neimthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthech or dil.ie/33051

adj (? neimtech) o, ā. (< neimed) having legal status, enfranchised, privileged? as subst.: do nemtiuch gach graid, Nero A vii f. 143a ( O'Don. 2207 ).

neimthenaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthenaigid or dil.ie/33052

v g. (cf. neimthenchus) confers status on; digni- fies? treidi ara nemtheanaithear laech, R.I.A. 23 P 3 f. 21a ( O'C. 1875 ).

neimthenchus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthenchus or dil.ie/33053

Forms: ne(i)mtenchus, nemsenchus

n o,m. also written ne(i)mtenchus (perh. correct form), -tṡenchus and -ṡenchus. Legal privileges due to status, position, social standing: ar nimtenchus don filigh, Laws i 62.6. gell don eclais ar ata nemtsenacus, 276.1 . ara nemhtsenchus, ii 20.10 . nemsenchus, v 14.4 . mesemnaighther ní don uasal sin ara nemthenchus, O'Dav. 1220 (nemsenchas v.l.). is o cheol atá nemte[n]cus don fiallach airfitid, O'Mulc. 830 d , cf. 830 g . do geibtis neimthenchus no onoir ar gloine an ealadhan, Leb. Gab. i 158 n. 4 , cf. 160 n. 2 . fer congmhala a neimthenachais iarna chóir d'urdaibh ┐ d'eccalsaibh, d'filedhaibh ┐ d'ollam- naibh `their termon-lands' (? privileges), FM v 1438.16 . Of cattle: is o lacht ata nemtenc[h]us do cethra valuation , O'Mulc. 830 e .

Cf. also: is sochaide . . . co ndeimnigthur a neimtsenchaidh sidhe `many . . . attest his eminence' (of a sage or author), Laws i 22.27 Comm. (passage seems corrupt).

neimthes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthes or dil.ie/33054

Forms: nemthusa

n u,m. (< neimed?).

I Social or professional status or privileges, qualifications? cach nemthas nār [a nar v.l.] `every noble privilege', O'Dav. 1290. midither mind nemthesa nāir `a diadem of noble privi- lege', 1220 . nach duine las nā bi fosulgud, ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais `no person who has not power of releasing has privilege of binding' (?), Laws ii 122.18 . dith nemthiussa filed, ZCP xv 334 § 26 (i.e. forfeiture of his privileged position). (pl.) a tri nemtigter nemthusa filedh, tenm laegda, imus forosnad, dicedul du cennaib, Laws v 56.22 Comm. (quoted from the Bretha Neimed). neimtheas egulsa `privilege of church-lands', SG 79.2 . co nemtesuibh nemed tromuib, Nero A vii p. 145a ( O'Don. 2210 ). is a nemtesaib doecclamar cach direch dana, ib. f. 143a-b ( O'Don. 2207 ). Fig. ni haos nennta nemtesa (leg. nemthes?) `it is not the age of nettles that gives them venom' (i.e. their characteristic qualification, the power of stinging), Laws iv 376.21 (legal maxim).

Of chattels, etc., perh. valuation: ech tuaithi ┐ ech sliastai rig is inann nemthes fil forru, H. 3.18 p. 373-4 ( O'C. 808 ). Cf. trian dire neimthusa cathracha fáis `a third of the "dire" of the "n." of an empty church', Laws v 120.4 Comm. on text deal- ing with `cella' not entitled to `díre' through non-fulfilment of their duties; acc. to the Comm. by `cell' is understood the erenagh (airchinnech) of the church.

II In the follg. exx. neimthes (neimthius) seems to be used of the power which the `filid' possessed of punishing those who refused their demands with degradation or loss of social status. brimon [briamon, LB] smetrach .i. ainm nemthiusa [nemtheossa, LB] dogniat filid im nech atatoing .i. meilid smit ind aue iter a dā mer ┐ doecce in duine ima ndene nemt[h]ess. Fīrmod sin, amail is fri duine anechta[i]r ata in ball sin, sic is fri daoine anechtair ata in duine se, Corm. Y 149 ; transld. in Corm. Tr. 22 `the name of an operation which poets perform on a person who refuses them [aught]'; perh. rather the name of the power (privilege) which the `filid' exercise in the case of a person, etc. , the `neimthes' being in such cases expressed by a symbolic action, the `briamon smetrach'. Cf. the gloss on `briamon smetrach' in LL 187a-b (quoted RC xxvi 55 ): .i. cles briatharda sin dognitís ind ḟilid .i. cenéle nemthiusa insin .i. smitt a cluasi do gabáil inna láim; amal ná fil cnáim andsin is amlaid nā fil enech nó nert acontí écnaiges in file.

neimthigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthigid or dil.ie/33055

Forms: nemthigud

v g. dep. and act. (< neimed) qualifies as `neimed', confers status on, indicates rank (profession, etc.) of (an individual). As dep.: tréde neimthigedar crossán: rige oíle, rige théighi, rige bronn `constitute', Triads 116 (glossed .i. a n-onoruighther nó uaislighther wherein is honoured or dignified, p. 39 ); cf. 117 - 123 . tréde neimthigedar ríg: fonaidm ruirech, feis Temrach, roimse inna flaith, 202 . co ndentais a fileda forbthe fó tredib noda-nemthegedar .i. immas forosnai ┐ teinm laida ┐ dicetal di cennaib, Ériu iv 162 § 24 , cf. Triads 123 . Act.: in treide nemtigius filid .i. teinm laega, etc., RC v 201 § 19. a trédhi fora nemithir cruitiri doib .i. suantraigi ┐ genntraigi ┐ golltraigi, RC xii 108 § 164. treidhe ara neimigter cerd . . . treigi ara nimigter brugaid, Celt. Rev. ii 114.11 . Of cattle: nos-nemtigenn a llacht ┐ a carnae, O'Mulc. 830 k (i.e. they are classed by their yield of milk and meat).

Vn. do nemthigud filed i scélaib ┐ i comgnimaib inso sis, LL 189b44 = MS. Mat. 583 (introducing a list of the tales required from `filid').

neimthní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthní or dil.ie/33056

n nothing and derivv., see neimní.

neire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neire or dil.ie/33057

n a class of `fili'? (wrongly inferred from the personal name Neire, UR 120 ). neire .i. grad file, ut est neire dergin dreim slan (leg. der gin dreimslan CIH iii 949.14 ), H. 3.18 p. 415 ( O'C. 965 ).

? neirp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? neirp or dil.ie/33058

n : neirp catho crích 'boar (?) of battle of boundaries' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 82 § 11 . ? Cf. ner.

néit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néit or dil.ie/33059

Forms: néit, Néit

n [m.]

(a) combat, battle, fighting: culu tria néit `(like) a chariot through battle', ACC 2 ( RC xx 148 ) = tría neit (.i. cath), LU 430. iar do néit (.i. iar do guin), LU 435 (ACC Comm.). néit ba hainm don kath, Corm. p. 13 s.v. cul. Be net (.i. badb) .i. be ben ┐ net cath . . . inde dicitur: bé nét fort, Corm. Y 168. néid ainm catha, Met. Gl. Ff. 21 (neit v.l.). néid .i. cath; néid .i. guin, O'Cl. (? g s.) as attrib.: la mac fir néit (.i. guin) fadb corcra with the son of a fighting man are crimson spoils (?), LU 455. ciasu file, file neit? `a contentious poet', RC xxvi 14.14 . anroth ro ort namhaid neit (.i. cath), LL 393b2 = BB 134b1 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 , where Meyer emends: nāmat nēit the host of enemies, but the reading of the MSS. may mean battle- foe. goth néit (some kind of spear), TBC² 1915. ar cach roth nét (of a war-engine mounted on wheels), TBC 5604 St. (néd, neid v.l.). teora rotha net, 5660 . ? foll ner neít, IT iii 49 § 88 (see net).

(b) as npr. m. name of an ancient Irish war-god (perh. the orig. meaning): Neid .i. dia catha la geinti Goideal, Corm. Y 965 = Neith, Corm. p. 31. Net [Ned v.l.] .i. dia catha, O'Dav. 1289. Bé Neit .i. Neit nomen uiri. Be Nét mulier eius , O'Mulc. 132 , cf. Corm. Y 181 (Neid) and see Nemain. Neit mac Induí 's a dí mnaí Badb ┐ Némaind, LL 11b18 = Neid mac Iondaoi, Leb. Gab. i 184.17 . in Bé Néit, MR 242.1 . Néit was the name of Balor's grandfather: Balar mac Doid meic Neít, LL 137a26 . Balar ua Néit, RC xii 58.9 ; 100.2 . hua Neitt, 74 § 50. B. mac D. meic Neid, 96 § 128.

Hence transf. a warrior? Aed net nat imcaibh oghru a soldier who shuns not battles (?), FM i 408.3 (poem).

nél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nél or dil.ie/33060

Forms: nél, nél, neóil, níul, néol, niuil, néoil, níulu, néolu, nél, néll, néalta

n o,m. (orig. neut.?) n s. in nél , Ml. 83a4 . á nél , 82d11 (`its cloud', Thes.; acc. to Ped. ii 53 § 397 á = neut. art.). g s. (Mid. Ir.) niúil, neóil. d s. níul, SR 8030 ; Mid.Ir. also néol (neól). n p. niuil, Ml. 120d11 ; Mid.Ir. also néoil, LL 230b5 . a p. níulu, Wb. 25b23 . SR 8108. LU 8584. néolu, LU 1703. g p. inna nél , Ml. 108c9 , cf. 144d4 . SR 5805. In Mid.Ir. the form néll is common (already in LU). néull (g s. -iúi-, -eói-, d s. -iú-, -eó-), IGT Dec. § 75 (nél, néll v.l.). Mod.Ir. pl. often néalta.

(a) a cloud ; gl. nubes, Wb. 25b23 , Ml. 108c9 , 120d11 . nēl quasi uēl a nomine uēlum, ar is fial ē etruinde ┐ grēin, Corm. Y 989. nell, gl. nebulae, Ir. Gl. 337. nel derg teintide, SR 8025. ticfa fleochud . . . asind níul dorcha, 8030 . ní thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD 66. columa niúil, PH 1714. nel .i. solus, ut est co tuitet nemhe niuil truim `a heavy cloud's poisons', O'Dav. 1281 (gloss due to misunderstanding, cf. nél solus a bright cloud, TBC 5860 ). céin beti neóil im gréin, Met. Dinds. ii 38.48 . co tangadur néoill deirid láe, Acall. 7291. co roa niulu nime, SR 8108. cia rosia . . . co neolu nime, PH 6063. amail niullu fleochuidh, CCath. 5665. a fil do lindaib isin domun, etir niula ┐ srotha ┐ aibhne, Ériu ii 134 § 112. re funiud nell na nona, TBC² 1778 ( LU 6280 ), cf. Acall. 10. a moich-néll na maidne the early morning mists, FM vi 2102.11 . néall na hoidhche, Keat. Poems 1556. neóill thiugha an aiéir, 2 Sam. xxii 12. neulla tiugha, Job xxii 14 . an tsíon is teó i neóllaibh, Hackett xxi 29 .

pn rí nél king of (the) clouds , common epithet of Deity , cf. Fél. May 11 , Aug. 27 , Ep. 398. immon ríg os nélaib, ib. Prol. 22 , cf. Ep. 566. a mmo Choimdiu néll!, Arch. iii 293 y .

In wider sense: ro thatin in slog aingel . . . co mbatar ina niúl gel imme, PH 7239. fó troim-nell teineadh, FM vi 1964. 24 . fig. dom dhíon ar nélaibh na plágh, Ériu iv 236.6 (perh. in sense b).

Occas. used apparently of complexion or expression of countenance: cf. mar Ḟer ṅdiad nél ndatha, TBC 4023 (F. von der Wolkenfarbe, Wind., an allusion to the pallor of death; but possibly a play on the meaning of the name Fer d., cf. the npr. Fernéll, 4891 ). sgaíledh néll ngeal do grúaidheadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1237. corp tana truagh | nemhglan a nél, Ir. Texts i p. 26 § 12 . néal seirce 'na silleadh, A. Ó Dálaigh x 5.

(b) a swoon, faintness, stupor (freq. in pl.): dos-fánic nél . . . co tarmairt héc, SR 1687 = tanic nell chuice, LB 112b28 . darochair nél ┐ tam ┐ tassi bar Coinculaind, TBC 3968 = tuitis taimhnell for C., St. co torchair ┐ coro laig nél fair, LL 328b49 . atrochratar . . . i nnélaib ┐ i tassib, LL 265b22 = MU 26.14 ; cf. Acall. 6601. téid L. i néall swoons, Keat. ii 4544 . dororchair C. a nel . . . duscid C. asa nel, Death-tales 38.6 , 7 . ro eirigh S. asa niull, Buile S. 158.1 . ro eirigh asa neoll, ZCP vi 27.4 . atrachtatar . . . asa nellaib, RC xiii 7.11 . ? 'san domnach ruc Muire in mac Crist co nellaib ar midnacht, Ériu iii 144 § 15 (perh. in lit. sense). dochuaidh a n-eaxdasis [= exstasis] .i. a néul spioradálta, Mac Aingil 330.9 . go ndea- chaidh sí a néalaibh báis, Oss. iv 162.14 . tromnella tiugba[i]s, MR 190.9 . nell troch ┐ fordergadh fola the stupor of those about to die, ZCP xiii 220.14 . néll naíden, Ir. Texts ii 53 § 25 , see noídiu. bid n.¤ do Nár, ní ba nert, | tíachtain chucum-sa dar cert weakness (defeat), Met. Dinds. iv 48.85 .

(b 2) a vision, dream: néall fir choirr ós cionn Tomáis, | néall maighre ós mhac na flatha 'a vision of a hunch-back over Thomas; the vision of a salmon over the lord’s son' Celtica xviii 142 § 25 . gan togra a-noir agad neoll 'no claim to keep thee in the West … is made by thy dream' Aithd. D. 15 § 12 .

(c) in B. na filed, sea: co torracht Coirbri tar nell, ZCP viii 103.4 = dar muir, Ériu ii 186.23 .

Compds. ¤bendacht: beandacht nime, nélbendacht, ZCP viii 560.6 . ¤bruig: fri nelbruig (i.e. heaven), LL 123a2 . ¤ceo: co neillchiachaib nimi cloud-mists, LL 230b5 ( TTr. 978 ). ¤cith: mar gréinghail an néillcheatha (light) shower, Keat. Poems 296 (cf. cithnél). ¤gal `cloud-strife', cloud-rack: tromnélghal dorcha dubhcíach, CCath. 470 , cf. 3817 . trom- nellgala dluithi doburda duibciach, 4420 . ¤glaine: Loch Néil cona nélglaine `cloudy brightness', Met. Dinds. iii 406.30 . With adj.: do nim nell-solus of bright clouds, BB 243a19 ; cf. TBC 5860 where n. solus is prob. not a compd.

nélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nélach or dil.ie/33061

adj o, ā. pertaining to (possessing, containing) clouds: nem nélach, Fél. Prol. 280. Met. Dinds. iii 176.126 . adrad in ríg nélaig (i.e. king of the clouds), Fél. Prol. 187. stuaga nimi nélacha, LL 235b17 ( TTr. 1378 ). an piléur neullach, Exod. xxxiii 9.