midgla?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midgla? or dil.ie/32188

ind asbert fris ni bad ard a chongbail i talmain ┐ nu regtáis a teora maila tairsi, m.¤, ǽs, toithe fola, Trip. 166.5 .

midid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midid or dil.ie/32189

n m. (mid- `to judge') a judge: rop m.¤ cá[i]ch iarna míad, Tec. Corm. § 6.45 .

midimir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midimir or dil.ie/32190

x see midmír.

midise, midisiu)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midise, midisiu) or dil.ie/32191

Forms: midaísi, midissi, midisen, midligen, midi-se

ind im cheth[e]óra mucca midisi, BDD 87 = midaísi YBL (BDD2), midissi, Eg. 92. la dā muic midisen , Corm. Y 397 (? g s.) = cotammuic midligen , 1052 (s.v. páin) = co dā muic midligen, Corm. p. 37. co ndasaid iar mbúaid midise a samlaid én n-etarlúamain (of a horse), FB 47 = midissi is samlaidh en etarluamuin, Eg.; Thurneysen, Sagen aus dem alten Irland, p. 40 , translates: , reading: iar mbúaid; midi-se (2 s. imp. of midithir). is dord síabrai cen midisiu is bith cáich ar úair immáredi-siu, LU 9304 = is dord siafra cin midisi (cach midhru v.l.), Anecd. iii 52.5 (Siaburcharpat Con C.; O'Beirne Crowe in his edition of the LU version, J. Royal Hist. & Arch. Assoc. 1871 p. 378 reads: cech midi-siu `of the order of demons is every thing thou ponderest on'). Cf. also: a Moruinn . . . co dein cach nemed dia diles dan bid menmain midisin, Nero VII a, fo. 145b ( O'Don. 2209 ). Cf. 2 mithis.

midithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midithir or dil.ie/32192

Forms: midiur-sa, forsa-mmitter, midithir, midedar, nachib-mided, midid, mestar, condid-messed, mesor-sa, num-mesur, miastar, messimmir, nos-messammar, mídar, midair, miditir, midetar, mesair, coni-messar, mestar, meser, messtar, misir, meiser, messatar, miastir, miastair, miastar, ron-mess-ni, mesta, messe, messi, mess, midem, -ain, mid-, mid, midet, mider, mide, mhidea, mess-, con-messind-se, mesaid, midfess, midfed, mid, midset, fora- miset, midatar, miter, midfidir, mided, midir, midr-, ros-mathir, -midair, roda-midir

dep. vb. O.Ir. forms: pres. 1 s. midiur-sa, Wb. 9a2 . 2 s. forsa-mmitter, 6b22 . 3 s. midithir, Ml. 30c8 . ní midedar , Sg. 63a14 . Imp. 3 s. nachib-mided, Wb. 27a24 . 2 pl. midid, 3b5 . Subj. pres. 3 s. rel.) mestar, Ml. 127d12 . Subj. impf. 3 s. condid-messed, Wb. 8d26 . Fut. 1 s. in mesor-sa , Sg. 179a1 . amal num-mesur , Ml. 94b8 . 3 s. miastar, Wb. 1d9 , cf. Ml. 56c10 . 1 pl. messimmir, Wb. 9c10 . nos-messammar, ib. Pret. 1 s. ra mídar , 9b5 . 3 s. ru midair , Ml. 72b21 . Pass. pres. pl. miditir, Wb. 4c9 . (rel.) midetar, Ml. 128b2 . Subj. pres. 3 s. co mesair , 36a17 . coni-messar, 42d14 . (rel.) mestar, Wb. 9c6 . Ml. 24a10 . Cf. meser, Corm. Y 1135 = messtar, Corm. 40.10 ; misir, O'Dav. 1442 ; meiser, ib. 868 (? 2 s. subj. pres.). pl. messatar, Ml. 70a9 . Fut. s. miastir, Wb. 9c9 . miastair, Ml. 30d25 . rel.) miastar, 57c7 . Pret. s. ron-mess-ni, Wb. 4b22 . mesta (spurious form for messa), Laws v 394.1 . Part. messe q.v. Gerundive messi. vn. mess; midem, -ain (late forms).

In Mid.Ir. treated as act. vb., stem mid-: imp. 2 s. mid, PH 609. pres. 3 pl. ní midet , 6856 . Subj. pres. 1 s. (dep.) ro mider , 3961 . 3 s. ro mide , 4149 . ro mhidea , 4166 . The older stem mess- still persists: con-messind-se, RC xxv 22 § 4 (LL), but falls together with mesaid q.v. Fut. 3 s. rel.) midfess, Trip. 258.16 . Condit. 3 s. midfed, LU 2741. Pret. 3 s. ro mid , LL 14b7 . Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . 3 pl. midset, PH 6563 , cf. fora- miset, Cog. 116.5 . ro midatar , Trip. p. lix 13 . Pass. pres. rel.) miter, Laws iv 352.28 Comm. Fut. midfidir, LU 2169 ( FA 24 ). Pret. ro mided , Cog. 116.5 . The 3 s. pret. ro midir continues in use, and gives rise to a spurious stem midr- occas. found (see midraid).

Orig. weighs, measures , hence

(a) judges , with acc. or FOR: in Glosses commonly translates Lat. iudicare; diiudicare, Ml. 30c8 ; comprobare, Sg. 179a1 . is macc míastar in die iudici , Wb. 1d9 . nebmess for nech . . . condid-messed in Coimdiu until the Lord should have judged him, 8d26 . is tria ḟír flathemon tuatha móra midetar, LL 293b5 , cf. ZCP xi 81 § 10 a . Día már midedar [mided ar MS.] cach ní, LU 3042 ( SG 235.38 ). i mBeluch Mugna rat-mess thou wast proved (of a sword), RC xx 11 § 12. is and sin midfed-som co fíren forsna dóenib, LU 2741 ( RC xxv 254 § 38 ). is fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine, Laws i 48.24 . i lló brátha in tan midfess for torad a proaecepta, Trip. 258.16 . ro midhis fort fen thou hast passed judgement on thyself, ZCP xiii 177.21 . ra midestar si . . . for cach n-óen dint ṡlúag dús cia díb na thogfad i tochmarc, LL 221a8 ( TTr. 282 ). With cogn. acc.: is and míastair mess díriuch for cách, Ériu ii 194 § 7 ; cf. co na ro mide . . . anforlond nā indliged for nech (= neminem iniuste opprimere), PH 4149.

(b) adjudges, assigns ; cf. ni midedar cenel n-indib does not decide the gender in them, Sg. 63a14 . secht cinela aire . . . as a miditer dire seven kinds of satire for which `díre' is adjudged, Laws v 228.26 . an ro midair mo Dia dam . . . ni chumaing nech a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3121. ro mid do chach díb a chert, LL 14b7 . biathadh . . . do righ Muman mídhit báird bards adjudge . . . to the king of Munster (?), BR 36.10 . is fuirmed filed ro midair in[n]a hanmand sa dona airc[h]et- luib, Corm. Y 41. in miad [leg. miach?] foramiset . . . is fai ro mided doib, Cog. 116.5 .

(c) measures: appraises, estimates: gl. aestimare, Wb. 4c9 , Ml. 24a10 , 42d14 , 128b2 . In SR 6663 : ros-mathig . . . cathir coir fa gabulrind, Stokes, Academy no. 584 , reads ros-mathir = -midair `he measured out a city justly', cf. 7955 . fat lethet tige Tephi . . . midit súthi, Met. Dinds. i 8. meiser ailt (.i. teach) iarna ait thou shouldst appraise a house by its situation, O'Dav. 868. miastar cach iarna thochus let him assess each one according to his fortune (?), Tec. Corm. § 6.43 . fo lin maine midhidear `the property is judged among the whole group', Studies in E. Ir. Law 140 , cf. Laws iv 38.12 . mesta Mugdorn . . . fri cumail n-uinge M. was estimated at a `cumal' worth an ounce, v 394.1 . cid óen a siball namá | mesa fri secht laíc[h]esa `has been priced at seven lay-women', Fian. 14 z . With compl. of pred., esteems, counts (as): gia ra maess menmnach Fer- báeth though F. was held courageous, TBC 3515 ; cf. Ml. 36a17 : co mesair, gl. digna honore ducatur.

(d) deems, thinks, supposes: gl. putare, Wb. 9a2 , existimare 3b5 . ro mídir Patraic nad baí baili bád cuidbiu . . . indás hi Maig Breg, Trip. 40.12 . midset conid for dásacht boí, PH 6563.

(e) meditates (an act, plan, etc.), intends: ro midair in rí a trécud, LU 4236 ( SG 83 ). cor-ro midair marbad in cleirich, Anecd. iii 34.17 . ro midatar orccoin Pátraic, Trip. lix 14. mairgc ro mídhair bid fa t[h]núth `woe to him who has resolved to be under wrath', BColm. 100.5 . Hence plans, devises: ro mid 'n-a menmain mírún, Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . mórgním do mnaí brath a fir, | dóig is friss rodas-midir it was against him that she devised it, iii 254.4 (leg. roda-midir, see v 135 ). ro mid . . . comairle duaibsech, MR 198.14 . maircc menma ro miodhair . . . an chomhairle, FM vi 2358.13 . an mi-scel ro midsebair, Leb. Gab. i 28.22 .

midiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midiu or dil.ie/32193

n a name for the vine and the Ogham letter m? muin .i. m.¤ , Auraic. 5521. m.¤, gius, gilsach 5926 .

midlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midlach or dil.ie/32194

Forms: midlach, midlaige, midlaig, midlaech, midhlach, midlaig

n ā, f., and o, m. v s. midlach, FB 67 ( LU 8878 ). g s. midlaige; midlaig, LU 6157 = TBC² 1672. The form midlaech (due to association with laech) appears to be always treated as o, m. stem. The orig. sense may be one incapable of bearing arms, below the status of a warrior, perhaps a weak- witted person. In Laws iv 344.6 . the term midhlach is applied to a definite class of persons at the lower end of the social scale, placed after oínmit, and is defined: fer nara gaib sealb na horba na treba na trebthair do, 352.30 . Cf. also Ériu iv 124 § 1 : ni théiged rí cen rígain . . . ná midlach cen drúithsig. It seems sometimes to be equated with `drúth': Find . . . is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 (orc treith) = Lomna druth (.i. mídlach), Corm. p. 34. mol Midend midlaige, ZCP viii 308.1 , cf. Midend druth Eochath maic m.¤ , 307.32 . The general sense in lit. appears to be a coward, weakling: m.¤ .i. medón-lax .i. leth-lax, Corm. Y 946. nim m.¤-sa re teacht a comhruc, Aen. 2916. darat bruth ┐ bríg in cach midlaig díb, LL 243a18 ( TTr. 1956 ). ni gnim cubaid . . . serc do thabairt do midlaich (: imdaid), ZCP xiii 202.13 . nir bo thutim midlaige, LL 121b44 . ni hatach mbille .i. ni hatach bocht no midlaige, Three Ir. Gl. 133 ( Fél. July 3 ) = ni hatach boicht no mídlaig, Fél.² cxiii . ní ba haisdear midhlaighe, Dúan. Finn i 41.36 . Cf. mathmuine midlaige `soft-hearted coward', Met. Dinds. iv 320.26 ( LL 181b57 ). midlaech cech díchoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.35 . marb-sa gach midlaech 's gach mugh, ZCP vii 302.12 . coisc- siu gach midhlaech, gach mer, xii 390.30 . ní bás míodhlaoich a bhás, ML 142.17 . pl. scarais Murchad fri midlaig | mrogais trénu `M. parted from cowards', RC xxiv 54 § 14 (perhaps sing.). ro crithnaigit menmandæ muadhlaech ┐ midlac[h] ┐ daesccursloig, CCath. 3887. do marbad múadhlaech ┐ midhlaech, Fian. 90.14 . ar curaid . . . is mór do midlachaib a llóg, FB 56 (`great to timid folk is their value', Henderson ITS ii ; ? they are worth many cowards). de mnaíb . . . midlaigib ┐ meraigib ḟer ṅHerend, TBC 3826.

As adj. compar.: nir mesa ┐ nir midlachu meisnech . . . maicne D. more cowardly, MR 244.17 .

midlachas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midlachas or dil.ie/32195

Forms: midlaochus, midhlaochus

n o, m., cowardice, craven spirit: ni he mo triamnass na mo midlochos . . . ro fidir orm, TBC² 2242. ni ascid anacail no midlachais iarraim-se fort, TBC 2309. is metacht ┐ is midlochus daib . . . gan dul, TTebe 27 27. nochar duthaigh do mac Brain | midlachas ar Mathgamhain, Cog. 100.14 . nir bo bās ar midlachus sin, acht ba bās ar gnimaib gaile, CCath. 3699 , cf. FM iii 366.8 (miodhlachus). midlaochus, IT ii2 135. 334 . midhlaochus, TFrag. 132.11 .

midlachda

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Forms: midlaechda, midlachdo

adj io, iā. timid, cowardly: eirg-siu ar cend t'arm, daig atchiu is m.¤ tanac, TBC 1259 (milaochdha, St.). is m.¤ no taí, FB 58. is m.¤ dond fir dodeochaid ass i mbethaid íar fácbáil a thigerna la náimtiu, BDD 166 = midlaechda, Eg.; midlachdo YBL.

midlaech

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n see midlach, -da.

midlaigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midlaigecht or dil.ie/32198

n ā, f., cowardice: ni comairle mettachta nā midlai- gechta, TBC 5234 = midlachais, St.