Cite this: eDIL s.v. nath or

Forms: nath, natha, natha, nath, —anna

n [m. and f.] gend. and decl. doubtful; as neut., n s. nath n-airec fordarc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 16.6 ( LL 315b61 ); masc. acc. to Auraic. 839 : is e in nath, is i in laid; as fem. ā-st.: cen ógnaith, Met. Dinds. iv 150.52 , cf. g s. cacha natha, O'Dav. 566 = cacha [gach v.l.] nath, 476 , and see citation from H. 2.15, 80a below. g s. natha. n p. natha. g p. nath.

A poetical composition ,

(a) in strict technical use a species of poem which was the special province of the `anruth' or poet of the sixth grade and of which there were several varieties variously named (see IT iii 164 ; Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 ). dona secht n-altaib .i. anamain, nath, anair, etc., Auraic. 1578. nath ┐ anair, Laws v 58.7 . coig ba ar nath, ib. 9 , cf. O'Dav. 566. pl. natha anruith, IT iii 59 § 112. is hi fogluim na seised bliadna .i. .lxxx. nath mor ┐ .lxxx. becc, 38 § 25 . O'Mulc. 537.

(b) in lit. generally a poem in wide sense: náth ainm coitc[h]end dona huilib aistib ēicsi[d]ib, Corm. Y 982. nath .i. ainm do cach uili aisde, Lec. Gl. 34 , cf. 197 . nath .i. ainm coitcheann don uile aisde ealadhna, O'Cl. taithmet Fiadat ferr cech nath better than any poem, Hy. v 94 , glossed .i. ferr cech filidecht T, .i. cech dána F ( Thes. ii 348 ). as inann lógh ar cach nath, cibsi nath, H. 2.15 p. 80a ( O'Don. 1196 ). ná biad hÉriu cen ógnaith `without perfect song', Met. Dinds. iv 150.52 . cuirmtech cen aes natha, H. 3.18 p. 267b ( O'C. 545 ). luagh natha do gach fer creath (.i. eladna), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ? geim coscuir grisuib nada with incitements to song (?), ZCP xiii 264.1 . fir denma drecht ┐ nath, RC xiv 412 § 25. ba neart- mhaire nath ar nasc dom réir the power of poetry was bound to my service, O'Bruad. ii 26.18.

(c) in special sense of elegy, threnody ? nath .i. marbnad, Lec. Gl. 356. Cf. ní gann in nath ós a cind `the dirge over her head', Met. Dinds. ii 10.16 (reading doubtful).

In mod. lang. used for a cant word or phrase, adage, saying, P. O'C. , Dinneen (pl. —anna), see nathan.

Compds. ¤bairdne one of the four main divisions of `bairdne', IT iii 6 § 4 ( ¤bairdni). ¤breth f. lit. ` nath-judgement'; used as generic term for the compositions of the `anruth': nathbretha anruith, IT iii 31 § 1 (L = adbretha B). ¤cobair f. ` song- help '; as epithet: leo nithach nathchobir cathchobair, IT iii 39.3 (= Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17.2 ), i.e. one who supplies themes for song (or a patron of poetry?).

With adj. nathbuadach victorious (? renowned) in song , ZCP viii 307.9 . See also cétnad, marbnad, sénnath, setnad.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathach or

n o,m. a maker of `naths', a poet : cach n.¤ , Laws v 68.23 Comm.

? nathai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nathai or

n fris na ngaibter athgabail nathai ` distress for tribute', Laws v 442.25 . nathai .i. fuigell .i. na hai cert no dligid do gabail, 444.20 Comm.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathair or

Forms: nathir, naithr, naithir, nathrach, nathir, nathir, nathrach, nathracha, nathrach, natraig

n k,f. in O. and early Mid.Ir. generally nathir. The qual- ity of the medial consonant varies: n s. naithr, Tur. 129 ( Thes. i 493.24 ); naithir, Hy. v 6 (reading of T). naithir, IGT Dec. § 120. g s. nathrach, ex. 1883 . A snake or serpent, generic term; of a venomous snake, often n.¤ nime: nathir, gl. anguis, Sg. 6h13 . gl. colubra, 181a5 . ind nathir , gl. natrix, 69a11 . g s. cenelae nathrach , 114b4 . amal nathracha bodra, gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11 ( Thes. i 485.19 ). nem nathrach (vene- num aspidum), Ml. 33d10 . nathir Moisi fuabrad cath | fri nathracha na ndrúad, SR 3857. denaid nathraig n-umaide, 4162 . co mbruth dracon co n-anāil nathrach, TBC² 966. la dá natraig , LU 3748 = SC 34 (a du.). in nathair nemi ré n-abar serpens, PH 7674. bésti ┐ nathracha, 7587 (n p.). oc nathrachaib nime, 7589 . dobicfat . . . nathraig lúamnig flying serpents, Ériu ii 196.4 . a richt nathrach dom naithrib in the form of one of my serpents, Ériu iv 112 § 8 (< Bk. of Fermoy). amhuil naithir nimhe, Prov. xxiii 32. do rinne Maoise n.¤ nimhe do phrás, Numb. xxi 9. nimh na náithreach, Job xx 16 . naithreacha neimhe, TSh. 3072.

Fig. nathir cach ben, gríb cach ingen, ZCP viii 196 § 15 (sign of degenerate times). nathir mad sādal sērech (the cleric is) a serpent if fond of ease and good cheer, vii 298 y . n.¤ nimhe an ocrais, Keat. Poems 1208. n.¤ ionghuire a himill guardian dragon of her border (of a chief), Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 § 8 . Conchobar . . . n.¤ neme na nGaidel, Ann. Conn. 1403 § 4.

Prov. naithair a [= i] cris a serpent in the bosom (of one fair but false), ZCP vi 267 § 5. ba laum [= lám] a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96 § 127 (of a dangerous and futile attempt). ba lám i nnet nathrach . . . insaigid fair, LL 225b8 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan . . . ropsat láma i nnet nathrach, LL 304b20 = RC xiii 92.4 (robo lam, Lec.). Aen. 751.

nathair im ceann (leg. imchenn) two-headed snake (a mode of writing in which one half of the line is the mirror image of the other), Auraic. 5821 ; Éigse xxiv 37 . bricht nathrach Nede (name of a metre), IT iii 103.1 .

1 nathan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nathan or

adj illustrious, pre-eminent? nathan .i. ordeirc . . . nathan quasi nath in-aon [.i.] ind ollaman, Corm. Y 982. n.¤ .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl. O'Brien.

2 nathan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nathan or

Forms: nathán, nathain

n o,m. (nath) a cant saying; a commonplace or flippant remark? g s. ac togbhail nathain tre phrois dona biadhaibh (= superstitiose cibos diiudicando), ITS xxix 136.1 (instruc- tions for nuns, the allusion is to grumbling about food). pl. nā habair briathra nāid nathain iomdha (= neque verbum aliquod vel sillabas proferas), ib. 138.17 (of flippant or equi- vocal remarks). nathán `an old saying, a proverb ', Dinneen. nathain `a short poem, also an adage ', P. O'C.

nathar, náthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathar, náthar or

pron gen. du. of 1st pers. pron., see .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. natharda or

adj io, iā. (nathair) serpent-like ; used in fig. sense venomous, deadly: claideb nua natharda, LL 231a47 = TTr. 1040. do bhí sé i n-armaibh nathardha nimhneach (of a chief), Keat. Poems 784. ina n-aonbhróin nathardha, FM v 1614.3 . superl. feidhm as natharda fuair fer `task most invidious that man has ever had', O'Gr. Cat. 469.14.

? nathari

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nathari or

Forms: nathair

n gl. pant[h]era, Ir. Gl. 88. Stokes emends: nathair.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathir or

x see nathair.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. náthó or

adv. used in reply to a question, etc. in the neg., no, nay, by no means . By Thurneysen Hdb. 492 regarded as a compd. of tó `yes'; by Pedersen Vgl. Gram. ii 260 derived from Mid. W. nado (mod. W. naddo).

In answer to a question: ceist tra et mulieres . . . hi [= in] pridchabat? nathó ol Pol taceant will they preach? No, says Paul, Wb. 13a13 . `In raga-so lim-sa?' `Nathó' ol sisi, IT i 127.30 (LU) = ní tó, ib. 13 (Eg.). `Cesc [leg. cest], ind der- bgelsid?' ol M. `Nató'. [o]l sesom, Mon. Tall. § 21. `In frithalaid nech . . .?' ol se. `Natho' ol C., TBC² 511. `Nach leór a com- ram sin . . .?' or A. `Nátho' or C., FB 57.

Expressing dissent or refusal: `is cōru mo lecud-sa' ar E. `Náthó' or F. `messi leicfidir', SC 44. `Fearr damsa a n- edargairi' ol N. `Nato' ol T., RC xxiv 194 y . `Táet ille in gilla . . . co comairsem'. `Nathó' for C., FB 31. `Gad mo moing dim!' or se. `Natho' or in gilla (= I will not), ZCP xiii 178.26 . `Ná hindis do neoch in ní atc[h]onnacais' `Nát[h]o' ar L. .i. amnas leis a cleith (= I will tell it), Ériu xi 48.13 . co targaid in mnaí cetna do C. . . . `Natho' ol C. (declining the offer), CCath. 1142. buí oc iarraid a marbhtha ar in rígh. `Nato' ar Cesair, `acht beir buidhe do betha[d]', 1294 . See níthó.