Cite this: eDIL s.v. maith or

Forms: maid, ferr, ferrsoun, ferra, olc, maithe, maithghníomhartha

i, adj. and subst. The form maid is freq. in Wb., cf. SR 1247.

I As adj. good in various senses of the word: gl. bonus, Ir. Gl. 661.

(a) in moral sense: rect maid a good law, Wb. 3d10 . gním olc no m.¤ , Ml. 15a6 . féil Mairc maith, Fél. May 18. dá noí míled mathe, July 23 . tri meicc mathi, SR 2490. ben m.¤ nad fitir fer romat a virtuous woman, ZCP viii 113.6 . mná córi ciall-mathi, SC 40. cridiscelae maithi good desires, Mon. Tall. § 25. dena ní m.¤ isind lo m.¤ , PH 7347. co forcetlaibh maithibh, AU 886. As pred.: m.¤ días, Fél. Mar. 13. ZCP viii 108.23 . m.¤ do Dia-su ┐ olc ar ndee-ne, PH 716. ata mmaithi which are good, Ml. 89a2 . Used as subst. in masc., a good man: ni farnic sede nach maid . . . isin domun he found none good, Wb. 2a21 . do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu, Ml. 19d2 .

(b) of quality, state, etc. good (of its kind), profitable, excel- lent: robad m.¤ a lúag, LU 4451. is m.¤ nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar (i.e. omne ignotum pro mirabili), TBC 7. maithi na hairm-se these weapons are good, 1098 . isin Temraig m.¤ , MacCarthy 194 § 3. is m.¤ eturru they are on good terms, BB 266a21 . nir bho m.¤ etir Brian ┐ Tadg, ALC i 6.13 . Cf. as m.¤ an airde badhbhdhúin ata 'n-a mur its wall has fully the height of a bawn, MS. Mat. 579.17 (D. Mac Firbhisigh).

(c) denoting ability, fitness, proficiency: it mathi side oc aslug skilled in seducing, Wb. 30c13 . ammi mm.¤ oc loṅgud we are good eaters, LL 252b48 . it mait[h]-siu oc breth for aislingi, Aisl. MC 67.1 . am m.¤-se for fithchill I am good at chess, LU 10804. nimtha m.¤ do chath indiu I am not in form for fight- ing, SC 13. batar maithi do imfulung na fían (of hostellers), Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.11) . doine . . . ad maithi d'uaim laide who are skilled in rhyming lays, Arch. iii 306 § 10.

(d) folld. by prep.: m.¤ do good for, to the advantage of: issed is m.¤ deit, ercc co Comgald, Mon. Tall. § 66. corop m.¤ dō siu ocus thall that it may be well for him here and hereafter, Ériu ix 47 § 17. is m.¤ don lucht tidnaicther do bás ar in coimdid, PH 6593. m.¤ fri good to, kind to: ba m.¤ Curui frit? Ériu ii 28.2 . asbert C. fria maccaib combtis mathi fri Fiachu, LL 315b52 . is m.¤ re corp, is fada a olc don anmain pleasant to (of a vice), Ériu v 26.11 . Similarly as adv.: adubart-sa risin seighler beth co m.¤ fris to treat him well, ZCP vi 76.7 , cf. 40.12 . With DO in same sense: intí is olc dó fadéin, cia aile dia mbad m.¤ he? PH 5972. is m.¤ limm it seems good to me, I like, approve: mad maid la Dia (= si Dominus permiserit), Wb. 14a11 , cf. 6b18 . issed as m.¤ laisim, Mon. Tall. § 21. cibe la bes m.¤ leo whatever day they like, Laws v 292.18 . ingen uallach . . . m.¤ lēi teglachas, LU 4447 = ba mian lē, Anecd. i 22.3 . With FRI: olsodain nad m.¤ fri Cirine ciasperthar Jerome does not approve of their being said, Hib. Min. 7.235 .

(e) of rank, station, wealth: is m.¤ fer in taige itaam wealthy(?), TBC 117. a n-indliss araile fir m.¤ (= patris familias cuiusdam), Lat. Lives 95. o dhoriachtatar uli m.¤ saich `gentle and simple', PH 191. berthair . . . a fir mathi co hEogan his nobles, ZCP viii 313.8 . Oft. absol. in m. pl. persons of rank, nobles (= Lat. optimates): mathi Ulad, FB 5. mathe fer nhErend, TBC 4249. mathi Lochlainne, CRR 13. righdhal mathe Erenn, AU 858. na maithe .i. na sacairt, PH 6502. maithi clerech Cene[oi]l C., AU ii 328.26 . maithi bharūn Erenn, 396.14 . FM iv 752.1 . Of women: mna ┐ maithi ┐ ingenraid na Laitinda `noble ladies', Aen. 1664.

(f) often used, like Eng. well, as interj. at beginning of a reply or statement: m.¤, a thriath! CRR 11. m.¤ a t[h]róig! Aisl. MC 19.19 . m.¤ and, a Ibair! TBC 1209.

(g) adv.: m.¤ rucais do breth well hast thou judged, TBC 1050. is m.¤ cotlai thou sleepest well, Aisl. MC 116.1 . m.¤ fuairsead filidh Banbha arbh fhéidir leo do labhra B.'s poets did well to invent all they could, Content. v 153. With co: hore pridchas co mm.¤ , Wb. 7b15 . nir bo lá go m.¤ it was not fully day, TFrag. 118.14 . gan ní do rádh acht ní bes agad co ró m.¤ what you know very well, O'Gr. Cat. 211.10. As adv. of degree: is airdi sin co m.¤ nā slíab Sioin a good deal higher, Maund. 48.

Compar. ferr (indecl.). maith ┐ f. ┐ ferrsom good, better and best, Auraic. 655 = fearr ┐ fearrson 645 , ferrsoun 3268 (this superl. form is not found in lit.). nídad f.-si ye are not better, Wb. 8c7 . bes nocon [ḟ]err in ben, SC 43. ba f. Conchobar cach rig, ZCP viii 217 § 5. f. cach clú, Thes. ii 293.16 ( SP ii § 2 ). is f. precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, Wb. 12d7 . is f. in ernaigthe oldat indmusa, PH 5616. is f. do laech andai-siu he is a better warrior than thou, IT i 101.11 ; cf. combadad f. do loech anna C. that thou wast a better warrior than C., TBC p. 587 n. cid f. cid messu dom nirt be my strength better or worse, SC 38. ? pl. léicsius rígi dóib . . . ┐ nip ferra im rath . . . andúsa they were no better (?), TBC 52.

is f. dom it is better for me: is f. dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . is f. duit dian-fésser, Fél. Oct. 24. do bad fh. dō can techt nā techt mar sin it would be better for him not to come, PH 7793. fearr damsa a n-edargairi I had better separate them, RC xxiv 194 § 8.

is f. limm I think it better, I prefer: is f. limm rafesid (gl. nolo vos ignorare), Wb. 12a1 . f. lium indás anad | scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367. ba f. lais bas do thecht dó oltas beith i mbethaid, PH 6544. (superl.) is é [is] férr límm fogéb . . . bás crochi the death of the cross is my choice, 2430 .

f. de the better of, for (s. Thurn. KZ liii 82 f .): manibat fer[r] som de tri aesnadud inna diglae if they be none the better, Ml. 24c1 . conid ferrde lem-sa cech pian fogéb ar ainm nDé I welcome every pain that I shall suffer in God's name, PH 2427. bid fearr-di frib menma bar mathar dia nom-ruca[id]-sa lib your mother's love for you will be the greater, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . feirrde mé méad a áladh I am the better for the number of his wounds, Dán Dé xxii 10. cá feirrde an tocht doní an béal | sgéal doní an rosg ar a rún? what is gained by the mouth's silence (if) the eye betrays its secret? Dánta Grádha 38.11 (ed. 1926).

As adv.: condib f. donberaid-si oldaas cách that ye may give it better, Wb. 16c9 . corop f. assa f. donimdigi[d] desseirc Dé that ye may abound better and better in love of God, 23b1 .

Superl. dech q.v. Later ferr: bam-sa f. im chath ┐ comrac díb I was the best of them, TBC 17. croinn . . . as f. do baí i nErinn, RC xviii 172.21 . aenfer rob ḟ. troccaire tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, 182.1 . gach fód is fearr d'ár n-áitibh, Keat. Poems 44.

II As subst. i, neut. in O.Ir. (see Wb. 5d30 , 33d10 quoted below), later masc. and in Mod.Ir. often fem. That which is good; good: gl. bonum, Ir. Gl. 798.

(a) in moral sense: ná m.¤ robé, bad hed dogneid whatever good there is, Wb. 5d30 . is asse duíb maid do denum, 4a4 . nad rancatar les denma m.¤ that they had no need to do good, Ml. 35b25 . inne m.¤ nó uilcc the quality of good or evil, Sg. 39a32 . tan is d'oen-craunn maid is uilc since from one tree is good and evil, SR 1247 (uilc = olc, Stokes Academy No. 584, 1883 ). a maith his virtue , Mon. Tall. § 36. in lucht dianid comthrom a m.¤ ┐ a n-olc whose good and bad (actions) are equal, FA 24. m.¤ cáich d'ionnlach `to attack others' good deeds', Content. xiv 33 . mór in m.¤ dó . . . Dond Cualnge do thabairt dúnni it is great goodness for him to give us the D.C., TBC 121. Cf. mōr in m.¤ corba cendais do Martain, Lat. Lives 100 (= mor in m.¤ do M. corba cendais). pl. na maithe dogniam . . . ┐ na hulca imgabamít the good deeds we do, PH 6865. (fem.) gach m.¤ do ḟoráileadh ar chách, go ngníomhuigheadh féin rompa í every good deed he enjoined on others he used to do himself first, Keat. iii 3038.

(b) of state, condition, etc., a good thing, a benefit; good, prosperity . in tan durairngert Dia du Abracham a m.¤ sin, Wb. 33d10 , cf. 14b6 . atu i m'ulc, nim-fuil i m'm.¤ it is not well with me, TBC 2335. co mbaí m.¤ de .i. Lugaid so that good came of it, namely (the birth of) L., LL 124b52 . ro línais mo meis o cach m.¤ thou hast filled my platter with every good thing, PH 1359. cia m.¤ nā tibre int athair dia maccu? 7889 . nā raibhe m.¤ ag Certán (an imprecation), Ériu viii 139.32 . co roibh m.¤ h'anora fein agud! `much honour be thine', ZCP vi 81.19 , cf. 282.15 . in mh.¤ do bhí, ná bí dhi `the good that hath been, meddle not with it', O'Gr. Cat. 392.22 (early 17th cent.). an mh.¤ do dhéanfa mé air mo phobal, Jerem. xxix 32.

ar m.¤ fri for good unto, for the sake of: ní ar m.¤ frib, Wb. 19d28 . ar m.¤ fri Duaid, Ml. 109d7 . ar m.¤ friu diblinaib for their mutual advantage, Laws v 464.27 . Similarly with DO: per caritatem .i. do m.¤ friss, Wb. 6d4 . In pl. ar maithi (maithib) fri, Celtica i 335-37 : ar maithe re hinbleoguin do nithur sin Laws ii 100.11 . ar maithi re fine iii 542.16 . ar mathib red' mac ZCP xii 386.15 . ar maithib rimsa Aen. 128.2041 . ní ar mhaithe liom do tharraing tar sáile Hackett xviii 17 .

(c) concrete, goods, property, wealth: is lia mo m.¤-sea indá do m.¤-siu, TBC 58. m.¤ in talman (sic leg.), Arch. iii 237 § 31. imgabsat m.¤ Maireda `quitted Mairid's domain', Met. Dinds. iv 64. thug Brian ┐ Muimhnigh an mh.¤ sin leó ar chúlaibh (of booty), Ériu i 80.14 . beag a shuim i m.¤ nó maoin, Dánta Grádha xi 10 .

COMPDS. (rarely used, generally replaced by dag-, deg-).

? mathchorach, Rawl. 116c49 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 (= that makes good compacts Meyer). ¤fer: pl. maithfir, Gorm. Dec. 24. ¤gein: m. mairre (leg. Maire), SR 2733. Marian mait[h]gein, Gorm. Apr. 30. ? ¤glond: luchraib mathglond `with the lustres of good deeds', RC xxvi 166.14 . ¤gním: ag maoidheamh . . . na maithghníomh, TSh. 8730. ¤gnímrad: pl. maithghníomhartha , TSh. 4339. ¤greim: lith co m. `good hold' (? profit), Lism. L. 2111. ¤ingen, Ériu i 122.5 . ? ¤a good thing: m. Muimnech Muircertach the treasure (glory) of the Munstermen, MacCarthy 430 § 1 = BB 51a18 (: flaithrī).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maíthe or

x see moíthe.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithem or

Forms: : maitheamh, maith-imh, -mhe, maithimh

n ā, f., vn. of maithid. Later also o, m. : maitheamh (m. and f., g s. maith-imh, -mhe), IGT Dec. § 101. maithimh (f.), § 150 .

(a) remission (of a penalty, etc.): mathim na bórama, Trip. 518.17 = LL 25a32 . d'iarraid a maithme na borama, RC xiii 100 § 129.

(b) forgiving (an offence): do maitheamh a peacadh ag gach aon, Fl. Earls. 198.26 . a faltana do mathamh d'a cheile, AU ii 524.3 . ag maitheamh éigceart, Exod. xxxiv 7. níor thuair- geas mh'ucht d'iarraidh maithmhe, TSh. 5991. cumhacht mhaithfe ┐ chongmala na bpeacadh, Luc. Fid. 241.18 .

(c) yielding, forgoing, renouncing: doberim maitheam ┐ dilsiugud for na haifrendaib I give up and renounce, PH 7335. fa mhaitheamh a n-athardha to forgo their ancestral rights, Content. xviii 49. ni fhuil d'fiachuibh ortt'onóir do mhaithemh dhóibh you are not bound to give up honour for them, MacAingil 140.15 .

(d) maithem n-anacuil to grant protection, give quarter: mathim n-anacuil do Diarmait, ar Colum C., LL 358 marg. sin. ni m.¤ n-anocuil connaigimm foraib, Aisl. MC 29.18 . ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire ro dechad forra, CCath. 5766. The n- in these exx. must have spread from the acc. ni ruc sacart maithiumh n-anacuil uaind, RC xiv 34 § 28. do chuingidh síodha ┐ maithme n-anacail, FM iii 180.15 . Cf. conar bo santaigh maithmi nā hanacuil doib, BB 420b5 .

(e) abating, lessening, withholding: érnais cen neim, cen mathim she gave . . . without reserve (?), Hy. v 7 ( Thes. ii 328.1 ) ; cf. Fél. May 14 , Nov. 28. praind cen mait[h]im without stint, Anecd. i 64 § 125. im garg-mathim [maithib v.l.] ngním for repose from fierce deeds (?), Met. Dinds. iii 50. 27 (see note).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithemnas or

n o, m.,

(a) remission, abatement (of a penalty, etc.) : m.¤ na peine aimsiordha, Luc. Fid. 61.11 . fiacha mora . . . ┐ gan maithemhnus da fagháil ionnta, BNnÉ 232 § 146.

(b) forgiveness: iarraim maitheamhnas ar Dhia, m.¤ dobhei- rim do chách, Oss. iii 290.13 . d'iarraidh maithemhnais ar serbhontaidhe Dé, BNnÉ 209 § 64. Matth. xxvi 28.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithes or

Forms: maithiús, maithes, maithesa, maithiusa, m., maithusa

n o and u, m. maithiús (o-st.), IGT Dec. § 35. maithes, § 38.12 . g s. maithesa, ex. 1007 . Occas. fem., see below.

(a) goodness, excellence, worth , with varied ethical signi- ficance. muinter . . . cen esbaid nácha maithiusa foraib (of angels), FA 12. fiss uilc ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.21 . a slaniccid ind uile maithiusa! PH 162. lucht in uilc brégi ┐ lucht na maithiusa brégi, 7672 (by Atkinson taken as g p.). m.¤ (= bonitas, Gal. v 22 ), Luc. Fid. 150.8 . a ndíol na maithésa bige do righneadar, 37.14 . Cf. a dtimcheall na máitheasa do rinneadh don duine éagcruaidh the good deed done to the impo- tent man, Acts iv 9 . lucht michuidighthe maithesa opponents of goodness, FM v 1850.2 . Of kindness, beneficence: is acainne fuarais ferand ┐ forbba ┐ mormathius mor do denam fort, TBC 5945 ; perh. also in LU 4268 ( SG 84.9 ) : at mathi a chland . . . im míad im mathius im roithinchi. Equated with oineach, iochd, sioth, Eg. Gl. 505. Of warlike virtues: comairle gaile ┐ gascid ┐ eṅgnama ┐ mathiusa, TBC 5236. rugsat tre m.¤ amuigh | a bflaithes ona Feruibh (of the Tuatha D.D.), Leb. Gab. i 140 (= rucsat a mmathius, LL 8a42 ; a maithus, BB 31a18 ) ; glossed .i. tre draoidhecht, cf. maitheas .i. draoidheacht, O'Cl. , quoting above passage, an interpretation perh. due to association with mathmarc, etc.; the reading of LL may represent sense b.

(b) a good thing, a benefit: rob tu gach maithus dom curp, dom anmain, Ériu ii 89 § 7. Hence commonly temporal good, prosperity, wealth; (concrete) goods, possessions: dailfadh an Duilem doib . . . flaithius ind alltair, mait[h]ius in c[h]enntair, ZCP viii 110 § 14. conidh maithiss ro bai . . . flaitius na Roman dareis an catha sin after that battle the dominion of the R. was a prosperity gone by (lit. that had been), CCath. 5580 (perh. we should read: scél maithis). fer nar c[h]otail én- oidchi riam gan m.¤ Gall do innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111. 13 . rusn-othrastar . . . fo gleri gach maithiusa, Arch. iii 3.10 . imat óir ┐ aircit ┐ gacha maithessa archena, Fl. Earls 124.5 . pl. maithusa erchradacha, PH 5299. da frith or ┐ arget, maini ┐ mathiusa imda, Cog. 102.6 . Welfare, weal: a mbearar . . . do bhreathaibh díorgha dlighe isin maitheas phuiblidhe in the common weal, Content. xvi 110. na seacht gcéime onóra bhíos corónta san maitheas phuibhlidhe, mar atáid pápa, impir, rí, etc., TSh. 7858.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithfechas or

x see maithmechas.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithid or

v i. The orig. meaning may be grants, concedes ; cf. Sg. 28b5 : a folad issed maithess in coitchennas in nomine , gl. appellativum commune est multorum quos eadem substantia iungit (`this is what abates (?) the commonness in the noun', Thes.; `' Ped. ii 575 , cf. Asc. ccclxxv ), and Aen. 460 : mathmait a anum do = vitam damus, Virg. Aen. ii 145 ; this sense is implicit in many exx. under (a).

(a) remits, excuses (an obligation, penalty, etc.), with DO of person. mathid-som salmu aurnaigti do chetal he excuses the singing of the psalms of prayer, Mon. Tall. 30. ro maith ind riġ a chis do Patraic, Lat. Lives 49. in maithenn se ni dona comadhaib? does he let (us) off any of the conditions ? ZCP viii 549.1 . Finachta . . . ro maith mor don naem, | tri cóecait cét bó, etc., RC xvii 214.3 = Keat. iii 2242. noco ro maith biad . . . don cele excused the tenant from food-dues, Laws ii 224.26 Comm. maithbet a tinnscra na hingine duib, ML 160.15 . ní mhaithfidh sé bonn do chlann Luterius will not yield a jot to Luther's people, Hard. i 34.

(b) pardons, forgives (an offence): ni ro mathius a olc do thrén, LL 149b42 . ro maith Dia a pheccad dó, PH 683. maithmid duit marbadh na ridiri, ZCP vi 279.3 . muna maithi in dorn if thou forgive not the fist-blow, Acall. 1431. gidh misi do maithedh sin . . . ni maithfedh Dal cCais tescadh taibh a ttigherna, Cog. 104.9 . mataidh-si [maithid v.l.] damsa in fuirech, CCath. 5129 (= veniam date bella trahenti, Phars. vii 295 ). maith dhamsa mo fhreagra ort! Content. xiv 70. With DO of thing: maithim dod dhóigh dhíoghraisigh I excuse thy anxious state, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 1. part. nec. na pecaidh . . . do chur a bfaoisidin, ma taid maite if they admit of forgiveness, Luc. Fid. 65.7 . In oruib ro muid in cath? ar E. Is oraind am, ar C., ┐ ni maite doib sin `that will not profit them' (? it shall not be forgiven them), Ériu viii 38 § 42.

The follg. construction is obscure: ros-mbia lóg a sithichtho . . . ni mathi nech doib (gl. qui [potestati ] resistunt, ipsi sibi damnationem adquirunt), Wb. 6a5 ; `He does not forgive any of them', Thes. , but perhaps nech is subj.

(c) remits, i.e. abates, withholds: mac De nimhe ni maithi a cedmaoine cach laithe never lessens . . . day by day, ZCP xii 296.6 . a ndoberó ar Dia . . . sech ni maithe ni maide not only do not fail to give it, but boast not of it, Ériu ii 172 § 4.

(d) gives up (claim to) ; renounces , with DO of thing ; common in late lit. maithim d'iathaibh Eorpa acht duitse, a dhuthaigh Chuinn, Hackett xliv 37. maithim don tsaoghal mhalartach, D. MacCarrthaigh 48.35 . maithim choidhche do ṡíol Eoghain I give up all hope for, 19.160 . ní mhaithim do Mhíchéal, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 11 , cf. xii 11 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithigid or

Forms: mathigud

v i, denom. (maith) makes good , hence

(a) benefits, improves: maithigid mór in degcomairli, LL 283a11 . is maith mathiges cach, 294a21 = is ó maith mathigdir cach, ZCP xi 85 § 39. Antonia . . . ro mathig moran, Gorm. May 4. In the lines: ros mathig fri tóir uas dinn | cathir cōir fa gabulrind (of foundation of Jerusalem), SR 6663 , Stokes Academy No. 584 , 1883 emends: ros mathir `measured it', cf. 7955 ; see midi- thir (c).

(b) makes good, compensates: vn. cach écóir daringset ri Priaim . . . can ní díb sein do mathigud fris, LL 227b20 ( TTr. 768 ).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithmech or

adj o, ā. (maithem).

(a) forgiving, forbearing, indul- gent: fri hainnrib is mín m.¤ `gentle and benign', SG 61.15 . rí maithmheach málla, IGT Dec. ex. 17. ní ba m.¤ `I will not pardon it', Met. Dinds. iii 454. sind féin do bheith maith- mhech d'ár ccom[a]rsain, O'Hussey TC 111.14 .

(b) slack, remiss: Isucan . . . érnid ┐ ni m.¤ gives and is not remiss, Fél.² xxxv 16. a mmedar nir m.¤ `their forewarning was not slack', Gorm. May 6.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. maithmechas or

n o, m., forgiveness, pardon: ro ghuidh é fa mhaith- fechas dó, BNnÉ 105 § 15. d'iar maithfeachas a ndearna (sic leg.) d'éagcóir, ZCP ii 558.17 . maithfheachus do thabhairt don té thug esonóir dhuit, MacAingil 287.15 . Keat. ii 2078. gur mhaith an díol maithmheachais é féin a fit subject for forgiveness, TSh. 7671. bliadhain an mhaithmheachuis the year of release (i.e. of remission of debts), Deut. xv 9.