lúascán

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Forms: loscán

n [o, m.] = lúasc. Also loscán (ló-?): a chíunuigheann luasgan na d-tonn the tossing of the waves, De Imit. 159.5 . seachain luasgán leamh an tsaoghail vacillation, 14.2 . In n.pr. Fearghus Luascán, BR 196.22 = BR² 156.1 (loscan, v.l.). losgan, O'Cl. Cf. luascán `a cradle', O'R.

lúascánacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúascánacht or dil.ie/30853

ind = lúascán: ag luasganacht anonn ┐ anall le gach smeidhe gaoithe, Luc. Fid.² 5722 . losgan .i. luasganacht no leanbaidheacht, O'Cl.

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. Con C. 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, Buile S. 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Ir. Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, Mac Carthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. Con C. 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, Arch. iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Met. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aon- tóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donl. 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na droch- smuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Met. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of lúaidid, q.v.

As subst. with prep. AR: luath ar exibh indse Cuind / as gach aird d'fhis Í Dhomhnuill the poets of Ireland hasten towards O'D., Ir. Texts ii 90 § 30 . luath ar an gcioth mheasdar mall the shower is early which is expected late(?), DDána 73.7 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Met. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists com- pounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaith- bhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luath- chleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúath- chuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luath- guinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab. 62.8 . luath- rainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', FM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', Sc. G. Stud. vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luath- aidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-ath- lomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. Finn ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC² 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick- striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Met. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. Con C. 82.19 .

2 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lúath or dil.ie/30855

n otter: peist danab ainm luath, BNnÉ 69 § 114 = luter marinus, V. SS. Hib. i 132.

? lúathaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? lúathaige or dil.ie/30856

ind ticfait . . . gaetha luathaige (in list of punishments for non-observance of Sunday), Ériu ii 196 § 10 n. 13 .

lúatha(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúatha(ig)id or dil.ie/30857

Forms: luathachadh, lúath(ug)ad

v (1 lúath). luathachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.6) .

(a) Intrans. hurries, makes haste, goes faster : gor' luathaigh a anal his breath grew swift, CCath. 2955. ? gilla nār lūaithigh re lā, ZCP viii 227 § 10. Usually with pred. introduced by prep.: lúathaigh ort, ainic misi make haste, Ériu ix 2 § 5. DDána 88.36 . lúathaigheadh ar a obair `let him . . . hasten his work', Is. v 19 . luathaighthear leat ar an luibh `make haste to get that herb', Eachtra Uill. 462 . ionnus go lúath- aighdís orra `that they dispatch them', RSClára 78b . is i an umhla . . . do luathaigh ar m'eiserghi, Smaointe B. Chr. 4204 . luathaiget . . . cosan láthair cédna cona comtinól, Caithr. Thoirdh. 101.11 . tairb . . . da ṅgialland a gal, da luathaigend a lunni, LL 243b5 `hurries him on', TTr. 1981. luathaigh diafégad, Fél.² cxiii 4 (1) , gl. marosellaib soimle, July 4 . luathaid cach lib do lathair all hasten hither with you, Ir. Texts ii 61 § 38 . tar Cruachain / ann sin do lúathaigh Dáolghus, Duan. Finn ii 8 § 25 . go luathadhan . . . ionnbhúr ndiaigh, Trompa na bhF. 6856 . ar síodh is leis do luathaigh / feis nuachair Ríogh an ríchidh `the wedding . . . hastened our peace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3. ? táinig crú Cais tar Chruachain / lais do luathaigh tú ar tráthaibh, IGT Verbs ex. 954. lúathaigh thoram, Ériu ix 10.127 .

(b) Trans. causes to hasten, accelerates, expedites : luathaigig si na haingil ithfirnd `expels hell's angels' (of hymnody), Lib. Hymn. 193.9 . luathaidh féin fear h'iomachair (poem addressed to a letter), Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 2 . roluathadh a chroidhe his heart beat more quickly. Buile S. 14.10 . is eadh luathaigis in cath / ferg mor ar h-ua A., MR 196.16 . do luathaig D. indebaid `hurried the attack', Celt. Rev. iv 210.10 . gach ni luataiges an gluasacht, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.22 . co luathaiginn ligin na cuislenn . . . in t-adbur cum a dileghtha, RC xlix 43.y . luathaigh chughainn dod chongnamh bean- nacht, Ó Bruad. i 46.7 . With láma quickens one's strokes, fights more vigorously : do luathaigedur a lama, Fier. 236 n. 13 . gur' fosuighedh troighthe ┐ gur' lúaithighed lámha, RC xxix 130.1 . roluathaig a lāma ┐ robrostaigh na béimenna, ZCP xiii 213.3 . Note also: ro leathsad ro luathaigsid a dhoirrsi eisdechta, LL 409b6 (see lúamnaigid).

Vn. lúath(ug)ad. Cf. lúaite.

lúathán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúathán or dil.ie/30858

ind luathan .i. en, Goid. 77 § 123 (Dúil Laithne).

lúathas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúathas or dil.ie/30859

x see lúas.

lúathchairchech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúathchairchech or dil.ie/30860

ind nip luatchaircech (in list of faults in a horse), O'C. 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20a ) `not foot-hairy', Plummer MS. notes, comparing luath `foot', O'R. (cf. 1 lúa).

lúathfasaig

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x see lúthbasach.

lúathgáir

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x etc. see lúthgáir, etc.