoilteach ` nig- gardly ', Ériu v 52.2 . ¤scélach not given to tattle, ZCP iii 29.14 . neimhsciamhach unsightly , Fl. Earls 36.22 . ¤scíth un- wearied , LL 224b14 . ¤scíthach id., LB 137b1 . nephsētaigthi, gl. invias, Ml. 126a13 . ¤snímach unanxious , PH 5923. FM v 1756.2 . ¤somaínech unprofitable , ZCP x 306.34 (nemts-), cf. 289.1 (nemhsh-). nephsuande, gl. insomnis, Ml. 95d12 . nephsūilig, gl. minus oculati, 42d8 . neamhshunnartha indefi- nite , IGT Introd. 7.20 . ¤suthain transitory, mortal , see ¤diada. ¤thairberta unsubdued , Alex. 524. nephthairis- mech (gl. instans. . . . quod vix stare potest), Sg. 147b1 . neph- teipirsnechaib, gl. influidis, Ml. 129d4 . neimtim ` undaunted ', CCath. 3356. nemhtindisnech, gl. infestinosus, Ir. Gl. 617. ¤tláith, Ériu iv 222.10 . nephthoachtae, gl. inbellum, Ml. 126c22 (part. of to-fich-). nepht[h]oimtiu (d s m.), gl. insperatâ, 56d1 (< to-muin-). nephthort[h]ech unfruitful (?), Ériu iii 6.1 . nemhthonnach waveless , Ériu ii 112 § 34. ¤threbtha uncultivated , viii 8.13 . neimhthréith not weak, strong , BNnÉ 280.24 . ¤thremeta, gl. impenetrabilis, Gild. Lor. 66. ¤throeta unconquered , ib. ¤thrócar unmerciful , PH 7627. ¤tromm: hua Néill nemthruim, LL 182a8 = Arch. Hib. 49 § 27. ¤thruaillnide uncorrupted , PH 6750. neamhthuitimeach not liable to fall. Luc. Fid. 333.16 . ? ¤uis bold, insolent: dochodar co nemuis niata namdemail . . . dar in mbadun, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8. Cf. uiss .i. umhal, O'Cl. ¤ulach beardless: glabrio .i. moit ł nephulach, ÉC xi 115 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 15) .

(c) in late Mid.Ir. occas. with verbs: croch Chríst . . . 'com dhín anois nemhcheilter be it not hidden, Misc. Celt. Soc. 338. 14 . do neimchreit se do recht Dé believed not, PH 7770. do neimhmheirtnigh iad encouraged , ML 82.12 . neamhmúchaidh ghlóir na nGaoidheal quench not, Ir. Monthly 1919, 341.44 . dontí neamhonóruigheas a anam féin (= exhonorantem ani- mam suam), TSh. 1385. ara nemrenar enechcland on which honour-price is not paid, O'Mulc. 403. nemhtaisigh [mo phectha] deal not gently with (?), Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ? atat cóic dualiche co nemthiagat in aíne i nfhóimtin, PH 8386 ; leg. conimthiagat there are five vices which accompany fasting to be guarded against?

2 nem-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nem- or dil.ie/33073

Forms: nemdialt

pref neuter? ferurlonn banurlonn nemurlonn, Auraic. 1712. nemdialt neuter declension , 1879 (dist. from ferdialt and bandialt). A corruption of dem-? cf. deimdialt, 1858 ; dem- hinsce, 521 , 542 , 550 ; deme `neuter', 566 , 569 . Cf. also: masgal ┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir, 3025 . iter femin ┐ mascol .i. nemotar, Anecd. v 23 n. 14 ; these exx. seem a fanciful combination of 1 nem- with Lat. uter.

ném

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ném or dil.ie/33074

Forms: ném, ném

n a variant (? original) form of níam? Lustre, radiance . ném, gl. onyx, Sg. 113b1 (i.e. a bright or yellow stone?). ? is nem im grēin, Thes. ii 294.29 ( SP iv 2 ), where Strachan sug- gests reading ném. ? ropo nem tened tír úa Néill imbi, BDD 25 ( LU 6743 ); `a cloud of fire ' Stokes, taking as 1 nem; a blaze, illumination? combo nem tened indala leth don rígthig lasna claidbiu, FB 15 ( LU 8201 ); cf. atchonnairc epscop E. indair leis niam theined dar crích Altraige, LL 371b9 ( Fél. 132.23 ; Lism.L. 350.5 ). a ghluine mar néamh nuaghrís, Dánta Grádha xxxvii 68 . néimh .i. dealradh, O'Cl. (prob. d s. of níam).

Compd. ? Nemglan ri enlaithi, BDD 13 (name of Conaire's `bird-father'; but this more probably nemglan 'unclean', Celtica xxiii 41 . nem-medon mis míthime 'in radiant middle of the month of June' ZCP xxix 322 ).

nemaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nemaide or dil.ie/33075

adj io, iā. (1 nem) heavenly: bolltanad nemaidhe, BCC § 363.

nemain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nemain or dil.ie/33076

Forms: Nemain, Emain, anemain, ineamhain, némainn

n f.

(a) as npr. f. name of an ancient war-goddess, the wife of Néit and somet. identified with the Badb. Neit mac Indúi 's a dí mnaí Badb ┐ Némaind, LL 11b18 = Nemain, Leb. Gab. i 184.18 . Neid .i. dia catha . . . Nemon uxor illius , Corm. Y 965. Be Neid .i. . . . Nemon, 181 . Némhan .i. badhb chatha no feannóg O'Cl. Nemain is Nét, Met. Dinds. iv 96.4 (: dremuin). dosfóbair thrá ind Nemain (.i. in Badb), LU 4683 = ind Emain , TBC² 211 YBL. cordas-mesc ind Némain forsin tslóg, LU 6286 ( TBC² 1784 ) = coro mesc ind Neamain (.i. in Badb), TBC 2444 (ineamain, St., anemain, H.2.18 , Eg. 93 ). ind Neamain, TBC 5004 (anemain, St., ineamhain, H.) = ind Emain, TBC² 3091.

(b) battle-fury, warlike frenzy, strife: tuc dóib nemain ┐ neim | in draic dremain ` murder ', Met. Dinds. iv 14.21 . Érne nóisech cen nemain ` malice ', iii 464.53 . nos-geb omun ┐ nemain ┐ dasacht, BB 436b1 . nemhain ┐ dobhar ┐ dásacht, Buile S. § 11 . némhain .i. dásacht nó mire, O'Cl. Cf. nemain dega .i. aibli tened, O'Mulc. 839. ? némain i fothud, RC xxvi 24 § 87 (part of the art or functions of a `fili': `a pearl in setting (?),' Stokes as if = némainn: so also glossators).