Cite this: eDIL s.v. náthó or dil.ie/33007

adv. used in reply to a question, etc. in the neg., no, nay, by no means . By Thurneysen Hdb. 492 regarded as a compd. of tó `yes'; by Pedersen Vgl. Gram. ii 260 derived from Mid. W. nado (mod. W. naddo).

In answer to a question: ceist tra et mulieres . . . hi [= in] pridchabat? nathó ol Pol taceant will they preach? No, says Paul, Wb. 13a13 . `In raga-so lim-sa?' `Nathó' ol sisi, IT i 127.30 (LU) = ní tó, ib. 13 (Eg.). `Cesc [leg. cest], ind der- bgelsid?' ol M. `Nató'. [o]l sesom, Mon. Tall. § 21. `In frithalaid nech . . .?' ol se. `Natho' ol C., TBC² 511. `Nach leór a com- ram sin . . .?' or A. `Nátho' or C., FB 57.

Expressing dissent or refusal: `is cōru mo lecud-sa' ar E. `Náthó' or F. `messi leicfidir', SC 44. `Fearr damsa a n- edargairi' ol N. `Nato' ol T., RC xxiv 194 y . `Táet ille in gilla . . . co comairsem'. `Nathó' for C., FB 31. `Gad mo moing dim!' or se. `Natho' or in gilla (= I will not), ZCP xiii 178.26 . `Ná hindis do neoch in ní atc[h]onnacais' `Nát[h]o' ar L. .i. amnas leis a cleith (= I will tell it), Ériu xi 48.13 . co targaid in mnaí cetna do C. . . . `Natho' ol C. (declining the offer), CCath. 1142. buí oc iarraid a marbhtha ar in rígh. `Nato' ar Cesair, `acht beir buidhe do betha[d]', 1294 . See níthó.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathrachda or dil.ie/33008

adj io, iā. abounding in or pertaining to serpents: i lluc nat[h]rachda biastamail a place full of serpents and wild beasts, Alex. 641. neimh nathrachda serpent's venom, TSh. 3302.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nau or dil.ie/33009

n boat see .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. naue or dil.ie/33010

adj. see nua.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. -ne or dil.ie/33011

emphasizing pron. see -ni.

? né

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? né or dil.ie/33012

n slemon a gruad nār a nē (: é), Arch. iii 306 § 5 (of the bishop Aedh Ua Farreith). ? bem torbach[u]-sa duitsi oldas ind ne no ind re no in de foruallach . . . fil immut, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 91 z) = oldás in écsi no in re, Corm. p. 36.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. neb- or dil.ie/33013

neg. prefix, see nem-.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nech or dil.ie/33014

Forms: neich, neuch, nech, nnech, neoch, neoch, neoch

indef. pron. m. (= W. neb). g s. neich. d s. neuch (O.Ir.), neoch; in Mid.Ir. occas. nech; no plural. For neut. forms see .

I As indef. pron.

(a) any one ; in positive indef. sent. used like Lat. quispiam; often folld. by partitive DE, etc. Gl. quispiam, Ml. 30d22 . quis (indef. pron.), 19d7 . i nnech , gl. in quempiam, 24a16 . in tan dungni nech olc when any one does evil, 90d12 . día mbé nech occá sirḟegad, FA 10. ind [= a n-] digní neuch [= nech] fria menmain fadesin whatever any one does in intention, Mon. Tall. § 21. coniccim . . . cosc neich I am able to correct any one, Wb. 20d6 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se sain . . . for seilb neich n-aill n-aile the possession of any one else, CRR 43. a tabairt i lláim neich uaibsi of any of you, FB 76. cia du neuch, gl. ad quem [angelorum]? Ml. 16a9 .

Freq. folld. by limiting rel. clause in which in strict gram- matical construction the subj. mood is used: nech bed chare dō any one that was a friend to him, Ml. 29c16 . arcessi do neuch bes meldach les he pities whomsoever he pleases, Wb. 4c19 . in fagum acaib nech dig do midem bar in slúag? any one who will go to reconnoitre, CRR 25. cebe nech doneth écnach Crist whoever should blaspheme, PH 478. ar lebráin nos-túirfem | fri nech fora n-íarair for any one inquiring for them, Fél. Prol. 290 (ellipt. sent. = for nech bes fora n-í.). (with indic.) in fail d'Ultaib nech is ḟerr andá? any one better than he, TBC 126.

Esp. common after a neg., corresponding to Lat. quisquam: nech, gl. quemquam, Ml. 49a13 . nech, gl. nemo, ZCP viii 174.9 (Fulda Glosses). neich, gl. nullius, Ml. 30a6 . nech huainn cen fochaid, 93c19 (ellipt.). ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by any one, Wb. 6c19 . nach fail do Ultaib nech dobera a agid ḟormsa, CRR 44. arim cech sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed, SR 561. asbeirtis ni neich in peccad that sin is no one's, Wb. 4c23 . nīm huain fri acallaim neich, SR 1185. aisneis . . . ní thic do neoch no one is able to declare, FA 9. ní thairce tarba do nech, PH 8385. gin faircsi neich do neoch dia denumh `no one seeing any one doing it', Marco P. 52.

Often in sense of indef. pron. one (= Fr. on, Germ. man), a person (in general): isind aimsir imbi failid nech at the time that a man is joyous, Ml. 86d11 . a mesrugud do neuch buddesin every one should regulate it for himself, Mon. Tall. § 63. mani beth do bochta neich conā raib aicce almsa unless a man's poverty is so great, PH 4973.

(b) in more definite sense some one (= Lat. aliquis); in this case the indic. mood is used in a follg. rel. clause: ata nech du bar ṅdeicsin .i. Dia, gl. est qui inspiciat, Ml. 82a7 . dofoirnde inrucus neich, gl. significat dignum esse aliquem, Sg. 59b1 . amal nech bis i n-aelscud as one who is in longing, Ml. 56b26 . aithesc cungeda neich o neoch the address of [one who is] asking something from some one, TBC 1078. ni he acht nech is casmail dó some one like him, PH 1228. dobér-sa do thorad do brónd nech gébus rigi one who shall reign, 2274 . denad derc . . . mad nech fhuilnges a dhenam uias ann `if he be one who can do so', Ériu xii 252.16 .

II In Mid.Ir. comes to be employed as a subst. = a person (often equivalent to `duine'), used alone or with art. or cach, etc.: corop é in nech ros-ail .i. Cathbad that C. was the person who reared him, CRR 2. in nech ic nach fil almsa the man who has no alms, PH 4974. Riccard . . . do ég: in nech nach tanic a nErinn dibercach as mó ro mill anáss than whom no brigand that came to Ireland destroyed more, RC xviii 294.13 (construc- tion loose). an neach bhus sia . . . d'fhuil Ádhaimh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . gá neach . . . dá ndeach th'aithne a absail? who could fail to acknowledge thee? xii 22 . antí sires ní ar gach nech he who seeks gifts from all, ZCP viii 109 § 2. an t-iarla . . . neach é baí hi ccion one that was in favour, FM vi 2088.2 , cf. 2092.11 , 2170.6 . neach saer, gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 378. The sense any one is expressed in Mod.Ir. by the prefix aon- (aoin-, én-): gan aon-neach do Thuaith Dé Danann, Keat. Poems 261.

In appos. to a preceding noun: ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in domain, PH 3795 (here nech has become a virtual rel. pron.).

III In later Mid. and early Mod.Ir. used as an indecl. rel. pron. (for all genders) who, which ; generally in the form neoch, or with art. in neoch . crann grēine . . . nech do labhair re hAlaxanndar which spoke to A., Maund. § 266. daine glicca . . . nach [= nech] do innis duinne who told us, ib. gaoithi gairbhi . . . nech le croiter an bith uili by which the whole world is shaken, RC xxviii 312 § 10. Cf. nímt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin nech doní do maith I cannot tell the tenth part of all the good he does, BColm. 70.6 (leg. neich?). d'fechain an oilein . . . neoch atá Dia do gealladh dona dáoinibh which God is to promise to men, BNnÉ 49 § 31 . ag so meissi Muire . . . neoch ro at[ch]aiss whom thou hast besought, Fl. Earls 116.6 ; cf. 134.11 , 256 z . gur cursed ár adbal ar feraib Erenn in neoch dorad brōn . . . dá triathaib (a fact) which caused sorrow, Celt. Rev. iv 206.22 .

With art., freq. folld. by partitive (= Lat. quicquid): in nech doberthar do as uaithib all the milk got from them, Acall. 2070. in neoch thuc Finn do thuarasdal dó .i. .lll. uingi d'ór, 970 . cenmothá in neoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib, LL 241b29 . in neoch narbtar banglasa dib, robtar dubglasa those of them that were not pale green, CCath. 966. aneoch d'innmus do- bertsat na Rómhánaigh ó Anibhal all the wealth the R. had obtained from Hannibal, 1522 . tuc-som leis . . . in neoch roba lor leis dib as many of them as he thought sufficient, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 7. de (do) neoch, folld. by rel. clause, of that (which), of all (that) = Lat. quicquid, Fr. de ce qui . . .; a common constr. in Mid.Ir., always with a sing. vb. in the rel. clause; also in reference to persons of those (who, whom). di neoch atchondarc de delbaib betha, is í delb as aldem díb of all the world's forms that I have seen, BDD 99. ron-bia slán do neoch dorigni-siu we shall get absolution for whatever you have done, Ériu iii 136.44 . nach ret do neoch atcither isin bith, ii 98 § 1 . for cech sechtmad imbairi do neoch imrulaid i mMumain on every seventh ridge he traversed, Trip. 196.7 . trian dō do nech docuirither muir one-third of all that the sea casts up, Laws iv 194.13 . cech dúil do neoch techtus bethaid every creature that has life, PH 4021. Of persons: óclách do neoch dobeir a láim i llaim tigerna, CRR 11. atlugud buidi di cach oen . . . do neoch comallas a ghnim giving thanks to every one of those who fulfil, Arch. iii 317 § 53. connach baí d'Ultaib . . . do neoch do nar bo chotlud of all Ulstermen who were not asleep, TBC 2962. carait Césair do neoch ro boí isin Roim dibh all C.'s friends who were in Rome, CCath. 526. fer ro diglastar Ultu for firu Herend .i. do neoch díb ro marbad who avenged all the Ulstermen who had been slain, Ériu iv 28 § 19. mórfesear cecha hairdi i nÉirind do neoch is mó ergna díb the seven wisest in every quarter, 144.11 . as mairg do fhúicfedh Eri do neoch do fhedfadh beith indte, BCC 282.15 . do neoch focheard doman de | a mbreith a ndurthech n-ūre (= all that the earth brings forth are borne to a house of clay), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 (< Lec. 347b2 ). ro throisc . . . im thuismead cloindi do neoch bad marthanach di do beith eaturru ┐ mac D. (i.e. that chil- dren who would survive should be begotten), Lec. 155b22 .

With follg. vb. in pl.: atconnairc sé . . . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 ; prob. do neoch , generally written as one word, came to be looked on as such, a rel. pron. See also 2 noch.

i nneoch

(a) in something (some place), somewhere (in O.Ir. a neut., d s. of ): ataat iarum i nneuch forrochongart Dia doib wherever God has ordained them (to be), Ml. 145d7 (of the creatures after creation, oppd. to: in mais = in primeval undifferentiated matter). is ferr liumsa buith i nneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel oldaas i nneuch di techdaisib inna [mBa]bellondae I had rather be in the meanest place in the land of I. than in any of the dwellings of the B., 105b7 .

(b) i nneoch má in the case that, if: fer fogaib frith mbech inneoch mad sechtar faithchi if it be outside (his) green, Laws iv 194.20 . dichenglad cor mbel inneoch ma ra latar to dissolve contracts if they have been made, 206.13 . i neoch madrodma in celi in case the tenant has consented, v 384.5 . See ZCP xvi 270 fg . Similarly neoch má: inge .vii. n-uasalchuru . . . neoch ma ro lathar (leg. latar) if they have been made, Laws iv 210.2 . neoch mani ro oiscet crich if [the bees] have not changed territory, 188.10 .

1 necht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 necht or dil.ie/33015

Forms: neachd

n f. a grand-daughter (? niece), O.Ir. word, early obso- lete: gl. neptis, Sg. 67b3 . necht .i. ingen . . . .i. ingin isin Duil Ḟedha Mair, O'Dav. 1286. Cf. Eoganacht . . . .i. necht Eogain .i. necht clann, Cóir Anm. 37. neachd `a tribe, family ', O'R.

2 necht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 necht or dil.ie/33016

Forms: Necht, Nechtain, Nechta, Nechtan

adj. (participial formation < nig- `to wash', cf. Lat. lautus from lavare), clean, pure; white: necht cach glan, Corm. Y 247. necht .i. ingen no glan, O'Dav. 1286. neacht .i. geal, Lec. Gl. M 90. nect alainn no geal dicitur , BB 254a31 ( IT iii 368 n .). nemthech necht, SR 573. clía nudh [= núadh?] n.¤ `a new clean frame', Laws iv 252.1 . dath-ogam . . . .i. bān, liath, flann, sodath, necht, Auraic. 5698.

pn As sobriquet? in name Núadu Necht (so interpreted by later glossators): Núadha Necht .i. Núadha nicht onní is nix snechta . . . bá gilithir fri snechta Núadha N., Cóir Anm. 188. Nuadha Neacht . . . ón fhocal nix .i. sneachta, Keat. ii 3561. Cf. the npr. f. Necht: Neacht Indbir Scene, Dinds. 130 ( RC xvi 83 ). g s. dún trí mac Nechta Scéne, LU 5108 = Nechtain, TBC² 623 YBL; LU has marg. note: Nechtan Scene a mmathair. foíd a mmathar . . . .i. Nechta Scene, LU 5151 = Nechta, TBC² 668 ; Nechtan is the name given in TBC 1219 follg.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nechta or dil.ie/33017

io, iā. (part. of nigid) cleansed, hence pure, bright: anim nechta noíb, Ériu ii 56 § 10 , cf. i 138.21 and ii 65 n. 1 . ara ḟlaithcheniul nechta `für sein erlauchtes Herrschergeschlecht', Bruchst. i § 1 ( IT iii 60 § 119 ).