Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o,m. orig. s,n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Ped. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC 5355 = o nemiud, TBC² 3298. i nNemiud, Met. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H. 3.18, p. 17a ( O'C. 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, Law of Status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do- cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer- nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'C. 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid ! LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, Arch. iii 226 ( Aibidil Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Met. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. Fug. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or pre- cedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H. 3.17 c. 132 ( O'Don. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. cís . . . do chondadh is do nemheadh, BR 222.20 (of the tribute due from `daerchlanda'; transld. `wood'; perh. in sense d). Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi com- dire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H. 3.17 c. 131 ( O'Don. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', FM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism.L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. néimed or

Forms: neimhedh

n o,m. dirt, filth, slops? ambor co némiud, RC x 216.34 = ammor co nnemid, ib. 38 . i lloc nemid no otraigh, Laud 610 f. 22b (Plummer MS. notes). neimhedh .i. ainm don uile salchar, O'Cl. neimhedh `dirt, filth', O'R. See néimidecht.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimedach or

Forms: nimidech

adj o, ā. (nem) also nimidech, secure of heaven, elect: is nemedach gach aen . . . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales 10 n. cipe gebus m'imund hi llou a etsechta corub nemidach, LB 28b61 . bidhit neimedach , thou shalt gain heaven, BNnÉ 93 § 204 . bát nimidech, ZCP iii 210.12 = LU 9633. ni ba nimhidh[ech] nā talmanda intí millfeas ar n-aentaidh, Lism.L. 4282 . nimedach, RC xxiii 430.5 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimélach or

Forms: neimelach

adj o, ā (neiméle) plaintive, piteous: nuallghubha nei- melach, Anecd. i 77.22 . tromghair tuirseach tromneimelach, CF 430. ro caidh frasa dichra dēr ┐ torrsi truaghnemelaigh [sic leg.], ZCP x 307.31 , cf. Ériu viii 32.7 . co truag nemelach, Cog. 62.4 . Of persons: Nemed mac F. dalta nemelach do Guari, LB 273b12 ( SG 53.8 ) = neimelach YBL ( Med. & Mod. Ir. Ser. iv 7.224 ); `an uncontaminated fosterling', O'Grady, as if = nemélnide; rather sorry, abject , as suggested by sequel.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neiméle or

n ,f. plaint, sorrowful pleading ; in rel. lit. generally of imploring pity for oneself or others. fer fri bun cruche, ind nemeli no ferfad frisin rig immo saerad, is fo ion iondas sin fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. § 1. is for Pátraic is mó ata neméli airchisechta fer nErenn, RC xii 424 § 6 ( LB 258b26 ). ferad cach a neimele fri Dia, SR 8073 (: gel-ḟéle). ciid fri Dia ┐ ferais nemeli fris, ZCP iii 30.13 . oc tróge ┐ oc neméle frisin Comdid [sic leg.], LU 2227 ( FA 30 ). gabaid oc neméle moir ┐ oc aithrige fri Dia, PH 814. nuall ┐ nemeli do denam frisna deib, CCath. 981. ro badh lór do truaighe ┐ do neimhéle an lamhchomairt, FM vi 2292.3 , cf. Hugh Roe 320.25 (f. 83b) . ro gab truaighi ┐ tromneimeile iat, ZCP vi 277.8 (of would-be assassins, almost = pity, relenting ).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimemail or

adj i. poisonous, baneful: an greim urchóideach neimheamhuil d'ubhall na haithne, TSh. 2434.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimid or

Forms: neimhim

vb. bāid Gilla Brighde assī sin | ar cēd-bāidh re Clainn Dalaig; | gé dorad mé deridh [leg. deiredh] di | ni do neimhedh é indte, Ir. Texts ii 39 § 33 (poem of 15th cent.). Cf. neimhim `I corrupt, spoil ', O'R.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimide or

adj io, iā. (neim) poisonous, venomous : sruth nemnech nemide, SR 7150. nathair nemidhe, Leb. Gab. i 196.18 . for piastaib nemide, Aen. 2185. for fēraib nemhidibh poisonous grasses, CCath. 3944 ; cf. 903 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. néimidecht or

Forms: neimhidheacht

n f. (cf. néimed) filth, foulness? néimhidheacht .i. salchar, O'Cl. neimhidheacht `filth, dirt ', O'R. ? g s. lin[n]ti dubfola co faircsi neamglaini ┐ nemidechta mōiri forro, CCath. 964 ; ` virulence ' (< neimide), Stokes, but the sense foulness seems more appropriate.

1 neimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 neimnech or

Forms: nim(h)nech

adj o, ā. (neim) in later lang. also nim(h)nech.

(a) poisonous, venomous: ind ibair báis neimnich the deadly poisonous yews, Sg. 33b11 . sruth nemnech, SR 7150. marai nemnecha, FA 30 LB ( IT i 191.10 ). fuair dig nimnid [leg. nimnig], LL 129b38 = MacCarthy 210 § 2 (:hingin). for nathrachaib némnechaib, PH 4846. gerrta ainmidhi neim- nigh, Rosa Ang. 146.5 .

(b) fig., of things (actions, qualities) envenomed, deadly, dangerous, keen, intense: alind á óiph in forcitil, nemnech immurgu a inne, Wb. 7c1 . is nemnech in gáeth hísiu, ZCP viii 175.19 (Laon Glosses). gai nemnech, LU 4339 (perh. poisoned). lind nemnech núa (i.e. strong, heady), Ériu vii 222.10 ( LL 208b31 ). nogo rainic an sliabh neimhneach n-oigrita, iii 166 § 22 . cath fuilech fírneimnech, ZCP vi 56.16 . dogniat nuallguba . . . némnig, PH 8315. cride . . . co ngoirtius nem- nech, 6443 . doilghios gér nimhneach, Mac Aingil 5.1 . peacadh neimhneach, TSh. 2303. gud bhois nuídhe neimhnigh `death- dealing hand', KMMisc. 170.6 . buille ró-nimhneach, Jerem. xiv 17. superl. mionna as neimnighe ar talmain `halidoms the most potent' (i.e. the most deadly to those who swear falsely by them), Misc. Hag. Hib. 116.28 .

Of persons, venomous, vindictive, dangerous (to deal with); occas. in favourable sense: fer nemnech drochthengthach in Bricriu, Ériu iv 32.1 . slog . . . néimnech naimtige (of devils), PH 8105. ba nemnech in lanamain (of Nét and Bé Néit), O'Mulc. 132. duine nimhneach a wrathful man, Prov. xv 18. fer nemnech naimdemail (of Caesar), CCath. 351. aithesc Néill neimnig, Ériu iv 104.3 . fir niata nemnecha, Ériu viii 44.35 . brugh na n-onchon n-oscardha nimhneach, Keat. Poems 857.

Adv. ro escain in flead amail is neimneachu forcaemnacair a heascaine, FDG 135.

(c) as subst. ā,f., name of a poetic composition (satire or lampoon?): ind nemnech drisecca, BB 305a30 = in damnech drisiucca, IT iii 65 § 133.

2 neimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 neimnech or

adj o, ā. (nem) heavenly: Torach, aitreab nemnech naom, ZCP x 341 y . do cadach na naomh neimhneach, BNnÉ 251.10 . superl. naomh as neimnighe puirt `most heavenly in respect of city', 286.3 . See 2 neimnige.