math

Cite this: eDIL s.v. math or dil.ie/31674

Forms: math- gamain, matho

n u, m. (cf. maith Ériu xix 114 ), an archaic word for bear , K. M. Wortk. § 43 ; for deriv. see RC x 166 , xxvi 198 ; replaced in Mid.Ir. by math- gamain. g s. bruth matho , FB 52 = mathgaman, Eg. tond mairnech mathrúamdae, ib. (compd.?) = athruamda, Eg.

See mathgamain and Mathgein.

1 matha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 matha or dil.ie/31675

n danger, hazard? m.¤ .i. cunntabairt, O'Dav. 1278 (` doubt ' Stokes). mathadh .i. cunntabairt ut est: cen matha for marbu marus .i. cin conntabairt, 1238 . mathfadh .i. conn- tabhairt, O'Cl. for médugud matha fo neimh, LL 385c16 (Timna Cathaír Móir).

2 matha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 matha or dil.ie/31676

x see mata.

3 Matha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Matha or dil.ie/31677

Forms: Matho[n]um

npr. m. name of a mythical druid: m.¤ mac Umoir . . . in drai do Loegaire, Laws iii 28.13 . m.¤ mac U. do Thuathaib De Danand no do Fearaib Bolg, ib. 28 Comm. Math mac Úmóir in drui, LL 9b37 (of the Tuatha De D.) .iii. fāithi fis la geinti .i. Mathu, Nuada, Goibnend. Matha enim graece .i. disce interpretatur, unde dicitur: fa math denad fa math fogles, O'Mulc. 665. Marstrander, RC xxxvi 353 fg., suggests that the same word appears in Latinized form in Trip. 317.7 ( Ardm. 12b1 ): sed revertam eum in gentilitatem et ad mathoum `I will turn him back to heathenism and to (the service of) Mathous', i.e. occult practices (in Thes. ii 265 emended ` Matho[n]um ' and connected with the words follg.); also in compds. mathmarc, etc., and in O'Clery's maitheas .i. draoi- dheacht.

máthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. máthair or dil.ie/31678

Forms: máthir, mathir, máthar, mathar, máthair, máithre, -acha, máthar, maithr-each, -edh, mathair, mathri

n r,f. n s. máthir, Sg. 65a6 . d s. sen-mathir , Wb. 29d11 . g s. máthar, Sg. 31a12 , 61a22 . mathar, Ml. 71c15 . In Mid.Ir. freq. with guttural st. in pl. máthair (n p. máithre, -acha; g p. máthar, maithr-each, -edh), IGT Dec. § 32. In MSS. usually contracted.

A mother . mathair, gl. mater, Ir. Gl. 1052. mathair quasi mater , Corm. Y 852. fria athair ┐ fria mathair, TBC 196. eter in n-ingin ┐ a mmát[h]air, FB 6. imda mathair boed many a fond mother, AU 777 (poem). siur máthar (gl. mater- tera), Sg. 61a22 . bás mór máthar Íssu, Fél. Jan. 18. is clann én-athar ┐ én-máthar sínd .i. Adaim ┐ Eua, PH 7500. pl. mathri na fātha, SR 7471. dá mac dēc . . . con cethraib máthrechaib, 3008 . athra sceo mathra, ZCP xi 95 § 49. máthrecha na mac, PH 392. a mbronnaib a maithrech, IT i 19.38 = Trip. 444.2 . dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib on their mothers' side, TBC 1740. Of animals: boí in loeg immalle rá m.¤ , Lat. Lives 86. cairm hi tat a mmaithre na lloeg-sa, LU 1753. Fig.: as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n- óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . is i in scriptuir diada is m.¤ dona hulib iresachaib, LB 251b17 . mathair .i. tosach ut est: máthir coctha . . . eccuin want of common sense is the mother of war, O'Dav. 1212. m.¤ na n-olc an anumhla, PBocht 26.31 . m.¤ neantóg `the breeding of nettles', Zephaniah ii.9 .

Compd. máthar-marbthach, gl. matricida, Ir. Gl. 318.

máthardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. máthardae or dil.ie/31679

adj io, iā. maternal: isin mbroin mathardi, Ml. 44a10 . ar tteanga mátharda, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 2 .

mátharlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mátharlach or dil.ie/31680

n [o, m.] (<máthair; for suff. see Ped. ii 55 ) a womb: gl. matrix, Sg. 69a7 .

mátharnat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mátharnat or dil.ie/31681

Forms: mátharnait

n f. (dim. of máthair) little mother, mammy: v s. a mátharnait! FB 44 , 47 .

? mathcosan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? mathcosan or dil.ie/31682

n m.¤ tri feolc[h]ar inso, TBC² 2830 (diagnosis of a wound); leg. imathchosán (-chomsán) reviling, attack ?

mathfad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mathfad or dil.ie/31683

x see 1 matha.

mathgamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mathgamain or dil.ie/31684

Forms: mathgaman, matho, mathgamna

n m. (cf. math + gamuin Ériu xix 114 ) a bear: gl. ursus, Ir. Gl. 418. tír i fail m.¤ mall, LL 136a34 . g s. bruth mathgaman , FB 52 Eg. = matho LU. pl. amal bíti mathgamna etir banbraid, RC xiii 456 § 52. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha léoman, BDD 92. mar leoman ic techta fo mathgamnaib, TBC 2163 , cf. 5585 and TBC² 1949. i n-earball an mhathghamna, TSh. 7431. math- ghamhuin, 1 Sam. xvii 34. nuallamuid amhuil mathghamhna, Isa. lix 11. Often used of a warrior: inmain m.¤ mórglonnach, TBC 5354. an dā mathgamain morghlonnacha, CF 874. as mé an mathgamhain ar menmain, BNnÉ 285 § 273. is math- ghamhna meardha . . . a míleadha, Todd Lect. iv 82.21 .

Common as n.pr. m.: Mathgamain mac Cennetigh, AU 966. m.¤ mac Cendetig, Cog. 58.25 . dall Mathgamhna M.'s blind (bard), 96.1 .