maín, moín, muín, maen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maín, moín, muín, maen or dil.ie/31345

Forms: moín, main, maín, muin, maini, moini, muíni, maíni, moíni, muíne, maine, máoin, -i, maoin, muin

n i,f. n s. in moín , Ml. 87d9 . d s. deg- main , 103a9 . n du. dā maín , Corm. p. 15 s.v. doman = dē muin , Corm. Y 415. n p. inna degmaini , Ml. 27a6 . moini (: doíne), SR 7855. fīr-muíni , ZCP xi 80.14 . a p. maíni, Wb. 23d4 . dagmoíni , 28a17 . muíne, LU 3393 ( SC 17 ). g p. deg- maine , Ml. 102d17 . máoin (f., g s. n p. -i), IGT Dec. § 14.14 .

(a) a gift, a benefit (primary sense): transl. Lat. munus, Ml. 87d9 , donum, 84c12 ; (in pl.) beneficia, 27a6 , 90a14 , 102d17 , 103a9 . Often with pref. dag-, deg-: is eícrichnichthe don- indnig-som a dagmoíni without limit he bestows his benefits, Wb. 28a17 . The sense gift is frequently implied in Mid.Ir. muíni [sic leg.] doberthar o thuatib, Mon. Tall. § 35. tucsat maíne ┐ ascadha dho (= munera ei obtulerunt), Lat. Lives 108. tabair maíne bid ┐ etaig do bochtaib, PH 451. tucsat na tri maíne-sea dó .i. ór ┐ tuss ┐ mir, 7017 . nicon ticfa ri moín nó adlaic . . . in sét connegar and the gem asked for is not to be had for love or money (lit. for [counter-]gift or request), LL 251a32 (TBFraích) = ZCP iv 43.17 . muín i commaín ber[r]tha a reward in exchange for shaving, LL 167b10 , cf. RC xv 461.6 .

(b) a valuable article or possession, a treasure ; in pl. treasures, possessions, wealth . ri ro thidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmoínib, SR 1978. in sét (.i. in main), Hy. v 77 ( Thes. ii 346 ). ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ┐ moíne ┐ indmassa andú-sa, TBC 59. febus mo chommain sét ┐ maíni ┐ indmassa foraib, CRR 11. tidhnacal seot ┐ moeíne, AU ii 120.23 . bárc mao[i]ne a treasure-laden vessel, ZCP viii 197 § 13. is tre ḟír flathemon . . . maíne mor mbárc hi cinn cach thíre tathigedar, xi 82 § 20 . co ro [s]latsat in longport etir doine ┐ moine, AU 850. mun- ceda . . . .i. muin-maíne .i. maíne for munelaib, LL 18b28 . luid ina rígthech ┐ a ór ┐ a argat lais . . . conid-loisc co n-ógus a muini with the whole of his treasures, Trip. 38.8 . ō tho[th]acht (.i. na mbeodile) ┐ muín [maine v.l.] .i. in oir ┐ in airgit, O'Dav. 1568. maissiu máenib more beautiful than treasures, Thes. ii 295.7 ( SP v 3 ). guidhe . . . is ferr maoinibh, ZCP viii 198 § 22. Sing. in collective sense: ni fhil mo m.¤ fén acht a nim, Aisl. MC 57.22 . re deoraibh bá maith a mhaoin good was his wealth to wanderers, FM i 146.13 (poem). misi nochan ḟuil mu mh.¤ | ó rom-maidh an scél (`for me prosperity exists no more' O'Gr. ), Acall. 862. a loch chlaein . . . festa nocha bfuil do mhaein `thou prosperest no more', SG 58.33 . do réir a mháoine accord- ing to his substance, Job xx 18. nac roibhi aici do maín na do mhaithus acht a hétach, Études Celtiques i 81.26 . m.¤ ar mug treasure (bestowed) on a slave (i.e. wasted): muín ar mug, rūn do mnai, | mairg dogni cechtar n-ai, RC vi 188.24 (see mug for other exx.).

In Laws sometimes used of cattle, stock: cúic seoit in muin a cinaidh gach sochuinn gaibius tar ceart, ii 70.1 , glossed .i. cuic seoit isna mainib sin `five "seds" of these cattle'. mor muin mrugrechtai `an increase of cattle on the land', iii 340.12 . mana fuil acht coland nama, nocon-uil nach ní, uair noco m.¤ marta he `it is not a beef-carcass' (i.e. it is not value as beef, of a mare's carcass), iii 372.8 , cf. 378.17 .

(c) often fig.: is maith main mesrugud, ZCP vii 297.17 . firmuíni mo briathar, xi 80.14 . moíni na hēcisi, RC xxvi 17 n. 7 . Of persons: ba muin [maín LB, maoin H. 2.15 ] mait[h] in mac sin, Corm. Y 863 ; cf. asbert in ri . . . doragad ēm main . . . don mac sin (= that that boy would prove a treasure?), IT iii 190.5 (both exx. refer to Morand m. Maín). Muresc cen tassi maith maín, LL 137b8 . ? aue Muirne muin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (`' Meyer, taking `muin' as g p. of a noun denoting ` honour, dignity ', but per- haps n s. in apposition to aue). Uncan in m.¤ maerda, Gorm. Aug. 21. In abstr. sense: ótchondcatar . . . in muin ┐ in míad ┐ in mormassi sin do bith for Íasón favour, popularity (?), LL 217b30 = TTr. 55 (` affection '). máoin ocus muaidh, ionann sin is maith nó miadh, For. Foc. 43. main [maoin v.l.] grádh, ib. 34 . maoin .i. grádh; .i. maith, O'Cl.

(d) in Bérla na f., knowledge, science, art: doraa in main (.i. dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7. don maoin (.i. don eladain), 489.1 .

Maín

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Forms: Maín

npr. m. Name of Morand's fosterer: Main cerd, YBL 139a47 . Mǽn a ainm-síde, cerd ind ríg, ZCP xii 273.24 . Morand is called mac Maein, Corm. Y 37 , m.¤ Main, 863 (where the name is otherwise expld.). Morann mac Maoin, Keat. ii 3658 ; see also IT iii 188 fg., ZCP xi 72. The orig. name of Labraid Loingsech, King of Ireland, also called L. Maín, who is said in legend to have been dumb (maen) in his boyhood. Móen Ollam: amlabar side dano co mho fer mór, ZCP iii 3.22 = Maín 6.3 . Maín ollom-som i tossaig, Labraid Móen iar sin, 8.22 . Labraidh Maén, Cóir An. 175. Loingsech móen (the same individual), Met. Dinds. ii 50. Cf. Keat. ii p. 162 fg. Máon mac Etna (name of a poet), Corm. Y 883 = Mæn m. Edaine, Corm. p. 30.

mainbthe

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n wealth, possessions: ina mainbte main 'for the value of his possessions' UR 40.3 . ar is doib dligid mórmainbthe 'for it is from them that is due great wealth' Ériu lvi 67 . adhéidchither mainbthe máirdhía xiii 23.32 .

mainbthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mainbthech or dil.ie/31348

Forms: mainbtheath

adj o, ā. wealthy, opulent? fuarammar morthír m.¤ toirthech trebthach, SR 4701. Macha m.¤ `', Bruchst. i § 146 = mainbtheath, FM 987 (`treacherous' O'Don.). is oirdnidhe an cathair . . . is mainbhthech, Misc. Hag. Hib. 32.4 . err mrogæ mainbt[h]ig, H. 3.18, 717 (quoted Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 49 ). Loṅgsech . . . mor mind m.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 ( Rawl. 115b25 ). manna mainbhthecha .i. . . . imat ndaghmaine, O'Dav. 1270. mainbhtheach .i. cealgach, O'Cl. is prob. meant for muinbech.

mainbthige

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n [, f.] wealth, opulence? confoghlatar dire itir min (leg. miad?) ┐ nin ┐ m.¤ `the "dire-"fine is distributed according to . . . wealth', Laws iv 378.22 ; glossed: itir miadh .i. airmitin ┐ meit .i. a graidh do marbdilib ┐ do celib ┐ mainbthighi, H. 3.18 p. 242b ( O'C. 454 ).

maincesg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maincesg or dil.ie/31350

(cryptic) see mesc(c).

mainche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mainche or dil.ie/31351

n , f., (abstr. from manach, or perhaps <monachia `cella seu obedientia ab Abbatia dependens', Du Cange ).

(a) a monastic family or community: cach m.¤ (.i. fine manach), Laws iii 36.1 , 6 . sléchtid Iserninus du Patricc for a manchi ┐ a andoóit, Ardm. 18a1 = Thes. ii 241.3 , Trip. 344 (but here in sense service according to Byrne, Peritia iii 316 ). biaid relec d'arc[h]anglib im c[h]luain . . . do dín ma degmainc[h]e `to preserve my good services' (? to protect my community), BColm. 30.23 . loc a hadnaicthi 'n-a húir mainche dilis `in its own con- ventual (?) mould', RC xii 424.18 .

(b) service (gifts, tribute) rendered to a monastic community or its head: cuir na saermanach . . . gin cindu do techt fuithib acht giallna ┐ mainche, Laws ii 218.2 Comm. focerd a mainche fri eagluis, iii 68.5 (i.e. becomes a `manach' or eccle- siastical tenant?). is eadh is ail damh, mas airichthe mo dhuthracht curub airichte mo m.¤ la Senán (i.e. that S. may perceive not only my zeal but these tangible proofs of it), Lism. L. 2363. im ba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit-si? Anecd. i 41 (`shall we and our descendants be in servitude to thee?' Ériu iv 43 ).

1 mainches

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Forms: mainches

n ā, f., (< manach; for suffix cf. laíches) a nun ; an early word denoting not a cloistered nun but one who made a religious profession and in some cases apparently was asso- ciated in service with an abbot or bishop. Mathona . . . quae tenuit caille o Patraic ┐ o Rodán ┐ robo manchess dóib, Trip. 98.5 = mainches, Lat. Lives 25 (= monacha fuit illis). man- chess do Cheithiuch Comgilla, Trip. 104.21 = Comgella est monacha Cethiaco, Lat. Lives 28. mances duitsi mhé, RC xiv 48 § 56. muc gacha manaig ┐ cacha mainchisi, Trip. 560.5 . mór manach is mainches mall, Fél. 88.10 . do mhuinnter ┐ do manaigh ┐ do mhaincesa, BNnÉ 79 § 153. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dam-manchess .i. mainchess bo an ox-nun (i.e. cow), O'Mulc. 321. mainces soiscela `a gospel nun', Lism. L. p. xv ; perh. a woman who had been under the spiritual direc- tion of the abbot, cf. similar expression under manach (c).

2 mainches

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n u, m., (manach) service due to the head of a monastic community; the service and by extension sphere of authority of an abbot . ro an ina mainces iaramh remained in his (Mochuda's) service (i.e. became a monk), BNnÉ 294 § 17. a mainches ┐ a moirthermann Molaisi `in the subject district and termon of M.', 247 § 199 . dligim do Cholam . . . 's d'Adomnan . . . cuairt a m.¤ ┐ a cell gach tres bliada[i]n, Fen. 298.1 . Esp. in pl. rights or dues (in service or tribute) of an abbot or monastic community: dioghbáil ag sliocht Aodha da ttréiget mo mhainchesa if they forsake my services, BNnÉ 266 § 233. dlegar mar a bhḟuigter na mainchisa a ngabháil ann it is proper to receive benefactions in the place where they are forthcoming (i.e. offered), Acall. 689. na dilsig mo manchasa do not alienate my dues (said by St. Caillín to Adamnán), Fen. 414.10 . Of religious duties or observances in wider sense: drem . . . a n-ifrinn . . . nach fagann . . . mainches soirb da saoradh, ZCP xii 390.1 . Of monastic profession: iar ngabháil habite manchessa ime monastic habit, FM iii 294.

? mainchige

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n (manach) the monastic life or profession: tiagaid a manaich uadhi ar ni fiu leo manchidhi, H. 3.18 p. 381b ( O'C. 834 ).

mainchín

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n m. `a person maimed in the hand ', O'R. As sobriquet: Murchad m.¤ ` cripple-hand ', O'Gr. Cat. 333.35.