lochánach

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adj o, ā (lochán) abounding in little lakes: Cliu ḟliuch lochanach, RC xliv 160 § 65.

lochar

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n (perh. back-formation from lochraid) rent, tear; spoliation: ó mhac R. rún gan l.¤ , Ó Bruad. i 94.11 (`faultless darling'). lochar .i. leadrad, Ó Neachtain cited Aen. Glossary.

lochargan

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x see luchorp.

lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann or dil.ie/30448

Forms: lóchrann, luacharnn

n (Lat. lucerna, with length of vowel perh. influenced by lóchet; but see Ped. i 122 ). Mid. Ir. lóchrann occurs first in LU. Early declension ā, f., later also o, m.

(a) lamp, light, lantern : luacharn .i. lochrann, no solas, O'Cl. lucarn gl. lucernam, ZCP viii 174.9 . ro ir dom . . . .x. fidchella fri luacharna lassrad, Ériu ii 5.5 (luachairnae, v.l.). amail difuarcoib lōc[h]rann a soillse a tégdois dorc[h]a, ZCP iii 452.3 . amal in lochairnn n-affraicdai gl. quasi lanterna punica, Sg. 24a16 . ignis efulgens quod apud graecos dicitur λαμπ(νρ)ος .i. luacharnn , 47a9 cf. ÉC xi 107. gin lócharne, Fél. Apr. 22 (locharna, locharn, v.ll.), glossed .i. ós lampadis. fumda locharna laiss, ZCP viii 564.14 rhet. (fomta . . . lass, v.l.). lūacharnd . . . a lucerna , Corm. Y 828 (luacharnn, locharn, v.ll.). imar bad lócrand lánsolusta, LU 6556 ( TBC² 2041 ). leth-sét a lochran do andadh fair, O'D. 511 ( H. 3.17, 415 ); acc. to Comm. a penalty for kindling a light so as to disturb the chief after he has retired to rest. Cf. samaisc isin caindill do adhannadh iar codladh, no iar ndul do luighi cheana, O'D. 521 ( H. 3.17 423 ). lassamna do lochairn, LL 343g30 = lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.5 . tucsat athennedha tenedh ┐ lócharnda lasamhna leó, CCath. 1897 . a mheic dar cumadh an chros / 'na lóchrann sheasmhach sholas, DDána 65.7 . co tapraib ┐ locrannaibh, Grail 2797 . dá lóchrann ar nach luigh smál (moon and sun), Dán Dé xxvii 10 . lóchrainn ag lasadh 'nar lámhaibh (lucernae), TSh. 8579.

(b) Fig. of persons: in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig . . . iarthar mbetha .i. sanctus Patricius, Arch. iii 8.5 . Ródan lócharn Lothrai, Fél. Apr. 15 . is īatt so na lochranna / da lasfatt Laighin (of three saints), ZCP viii 110.16 . rocho- marleicc lochairnd ríg . . . dia síl son an illustrious king, PH 4250 . Niall Naoighiallach . . . / lóchrann Alban is Éireann, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 276.128 . lóchrainn oinigh Éireann Cuinn, DDána 102.2 . Of the Blessed Virgin: lóchrann ó bhfuighbheam eolas, DDána 49.3 . Of the saints: is iat locharna atberair sund .i. ainimme na noem ┐ na ḟirén . . . locharna sin tened ┐ lassar: locharn tened . . . isin deirc . . . locharn lassar . . . i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5859 - 60 .

lócharnach

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adj o, ā (lóchrann) bright, shining : flaithem nime lócharnaig `resplendent', Thes. ii 303.4 ( .i. solusta).

lochartha

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x , -dasee lochairthe.

Lochlann

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pn see Lothlainn.

Lochlannach

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adj o, ā (Lochlann) Norse ; as subst. pn Norseman; person of Norse descent: a manáis lethanglas . . . l.¤ , Fianaig. 84.34 . tuaga troma . . . Lochlannacha, Cog. 162.9 . na lann laingér . . . L.¤ `Scandinavian', CCath. 5246 . fri Frangcaib ┐ fri Lochlannaib, 1308 (loch- lannacaibh, v.l.). Eoan Lochlandach a hInsib hOrc, FM ii 1184.13 . nach ainm cinnte chinidh san bhioth do réir na Gaedhilge Lochlonnaigh, acht is ionann Lochlonnach ré rádh is duine láidir ar fairrge; óir is ionann lonn is láidir ┐ is ionann loch is fairrge, Keat. iii 2460. (of people of the Hebrides) Lochlannaigh is ármuinn iad CMCS xxxiv 33 § 3 . For use in wider sense of warrior, giant see Proc. Intern. Congress of Celt. Stud. 1959, 94 - 7 .

lochor

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ind (see ad-tluichethar): `arco', l.¤ do Dia a dul, Met. Gl. p. 31 § 1. Cf. arco fuin dom Dīa .i. adlochur, Corm. Y 20.

lochrad

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vn. of lochraid. injury, spoliation : ropo mag scothach fo scí / co fúair l.¤ lind-usci, Met. Dinds. iii 450.4 (locrac, lochan, lochlán, v.ll.). do luibib . . . nach leictis lobud no l.¤ dona corpaib ima cuirtis, TTebe 2212 (luaithredh, v.l.). ? lott quasi lot unde dicitur lotrad i.e. lothrad .i. lott aris lott do mnái in merdrechus, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 27 . luchrad na laech, BB 56a48 . Cf. also: acht l.¤ inim nadmaim / ni geb m'anmain dot madmaim, Anecd. i 10.22 ( Sc. Cano 321 ). Cf. lothrugud.

lochraid

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v (cf. Lat. lacerare) despoils, injures : ra lochrad in chraeb (sc. Loegaire Luirc) cen chol / la Cobthach, LL 15027 ( MacCarthy 184.11 ) = do lothradh, BB 47a38 . is dar cend lúage locherthair lemsa co lluath é, LL 10328 ( TBC 3346 ). LL 10337 ( TBC 3356 ) (leiterthar, v.l.). Cf lothraigid.