maraidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maraidecht or dil.ie/31565

n ā, f., act of sailing, navigation (late): ag marai- dheacht ar mhuir, TSh. 106. ré maraidheacht do dhéanamh, 2070 .

Maram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Maram or dil.ie/31566

n (Lat. marinus) Pelagius, "the Mariner": firtar la Maram athclud co n-edaid aru Rig delbroscc 'it is confirmed by "the Mariner" that he had found a reversal of the precept of their King' Peritia iii 449.10 .

marascál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marascál or dil.ie/31567

n o, m., (AN loan-word Risk 591 ).

(a) a major-domo; a marshal . marusgal tigi ag iarla o Berbuicc, ZCP vi 25.21 . bollsaire .i. maruscál tighe, Keat. ii 3912. maruscál sluaigh, iii 170 , FM vi 2060.23 . in marasgal (of Richard, Earl Marshal), AU ii 292.2 . do lathair ardmharuscail na Normainntí, Fl. Earls 20.9 .

(b) a farrier (?): fá leighios eich nó gerráin, ag iarruidh marasgáil mhóiréoluis dhóibh, MacAingil 407.10 .

marascálacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marascálacht or dil.ie/31568

n ā, f., office of marshal; act of marshalling: mara- sgalacht a sluaig ag na saerclannaib, Hy Many 66.1 . doberim marusgalacht mo sluaigh duid, ZCP vi 76.27 . tugadh marasgālach tíghe in rí dhó ZCP xxxiii 134 § 21 . ag maruscálacht choda don tsluagh, AU iii 516.27 .

marb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marb or dil.ie/31569

Forms: máirm, mairb, moírb, mairm, marbh

adj o, ā. adj. and subst. g s m. máirm, LU 5327 = mairb, TBC² 851. n p m. moírb, Wb. 11b11 . mairm, LU 3478 ( SC 25 ). marbh (o, m. subst.), IGT Dec. § 96.

(a) dead; (subst.) a dead person; in religious lit. often fig. in sense either mortified, insensible, or spiritually dead . Transl. Lat. mortuus, Wb. 3b6 , 4a6 , Ml. 49c6 , etc. amal da marb i n-adnacul two dead persons in a grave, Wb. 20c26 . esseírge inna n-uile m.¤ , 13d16 . asreracht Crist hó marbaib, 13b12 . m.¤ cen anmain, TBC 1571. duine m.¤ hi curp beo, PH 8382. praind do tomailt la m.¤ hi tig with a dead man in the house, Mon. Tall. § 65. bit lia ar mairb oldáte ar mbí, FB 5. at marbu (= marba) anmanda na n-uli doíne, PH 2386. doraga do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, 3633 . dob'i sidhe cēd-marbh Erenn diob the first of them to die in Ireland, Leb. Gab. i 74. lá féile na marb All Souls' day , FM iv 1084.15 . cisde na marbh a coffin , Eg. Gl. 116.

(a 1) dying; on the point of death: ┐ se marb 'sin glind 'and he dying' PMLA lvi 940 . grech muíce mairbe '' IT iii.1 104 § 201 , Sits 1919, 545 n. 3 .

(b) used idiomatically with poss. pron.: is mo beo ragas . . . ┐ mo m.¤ fócebthar icon dún I shall be left behind dead, TBC 1224 , cf. 1251 , 1332 . co tabrad a m.¤ ar(a) beolu a brathar he was carried dead, TBC² 1637. conid a mm.¤ tarraid talam a nónbur (= the nine of them fell dead to earth), FB 84. co riacht a m.¤ dochum talman, TTébe 2855 (= co riacht marbh, Eg.).

(c) with cop. often as periphrasis for vb. to die: conid i ngiallnus is m.¤ Fiachna so that F. died as a hostage, RC xxiv 182.23 (cf. Lat. mortuus est). dochoidh co Ferta . . . conadh [ann] is marbh, ZCP xiii 173.17 . bid m.¤ tussa fén anocht thou shalt die, PH 298. ba m.¤ Lugaid a chetoir oca descin, died immediately on beholding her, Ériu v 212.2 . conid and robo m.¤ , iii 136.37 . cid c'ait bud m.¤ wherever he might die, Fen. 136.12 . Cf. similar use of Welsh marw. As pass. of vb. marbaid: gommo m.¤ laiss cu Caulaind C.'s hound was killed by him, IT i 140.16 . nir ba m.¤ mac ria athair . . . ocaind riam no son was ever killed by his father among us, Alex. 881 (but prob. we should read with R. riana athair = no son ever died before his father). innis dó Cú Ch. do beth marbh d'feraibh Éirenn, Comp. Con. C. 115.22 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). With ellipse of cop.: m.¤ de chumaid a oenmic, MacCarthy 144.5 . Gand, Genand, marba de thám, 150 § 2. marba na caírig do brith a n-úan, LL 218b15 ( TTr. 112 ). marbh Cusantin iartain, BNnÉ 303 § 13.

(d) Of inanimate things and fig.: is m.¤ mo guth exhausted , SC 29. an linn mh.¤ stagnant pool , RC xxiv 375.7 . is dearbh gur tír mharbh tír gan tighearna, Maguires of F. § 88. gráin mharbh ` deadly ', O'Gr. Cat. 532.5. fer na pairilis[e] mairbe deadly, fatal , RC xii 334 § 25. m.¤ na pesde the monster's corpse, BCC § 321.

Compds.

(a) with noun, used in various technical legal terms (often oppd. to beo-): ¤bél: fer mar[b]beil (one who cannot plead for himself), Laws v 252.28 Comm. ¤coirpdire ` dead-body-fine', fine for a fatal injury (oppd. to beo-c., im- posed for an injury not causing death), Laws v 434.13 Comm. ; Cóic Con. Fug. 55 § 124. ¤crod ` dead stock', property of the dead , Laws v 430.26 ; ` carcasses of the cattle ', i 300.2 Comm. ¤dil ` dead chattels' i.e. inanimate possessions (oppd. to beo-d. `live stock'), Laws ii 288.3 . marbdili ┐ beocethra, 258.5 . beodil ┐ marbdile, Corm. Y 531. trí bí focherdat marbdili (i.e. cattle shedding their horns, a wood its leaves, cattle their fell), Triads 105. ¤dílse ` dead property ': mairbdilsi .i. ni dobeir nech fri hudacht .i. fri bas; no mairbdilsi .i. dilsi do na hetar fuasnad tre bithu betha, H. 3. 18 p. 392 ( O'C. 871 ), i.e. either property bequeathed at death, or property perma- nently alienated in mortmain. im ard [leg. ord] manach marbdilsi (.i. inni ēm ordaiter do dilsi leisin manach marb), Laws v 498.4 , 16 . ¤folad ` dead wealth': is cach feistidh fiach frisgni marbfolta nó is é gnías tagra iman folaid agartar for in marb, O'Dav. 896 = claims on a dead man's estate? ¤gabáil f. a death-due , apparently a duty levied on tenants after their chief's death by his successor in order to pay to the church the `cennaithe' of the deceased (Plummer MS. slips). Laws i 184.5 , 20 fg. m. .i. bai gaibter onn cheili do chomarba na flatha mairbe, H. 3.18 p. 371a ( O'C. 799 ). Perhaps same as: togbail marbtha, Laws ii 118 n . ¤maicne, see maicne. ¤ maín f.: di nach marbmuin ` death-benefits ', Laws ii 272.15 (glossed: cin maine dō on marb-sin). ¤manchaine f. see maicne and manchaine. ¤riar f. food-dues paid in dead cattle (Laws Gloss.): ` service due to chief after his death, such as attending his funeral , etc.' O'Don. Sup. deich mbeori- ara ┐ secht mairbriara do flaith fo irgiallna: aen mairbriar ┐ secht mbeoriara do flaith cuitrig, H. 3.17, c. 415 ( O'Don. 510 ).

In other compds. meaning variously dead, pertaining to the dead, inanimate: ¤alt ` death-dirge ', Met. Dinds. iii 50.3 . ¤cích: athgabail dingbala meic dia marbchich a mathar from his dead mother's breast, Laws i 226.33 . ¤cnaí ` dead fleece', covering of the dead: im marbchnai n-armaige `for strip- ping the slain', Laws i 174.30 , glossed: in cnai bis dar in marb, 176.20 ; a woollen shroud , Loth, RC xliii 407. ¤cró (crú) blood of a dead person, gore: o marbcru, Laws i 140.31 Comm. ¤dúil f. a lifeless thing: aitteoch frit cech beothach . . . atteoch frit cech marbduil, ZCP viii 232 § 9. bennacht . . . for a mbéoduil ┐ a marbdhuil, iv 242.25 (leg. -dil for -duil?). na marbduile cen dliged cen tuicsi, PH 3368. ¤édáil f. lifeless booty: mairbedala mora ┐ capaill do thabairt leo, AU ii 456.23 . FM iv 896.18 . ¤fásc swathings of a corpse , see Eg. Gl. 362. Dinneen . Frequent in Mod.Ir. imprecation: marbh-ḟáisg ort! ¤gein (<gein birth, child?): as npr. m. Mairbgein mac Mogha Ruith, Anecd. ii 77.2 . ¤lia f. a grave-stone , Met. Dinds. iv 94.36 . ¤linn f. a standing pool: in mairblind, YBL 83b16 . ¤nath see marbnad. ¤uisce stagnant water , Arch. iii 248.10 . Auraic. 1321.

(b) with adj. formed from noun: ¤craidech faint-hearted , RC xix 122 § 86. marbhlamach having a withered arm , BNnÉ 296.8 .

marbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbach or dil.ie/31570

adj o, ā. pertaining to the dead? mainistir . . . uasalmar- bach Innse (i.e. where noble dead are buried), Caithr. Thoirdh. 30.24 (perh. a coinage).

marbacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbacht or dil.ie/31571

n ā, f., deadness, torpidity: dognitís marbhucht tairis- mech . . . dona srothaibh, CCath. 3928.

marbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbad or dil.ie/31572

Forms: barbad

n u, m., vn. of marbaid. iar barbad , LU 4348. Killing, slaying: ferr mug m.¤ better be a slave than be killed (`a living dog is better than a dead lion'), Anecd. iii 17. iar m.¤ mac nUsnig, TBC 464. m.¤ na maccraide la Hiruath, PH 2661. hi cinaid marbtha Eoin Bauptaist, 6419 . marbadh na mbeo ┐ beou- ghadh na marb, Laws i 14.16 . indeitheam marbtha intent to kill, iii 288.2 . nechtar na dā idan marbtha duine which cause a man's death, IT i 122.24 . dofuicfedis . . . rea marbadh nó réa marthain to take their chance of life or death, ZCP viii 219 § 9 . marbud no beired uili all suffered death, 115 § 21. Murcadh in marbtha malartaigh ar mór-Donnchad `author of the heinous death inflicted on D.', Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.37 . With gen. of instrument: a corp d'fagail can marbadh airm air without (marks of) slaying by weapons, AU iii 562.18 . m.¤ na tengadh killing with the tongue, PH 7490. pl. (concrete) slaughters, massacres: crecha mora ┐ marbtha daine do denum, AU iii 86.3 . loisgthi as marbhtha is madmanda, IGT Dec. ex. 1145 . (cryptic) muncorbadh .i. marbadh Goid. 79 § 243 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 .

Of religious mortification: a mm.¤ . . . a mbeogud to mortify and revive them, Mon. Tall. § 52. nert marbtha (one of the virtutes animae), ZCP iii 451.19 .

marbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbaid or dil.ie/31573

Forms: mairb-, muirb-, muir-, marb-, marfed- som, marbsa, nisn-ule-mairbfe, ro-marbaind, marbhtar

ā,vb. Fut. stem mairb-, later muirb- (often mair-, muir- before f of inflection), rarely marb- (mar-): no marfed- som , TBC 1638 (YBL). pret. 1 s. marbsa (= marbus-sa), IT i 158.10 ( LL 154b6 ).

(a) kills, slays: nacha-ro-marb-som Dia i ndigail neich dorigensat, Ml. 23b5 . ro marbsat Saul, 56b6 . nisn-ule-mairbfe thou wilt not wholly slay them, 77a15 . marbai in rí[g] . . . aingi in truagh thou slayest the king, thou sparest the pauper, ZCP vii 269 § 11. indhí . . . marbthai duine those that . . . commit homicide, Mon. Tall. § 11. cia marbaid Cain Abíal, SR 1966. acht coro marba in coraid, 5856 . muirfet-sa Gola, 5857 . marbais cét lǽch díb, TBC 1575. in rí nos-crochand ┐ nos- marbann, PH 4203. muirbfid [Michael] Ancrist, 7281 . ní mairfem inn endaic we will not kill an innocent man, Trip. 130.10 . nom-marba mo lam-sa foden, minam marba nech n-aile may my own hand slay me if no one else does, Ériu ii 28.5 luigim-sea . . . go muirbiub-sa tusu, v 72.12 . go muirbhfidís tré dhraoidheacht é, Keat. ii 1305. ro marbhasdar í tré eud, i p. 158 . ro-marbaind torc, IT i 158.12 = LL 154b8 (impf.). marbh ┐ ullmuigh feóil! Gen. xliii 16. Of animals: marbais in Líath Macha ech Ercoil, FB 70. go muirfitis na leomain e, Fl. Earls 234.22 . Of things: icait, bethaigait, marbait (of herbs), SR 7280. co rod-marb galar, MacCarthy 150 § 1. dobicfa fross tened . . . ┐ nob-muirbfe uli, Ériu ii 196 § 13. do mharbh bruth na greine an gaeith, Irish Texts ii 71 § 21 . With pron. suff.: marbthus Cuchulaind C. kills them, SC § 36 , cf. marbthus iat TBC² 1682 ( LU 6166 ). dia nda-tairle mo lorg-sa mairfidus if my club strikes them it will kill them, LU 1430 ( MU 46.3 ). marbsi Conall C. killed him, ZCP xi 109.2 . Pass. na marbhtar lett Ulaid! TBC 6012. marbthair dóib in mucc, IT i 99.17 . co non-romarbthar-ni uli until all of us are slain, BDD 80. not-mairfider immárach, SR 6496. no erálta for maccaib U. dul i ngabthib . . . ar daig coro mmarbtaís in order that they might be killed, IT i 74.19 . co farctais . . . cloch[a] in lochta no mairfitis occi of those who might be slain, BDD 68. ro marbait sochaide dona Cristaigib, PH 368. ro marbtha dā mac Cenneitigh ina dighail, AU 1019. muirfer gan cáirde iad, BNnÉ 147.21 . adubhairt . . . co muirbfidhe le na escairdib é, BCC § 236. Fig. mortifies; annuls, cancels: ma marbitir facta carnis , Wb. 4a13 . marbaid cach marb a cinta (= a dead man cannot be brought to account for his offences), Laws ii 270.29 .

(b) legal term, alienates (property) in mortmain, amortises: marbais Aedh an ferond sin do Dia ┐ do C. gave that land for ever in mortmain, BCC § 94. maille re ar marbad d'ḟearainn Eaglaisi `together with all dead church-lands', Kilk. Arch. Soc. J. ii 346.11 (expld. as lands taken from the Church and not reclaimed afterwards).

(c) exceptionally intrans. dies, is killed: na tri Ferghusa . . . ro marbhsat i cath Crinda le Lughaidh, le Tadhg, ZCP xi 43 § 33 (B. of Lismore).

marbaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbaigid or dil.ie/31574

Forms: mhairbeóchas, marbhuighim

i,vb. kills: fut. muc mhairbeóchas bhúr gcoin, Oss. vi 134.26 . do mharbheochaidh . . . uile iad, ZCP iv 420.13 . marbhuighim, Dinneen .

marbán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbán or dil.ie/31575

Forms: marbáin, marbhain

n o, m., a dead person: dirsan marban i mmí gamh, Corm. Y 673 = Bruchst. i § 96 . for colainn marbain, Trip. 222.4 . imradud in marbain thought of the dead man, LL 275a5 = Mór Muman 265 § 6. v s. a marbáin chuili, RC xiii 389.22 . pl. marbhain na bliadhna-sa those who have died this year, TFrag. 60 = Bruchst. i § 96 . caoinfead marbhána inghine mo phobail (= interfectos), TSh. 5826. Cf. mairbne.