muirbech

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x see murbach.

muirbell

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n m. (a late form of merball?) giddiness, excitement, mental aberration: ba móidi a m.¤ ┐ a merugad, MR 236.3 (= a merball, LL 410b4 ). re m.¤ ┐ re meraidecht, 234.17 (= ri merbhall, LL 410a23 ). See also mairbill.

muirbellach

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adj o, ā (muirbell) confused in mind, giddy, dismayed: am mall meta muirbillach, Acall. 4584 , 4586 . See merbal- lach.

muirchrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muirchrech or dil.ie/32766

n f. (muir + crech?) a word of doubtful meaning; in follg. exx. seems used to denote a certain distance (on the sea). doronsat maic Miled immarbáig imrama . . . corruc díb Ír . . . murchrech do cach luing, LL 12b23 = muirrdrecht, BB 39b2 = co rug Ír . . . muirchreach (tonn) da ceach luing `advanced a wave before every ship', Leb. Gab. i 248.26 .; cf. co rucustar Ir . . . murcet do gach luing; mur imat ┐ cet .i. tonn, H. 3.18 p. 75 ( O'C. 125 ). regait ind óic diar n-inchaib-ne murcreich, Anecd. i 5.6 . oc cloistin fuama in churaig frisin tir . . . seitigh [= séitidh] huad cona anail co ndeachaid murchreich for muir, IT ii1 181.197 ; `', Wind., but the subj. is perhaps `in curach'. [a] cor i nnoí oin[ṡ]luaisti for murchreth [murcrec v.l.] hi fairrge, Cáin Ad. § 45 (punishment inflicted on a woman guilty of certain crimes); `[she is ] to be put into a boat . . . as a sea-waif (?) upon the sea', Meyer; at the distance of a`muirchrech' out at sea? See Ériu xi 98 where the passage is quoted with a gloss which seems to mean that a `muirchreth' was the dis- tance from land at which a white shield on the shore was still visible. muirchreach .i. tonn, O'Cl. Cf. the expression: noí tonna `nine waves' to denote a distance from the shore.

muirchreth

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x see muirchrech.

muirdrecht

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Forms: murchrech

n gu ruig Ir mac Miled muirrdrecht do gach luing, BB 39b2 = murchrech, LL 12b23 . Prob. a compd. of drécht `part, portion' = a stretch of sea ; cf. ra drechta fata for long spaces (distances), LL 264a6 ( MU 14.31 ).

? muirdris

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n some kind of sea-monster: conacca in m.¤ ann, peist uiscide, Laws i 72.16 = in muirgris, 68.16 . See also smeirdris.

1 muire

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Forms: muire, murib, muirig, muire, muiri, muireach, muirech, murra

n m., gutt. (but d s. do muire , Ériu i 215.29 = H. 3.18 p. 25 a ; d p. murib, LU 3413 = SC 18 ).

A term denoting rank applied to individuals; the precise sense is uncertain and prob. varied in different ages. As a techn. term in legal tracts it seems to denote a specific social grade, prob. headman of a district or `fine'. In the plan of the Tech Midchuarta in LL 29 the `muirig' are seated next to the `airig forgaill' and receive the same portion (they are not given in the plan in YBL 418 ); but in Cáin Ad. § 51 it is said that the fine for slandering the wife of an `aire désa' was seven half-cumals, that for the wife of a `muire' only seven ounces. Some of the exx. given below suggest the sense of a military leader or officer in command of a division. Occurs several times in AU between the years 1159 and 1200, appa- rently to denote the head of a clan or sept (always wrongly translated `steward'); the corresponding term in FM is in all cases `tigherna'. In lit. often used loosely in sense of leader, chief . Stokes, RC xviii 76 , considers it cognate with A.S. mære `noble, famous'.

mad giall no muiri ` muiri-chief ', Laws ii 142.28 . conici airig desa anall . . . o sin anund go muirig, Cáin Ad. § 51. trian do muire rechtgi dodaféit a tegh rí[g], Ériu i 215.29 . ? fri laim muiriuch (leg. muirech), Anecd. iii 24.20 . leth n-aill di muiriuchaib [muirechaib v.l.] ┐ flait[h]ib, 23.1 . (g s.) a tig a muireach fadéisin .i. . . . a tigh a mor-airech, H. 3.17 c. 476 ( O'Don. 640 ); the gloss may be etymological.

In wider signification: muire ic nā bít géill i ngill, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . fochen Labraid . . . uallchu murib, SC 18. seacht (g)cuirn cona midh don mairigh (of the rí Forthuath), BR 206.13 = don mairidh, BB 278b25 . The follg. exx. from SR, all representing pl., are assigned by Stokes to n s. muirech: atat in muirig fo tráig | do ruirig nimi noebnáir, SR 3925 . int slúaig, ind ruirig . . . in muirig immon n-ardríg (of the king- dom of Israel), 5926 . co n-ilur muirech . . . co trichait ruirech (of the Canaanites), 5263 ; cf. also 5583 , 6629 . micc na muirech, micc na ríg, Fél. 44.20 . Aed Buidi . . . muiri hUa miadach Maine, Anecd. iii 47.17 . Tomaltach . . . muire Sil Muiredhaich, AU ii 6.7 . m.¤ hUa nDuibinnrecht, 18.6 . m.¤ Ceniúil Fergusa, 34.3 ; 46.15 ; 64.16 .

In fig. sense: Mael Muire hUa D. . . . cenn cleirech nErenn ┐ m.¤ dérce in domain lord of almsgiving , AU ii 96.18 (a. 1177) = muirigh dérce iarthair Eorpa, FM ii 1004.1 .

Cf. also: mír murra Ghuill na cnama `the bones are the champion's portion of Goll', Duan. Finn i 61.4 , which may represent g s. (io-st.) of this word.

? Compd. ¤druimnech: rī Achaid . . . ocon maigin muire- druimnigh, IT iii 12 § 17 = Bruchst. i § 32 ; `', Meyer, i.e. high-spined, -backed , perh. an allu- sion to a hill or ridge on which the chief's residence stood.

See also 1 muirech.

2 Muire

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Forms: Maire

npr. f. later form of Maire (< Lat. Maria), used in relig. lit. Muire ingen Amraim ṡiur do Moyse, LB 118b43 = Maria, Vulg. Exod. xv 20 (called Maire, SR 4041 , 4637 ). Gene- rally of the Virgin Mary (replacing the earlier Maire). Muire Ógh, IGT Dec. § 126. Muire Mhaighdean, ib. a Thríonnóid is a thrí Mhuire! three Marys, Measgra Dánta 61.33 .

1 muirech

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Forms: muireach, muireach

n o, m., (muire) muireach, IGT Dec. § 104. A leader, commander, chief ? muireach `a lord ', O'R. cach drong imma ríg, cach réim imma m.¤ ┐ cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC 459. Bane . . . ainm mna muireig [= muirig] mor-Themra, LL 375a23 . See also exx. from SR and Fél. 44.20 given under muire, which perhaps represent this word.

Transf. of a leader in wider sense: a m.¤ `their master' (of cattle and their herdsman), Met. Dinds. iv 144 z . in dam ba m.¤ mór-búair leader of a great herd, 192.18 . ? cenn clérech nEreann ┐ muirigh dérce iarthair Eorpa, FM ii 1004.1 = muire, AU ii 96.18 .

2 muirech

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adj o, ā. lordly, pre-eminent? bas in māil muruig maid- migh, BB 47a20 = MacCarthy 180 n. 5 .

Of things: a dabach dond dairech | ba mairech a llān it was of noble proportions, ZCP iii 39.3 . ? meircci muirecha mert- necha, ZCP vi 258.15 .

Cf. murrach.