lúarda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúarda or dil.ie/30845

(lúar) adj. of vaguely pejorative meaning, perh. rough, grim, uncouth ; lethnaib, lúathaib, lúardaib lac (of an army), SR 6791 . ni ba glorach graigechda / luarda co lerggaib lasrach (of the Friday before resurrection of the dead), 8188 . co scretaib ┐ égmib luardaib `pitiable(?)', PH 8305. lēic ūait do lot[h]rad lūarda! / lēic do c[h]odlad is do c[h]aemda, ZCP vi 265 § 16 . trí teangtha liosda luardha `sluggish tongues', ML 120.6 . banscál nar luardha re a lind / máthair Chuana mheic Miodhairn, Ir. Texts iv 93.3 .

lúardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúardacht or dil.ie/30846

ind (lúarda): eochair liúda l.¤ , ZCP vi 270 § 11.

lúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúas or dil.ie/30847

Forms: lúais, lúais, lúasa, lúass

n [u and o, m.] (lúath). a d s. lúais, IT iii 81 § 58 (: gluais), SR 7938 (: uais), TBC 3374. m., g s. lúais and lúasa. IGT Decl. § 38 . an lúass , Abstr. Nouns § 63. Cf. luathas, Eochairsg. 60.14 .

Swiftness, speed : manbad a l.¤ tísa ammach had I not come out so quickly, LU 3771 ( SC 34 ). ro boí di l.¤ ind érma ronuc C. so rapidly did C. travel, LU 8573 ( FB 43 ). a gripe ┐ a luas dothet, RC iii 183.26 . tancatar in luas-sa, PH 6928 . i ll.¤ na gaithi like the wind, TBC 3795 . la ro luas retha na haine, Laws i 156.11 Comm . l.¤ for análaib panting, RC xxiv 382.2 . déana luas make haste, PBocht 27.43 . adhbhar luais, 26.4 . ní léire luas ná moille, O'Hara 3915 . luas cumscaithi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 16.2 . conach dechaidh aénfer beó ar thoradh luais ná lámhaigh by running or fighting, Comp. Con C. 120.10 . 'sgurb é luas a n-ech rug an marcshluagh as the host was saved by the fleetness of their horses, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 18.28 . ní tráth luais `thoughtlessness', A. O'Dálaigh xxvii 9 . Med. luas gaili flux of the bowels, O'Gr. Cat. 194.11 . luas an croidhe palpitation, C iv 2, 31 vb17 . In adv. phr. ar l.¤ swiftly, LU 8268 ( FB 21 ), Duan. Finn ii 172 § 17 . fó luas, Oss. iv 184.8 .

lúasat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúasat or dil.ie/30848

x see slúasat.

lúasc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúasc or dil.ie/30849

n [o, n.?] swinging motion, swaying, oscillation : luasc reliqua gl. oscillum, Sg. 46a5 (on interpretation of the Latin word see RC iv 332 ). fodosceirdi for lūasc lūamnig it' beōlu `with a swinging jerk', Aisl. MC 97.24 . Ferghus . . . / luidhes luasga lenbhaidhe, BR² 156.3 `who makes childish movements', 157 n.5 . don fhir luaidheas luasc `who talks mockingly (at random)', BR 198.6 . Of a type of versification: foglaim na dechmaide bliadna . . . coic luasca déc, IT iii 54 § 99 (see p. 114 , 118 ). Cf. lúascach, lúascad. teoir lúasca oir tara n-etna pendants(?), locks of hair(?), BDD 114 A (App.) ( RC xxii 398 ); cf. O'Dav. 1199 cited under lúascach.

lúascach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúascach or dil.ie/30850

adj o, ā (lúasc) swinging, waving; of mantles hanging freely (as oppd. to i forcipul, i filliud, see Shaw, Ériu xvi 202 - 4 ): .ix. mbroit glassa luascaig impu, LU 7634 ( BDD 119 ). tri bruit glaslúascacha impu, LU 7836 ( BDD 139 ). bratt dub luascach, TBC 5401 , 5499 . luascach .i. luasgadh, brat dubh luascach, ar luasgadh no ar tonnghail, O'Cl. In phr. laíd l.¤ a kind of versification: ar cach laígh cid luascach, gid laíg luiden- cosach, O'D. 1196 ( H.2.15, 80a ). incipit do laidh luascaígh, IT iii 87 § 100 . finit do laidh luascaidh, 88 § 102 . laidh luascach, § 101 . is aire na techtann debidhe imrind corranach arna rotomnaither co mbad laid luascach, 69 § 17 . lāid lūascach ainm na haitte ara n[d]ernad, Otia ii 78.13 . Precise meaning not clear in: oghbhuidhe a dath n-uile, fionnluasgach lí sula i mbí ina condull (of `laith'), Ériu xiii 40.27 . Note also: luascach .i. ciabach `hairy', O'Dav. 1199 (cf. BDD 114 cited under lúasc).

lúascad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúascad or dil.ie/30851

Forms: luasgadh

vn. of lúaiscid. luasgadh, IGT Verbs § 125 . act of swinging, waving, rocking : intan bis in gaeth aga luasgad, O'Dav. 1199 . gaoth . . . dá luasgadh nó dhá luadhaill, TSh. 879 . angcaire . . . do léigeann fúthaibh dá dtoirmeasg ar luasgadh, 2375 . tonna . . . ar luasgadh ┐ ar luadhaill, 7465 .

lúascán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúascán or dil.ie/30852

Forms: loscán

n [o, m.] = lúasc. Also loscán (ló-?): a chíunuigheann luasgan na d-tonn the tossing of the waves, De Imit. 159.5 . seachain luasgán leamh an tsaoghail vacillation, 14.2 . In n.pr. Fearghus Luascán, BR 196.22 = BR² 156.1 (loscan, v.l.). losgan, O'Cl. Cf. luascán `a cradle', O'R.

lúascánacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúascánacht or dil.ie/30853

ind = lúascán: ag luasganacht anonn ┐ anall le gach smeidhe gaoithe, Luc. Fid.² 5722 . losgan .i. luasganacht no leanbaidheacht, O'Cl.

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. Con C. 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, Buile S. 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Ir. Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, Mac Carthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. Con C. 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, Arch. iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Met. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aon- tóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donl. 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na droch- smuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Met. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of lúaidid, q.v.

As subst. with prep. AR: luath ar exibh indse Cuind / as gach aird d'fhis Í Dhomhnuill the poets of Ireland hasten towards O'D., Ir. Texts ii 90 § 30 . luath ar an gcioth mheasdar mall the shower is early which is expected late(?), DDána 73.7 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Met. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists com- pounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaith- bhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luath- chleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúath- chuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luath- guinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab. 62.8 . luath- rainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', FM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', Sc. G. Stud. vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luath- aidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-ath- lomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. Finn ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC² 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick- striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Met. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. Con C. 82.19 .

2 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lúath or dil.ie/30855

n otter: peist danab ainm luath, BNnÉ 69 § 114 = luter marinus, V. SS. Hib. i 132.