2 mallaigid

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Forms: mallaighthe

v g, (mall) makes slow, retards: gach ni mallaighes an gluasacht, ITS xiv 20.23 . fig. do mallaigheadh iad ó sinn- sear `they have degenerated from their ancestors', Top. Poems 62.18 . part. mallaighthe, gl. tardatus, Ml. 122a14 . Cf. mall biuc, a L., co rom-gladathar-sa, Hib. Min. 53 § 9 , which seems imper. of an intrans. vb. mallaid.

malland

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n ā, f., the temporal artery? ( O'R. , Stokes CCath. gloss. ): m.¤ .i. féit[h] bis tar mullach anuass, Corm. Y 856. m.¤ .i. na malach no fainne oldas in mala fein, 920 . fuaim cloichi re cathbarr ┐ mell dar mallainn miledh, CCath. 6079.

malldacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. malldacht or dil.ie/31494

n ā, f., (mall) slowness, tardiness: re mallacht cacha muicthreoit ` unwieldiness ', MR 100.19 . re bog-maldacht a banchuire `mild bashfulness', 102.20 ; cf. mallachd, maltachd ` modesty ', O'R.

mallnam?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mallnam? or dil.ie/31495

ro batar ag mallnamh na conaire protracting, delaying (?), ZCP xiv 254.12 ; a vn. formation from mall?

mallrugud

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n m. retarding, retardation, technical term in prosody for one of the `scéith díten' or expedients to avoid faulty metre, Auraic. 1991 ; it consisted either in (a) doubling a medial vowel, e.g. feer, been, neem = fer, ben, nem, Auraic. 1794 , 1841 , 1859 , or (b) diaeresis, e.g. nech nobiäd bliadain lāin; rabad glebán a níäb (heptasyl. lines), 5299 , 5301 . See also 5303 f.

málóid

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n f. a whip, scourge: m.¤ don each, srian don assal, Prov. xxvi 3.

malraid

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Forms: malraidh

n f. coll. lads, gillies: rugsat sé eich déag ó mhalroigh coimheada an Iarla bodyguard , Cín Lae Ó Mealláin 30.20 ( Anal. Hib. 3 ). capaill fóna malraidh , ib. 29.11 . Cf. Dinneen: malrach (márlach) a boy , malraidh youths .

malubra

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x see macslabra.

1 mám

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Forms: maam, mám, mod, mām

n u, m., freq. written maam in Glosses. mám, IGT Dec. § 95, p. 127.24 .

(a) a yoke: fon m.¤ nuu, gl. sub iugo novo, Ml. 2b11 . Generally fig.: máam firinne . . . máam ind soscéli, Wb. 18c6 . airde n-éelutha máma a sign of evading the (marriage-) bond, 11c11 . is étrom . . . m.¤ in Choimded, Ériu i 197 § 14. ar truma in císa ┐ in mama Romanaig, Todd Nenn. 72.14 . Esp. in phrase: fo m.¤ under the yoke (of), subject (to): fo maam (gl. subiecti), Ml. 103d20 . inna ní nu bitis fo maam inna rig (gl. subditorum), 85d7 . 27d7 . fo m.¤ pectho, Wb. 3c38 . fri orddugud caich fo m.¤ , SR 4545. fo dóermam, 1776 . fót m.¤ midedar de ilṡluagaib . . . fot chommus tabairther, LU 5476 = TBC² 998 ; cf. mochean Cuind comarba . . . bid fo [leg. foa?] mam medethar d'ilsluagaib, YBL 181a5 ( SG 254.25 ). d'argain na crích . . . rabátar fo m.¤ Priaim, LL 242a30 = TTr. ro tairberead Persa fó mam daíre, Alex. 366. is fo mam ata cach urlabra . . . do fir in berla bāin, Laws i 18.9 . fo m.¤ tomais in full measure: gach olc doronsat tarras orro fo mam [sic leg.] tomais all the evil they had done was avenged on them in full measure, Cog. 116.4 . taris [leg. tarrus] forrtho son in [leg. 'sin] cath sin fo mam tomais, 36.16 . mam .i. cubus [= commus?] ut est fo mam an[a]mcharut, O'Dav. 1277. mam .i. cumas no cumhach- ta, O'Cl.

(b) an obligation and by extension a service, duty, function; for transition of meaning cf. Laws v 516.28 : ci asingba in ben as a mamaib though . . . fail in her duty (cf. Wb. 11c11 quoted above), and iv 50.24 : in tan geibius in rig ina mama so `when the king gets these submissions' (i.e. hostages and payment of rent and fines). Freq. in Laws (text): aire eisindraic nad oiget a mamu who do not fulfil their duties, i 54.9 . cach moga a mam . . . cach memur ina mamaib coirib, v 36.5 . mac . . . bis a mamaib gaire dia athair (i.e. who is bound to support his father), 364.17 . in mam sin ro gabais-siu . . . gētair orut the office you have undertaken (to a king), Arch. iii 315.3 . dia mbo epscop . . . geib do mamb do leir, 313.2 . foratha áiritiu oighedh do cach ina moam `a guest's maintenance is due to every one according to his function', O'Dav. 68. Hence O'Dav. 1243 : mam .i. tochus ut est a tesbann dia mamaibh tesbann dia lóg enech (i.e. any shortcoming in one's duties involves a corresponding diminution of honour-price; the definition is a false inference). Cf. further: aenfear i mam deise ┐ dias i mam aenfir `when one man is legally considered as two' (lit. one man in the function of two), Laws iii 140.26 . Hence the expression fer máma mod (where máma and mod are respectively g s. and g p.) a substitute, a locum-tenens , Laws i 130.6 Comm. , iii 472.6 , 538.9 ; in v 120.24 we should perhaps read: do cach mama mod [d'] eclais.

The follg. obscure ex. may represent g p.: o Adam co Abrām n-án | co ngradaib glanmām comlán | tri mili . . . cethri bliad[na] is noi fichit, SR 2302.

2 mám

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Forms: máime, máim, mámanna, maim

n o, m., later also f. (g s. lán máime O'R. ; n p. máim, mámanna). A fistful (`as much as can be taken up between the two palms of the hands', O'Don. Laws iv 99 n .): m.¤ mónannán, IGT Dec. ex. 926. atnaig C. mam don grān, Lism. L. 4323. cuinc[h]is m.¤ ar Día fair . . . dobir dó m.¤ mór assin teig, BColm. 60.2 , 3 . tugas M. m.¤ óir ┐ airgid dó, ITS i 34.31 . fig. an mhám ilchialluidh le ar hoirneadh é the measure of varied wisdom, Ó Bruad. ii 104. pl. ceithri maim , Laws iv 98.19 . trí mámanna do úraibh, Met. Dinds. iv 276. a thrí mhám, ib.

3 mám

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Forms: Mám

n (orig. same word as 1 mám?) a hill or eminence; a mountain gap or pass . mam .i. tulach nosliabh, O'Cl. inglacaib in glennai ┐ i mmamannaip na tulach, CCath. 3076 , cf. 4343 (the form seems due to confusion with 2 mám; perh. a deli- berate play on words, suggested by `glac'). In n.l.: mám an ghair; m.¤ da glas, Hog. Onom. (both of passes); cf. mod. Mám (anglice Maam) in Co. Galway, and Mám Treasna. Glenn Mámma, Hog. Onom. ; co Glend Mama, Cog. 110.9 . Compd.: mamtulc[h]a Sleibi Ois ` hill-passes ', CCath. 4764.