mug, mog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mug, mog or dil.ie/32675

Forms: mug, moga, mogæ, moge, moga, mógi, mmoge, mogæ, mog, mogaid, mogaid, mogadu, mogad, mug, mog, mhog, mogad, moga, modh, mogha, moghaidh, mugh, mogh, moghadh, muidh, Mug, moghaid

n u and d,m. In O.Ir. a u-stem ( Ped. ii 90 , Thurn. Hdb. § 306 ): n a d s. mug. g s. moga, Wb. 17a13 . n p. mogæ, 3b15 , 8c11 , d26 . moge, 29b2 . moga, 27c17 . mógi, 7d10 . g p. inna mmoge , 29b1 . inna mogæ , Ml. 30b25 . In Mid.Ir. n s. mog becomes usual: ? a s. mogaid, Trip. 110.24 . n p. mogaid, SR 7427 , TBC 423. a p. mogadu, Trip. 228.15 . g p. mogad, 218.15 . Rhys, Celt. Inscriptions of Gaul p. 62 takes mug (-u-st.) and mog (-d-st.) as different words; but they are identical in mean- ing and the older declension survives beside the later; d s. dot mhog , PH 1424 (but mogaid, 3112 , 4012 ); g s. in mogad , Corm. Y 886 = moga, LB. In late MSS. often written modh: n s. occas. mogha or moghaidh (see mogaid). mugh mogh (-d-st.), IGT Dec. § 21. g s. mac moghadh , ib. ex. 566.

I A male slave or servant (in wide sense); in early texts generally of a serf or bondman , later occas. of free retainers. Translates L. servus in Glosses. cid in coimdiu dodgné fria mug [cid] in m.¤ fria choimdid, Wb. 27c14 . do mug Dæ, 30b26 . m.¤ Solman (of Jeroboam), Ml. 106b6 . m.¤ .i. daer, Laws i 90.23 . ni cria . . . do cimid, do m.¤, do cumail, iii 58.7 . eiric tar ceand mogha islui ara flaith, v 182.11 . cech fírmanach . . . gníd amal cech mog let him work like any slave, Fél. 4.12 . ra deligetar a ndǽr ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅhErend, TBC 423. no chlechtatis na genti særad a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, Lat. Lives 59. maith ar mug ni athenar valuables are not entrusted to a serf, IT i 97.17 (prov.) = maīn ar mog ni aithenor, H. 3.18 ; cf. ropadh main ar modh m'anacol (i.e. my deliverance would be a boon thrown away), AU 742 (see ZCP xiii 143 , and cf. maín). corcair [sic leg.] immon cumail, mugaid imna fledaib (signs of degenerate times), Arch. iii 241.2 . féach cia an mogh, cia an tighearna (= quis servus), TSh. 7732. clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh, Studies 1921, 75 § 11 . go ndérna modh ┐ sglábh dhe, MacAingil 346.2 . do imthi- ghidar . . . mo lucht friotholmha ┐ mo mhuidh uaim (= neces- sarii mei), ITS xxix 223.34 (as o-stem., late text). céilí na céise is moghaoi na ndán (i.e. minstrels and poets), Keat. Poems 570. m.¤ in ena servant of the water (a kenning for salmon?), see mugna. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 (the tonsura servilis or tonsure attributed to Simon Magus). aiste mhog (name of a metre), LB 238db53 .

In Hib. Min. 7.210 : co ndeochatar mudhaigh [muga H] hi tempul lasin canoin (tr. `when the slaves came into the temple'), leg. co nd. [i m]mudu [the psalms ] were lost; cf. ZCP iii 21 § 5.

Often used of a monk or coenobite as servant of God; in later Mid. Ages the expression mog Dé = a hermit (= W. meudwy). mog gor craibdech, ZCP iii 29.14 . nech dothéi do chélidiu co mugada Dé whoever visits Culdees (or) hermits, Ériu iii 104 § 39 a . modh Dé, ZCP vi 36.32 = ditreabhach, ib. 28 . v s. a muidh Dé! 98.15 .

O'Mulc. 820 offers a curious etymology: mug a mugilis genus rubri [= a genere mug. rub.] .i. bīd ag fognam iarna petacht.

II Used frequently in combination with a gen. to form masc. proper names or sobriquets: Mogh Airt, Cóir An. 182. Maistiu . . . Moga Airt, LL 49b25 . Mogh Corb, Cóir An. 191. Mogh Lāma, Cóir An. 59 (name given to Eochaid Ilchrothach). Mogh Néid (Néit), Cóir An. 35. Aenghus cét-ainm Mogha Néid, ib. Mog Nuadat, Cóir An. 36 , 40 (name of Eogan Mór m. Moga Néit). Mug Ruith (name of a celebrated druid), ZCP viii 332.17 . Mogh Roith, x 343 § 6 . The name is expld. in Cóir An. 287 : Mog Ruith .i. mágus rotarum, ar is a rothaib doníth a taiscéladh druidhechta. M.R. was associated with Simón druí = Simon Magus, who was credited in medieval legend with invention of a flying machine; the title magus rotarum may have been bestowed on Simon and have given rise later to the fiction of the Irish druid, the word Mug (Mogh) being used as the equivalent of magus on the analogy of similar Irish names. Mughthigernd, AU 784.

Compds. ¤duine: mairg faemas a anfine | mairg móras a mogduine woe to him who exalts his serf, LL 48a17 = SG 373.8 . ¤latrann m. `a slave-thief ': pl. moghaid ┐ moghlatraind, Acall. 3535 n . for mogadaib moglatrand `pilfering servants', Hib. Min. 66.36 . ? ¤menma: amail descaidh maine mughmenman .i. drochmenman, O'Dav. 1223 a , with gl.: mugh .i. olc; perhaps like dregs, the treasures of a servile mind (i.e. the per- quisites of a slave).

mugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugad or dil.ie/32676

x see mudaigid.

mugart?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugart? or dil.ie/32677

Forms: mugart, mucc, mugart

n [ā,f.?] m.¤ mucc mēth dī dobreth (of Brigit), Hy. v 59 , glossed .i. mucc ard no mucc meth. Hence prob. mugart `a hog ', O'R. The gloss goes on to state that a pig was given yearly to Brigit as an offering by the king of Fothart Tíre; perhaps mucc mēth = g p. and mugart may be a term for some kind of endowment or maintenance (gift, Éigse xix 193 ); cf. dofet macslabra mugairt .i. as remtechtai lium in slabra doberar don mac .i. na seoit gairidechta do tabairt ar dūs anās ord mugsaine nā gaire do denam dō, R.I.A. 23 P 3 fo. 21a ( O'C. 1874 - 5 ), & see muguirt.

1 mugdorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mugdorn or dil.ie/32678

Forms: Mugdornai, -a, Mogdornae, Mugdorne, Moghdairne, Mugdorna

n. l., generally in pl. Mugdornai, -a, name of a tribe in Leth Cuinn: provincia Maugdornorum (Adamnán), Thes. ii 276.30 . Mogdornae, AU 610. Mugdorne, 803 , cf. 758 . Moghdairne, 749 . Mugdorna, 868 , 954 . sliab Moduirn i mMugdornaib, LL 204a8 . ríge Mugdorn Maigen, Triads 44. See Hog. Onom. s.v. mugdornai.

2 mugdorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mugdorn or dil.ie/32679

n ankle-bone , see mudorn.

? mugh

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? mugh or dil.ie/32680

x .i. olc O'Dav. 1223a , see mug (compds.).

mugna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugna or dil.ie/32681

n a salmon (? boar): mughna .i. bradan ut est ni blaisi mugna mana fir foltaig .f. .i. ni tuga blas mogha in ena in uisci do in bratan, O'Dav. 1266 = ni blaisi mugna (.i. muc sceine) muna fir folta feisear, R.I.A. 23 Q 6 fo. 22b ( O'C. 1889 ), with gl.: .i. ni ro blaisi uadh in ní bis a mugh in eana in uisci in bratan. Thurneysen, ZCP xix 127 , takes muc sceine as = boar. moghna .i. bradán, O'Cl. moghra [sic] .i. bradán, Eg. Gl. 474. As npr. m.: fer soma . . . M.¤ a ainm, Ériu xi 44.22 . Prob. the follg. exx. refer to the same story: dá deil os muca Mughna, Nero A vii fo. 141b ( O'Don. 2204 ). aicce imae a muc la Mughna, ib.

mugnechad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugnechad or dil.ie/32682

n m. act of destroying, slaughtering: aga marbadh ┐ acca muccnechad, BNnÉ 211.9 (muchad v.l.); seems a vn. from *mugnaigid, analogous form of mugaigid = mudaigid (cf. macht-aigid, -naigid, & see Thurn. Hdb. § 517 ).

mugraide?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugraide? or dil.ie/32683

Forms: mugraide, mughraidhe

n mugraidhe .i. nech gabur do muir ut est fine mugraide [mugrai, inugraide MSS.] cis ar selbach somaine .i. in fine gabur don muir innsaighter [a císa F] don ti ar a mbiat ferann, O'Dav. 1216 ; i.e. sea-captives or persons landing in strange territory pay tax to its possessor? by Stokes con- jectured to be g s. of mugrad, coll. from mug. mughraidhe .i. doircheinél no dáoirchenél; ro moradh mughraidhe .i. do médaigheadh daoircheinél slaves, bondmen , O'Cl. mughraidhe ` slaves; slavery ', O'R.

mugsaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugsaine or dil.ie/32684

Forms: mugsini, mugsaine, mughsaine, mogsaine

n , f., (mug) bondage, slavery; service of a slave. d s. assa mugsini , Ml. 123b2 . mugsaine, Corm. Y 886. mughsaine, gl. famulatio, Ir. Gl. 882. othrus mugsuine fodailter fo miadh (.i. in ti dia tabair monur lai, fodhuilter suire in fir sin fo miadh) `sick-attendance to workmen', Laws ii 36.7 , 9 . m.¤ ┐ daeropair, TBC 1759. vii. mogu fri morgnima mogsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand. mogsani ┐ dairsini . . . do denum, Cog. 142.17 . condam-fil i moghsaine ar serc nDe (said by a monk), BNnÉ 303.2 , cf. dognith mogsine Dé ic fognam do Dia, ZCP iii 223 § 5. is é [sc. Pátraic] forúaslaicc moxaine na nGoídel do Demon, Trip. 32.5 . moghsaine Gaedheal fá Lochlonnaibh, Keat. iii 2752. fá mhóghsaine na bhFomhórach in servitude to the F., i 184.68 . (as quasi-vn.) co mboí Crist fen oc mogsaine do Muire ┐ do Iosep `was obedient to', PH 7397.

mugsanaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugsanaigid or dil.ie/32685

Forms: mugsanaigit

v g. (mugsaine) reduces to bondage, en- slaves: ro daer ┐ ro moghsanaigh a maeir, Cog. 138.5 . pass. pret. pl. is leis ro doerait ┐ ro mugsanaigit , 116.8 . ro mogh- sanaigitt, 42.14 .