? nechtach

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adj echtach quasi nechtach aidchi, O'Mulc. 368 ; i.e. belonging to the night, nocturnal? prob. a word coined for the occasion. Cf. 1 nocht.

nechtair

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adv. (O.Ir. anechtair) outside, without; besides: neachtair .i. amuig, Lec. Gl. 395 ; 209 M . Cf. tugadh dia uídh martra aroile do na hapstaloip nechtair do naomhoip no d'firenchaibh dier fhulaingset bāss let him contemplate the martyrdom of some of the apostles as well as of the saints or the righteous, Fl. Earls 156.16 .

nechtar

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Forms: nechtar

pron. one of two, either (= Lat. alteruter), folld. by part. gen. or prep. DE. In O.Ir. treated as neut. ( Ped. i 392 , ii 64 ), cf. expression nechtar n-ái (in which, however, the n- appears fixed, see Sg. 37b18 quoted below). Sometimes treated as o-st., but also invariable.

Folld. by gen. of noun: co nechtar inna dese-si to either of these twain, Ml. 42a7 . nechtar na dā idan . . . .i. idu serci ┐ idu eóit, IT i 122.23 (LU) = n.¤ dā ní, ib. 7 (Eg.). ní ro gluais in mac nechtar a dā chois, Ériu i 118 § 11. nechtar dá neche, CCath. 1008 (n.¤ do na nechi v.l.). In legal texts, nechtar dá lína one of the two parties (concerned in a transaction): cin folluga do nechtur da lina, Laws ii 72.9 , cf. 312.23 , 318.6 . g s. cor nechtar da lina the contract made by either party, 356 z .

Folld. by gen. of pron.: ni ain nechtar n-áii he will not pro- tect either of them, Wb. 25d14 . ó nechtar n-ái, gl. a neutro, Sg. 37b18 . ni techta nechtar n-ae urtechta neither party is entitled, Laws ii 406.20 . ni dergene nectar n-ai olc fri anali [leg. arali]. ZCP iv 46.21 = nechtar de, TBFr. 420. nechtar fathar, IT i 336.13 (see below).

With DE, esp. in stereotyped expression n.¤ de one of the two (de = prep.+neut. s. pron.): ni rubi nechtar de cen alail neither of them (sc. man and woman) can be without the other, Wb. 11c17 . Cf. Ml. 35d24 ; 42b2 (n.¤ dae). is nectar de, gl. vel Teren- tius vel Cicero, Sg. 27b6 , cf. 173b6 . ni bá la nechtar de, FB 73 = ni ba la nechtar fathar neither of you shall have it, Eg. ( IT i 336.13 ). conná cumaic nechtar de cobair araile, ZCP viii 314.32 .

Used as quasi-adv.: roga duit . . . a n-imtheclamad no a n-imscothad nechtar de (= you shall have your choice either of gathering or of cutting them), TBC 1407. láech aile for áth dō-som nō nechtar de longphort do gabail d'ḟeraib hErend (to send) another warrior to the ford to (fight) him or alternatively . . ., 1785 .

In Mid.Ir. the pl. pron. is also used with DE: ni thibre nechtar dib-so a chuid fen, PH 7590. turbada . . . ar neachtar dib, Laws ii 304.28 Comm. ni thucc M. nechtar dib doib, Ann. Conn. 1235 § 11.

Nechtar de comes to be looked on as a single word and is somet. folld. by a part. gen. or DE, as in follg. exx. from Laws Comm.: ac nechtar de in da nannad [leg. in da n-imad] either of the two parties, Laws ii 318.18 ; similarly 358.15 , 366.14 (where for: in da naimad, read: in da n-imad). do n.¤ de don lanamain for either of the married couple, ii 360.24 . ma ta n.¤ de dib aice if he has either of them, 332.3 , cf. 406.27 , iii 210.14 .

In class. Ir. also with prep. oc (ic): dā aingel . . . long thúissi a laimh nechtair aca, Fl. Earls 234.38 . neachtar acu sin, ITS xiv 58.3 .

nechtardae

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Forms: nemnechtardae

adj io, iā. (nechtar) in compd. nemnechtardae `not the one nor the other' = neuter, neutral: troeth .i. gach neutur .i. nemnechtardea [sic], Corm. Y 1220 = .i. cach nechtraige ┐ cach neotur, Corm. p. 42. nemnechtardha is coir do radh riu they should be called neutral (neither well nor yet ill), Rosa Ang. 116.24 .

? nechte

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n (2 necht) purity: ainmne, nechte co noíbi, Ériu ii 65.1 (anim nechta, ainmne echte MSS.).

? nechtraige

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x Corm. p. 42 s.v. traæth, see nechtardae.

nechtu

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Forms: nnechtu

n d s. alliath leo binn i nnechtu nudal `he cried (like) a melodious lion in a collection of preys' (?), ACC 133 ( RC xx 408 ).

nefní

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x see neimní.

nefnigid

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x see neimnigid.

neift

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n plant-name: Rostrum Maratilla .i. neift .i. pis enaín, Arch. i 333.9 ; `catmint', Stokes (= nepeta of botanists; but possibly some kind of vetch; cf. písíneán `kidney-bean', pisneán `vetch', Hog. Luibh.). in [n]eipt, gl. nepta, RC ix 238. do sugh nefte Ir. Texts v 72 § 58 , Éigse iii 226 .

neim

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Forms: neime, neimi, nime, nim, neim, neime, neim

n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg. 112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant boils, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.

(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc. 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg. 112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii 323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11 ( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime . . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a poisoned arrow', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symp- toms of poisoning, Rosa Ang. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . . is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib, LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél. Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC 5539 St. (fig. of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.

(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC² 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC 2922 (description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim, Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 . neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on thyself, TBC 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a mbúar uile, Met. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.: is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89 § 189 . Of snow accompanied by severe cold ( Celtica iii 262 ): sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás `poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann. Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, Ann. of Boyle 1179 (quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ). Cf. neimh fhúaire na hoidhcheise Studies x 417 § 1 . gach cuan go cconfadh neimhe 'each sea is in deadly tumult' Féil. Mhic Néill 174 § 43 .

Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus, Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha nimh ! MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an neimh, Leb. Gab. i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC 795. fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme, 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura [Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharp- ness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit), Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush, Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), Arch. iii 295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod, Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. Finn i 31 y .

Compds. ¤dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus): trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip. 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?), O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed). ¤tenga `poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1 173.9 .