3 Mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Mael or dil.ie/31244

Forms: Mael, M(ael), Mæl, Mail, Mail, Mæil, Mael, Maíle, Máel, Maíl, Maíle, Maíl-, Maíle, Máel-, Maele, Maelchroin, Maelduibh, Maeletich, Moile, Maeli, Mailmithidh, Moile, Mailmorda, Maelmbuadh, Mailmuaidh, Maili, Maelruanaidh, Mael, Maele, Maile, Maele, Maele, Mailughra, Máolbethad, Maelecobho, Maile, Maelchræbe, Maelchrichi, Mael- chrói, Maoilidíthraib, Maildo- burchon, Maele, Maelfabaill, Maile, Maílfoghamair, Maelghua- lai, Maele, Maelmochorghi, Maile, Mail, Maele, Maele, Maile, Maeli, Mae[l]snechtai, Maelhumai, Maele, Mael, Maelcoluim, Maele, Mael, Mael, Maelodrain, Maelpatraic, Mailsechnaill, Maelsechnaill, Maele

npr. m. Both 1 mael and 2 mael are largely used in the formation of masc. proper names (rarely fem.).

I Mael (adj.):

(a) seldom alone, treated as o- stem. M(ael), Ardm. 12b1 = Thes. ii 265 , Trip. 317.5 (equated with Lat. calvus, ib. 13 ). Mæl, Rawl. 130a55 . g s. Mail, 119a28 , 127a39 . meic Mail , Fél. 204.30 = m.¤ Mæil , Lism.L. 3976.

(b) in composition with a follg. noun which it qualifies. Maolbennachtaidh, BNnÉ 192.7 (-bhennacht v.l.). Cf. g s. Maelbennachtain, BB 88a22 . Maelcú, Lism. L. p. 315 (father of Brude king of the Picts). g s. Maelcon (of same), AU 583. Moelchú, Fél. 78.22 . Fergussan mac Maelcon, AU 702. Máellecán, Sg. 203 a ( Thes. ii p. xxii ), possibly represents a formation with g.s.

II Mael subst. is largely used folld. by (a) an adj., (b) gen. of a common noun, and (c) gen. of a proper name. a mbōi fo māil ZCP xi 149 § 9 . ba leanb óc (gl. maol) Ailill in tan sin, Ériu ii 182.8n , ZCP xliv 177 . The orig. meaning in class (a) was that of ` cropped head' or `head', in classes (b) and (c) of `slave' or `servant', hence `devoted to'; class (c) received its chief development after the introduction of Christianity, generally in combination with names of saints (in this connexion the meaning ` tonsured ' may have been implied; it is occasionally glossed calvus). A humorous extension of the usage occurs in the fictitious names Ocmæl- Blongi, Aisl. MC 77.23 ; Mælsaille mac Maílimme, 89.5 . Later gilla came to be used in the same way (see ZCP xii 301 , 313 for discussion of the subject). That these names are not true compds. is shown by (1) freq. declension of Mael as fem. subst., g s. Maíle (a follg. adj. being occasionally in agreement); (2) tmesis in poetry: Mael fial Finnia, AU 902 ; feil Mail chōir Canaigh, Mart. Gorm. Sept. 18 ; Mael caemfertach Cetair, May 14. Later they came to be regarded as compds. and in gen. Máel > Maíl or remains unchanged. Both gen. forms Maíle and Maíl- (Máel-) often occur side by side. Maíle is common in AU up to the year 850, then gradually gives way to Máel- folld. by lenition, and goes out of use by 950. (See Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster, p. 52 n. ). The follg. lists are illustrative:

(a) Maelcaích: Thes. ii 251.15 (Stowe Miss.). AU 665. Fél. 132.28 . ¤ciar, Rawl. 123b9 . Mælchiar (fem.), Aisl. MC 109. 27 . ¤corcrae: g s. Maele Corcrai, AU 878. ¤crōn: AU 837 , 900 . g s. Maelchroin , Rawl. 145a31 . ¤dub: AU 626. Fél. Oct. 20. Moeldub, Fél. 73.22 . g s. Maelduibh , AU 626 , 673 . Rawl. 146e39 . ¤étig: g s. Maeletich , Rawl. 126a31 . ¤find: g s. Moile Finde, Aisl. MC 43.11 . Moil- finde, ib. 18 . Maelḟind, AU 912. ¤garbh AU 932. g s. Maeli Garba, Rawl. 129b53 . ¤gorm, Rawl. 153a10 . ¤inmain (g.s.), Rawl. 153a10 . ¤maith, Rawl. 130a52 . ¤mithig: Maelmhithig, AU 902. g s. Mailmithidh , 943 . ¤mór, AU 548. Trip. 88.13 . g s. Moile Móire, Trip. 88.15 . Maeilmhoir, AU 548. ¤mōrda, AU 873. g s. Mailmorda , 911 . Maelmordhai, 943 . ¤muad: Maelmuadh, AU 977. Maelmbuadh (acc.), ib. Maelmuaidh, 1020 . g s. Mailmuaidh , 1014 . ¤óc, Rawl. 141b8 (a dim.?). ¤odar: Maelodhor, AU 861 , 869 . ¤odur, Rawl. 130a11 . g s. Maili Odræ, Trip. 340.23 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). Maele Odrae, AU 692 , 693 . Maeluidhir, 640 , 737 , 851 . ¤rua- naidh, AU 838. g s. Maelruanaidh , ib. ¤salach, Rawl. 159b 12 . ¤suthain, AU 1009. RC xi 492. ¤temen: g s. Mael- temin, Rawl. 145e6 . Maelteimin, AU 908.

(b) Mael-aba, Rawl. 141b38 . ¤achaid: ¤achidh, AU 895. ¤aithgein: ¤aithgin, Fél. June 6 ( ¤aithgen v.l.). ¤aithgen, Rawl. 130a6 . ¤aithgeain, ib. 5 . ¤aithchen, ib. 11 . g s. Maele aithgen, 129b45 . Maeli aithchen, 155a53 = Maelath- geáin, LL 325 b . ¤anfaid (anfad `storm'?), Fél. Jan. 31. g s. Maile anfaid, 186.1 . Maele anfaid, AU 709. Maele anfaith, 724 , 745 . ¤anfis, Rawl. 122a17 (g.s.). ¤augra, Rawl. 123a52 . g s. Mailughra , BNnÉ 329.12 . ¤bethad: g s. Máolbethad , BColm. 44.23 . ¤chluichi, Rawl. 130a22 . ¤cluchi, Thes. ii 288.1 (inscription). ¤cluiche, AU 913 , 922 . ¤cobho (cf. cob `victory'), AU 646. g s. Maelecobho , 657 , 669 . Maeile cobha, 663 . Moelocobha, Maelcobho, 653 . Maile Coba, RC xvii 195 (Tig.), Mail Coba, 193 . Mailchoba, Fél. 136.25 . ¤craíbe: ¤craibi, AU 918. g s. Maelchræbe , Rawl. 146g28 . ¤críche: g s. Maelchrichi , Rawl. 150b22 . ¤crói: g s. Mael- chrói , Rawl. 128b37 . ¤dithreib: Maoldithruib, Mon. Tall. § 4. g s. Maoilidíthraib , § 24. Maele ditraibh, AU 691. ¤do- borchon, AU 328. ¤doburchon, Fél. 152.7 . g s. Maildo- burchon , ib. 8 . Moeldobhorcon, Gorm. Feb. 19. ¤dōid (doe `forearm'?), AU 957. Gorm. May 13. ¤domnaig, AU 911. ¤domnaich, Rawl. 145d20 . ¤dúin: Mailduin (Clonmacnois inscr.), Thes. ii 286.16 . g s. Maele duin, AU 668. Moeleduin, 669 . Moile Dúin, Aisl. MC 3 , 22 . Maeilduin, AU 689. ¤fa- baill: ¤fabhuill, AU 890. g s. Maelfabaill , Rawl. 145a6 . ¤fithrich, AU 628. g s. Maile fithrich, 721 . Cf. fithrech `edible sea-weed'. ¤fogai: mac Mæle Foga, TBC 4362 = Maile Ogath, TBC² 2842. ¤fogamair: g s. Maílfoghamair , BNnÉ 312 § 2. Maelḟoghamair, AU 1086. ¤gaimrid, AU 838. Mailgaimrid, Ml. 56b33 , 68c15 . Maelgeimridh, Fél. 130. 28 . ¤gualai (guala `drinking-vat'?), AU 858. g s. Maelghua- lai , 894 . ¤imorchair: g s. Maele imorchair, AU 750. ¤meda (mid `mead'), Rawl. 161a35 . ¤mocherghi (mochérge `early rising'), AU 895. g s. Maelmochorghi , 912 . ¤mracha (O.Ir. mraich `malt'): g s. Maile mbracho, AU 621. ¤na mbō, AU 1005. g s. Mail na mbo, 1041 . Mæl na mbō, Trip. 524.27 . ¤ochtraig (ochtrach `manure, mizen'), Rawl. 141b50 , cf. Maelochtaraich, AU 799. g s. Maele octraich, AU 670. Mael- ochtraig, Rawl. 122b17 . ¤oena (O.Ir. oín < Lat. ieiunium?), Thes. ii 286.14 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤oenaich, Rawl. 159b10 (g.s.). ¤rois: g s. Maele rois, Rawl. 126a25 . Maeli rois, 122b36 . ¤ruain, AU 626. Fél. Prol. 225. g s. Maile ruen, Thes. ii 284. 26 (Stowe Miss.). Maoili ruoin, Mon. Tall. § 10. Maolrúoin, § 6 . Mailruain, Fél. 8.29 . Maela Ruain, 220.11 . The meaning of the second component is obscure; possibly adj. or npr. ¤rubai (ruba `smiting, slaughter'), Fél. Apr. 21. Mailrubai, AU 670 , 672 . g s. Maeli rubae, Rawl. 145b23 . Maelrubae, ib. 27 . ¤samna (samain `end of summer'), AU 970. Rawl. 159b 19 . ¤snechtai, AU 1085. g s. Mae[l]snechtai , Rawl. 143b24 . Maele sneachta, Gorm. May 1 n.5 . ¤teglaig (fem.), ZCP xiii 356.14 . g s. Maili Teaglaig, ib. 15 . ¤tolai: g s. Maele toli, AU 822. Maeli tolæ, Rawl. 126a16 . ¤topair: g s. Maele topair, Rawl. 122b34 . Maeltopair, ib. 41 . ¤tuili, Thes. ii 286.15 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤tuile, AU 816. g s. Maele tuile, 671 . Maele toili, 737 . Maile tuile, Rawl. 129b10 . Maeltuile, 160a55 . ¤umai: Maelhuma, Rawl. 122b41 . g s. Maelhumai , 129b52 . Maele umai, AU 681.

(c) Mael Barrḟind, AU 915. ¤Brenainn, AU 1074 (g.s.) ¤Bresail, AU 626. g s. Maele Bresail, 844 , 851 . ¤Brigte, Thes. ii 287.41 (Clonmacnois inscr.). Máel Bri[g]tae, Sg. 202 a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ¤Brighti, AU 830. g s. Maele Brighti, 853 . Maelbrighti, 855 . Name of Marianus Scotus author of the Tripartite Chron., MacCarthy p. 4. ¤Chiarāin, Thes. ii 287. 42 . AU 866. g s. Mael Chiarain, 893 . ¤Coemghin, AU 1086 , cf. Rawl. 125a43 . ¤Coluim, AU 956. Trip. 526.10 . g s. Maelcoluim , AU 966. ¤Eoin, AU 930. Gorm. Oct. 20. ¤Ioin, AU 917. ¤Fiachrach, AU 951 (g.s.). ¤Finnia, Thes. ii 288.2 . AU 902. ¤Findia, 901 . ¤Finnen, AU 968. ¤Finnian, 992 . ¤Finneain, Rawl. 143b23 . ¤Fothartaig: ¤Fathardaich, Rawl. 150b9 . g s. Maele Fothartaigh, AU 668 , 669 , 672 . ¤Īsu, AU 966. Gorm. Jan. 16. Maoiliosa, Mart. Don. Jan. 16. ¤Moedhoc (Maedóc), AU 916. Maol mAodhócc (baptismal name of St. Malachy), Gorm. Nov. 2 , Mart. Don. Nov. 3. ¤Maire, Thes. ii 288.3 (d.s.). Mail Maire, ib. 4 (d.s.). Malmori (gl. calvus Mariae), Goid. 108.9 . g s. Mael- muire, AU 902. Mael Maire Ua Gormáin (author of the Martyrology, commonly called Marianus), Gorm. Pref. p. 4 . Mart. Don. p. 186 n . Mael Maire (identified with Marianus Scotus the chronicler), ib. Dec. 24. As npr. f., AU 912 , 965 ( ¤muire). ¤Michil, Rawl. 130a23 . g s. Mael Micheil, ib. 25 . ¤Odrān, Thes. ii 287.30 . AU 650. g s. Maelodrain , ib. Rawl. 122a53 . ¤Pátraic, Thes. ii 288.5 . ¤Patraicc, AU 877. g s. Maelpatraic , 846 . ¤Petair, AU 894.991 . ¤Póil, AU 921. ¤Sechnaill, later by metathesis ¤Sechlainn: m.¤ Sech- naill mac Maelruanaidh, AU 838 , 844 , 857 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 842 , 857 . m.¤ Sechnaill m. Domnaill, 947 , 979 , 982 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 984 and follg. Maolechlainn (equated with Malachias), Ir. Gl. 346. g s. Mailsechnaill , Thes. ii 289.12 (inscr.). Maelsechnaill , ¤sechlainn, AU pass. Máeil Echlainn, IGT Dec. ex. 621. Ua Mailechlaind, BNnÉ 315 § 9. ¤Sem- puil (= Sen-Phuil `devotee of St. Paul the first hermit'), AU 921 (g s.). ¤Sinchill, Rawl. 123a33 . AU 880.

Under this head may be added Maelmanach (g s. Maele manach, AU 775 ).

maelad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelad or dil.ie/31245

n m. vn. of maelaid.

(a) cropping the hair; making bald: fer . . . ro gab a m.¤ hi cetad; di oclaíg leis co mongaib foraib `who had got his baldness (? been shorn) lately', BDD 118. ní thic m.¤ cind ris he will not grow bald, Acall. 7181.

(b) making flat or blunt; (fig.) making weak, depressing; growing weak, abating: ar maoladh a ffeirge, Cog. 216.24 . ar mbeith dá meamhair arna maoladh, TSh. 1798. ro marbhsat . . . mórán leis in maeladh sin do muinntir Meadba defeat , Celt. Rev. iv 116.25 . ní maoladh doní bhar nós `thy glory decays not', PBocht 30 § 29.

maelaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelaid or dil.ie/31246

Forms: mælad, moelta

v a, (1 mael)

(a) shears (the hair), makes bald: sāl tria hassae .i. as a firmullaig moeltar side (of a kind of tonsure?), Corm. 1091 s.v. ranc (= maeltar LB). do maoladh a cnuic corra `her round hills have been stripped', TD 1.6 . Intrans.: nach maoluid siad (= nec calvi fiunt), Rosa Angl. 326.2 .

(b) decapitates or truncates (cf. 1 mael (d)): maelfaitir muneóil, TFerbe 187 .

(c) flattens, blunts: máolais [an phéist] an greann adhuath- mar baí fuirre lowered its horrible bristles, BNnÉ 8 § 27. in drem isa claidhbhi no maelta whose swords were blunted, CCath. 5981. do mhaoladar [a n-airm] ó thuargain na cloiche, ML 34.2 . ní har dhaorchloinn . . . do mhaolfoinn arma fhileadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 15 .

(d) esp. in fig. sense makes blunt or dull, depresses, abates: gach ní méith maelaid sé an t-inntleacht, O'Gr. Cat. 260.17. máelfaidh t'ferg dá n-éiste ar ndán, IGT Dec. ex. 88. ro máolaitt menmanna a mileadh, Hugh Roe fo. 5 a . Impers. pass.: nir mælad forru they were never defeated, LL 272b32 ( SG 49.31 ). ro maeladh for slógh Poimp, CCath. 3705 , cf. 3696 . Cf. further: ro maelad . . . im Chennfaelad a ríge `C. is shorn of his royal dignity', SG 404.7 = TFrag. 70.10 . part. is clanna moelta in Moeil | bid traeta a taeib sel re sreib `the brave (? discouraged, subdued) sons of the Mael', Fen. 230.5 . Cf. biaid co hanbuain Eri | re forran na fer sin; | da toisc co Raith Cloentai | ni ba moelta a mesair (= her measure shall be full?), 282.22 .

maelaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelaigid or dil.ie/31247

Forms: maolughadh

v i, (1 mael) blunts, depresses, abates and intrans. grows blunt or weak: maoluigh uan docra an Dúilimh `turn from us God's severity', A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 9. ro mhaoluighedar a ingne le hársuigheacht (of a bird), Celt. Rev. x 142.28 . ro maolaighset a menmanna, Anecd. ii 56.11 . vn. maolughadh meanman, Keat. Poems 1502. maolughadh meisnigh, TSh. 6660. an mbia maolughadh ar in easlainte, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 6.8 .

maelán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelán or dil.ie/31248

n o, m., (mael)

I A blunt or flat hillock: do na trib máel- anaib Átha Luain, TBC 6097.

II Some kind of shoe (cf. mael-assa): dá mǽlán argit imma cossa, RC ix 490.4 ( LU 1808 ). tucsat Saxain scena etarru ┐ a mmaelanu (= in medio ficonis sui, Nenn.), LU 237 ( Todd Nenn. 102 ) = mælu, BB 211b2 .

III (Bot.) some kind of grain (or herb); awnless wheat (?) EIF 228 : na hocht n-orbaind . . . secul seruan mælan, etc., `beare', Aisl. MC 99.4 . Cf. 1 mael (g). m.¤ muilche, see muilche.

IV A beacon: maelan, O'R. mar mháolán ar mhullach an tsléibhe, Isa. xxx 17. Cf. 2 mael (g).

maelassa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelassa or dil.ie/31249

x see 1 mael, compds.

maelat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelat or dil.ie/31250

n m. (1 mael + att `hat'?) the hood of a coat of mail worn under the helmet: rogabh a corrc[h]athbarr . . . dar m.¤ drolach linech a luirige imma cenn, CCath. 4695 , cf. 5261 .

maelgarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelgarb or dil.ie/31251

I adj. o,ā, as sobriquet: Tuathal maelgarbh mac Cormaic chaeich, AU 534 ; so called because his head was bald and lumpy, Cóir An. 273 , cf. Keat. iii p. 52 . As npr. m., see 3 Mael II (a).

II subst. o, m. name of a cattle-murrain: tosach in boair móir .i. m.¤ anaicenta, RC xvii 345 (Tig.), cf. CS 985. tosach an bhó-áir mhóir .i. an mhailghairbh, FM ii 720.6 , cf. 1044.11 . boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb, O'Dav. 291.

maelland

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maelland or dil.ie/31252

Forms: maellann, moaillind

n f. (1 mael+land `lamina') some metal ornament worn under the necks of horses: mælland arggait co cluciniu oir fo bragit cech eich, LL 248a42 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v 29 ) = maellann, RC xxiv 143.24 . moaillind (muillind v.l.), ZCP iv 33.10 . Cf. maelchircul óir co clucinib fo bragit cech eich, TFerbe 14 (prob. the same thing; a circular disk?). di gabair cona n-allaib ┐ cona mullannaib oir ` frontlets ', Hib. Min. 73.7 . muilleann .i. cluigín; gona mullannaibh óir .i. gona cluigínibh oir a small bell (?), O'Cl.

maen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maen or dil.ie/31253

adj o, ā. dumb: maoin balbh, For. Foc. 34. maon .i. balbh, O'Cl. ? asbert in rígan: m.¤ ruc `I have borne a mute' (of an infant with a caul), IT iii 189.12 . machtnamh maon mute wonder, Measgra Dánta 59.9 . See also Maín.

maer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maer or dil.ie/31254

Forms: maor, moer

n o, m., later also ā f., d s. do maeir Cog. 48.20 , ZCP xlix-l 619 . (Lat. maior) maor, IGT Dec. § 96.6 .

(a) a steward of a king or prince, whose chief duty seems to have been to collect imposts; often coupled with `rechtaire'. m.¤ .i. brethemh, O'Dav. 1275 (a definition not supported by literature). araid mǽir saír . . . i n-iarthur in taige (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 29b13 = moer, YBL 149b1 . masa aen m.¤ ro huirdnedh acun righ, leth-eniclann in rig do, Laws v 74.24 Comm. maoir no rechtaire in ri iat-sidhe, ii 94.4 Comm. a maír ┐ a fhedmannaig oc crechad chaich (of a `tigerna tuaithe'), PH 7531. bó cach liss i Muman . . . ┐ mær dia tobach, Aisl. MC 57.12 . do ordaich rigu ┐ taisechu, maeru ┐ reachtairedu (of Imar the Danish leader), Cog. 48.12 . a maeir ┐ a rectairedha, 84.13 . maor í Dhomhnaill, FM iii 178. Gilla Crist . . . m.¤ Muman, AU 1072 ; 1073 (moer). ardmaer Oa Neill in deiscirt, 923 . ardmaer oca mbiat ill-tuatha, O'Dav. 1275. ardmhaor sluaigh `chief officer', FM vi 2024.1 . The steward or collector of dues attached to a monastery (or the col- lective monasteries of the same foundation): Feidilmidh abbas Cille M. et moer Breg o Phatraic (i.e. collector of P.'s dues in Bregia), AU 813. m.¤ muinteri Patraicc, 887 , cf. 893 . muna íocait . . . fri maoraibh Máodog, BNnÉ 248.10 . dobert- sat na Gaoidhil toirbearta . . . da maoraibh [sc. mainistre na Croiche naoimhe] ┐ da manchoibh, FM vi 2148.14 . (fig.) maor Dé, Ir. Monthly 1930, 516.28 (of St. Michael, common in relig. poetry). maor tobhaigh an Tighiorna, 514.7 . m.¤ na meidhe, 1929, 213.31 (see med).

(b) title given to the hereditary guardians of certain relics , see Plummer Vitae SS. Hib. i p. cxxix . Solamh hUa Mellan m.¤ Cluig in Udhacht[a] keeper of the Bell of the Testament, AU ii 502.15 (cf. FM iv 864 and see Trip. 120.11 fg.). ro beanadh an Chathach Coluim Cille . . . ┐ do marbadh a maér, iii 420.19 . muintir Mochain Chille hAthracht .i. maoir na Croisi Athracht, Hy Fiach. 40. mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 .

(c) of officials of antiquity: tria guth challaire no mair, PH 2608. ar Troe murnigh na mær, BB 52b21 . ro ordaigsett [Romáin] mair ┐ airrig for cendadachaib in domain do tabac[h] a cisa, CCath. 3225. at[h]arruch consul ┐ maer ┐ airrigh, 3214 . See méra and mórmaer.