nechtar

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Forms: nechtar

pron. one of two, either (= Lat. alteruter), folld. by part. gen. or prep. DE. In O.Ir. treated as neut. ( Ped. i 392 , ii 64 ), cf. expression nechtar n-ái (in which, however, the n- appears fixed, see Sg. 37b18 quoted below). Sometimes treated as o-st., but also invariable.

Folld. by gen. of noun: co nechtar inna dese-si to either of these twain, Ml. 42a7 . nechtar na dā idan . . . .i. idu serci ┐ idu eóit, IT i 122.23 (LU) = n.¤ dā ní, ib. 7 (Eg.). ní ro gluais in mac nechtar a dā chois, Ériu i 118 § 11. nechtar dá neche, CCath. 1008 (n.¤ do na nechi v.l.). In legal texts, nechtar dá lína one of the two parties (concerned in a transaction): cin folluga do nechtur da lina, Laws ii 72.9 , cf. 312.23 , 318.6 . g s. cor nechtar da lina the contract made by either party, 356 z .

Folld. by gen. of pron.: ni ain nechtar n-áii he will not pro- tect either of them, Wb. 25d14 . ó nechtar n-ái, gl. a neutro, Sg. 37b18 . ni techta nechtar n-ae urtechta neither party is entitled, Laws ii 406.20 . ni dergene nectar n-ai olc fri anali [leg. arali]. ZCP iv 46.21 = nechtar de, TBFr. 420. nechtar fathar, IT i 336.13 (see below).

With DE, esp. in stereotyped expression n.¤ de one of the two (de = prep.+neut. s. pron.): ni rubi nechtar de cen alail neither of them (sc. man and woman) can be without the other, Wb. 11c17 . Cf. Ml. 35d24 ; 42b2 (n.¤ dae). is nectar de, gl. vel Teren- tius vel Cicero, Sg. 27b6 , cf. 173b6 . ni bá la nechtar de, FB 73 = ni ba la nechtar fathar neither of you shall have it, Eg. ( IT i 336.13 ). conná cumaic nechtar de cobair araile, ZCP viii 314.32 .

Used as quasi-adv.: roga duit . . . a n-imtheclamad no a n-imscothad nechtar de (= you shall have your choice either of gathering or of cutting them), TBC 1407. láech aile for áth dō-som nō nechtar de longphort do gabail d'ḟeraib hErend (to send) another warrior to the ford to (fight) him or alternatively . . ., 1785 .

In Mid.Ir. the pl. pron. is also used with DE: ni thibre nechtar dib-so a chuid fen, PH 7590. turbada . . . ar neachtar dib, Laws ii 304.28 Comm. ni thucc M. nechtar dib doib, Ann. Conn. 1235 § 11.

Nechtar de comes to be looked on as a single word and is somet. folld. by a part. gen. or DE, as in follg. exx. from Laws Comm.: ac nechtar de in da nannad [leg. in da n-imad] either of the two parties, Laws ii 318.18 ; similarly 358.15 , 366.14 (where for: in da naimad, read: in da n-imad). do n.¤ de don lanamain for either of the married couple, ii 360.24 . ma ta n.¤ de dib aice if he has either of them, 332.3 , cf. 406.27 , iii 210.14 .

In class. Ir. also with prep. oc (ic): dā aingel . . . long thúissi a laimh nechtair aca, Fl. Earls 234.38 . neachtar acu sin, ITS xiv 58.3 .

nechtardae

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Forms: nemnechtardae

adj io, iā. (nechtar) in compd. nemnechtardae `not the one nor the other' = neuter, neutral: troeth .i. gach neutur .i. nemnechtardea [sic], Corm. Y 1220 = .i. cach nechtraige ┐ cach neotur, Corm. p. 42. nemnechtardha is coir do radh riu they should be called neutral (neither well nor yet ill), Rosa Ang. 116.24 .

? nechte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nechte or dil.ie/33022

n (2 necht) purity: ainmne, nechte co noíbi, Ériu ii 65.1 (anim nechta, ainmne echte MSS.).

? nechtraige

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x Corm. p. 42 s.v. traæth, see nechtardae.

nechtu

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Forms: nnechtu

n d s. alliath leo binn i nnechtu nudal `he cried (like) a melodious lion in a collection of preys' (?), ACC 133 ( RC xx 408 ).

nefní

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x see neimní.

nefnigid

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x see neimnigid.

neift

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n plant-name: Rostrum Maratilla .i. neift .i. pis enaín, Arch. i 333.9 ; `catmint', Stokes (= nepeta of botanists; but possibly some kind of vetch; cf. písíneán `kidney-bean', pisneán `vetch', Hog. Luibh.). in [n]eipt, gl. nepta, RC ix 238. do sugh nefte Ir. Texts v 72 § 58 , Éigse iii 226 .

neim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neim or dil.ie/33028

Forms: neime, neimi, nime, nim, neim, neime, neim

n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg. 112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant boils, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.

(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc. 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg. 112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii 323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11 ( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime . . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a poisoned arrow', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symp- toms of poisoning, Rosa Ang. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . . is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib, LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél. Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC 5539 St. (fig. of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.

(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC² 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC 2922 (description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim, Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 . neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on thyself, TBC 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a mbúar uile, Met. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.: is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89 § 189 . Of snow accompanied by severe cold ( Celtica iii 262 ): sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás `poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann. Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, Ann. of Boyle 1179 (quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ). Cf. neimh fhúaire na hoidhcheise Studies x 417 § 1 . gach cuan go cconfadh neimhe 'each sea is in deadly tumult' Féil. Mhic Néill 174 § 43 .

Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus, Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha nimh ! MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an neimh, Leb. Gab. i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC 795. fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme, 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura [Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharp- ness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit), Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush, Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), Arch. iii 295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod, Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. Finn i 31 y .

Compds. ¤dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus): trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip. 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?), O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed). ¤tenga `poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1 173.9 .

1 néim, néib

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n only in a s. (? d s.) in phrase: léim dar néim (one of Cuchulaind's feats), TBC 2105 ( = néimh, St.); Ériu iv 30.10 ; LU 10341 ; 9289 (neim); léim dar néib, LU 5971 ( = neib, TBC² 1503 YBL); possibly a hurdle or obstacle of some kind.

? 2 néim

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Forms: n-éim

adj. fine, splendid (a cogn. of níam)? mod neim (: gréin), SR 4417 (chev.). máthair Diarmata . . . curad na nOssairgech néim, LL 141a19 = RC xlvii 312.5 ; perh. in both exx. we should read n-éim. ? asbert C.: Mainech neim naiscid Nere naidm coir, IT iii 202.1 . equative. ni fuaramar . . . lilcach badid némithir, RC xxiv 56.19 . Cf. ném.