nél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél or dil.ie/33060

Forms: nél, nél, neóil, níul, néol, niuil, néoil, níulu, néolu, nél, néll, néalta

n o,m. (orig. neut.?) n s. in nél , Ml. 83a4 . á nél , 82d11 (`its cloud', Thes.; acc. to Ped. ii 53 § 397 á = neut. art.). g s. (Mid. Ir.) niúil, neóil. d s. níul, SR 8030 ; Mid.Ir. also néol (neól). n p. niuil, Ml. 120d11 ; Mid.Ir. also néoil, LL 230b5 . a p. níulu, Wb. 25b23 . SR 8108. LU 8584. néolu, LU 1703. g p. inna nél , Ml. 108c9 , cf. 144d4 . SR 5805. In Mid.Ir. the form néll is common (already in LU). néull (g s. -iúi-, -eói-, d s. -iú-, -eó-), IGT Dec. § 75 (nél, néll v.l.). Mod.Ir. pl. often néalta.

(a) a cloud ; gl. nubes, Wb. 25b23 , Ml. 108c9 , 120d11 . nēl quasi uēl a nomine uēlum, ar is fial ē etruinde ┐ grēin, Corm. Y 989. nell, gl. nebulae, Ir. Gl. 337. nel derg teintide, SR 8025. ticfa fleochud . . . asind níul dorcha, 8030 . ní thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD 66. columa niúil, PH 1714. nel .i. solus, ut est co tuitet nemhe niuil truim `a heavy cloud's poisons', O'Dav. 1281 (gloss due to misunderstanding, cf. nél solus a bright cloud, TBC 5860 ). céin beti neóil im gréin, Met. Dinds. ii 38.48 . co tangadur néoill deirid láe, Acall. 7291. co roa niulu nime, SR 8108. cia rosia . . . co neolu nime, PH 6063. amail niullu fleochuidh, CCath. 5665. a fil do lindaib isin domun, etir niula ┐ srotha ┐ aibhne, Ériu ii 134 § 112. re funiud nell na nona, TBC² 1778 ( LU 6280 ), cf. Acall. 10. a moich-néll na maidne the early morning mists, FM vi 2102.11 . néall na hoidhche, Keat. Poems 1556. neóill thiugha an aiéir, 2 Sam. xxii 12. neulla tiugha, Job xxii 14 . an tsíon is teó i neóllaibh, Hackett xxi 29 .

pn rí nél king of (the) clouds , common epithet of Deity , cf. Fél. May 11 , Aug. 27 , Ep. 398. immon ríg os nélaib, ib. Prol. 22 , cf. Ep. 566. a mmo Choimdiu néll!, Arch. iii 293 y .

In wider sense: ro thatin in slog aingel . . . co mbatar ina niúl gel imme, PH 7239. fó troim-nell teineadh, FM vi 1964. 24 . fig. dom dhíon ar nélaibh na plágh, Ériu iv 236.6 (perh. in sense b).

Occas. used apparently of complexion or expression of countenance: cf. mar Ḟer ṅdiad nél ndatha, TBC 4023 (F. von der Wolkenfarbe, Wind., an allusion to the pallor of death; but possibly a play on the meaning of the name Fer d., cf. the npr. Fernéll, 4891 ). sgaíledh néll ngeal do grúaidheadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1237. corp tana truagh | nemhglan a nél, Ir. Texts i p. 26 § 12 . néal seirce 'na silleadh, A. Ó Dálaigh x 5.

(b) a swoon, faintness, stupor (freq. in pl.): dos-fánic nél . . . co tarmairt héc, SR 1687 = tanic nell chuice, LB 112b28 . darochair nél ┐ tam ┐ tassi bar Coinculaind, TBC 3968 = tuitis taimhnell for C., St. co torchair ┐ coro laig nél fair, LL 328b49 . atrochratar . . . i nnélaib ┐ i tassib, LL 265b22 = MU 26.14 ; cf. Acall. 6601. téid L. i néall swoons, Keat. ii 4544 . dororchair C. a nel . . . duscid C. asa nel, Death-tales 38.6 , 7 . ro eirigh S. asa niull, Buile S. 158.1 . ro eirigh asa neoll, ZCP vi 27.4 . atrachtatar . . . asa nellaib, RC xiii 7.11 . ? 'san domnach ruc Muire in mac Crist co nellaib ar midnacht, Ériu iii 144 § 15 (perh. in lit. sense). dochuaidh a n-eaxdasis [= exstasis] .i. a néul spioradálta, Mac Aingil 330.9 . go ndea- chaidh sí a néalaibh báis, Oss. iv 162.14 . tromnella tiugba[i]s, MR 190.9 . nell troch ┐ fordergadh fola the stupor of those about to die, ZCP xiii 220.14 . néll naíden, Ir. Texts ii 53 § 25 , see noídiu. bid n.¤ do Nár, ní ba nert, | tíachtain chucum-sa dar cert weakness (defeat), Met. Dinds. iv 48.85 .

(b 2) a vision, dream: néall fir choirr ós cionn Tomáis, | néall maighre ós mhac na flatha 'a vision of a hunch-back over Thomas; the vision of a salmon over the lord’s son' Celtica xviii 142 § 25 . gan togra a-noir agad neoll 'no claim to keep thee in the West … is made by thy dream' Aithd. D. 15 § 12 .

(c) in B. na filed, sea: co torracht Coirbri tar nell, ZCP viii 103.4 = dar muir, Ériu ii 186.23 .

Compds. ¤bendacht: beandacht nime, nélbendacht, ZCP viii 560.6 . ¤bruig: fri nelbruig (i.e. heaven), LL 123a2 . ¤ceo: co neillchiachaib nimi cloud-mists, LL 230b5 ( TTr. 978 ). ¤cith: mar gréinghail an néillcheatha (light) shower, Keat. Poems 296 (cf. cithnél). ¤gal `cloud-strife', cloud-rack: tromnélghal dorcha dubhcíach, CCath. 470 , cf. 3817 . trom- nellgala dluithi doburda duibciach, 4420 . ¤glaine: Loch Néil cona nélglaine `cloudy brightness', Met. Dinds. iii 406.30 . With adj.: do nim nell-solus of bright clouds, BB 243a19 ; cf. TBC 5860 where n. solus is prob. not a compd.

nélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nélach or dil.ie/33061

adj o, ā. pertaining to (possessing, containing) clouds: nem nélach, Fél. Prol. 280. Met. Dinds. iii 176.126 . adrad in ríg nélaig (i.e. king of the clouds), Fél. Prol. 187. stuaga nimi nélacha, LL 235b17 ( TTr. 1378 ). an piléur neullach, Exod. xxxiii 9.

nél(l)adóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél(l)adóir or dil.ie/33062

Forms: neulladóir, eastrolach, nelladoir, neulla- dóiridhe

n i,m. a cloud-diviner (? astrologer): neulladóir, eastrolach `a prognosticator, astrologer ', Eg. Gl. 490. maeth- mercuir .i. nelladoir , H. 4.22 p. 67 ( O'C. 2068 ). pl. neulla- dóiridhe, Isa. xlvii 13.

nél(l)adóirecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél(l)adóirecht or dil.ie/33063

Forms: nelladoracht

n f. cloud-divination, nephelomancy: nelladoracht, gl. pyromantia, Ir. Gl. 271. maethmarcadoracht . . . .i. nelladoireacht, H. 3.18 p. 288 ( O'C. 582 ). an té chreides . . . do nelladóracht, O'Hussey TC 135.20 . gach aon ... do ní piseóga, dernadōirecht, nēladōirecht, gesadóirecht, slinnēnacht, nō a samhail, nō chreidis dóibh Celtica i 218.284 .

nélán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nélán or dil.ie/33064

Forms: nelán

n o,m. dim. of nél. d s. nelán, gl. nibulo (= nubilo), Ml. 38a4 .

nélda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nélda or dil.ie/33065

adj io, iā. cloudy, cloud-containing: nem . . . solus nelda, Ériu ii 108 z .

nél(l)fartach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél(l)fartach or dil.ie/33066

Forms: neullfartach

adj f. slumbering, dozing: neullfartach `slumbering', Eg. Gl. 491. a neullfartaigh air an leabuidh, Job xxxiii 15 . grádhach air neullfurtaigh, Isa. lvi 10.

? nellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nellach or dil.ie/33067

Forms: n-ellach, ndellach

n lengach gach n.¤ , Laws iv 378.9 ; perh. = n-ellach or ndellach `every [ beast ] that lies down', Atk. Gl.

? nélmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nélmach or dil.ie/33068

adj. seabhac eich fút . . . um chreich námhad go néalmhach, TD 6.13 .

néltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néltach or dil.ie/33069

adj o, a. cloudy, misty: Donn slebhi na sreabh nealtach LL 394.50 .

1 nem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nem or dil.ie/33070

Forms: nem, nnem, nem, nem, nim, nim, nime, nimae, neme, nime, nimi, nime, ebad, neamh, nim, nimh, nimhe, nimhe, nimhe, nime, nimib, nime, indithib, indithidib

n s, n. n s. (with art.) a nem , Ml. 42b10 , cf. 22 . a nnem n-airerda, SR 112. in nem n-amra, 120 . a s. nem, Wb. 6c9 , 12c9 . d s. nim, Wb. 15c22 , Ml. 51c29 , 106a3 . Mid.Ir. nim (rarely neim, PH 160 , 420 ). g s. ind nime , Ml. 51c27 . nimae, Thes. ii 254.11 (Stowe Miss.). Mid. Ir. nime (-i). neme, O'Mulc. 830 a. n p. nime, Ml. 45b15 , 126c9 . Thes. ii 1.24 . nimi, SR 194. g p. nime, SR 1810. Given as ex. of neut. (and masc. Auraic. 595-98 , Stud. Hib. xxix 197 n. 5 ) decl., Auraic. 1859 fg .; written with diphth. ebad (ea), 1295 , 4394 . In later lang. fem. (occas. masc.): neamh (d s. don nim núa, don nimh naoi, g s. na nimhe nua, nimhe naoi), IGT Dec. § 206 ; in P the g s. nimhe naoi is said to be correct; pl. forms are proscribed as incorrect.

(a) the sky or physical heaven ; commonly used without art. nem, gl. coelum and coeli, Ir. Gl. 812. ind firm[im]int .i. a nnem adchiam-ni, Ml. 42b22 . ni artu ní nim nothing is higher than heaven, Thes. ii 248.3 . ri dorigne nem noithech . . . ocus talam, SR 13. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind, TBC 4752. cuirfither tar cend in nem ┐ talam, PH 3622. tuarcaib G. a ruscu co nem, 1418 . rith fri nemh running skywards (of a hopeless enterprise), IT i 124.18 . ní fil fo nim ní nā dingned there is nothing under heaven (i.e. on earth) he would not do, SC 42. nochon fuaratar . . . slúag fo nim dia n-ergaire, ZCP viii 218 § 21. ó nim co lár, LL 371b11 . tuag nime a rainbow, Sg. 107b1 . drúcht nimhe, Hackett xlii 53 .

In pl. in imitation of Lat. coeli: inna nime (gl. coeli), Ml. 45b15 , cf. 126c9 . In Mid.Ir. the pl. is freq. used in reference to the seven heavens supposed to encompass (or be super- jacent to) the earth: do chur cuarda secht nime, SR 1810. a choimmdiu secht nime! Fél. Prol. 2 , cf. Ep. 401. is docomail drém na secht nime, FA 15 ( LU 2080 ), cf. PH 8096. conúar- gabad Pól apstal cosin tres nem, FA 2 , cf. PH 1675. Acc. to SR 105 fg . there are three heavens between the earth and the `firmiment', those of air, ether and `Olimp' (Olympus); in these the planets are contained; beyond them three others extend for an equal distance and last of all is the `riched' or Empyrean. Occas. in wider sense, of sky in general: legtair asna nimib .ix. ngaetha, Ériu ii 112.4 . hi nimib , PH 7824. fa choim na neamh, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 .

(b) heaven, the abode of the blest, common in rel. lit. a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar, Ml. 42b10 . ropia nem ye shall have heaven, Wb. 22b23 . i llogh a cheirtgnim . . . fuair nem, Fél. 114.19 . is neam a n-iartaige [sic leg.] they win heaven as the result, PH 8423. techt for nem, Wb. 15c22 . for nem . . . ro drebraing, Fél. Aug. 26. dul for neam, LB 110a60 ( MacCarthy 48.28 ) = dul co nem, SR 1095. in anim . . . da breith for nem, Arch. iii 216.6 . for nim ocus talmain in heaven, Fél. Ep. 294. bia for neim cen crích, PH 420. dá mbeithea ar neamh na naoi ngrádh, Dán Dé v 32 . for deis Dé athar ind-nim, Hib. Min. 10.324 . i nimh no a ttalmain, Arch. iii 309.15 . rí nime, Hy. vi 23. flaithem nime, i 31 . hi flaith nime, Fél. Ep. 196. eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5 (i.e. the angels and the spirits of the blest). fer nime a religious or cleric: ni meiccditer fir nime ┐ soscela Crist, Laws iv 210.7 . comlabra fer nime, Arch. iii 232.28 . See nemnall. ainm nime ann sin forsin scriptuir the name of heaven is here given to the Scripture, PH 3554. ainm nime for Ierusalem in sin (= Jeru- salem is here a name for heaven), 1901 . ? g s. as attrib.: in fer doroega na .lll. as duthain ┐ is nime `the man that chose the thrice fifty [psalms] is transitory and shortlived' (?), Lism.L. ix 30 = is duthain. ┐ nime, LL 283b4 ; perh. is shortlived and is sure of bliss. Cf. nimhidh, Lism.L. 4282 (see nemedach).

(c) a ceiling (only in follg. ex.): nem, gl. laquear, Sg. 97a1 . For the expression nem tened, see ném.

Compds. ? ¤arracht, Acall. 3905 n . = ildelbach of text, epithet of a beautiful girl; `a heavenly image', Stokes, Gloss. ¤grian: oll natha nime nemgrian, ACC 144 ( RC xx 418 ); `of heaven's holy lights', Stokes, taking as g p. ¤iath: do nimiath nél ` heaven-land ', ACC 5 ( RC xx 156 ) = LU 519. ¤indithib d p. gl. horoscopis, Thes. ii 33.28 ; edd. Thes. emend ¤indithidib ` horoscopists '. ¤nél: fo nemnélaib, SR 7462. ¤nuall see nemnall. ¤tech n. freq. name for heaven: rombie-sum dar héisi | nemthech nglēisi nglanóll, Trip. 36.29 = rombia-sum . . . neimtheach, Mart. Don. Apr. 29. ri dorigni nemthech necht, SR 573 , cf. 2745 . Dia . . . ro dealb im niullu nemtheach, IT iii 189 z .