1 múr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 múr or dil.ie/32845

Forms: múr, mur, múru, múra, múr, múrtha, mur, m.

n o, m., (Lat. murus) orig. neut.? cf. n s. múr n-álainn, Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Adad. v 92 § 10 (quoted below). n du. da mur de[e]c, SR 397. a p. múru, 8048 . múra, 8078 . g p. inna múr , Ml. 118d20 . n p. múrtha occurs in late MSS.

(a) a wall or rampart , generally one constructed of earth or stone surrounding a building, fort or town. mur, gl. murus, Ir. Gl. 476. mur do chria[i]d, SR 395. mur .i. mō a úr .i. a talam (i.e. an earthen wall), Corm. Y 910. no chlaided na muru, FB 70. sé troigthe i n-airdi na clasach ┐ i n-airde in muir as a cind (of the dyke thrown up by digging a trench), Laws iv 76.10 Comm. dún . . . ┐ m.¤ gel ard im sodain, RC ix 476.3 ( LU 1700 ). for m.¤ dron dúne Delga, Met. Dinds. iii 256.2 . o mur Eamhna, ZCP viii 219 § 14. for mur Hierusalem (gl. in muro), Ml. 33d21 . secht múir na cathrach, PH 8014. secht murtha daingne ina hurtimcill do ballaibh cloch `fortifications of stone walls', ZCP vi 284.12 . doradadh m.¤ tar grian an bhaile lá Gearaltachaibh `the Geraldines levelled the wall of the town', FM v 1722.12 , where we should perh. read: an baile, and take m.¤ tar g. as an adverbial phrase (possibly in sense 3 múr) = the town was demolished.

By extension of an embankment of earth and stones built over burial-chambers (see Met. Dinds. iv 416 ad 103 ): múr Tailten . . . in' rohadnacht ilar mban, Met. Dinds. iv 154.101 . cnuicc for allmarchaib ánaib | ocus múir for mórphlágaib `walls built over the dead of great plagues', 152.100 ; quoted TSh. 5771. Cf. tri maic Echach . . . atáit it' múr (of burial rath of Cruachan), LU 2820 = RC xvii 281.

(b) extensions of lit. meaning: maidid for Lagnib co turgab- sat múr derg fri Ulto. ár ba geis do Ultaib dul dar m.¤ ṅderg, LL 115b39 ( RC viii 56.12 ); prob. a technical term, cf. ro tocbaisit Fir Ol nEgmacht mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . Of heaps of slain: concichre C. cethri múru móra de chollaib doene immon cath sechtair, TBC 5585. ro airgis a ndún . . . tugais é fa mur tineadh `a wall of fire', Cog. 80.26 . Of water: mura na muir (leg. muire?) . . . batar dia ndeis is dia cli (of Israelites passing through the Red Sea), RC xxxvii 347 § 46 . tainic an lán mara 'na múraibh . . . gach taoibh, BNnÉ 209 § 63. Of confines of the sea: in muir . . . tēt dara muru mōra, SR 8048. an muir . . . do dhul dara múruibh amach, RC xxviii 312 § 7. Cf. is muir dar múru (of an overwhelming foe), TBC 5277 ; 5558 (mura). ro soiset . . . co mara muru (i.e. as far as the sea), ZCP xiii 14.22 . co mara mur, Anecd. ii 8.9 . in fuicēb oc mara mūr | slicht mo dā glūn isin trācht? ZCP x 46.4 . mo brogad for mara mūr (i.e. on the ocean), 45.16 . Loch Muinremair múir mellaig `of the pleasant wall' (i.e. shore), Leb. Gab. i 100.5 = múr mellaig, LL 7a6 . ōs mūr talman tinn, ZCP vi 271 § 3 , where m.¤ seems used like druim `ridge' = surface .

Fig. a protection, safeguard: m.¤ trén . . . fri doíni, fri demnai (of a martyrology), Fél. Ep. 151. Mathae m.¤ trén toídlech, ib. Sept. 21 ; cf. Sept. 15 , Jan. 24. mūr n-ālainn ar ḟōir ēccrat (of a chieftain), Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Akad. v 98 § 10. ba m.¤ cach mire in mór-Dond `a fortress against frenzy', Met. Dinds. iii 372.

(c) transf. of place enclosed by a wall, dwelling, fort, keep, etc., common in late poetry of a castle or mansion . ra béim it' m.¤ os gréin glain (of heaven), LL 145a51 . deoch mhilis an mhúir neamhdha, PBocht 118 § 45. m.¤ Muire, Ir. Monthly 1929, 212.23 . fer aen-cleithe cona mur `with his house', Laws iv 350.14 . Ollamh Fódla . . . dorinne m.¤ na n-ollmhan ` hall ', Keat. ii 2063 (poem). múr d'ollamhnaibh innse Fáil leis do tógbhadh, Content. xxx 13. i m.¤ Mainisthrech Esa Ruaidh, AU iii 326.22 . atbail [Ollamh Fódla] ina mhúr budhen i Temhraigh, FM i 52.19 . an m.¤ . . . | 'na gcluininn gáir chrot is chliar (of a ruined mansion), Measgra Dánta 57.17 = KMMisc. 50.5 (early 17th cent.). ag biathadh truagh is tárnocht | it' mhúr sriobhghlan, Maguires of F. 62.3 . i maigh nó i m.¤ afield or at home TSh. 1175.

Compds. ¤clad m. an earthen dyke or rampart: ni tarla mūrchlad a mūir | dar dūil mar Dunchad the dyke of its (Ardmacha's) rampart never closed over a being like D., Bruchst. i § 146 = ZCP iii 36.7 , FM ii 720.20 . ro gab P. . . . for métu- gudh na murchlodh, TTr.² 1243. ¤longport m.: co ṅder[n]sat [na slóig] murlongporta mora dib imon cat[h]raig (i.e. en- camped round the walls), LB 154a28 . ¤mag: a mhúrmhagh Luighdheach castled (?) plain (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1370. With adj.: ? dos mūr-ālaind (of a great tree), ZCP v 22 § 7 (perh. fig. use). With vn.: dréimire . . . re múirlingeadh ar neamh for scaling Heaven's wall, TSh. 10818.

See also 2 and 3 múr.

2 múr

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n abundance (? Fig. use of 1 múr, LEIA M-76 )

mur .i. imat, Corm. Y 905. mur imbad, Corm. p. 20 s.v. fogamur. mur .i. imad O'Dav. § 1229 . m.¤ = Hell : Dia mor mo anacol de mur teintide . . . .i. Dia mór dom anacol ar imbed in tened, RC xx 154 § 4 ( ACC 4 = de múr theindtide, LU 502 ); `the fiery abundance', Stokes; `fiery drift', Calder múr .i. immed ut dicitur: Múr ainm d'imbed tall 'sind recht, ib. Comm. mur [múr v.l.] iomad thall isin recht, For. Foc. 50. ? ciarbu tholgdae rígain | Phelait a múr chlúime, Fél. Prol. 126 = a mmuir (no a múr) chlaine, Laud; a muir chlúime, LB. ? ní mé m'aonor i mmúr thol | docoid fordal i ndáil ban `'tis not I alone who in the fullness of desire have gone astray', Fian. 10 § 5. ? a mind óir ar mairgi mur `golden crown to be sorrowfully regretted' (?), FM ii 602.10 (elegy on death of Maenach abbot of Bennchuir). ? compd. gur fágaib in t-isdadh ina mhúraib maoldubha ar múrloscadh a mhor-Gall ina mhedón `its English charred within them', Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.27 .

Cf. -thrét below.

3 múr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 múr or dil.ie/32847

n [m.] other doubtful meanings.

(a) mire ; acc. to Stokes, ZCP iii 470 , a loan-word from O.N. mýrr `slime' or A.S. mýre, in the follg. exx.: concicher ar m.¤ is ar ṅgrian | in trícha sin fer Galian, TBC 526 = ar ūir is ar grian, St., Add. cotomelad [= cotob-méla] ar mur [múr LU] ┐ grian, TBC² 1077. In both cases edd. suggest reading `úir', an emendation supported by the parallel in LU 8700 ( FB 52 ): coto[n]méla-ni in fer sin . . . ar úir ┐ grian, Cf. FM v 1722.12 quoted under 1 múr (a).

(b) ` sand-bank, shoal ', Calder, Aen. Vocab. p. 222 : ro gabsat co mur and, co nus-rucc neart imruma ┐ seolta estib `ran aground', Aen. 139 ; of Trojan ships passing between Scylla and Charybdis. The quotation is a summary of Virg. Aen. iii 563 - 9 : laevam cuncta cohors remis ventisque petivit . . . Cyclopum adlabimur oris; perhaps ro gabsat co mur = they made for the coast (of Sicily on the left), cf. 1 múr (b). feib dosfuc for cúl . . . | ós cach múr cona mōrless, SR 3530 ; of God bringing back the sons of Jacob from Egypt; `shoal' Calder, but the journey was by land; the follg. mór-less (cf. 5010 ) suggests 1 múr in sense of wall or city or fig. barrier, obstacle.

murach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. murach or dil.ie/32849

Forms: murach, -aigh, -aighe, murac

n ā, f., shell-fish? métithir tulaig . . . | do muraig do mór-ḟemnaig, Met. Dinds. iii 192.28 (mauraich, muirig v.l.; with latter cf. 3 muirech). Cf. murach, -aigh, -aighe ` murex or purple-fish ', Coneys ; murac m., O'R. (< Lat. murex?).

1 múrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 múrach or dil.ie/32850

adj o, ā (1 múr) possessing walls or fortifications: do bhí sé m.¤ túrach tíreach (of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 160 ( Keat. Poems 792 ).

2 múrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 múrach or dil.ie/32851

Forms: Múraigh

adj o, ā. (Romance loan-word with Irish ending) Moorish ; as subst. o, m. a Moor. pl. na Múraigh don Spáinn, TSh. 9765. Múraighe, Turcaighe ┐ eiricidhe, Eochairsg. 8.38 .

muracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muracht or dil.ie/32852

x see muiriucht.

múraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. múraid or dil.ie/32853

Forms: múirid, múrad

v ā, also múirid, i.

(a) the orig. sense may be levels, makes level (soil, etc.), hence razes, demolishes (esp. of buildings). cach tailach dara tictis na múrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 = MU 14.27 (`levelled'). ro mursam a tulcha . . . co bfuilit ina bfanglentaibh, TBC p. 825 n. 7 (St.), cf. p. 711 n. 7 . múir- fidhear cnuic na cruinne, Ir. Monthly 1927, 261.15 . muchum ┐ murum in cathraigh let us raze, Aen. 3083. murait in dai[n]gin ┐ brisid in rigdae, 565 . múirfemait do tṡid ort, Acall. 5078 (`we will wall up', SG ii 224 , but cf. do thochailt ar sída oraind, 5136 ). múrfither bar múr ri miledaib Grec, LL 239a16 ( TTr. 1648 ). cor loisc ┐ cor mur Boroma, RC xviii 37.2 (Tig.). co ro loisc[s]et in indsi ┐ co rus-múrsat, AU ii 148.19 . ro múrsetar Báirc ṁBresail, RC xiii 40 § 10. cathair A. do múiretur ┐ d'airgetur Tuircínigh, Maund. 132. cid . . . do muirthea in raith though the fort were to be destroyed, YBL 315b54 . gur muradh ┐ gur mughaighedh . . . in baile, AU iii 586.1 . In looser sense: nā muirter do mhuir an cill . . . co brath `that the church should never be overwhelmed by the sea', Misc. Hag. Hib. 17 § 16.

(b) in wider sense destroys, ruins (of persons): a betha daenna, . . . sochaide ro múris! PH 4661. in carracc . . . do múiredh triar no ceathrar roimpi, CCath. 1859. ro mursad cona cloind ┐ cona muintir uile he, YBL 179b4 (`walled in', RC xxiv 285.2 ).

(c) piles up, builds up, constructs, only of constructing a mound over a grave: is ann ro foilged a corp; | fuirri ro múrad mór-chnocc, Met. Dinds. iii 40.4 . do múiredh in tuluch so air, Acall. 7572 , cf. 1073 , 1085 . ro múiredh in tulach so thairrsi, 1257 . ro muired in fert, 2082 . ? (fig.) gabais i n-allmuirib, mūras mōr ṅdēserce (of Colum Cille), Arch. iii 217 § 3 ; he heaped up much charity? but text may be corrupt, perhaps = mórais.

vn. múrad (múired) m.

(a) in strict sense `act of levelling the ground ' (Laws, Gloss.): masa maidm talman na cumangar do lesugad trena muired no trena linadh `by levelling it', Laws iii 254.22 Comm. ar múrad talman ar Conán after levelling (? heaping) the earth over C. (i.e. burying), Acall. 3985. Hence loosely with obj. gen. of person burying: Tephi . . . mairg forsmélad a múrad `her entombment', Met. Dinds. i 8.42 .

(b) generally the act of razing, demolishing: ro sailset muradh in daingin forna Troianaib ┐ a dilgend iar sin, Aen. 2352 (where muradh seems = levelling the walls, oppd. to dílgend utterly destroying). Cf. 2045 . do thogail ┐ loscud ┐ múrud cathrach Lamidóin, LL 224a21 ( TTr. 506 ). di milliud ┐ di múriud . . . na Troe, 227b15 ( TTr. 765 ).

(c) exceptionally of building (walls), fortifying: a catracha do murad ┐ do daingnedud, BB 434a27 .

murain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. murain or dil.ie/32854

x see muirin.

murbach, muirbech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. murbach, muirbech or dil.ie/32855

Forms: muirbheach

n m. (muir; for 2nd component cf. fótbach) a breakwater; a level strip of land along the sea-coast: tonn . . . a tondeo .i. ar berraid in fēr don murbach it shaves the grass from the shoreland, Corm. Y 1243. dún dianad mur- bach án | múr mór maic Lugdach `whose famous breakwater is the great wall of L.'s son', Met. Dinds. iii 124.67 . tír . . . is mín taobh 's is mín murbhach, Measgra Dánta 45.22 . i mmurbach na Bonne the shore of the Boyne, BColm. 72.5 . ar mílib [= mílaib] na muirbech, Met. Dinds. iii 428.36 = muirbrech, LL 212a6 . Carn Trachta Eothaili . . . tēd muir tarna cairgib 'na muirbeach impi, Todd Nenn. 198. Of a lake monster , Peritia xi 163 : muirbech lonn locha hEnaig, Acall. 2421. Common in both forms in place-names: for Muirbech, Met. Dinds. iii 442.42 . i Murbach, FM iii 416.9 . In mod. Anglo-Irish sometimes ` murrough '. muirbheach f. `a low sea-board ', Dinneen .