1 lí

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Forms: li, li, líi, lii, líi, li, liga, líthe, lighthe, dhali, liga, liga, lig, ligaib, líg, líd

n orig. perh. g, but freq. indecl. in s. and du.; l.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 98 , 99 ; cf. li n-aimbi, Auraic. 5540 , li ambi, 1170 . n s. líi, Wb. 12b 5 . Thes. ii 250.11 . lii, RC xvii 148.18 (Tig). li, Auraic. 1170. a s. líi, Corm. Y 37. li, Ériu ii 15 § 2. g s. l.¤ , SR 6883. liga, Laws i 150.10 . líthe (lighthe MS.), O'R. Poems 3358. d s. l.¤ , Wb. 15a21 . LU 9501. g du. dhali, CF 1002. n p. liga, Corm. Y 799. a p. liga, Im. Brain 40 . Airne F. 209 . g p. lig, Hail Brigit 2 . d p. ligaib, SR 439. n s. líg of glossaries is probably not an old n. but has been abstracted from compds. or oblique cases; n s. líd of Trip. ii 552.6 is perh. for l.¤

Beauty, lustre, glory

(a) in general meaning: ar l.¤ gl. propter gloriam, Wb. 15a21 . ho l.¤ gl. decore, Ml. 37b9 . líi grene `the sun's brightness', Thes. ii 250.11 . líí .i. taithnem, O'Dav. 1197 . lig .i. maisi, Lec. Gl. 66 . co na l.¤ .i. cona taithnemh, H. 2.15, 72 (O'Don. Suppl.). a brat lig, Hail Brigit 20 . bid cach sluag . . . / lánaib do ligaib fofeib / do sidaib, do sonmigeib, SR 439 . ni ro fhuilngsetar na suili peccthacha sella[d] frisna liga nōiba, Ériu ii 122.4 . in delb rola a mathair .i. Uenir, o li serce ina ghnuis `with love's splendour', Aen. 350 . indiu is forderg a lii (of a place), RC xvii 148.18 (Tig.). atá sunna sét co l.¤ / fotán tiri tairngirí `a shining treasure', Met. Dinds. iv 166.53 . nó co mbad Fea an ainm ┐ li oni ba laind le ina faca, Dinds. 12 (Mag Lifi). l.¤ crotha `beauty of form', Auraic. 5662 . a comlond lig lumnech lenn, ZCP xi 109 § 13 . do chongain líga a lann lib (: sída) (`whetting'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 38.33 . l.¤ an toighe `splendour', TD 11.24 . do-bhéaruise . . . / l.¤ an smóil ar geiltighibh Gall `the hue of embers', 27.147 . lúirech lonn ar l.¤ n-airgid, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 98.142 . l.¤ an óir ar a húrmháille, 144 .

For phrase l.¤ súla attractive sight (lit. `bright- ness of the sun', O'Rahilly Early Ir. Hist. & Myth. 58 n.4 ) see súil. Note also: dobudh fo li liomsa sin that would please me (?), ZCP x 281. 15 (= ? fó l.¤ good splendour (?), but see fó líth s.v. 1 fó). l.¤ .i. lainn no toil, O'Dav. 1157. For ligaib, SR 7874 see lígda.

(b) Of persons beauty, (beautiful) complexion, splendour, appearance: ré taoibh amban, caomh a l.¤ , TBC 6118 . nocha maith ata do li, Anecd. i 21.4 . garb a ll.¤ , MU² 431 . rograd fir alathire / romsiacht . . . / rucc mo li, ni lor do dath, Ériu ii 15 § 2 . Fionn . . . go l.¤ ccroth `of ruddy complexion', Duan. Finn ii 16 § 5 . meic Néill Fhrasaigh, . . . / do leasoigh l.¤ na ndaoineadh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 276.108 . gidh dubh anocht mo l.¤ , Duan. Finn ii 64.20 . l.¤ gruaidheadh ndonn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 216.48 . braoi . . . ar l.¤ na subh, TD 40.15 . Of flushing of face of person satirized: ní fhuil l.¤ mh'imdheargtha ort, Aithd. D. 34.16 .

(c) With co and FO in adj. phr. brilliant, beautiful (often mere cheville): fúaim co ll.¤ , LU 3755 . atchonnarc láechu co ll.¤ , 3761 ( SC 34 ). ar tri do rannsat an sluagh / . . . trian im Laignib con a li `a third of brilliant Leinstermen', Celt. Rev. iv 214.30 . gan mo spéis a cceól go l.¤ `I am heedless of rich melody', Duan. Finn ii 18 § 10 . triar fer ar caeccait fo l.¤ (.i. ar a mbaoi degghne) `well-complexioned', Leb. Gab. 16.8 ( BB 22a51 ). is cian scarsu fri eochu / fri carpat foa l.¤ , LU 9501. boi fó a l.¤ ┐ fó bláth cach datha (leg. fo áilli?), 10792 (fó a ile, Ériu xii 174 § 1 ). detgein némanda fo l.¤ , IT i 80.15 .

(d) In contexts denoting change of colour or complexion in death colour, pallor : is cosmail fri líi bais ar baini, or na bi ni do dergge and quasi exsangis mortus , Corm. Y 37 . millfet l.¤ th'aigthe . . . `I will mar the colour of thy face' (i.e. `I will kill thee', note), Met. Dinds iii 62.99 . ní thardda l.¤ tassi form `may it not put the colour of a corpse on me', Thes. ii 352.18 . l.¤ n-aimbí .i. li mairb `hue of the lifeless' name of willow-tree (sail) or letter s in the Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin, Auraic. 5540 . claochloidhfidh do laochuibh l.¤ , ITS v 122. y . adbath gan locht a l.¤ dhe, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 20.33 .

In n. pr. L.¤ Ban `Beauty of Women', wife of Labraid Lúathlám ar Claideb, LU 3354 ( SC 14 ) etc.

In chevilles: leri líí, SR 7019 . cen lunni l.¤ , SR 6883 . l.¤ gan locht, O'R. Poems 3131.

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. Earlier composition-form líg-, later lí-.

(a) With nouns: ? ¤both: ordugud inna ligboth `ordering of the colours', Ériu ii 104. 24 . di cheolaib ┐ ligbothaib ind nim `of the melodies and bright abodes in heaven', 132.16 , cf. 106.14 , 142.28 . ¤búaid resplendent triumph: cona uilib fochraiccib ┐ ligbuadaib, LB 74c23 . ¤dath beauteous colour : glaisiu cach ligdath, Ériu ii 110.3 . atá . . . adhbur eile ann do bláthaibh ┐ do lídhathaib, RC xxiv 370.25 . ¤derc bright eye : córrmho- gail lóghmhara (leg. loghmhar a?) lídhearc, Hackett xxxix 250 . ¤drong: ba lúam cech líg-druing, Met. Dinds. ii 26.7 . ¤ḟlaith: il-lígḟlatha lestur `in the vessel of the beautiful realm', Fél. Ep. 22 . ¤gile: taise a learg sa líghile, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 4 . ¤luib fair herb; fig. of person: braon don ríoghfhuil . . ./ . . . ar líoluibh lubhghorta, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 147.32 . ¤mag: documnet inna ligmuigi `that traverse the bright plains', Ériu ii 128.8 . ¤néll bright cloud, bright sheen : lí-néll, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 185.148 . ¤scrisad destruction of splendour : mo lá léin lead- artha leagaithe is líscriosta (líghsgriosta v.l.), Hackett xx 6 . ¤ṡruth fair stream : dha ghéis líoghshrotha leac bhfionn, O'R. Poems 2803 . ¤thorad bright produce : in mbile cona ligthoirthib, Ériu ii 120.30 . ¤thorba bright fruit : ni frith fri ligthorba /acht in ficomna, SR 1361.

(b) With adjj.: ¤bratánach bright-mantled: for ligbratanach Line (applied to Cú Chulainn), RC xiv 398 § 1. Cf. a lígbrataig Life, LU 8145 ( FB 11 ). ¤doilbthe of magical brilliance: fionnráith . . . líodhoilfe (lioghfhoirfe, v.l.), LBranach 471 . ¤daithte: le héudaighibh sáimhe ┐ líodhaithe mollibus vestimentis et coloratis, Rial. SF. 1391 . ¤gel of bright colour : o Ghaillimh na líog lí-gheal, E. O'Rahilly 22.6 . a eachtra fan fhiort lígeal `his sojourn neath the white tomb', PBocht 21.8 . ¤glan of unspotted beauty: a dhreach líoghlan, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 191.38 . ¤mas brightly beautiful : uisce lerga ligmaise (`many-coloured'), Ériu ii 56 § 8 . ¤oll of great beauty : aonach lebar ligoll, ZCP xiii 8.12 .

2 lí

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n praise (in etymological glosses on word fili): fili .i. fi a n-aoras ┐ li a mmolas, Corm. Y 600 = fili .i. fí anaer ┐ l.¤ amolad in fili, Corm. 20 . fi-li .i. fi fora aeir ┐ li forae molad. No lifial, O'Mulc. 537 . l.¤ molad, Met. Gl. Eg. 14 . l.¤ .i. molad, Lec. Gl. 529 (M 328) . filidh .i. . . . fi ani aerais, ┐ li ani molais, Auraic. 669 , 3308 . file .i. fi a oumna ┐ li a danu fair, 3311 ( = Laws iv 358.7 Comm .). Cf. fi oulc ┐ li maith, Auraic. 3312 . lai .i. molad, ZCP v 486.4 (B. na f.).

3 lí

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ind .i. muir, O'Cl.

?4 lí

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ind ( = 1 lí?): molt feissi cet do chuir con a líí, O'C. 880 ( H.3. 18, 394 ). i ngait . . . do chairech .i. cen li no cen iuir without fleece (?) or without fat, Laws i 170.10 Comm . cauru co l.¤ , Laws i 122.11 .

? 5 lí

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n truagh nachar chláidhis in l.¤ `pity thou hast not dug the tomb', Duan. Finn i 57.30 . For 1 lía?

1 lía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lía or dil.ie/30096

Forms: lie, lie, liae, liaa, liic, liaic, liic, lia, liacc, liac, liic, lic, léig, lieic, liic, lic, legga, liaga, líac, leagaibh, liic, leag, líog, lie

n (orig. disyll., see Otia ii 86.y , Met. Dinds iii 116.100 . Later monosyll., LL 6365 , Duan. Finn ii 78.48 ). nk, m. (later occasionally f., see below). l.¤ m. (as vocalic stem), IGT Decl. § 108. n s. lie, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . in lie , Wb. 4d16 . Fél. Ep. 14 (dissyll.), O'Mulc. 247. liae, Laws i 124.18 . liaa, TBC² 1230. a s. liic, LU 5365. liaic, TBC² 3004. liic (in place-name), LL 6365. lia, Acall. 867. g s. liacc, Wb. 4d15 . liac, Sg. 22b10 . Ml. 131c9 . d s. liic, Fél. Oct. 5 (dissyll.). liac, Sg. 65a1 (perhaps scribal error, see Strachan, Paradigms and Glosses 4th ed. p. 148 , 209 ). lic (liic, LU 5367 ), TBC² 891. léig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.28 . n p. lieic, Sg. 18b7 . liic, Ériu viii 156.26 . lic, ib. a p. legga, LL 227a33 ( TTr. 741 ). liaga, TSh. 9455. g p. líac, LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). d p. leagaibh, CRR² 16. n du. in da liic , LU 4928. Note also: ar do lia luim (: chong- bhuim), IGT Decl. ex. 1805 . This is (hesitantly) condemned as `lochdach', but may be an example of the usage described by O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 , iv 102 . Fem. gender is, however, supported by: is líag fhīorbhúadhach eiséin (with alliteration), O'R. Poems 2987 , cf. 2990 . On the late n s. leag (lec, AU ii 174.9 etc.) see Bergin, Ériu xii 217. See also Duan. Finn iii Gloss. s.v. líog.

Stone.

(a) In general meaning: lie . . . lapis , Corm. Y 810. lie uilnech gl. angularis lapis, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . lia brec ┐ lia find ┐ lia dub (used in ordeals), Laws v 472. 19 Comm . a mbeith amail comorba liacc their being like the inheritor of a stone, O'C. 249 ( H.3. 18, 144 ). cur liac putting the stone (`putting stones'), RC ix 454.18 .

(b) Various specific meanings. Whetstone : lia gl. cos, Sg. 67b12 . lieic gl. cotes, 18b7 . cotibus .i. lecib, Thes. ii 47.17 . cotut .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . aithigud ar n-iarnd fri liic, Trip. 218.18 ( Trip.² 2592 ). bla liac limad (.i. slan don ti limus in scin risin lic, Comm.) grinding is exemption of a stone (i.e. the owner of a grindstone is exempt from penalty for accidental damage during grinding), Laws iii 294.20 , 21 . imbleith for lig, v 484.3 . mor sleg . . . ro limtha risin lia, Acall. 4495.

Upper millstone; millstone : im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond: topur . . . liae, mol, indeoin . . . `for the eight parts which constitute (lit. serve) the mill . . . the stone, the shaft, the supporting stone' .i. . . . in cloch iachtair, Laws i 124.18 , 140.17 Comm . im denum liacc bron, 184.11 . imrethed ima cuairt amal licc muilind, RC ix 470.16 . Cf. 1 mol.

Standing stone, pillar-stone, usually of a memorial stone, one marking place of death or burial; Ogham-stone: tir . . . a claetar poll i curtar lia `land . . . where a hole is made, where a stone is put', Laws iv 6.12 . cladar a fert . . . sátir a lia, LU 5704 ( = liaa, TBC² 1230 ). ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim ┐ doringned duma immon licc, TFerbe 757 . co ro chlaidhter mo ḟertsa lat ┐ co clantar mo lia that my grave may be dug by thee and my stone planted (i.e. set in the ground), Rawl. 130b28 . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the pillar, LU 3284 . ogum i lia, lia uas lecht, IT i 158.10 . tri lic . . . niathbuidne ┐ tri liic lathbuidne, Ériu viii 156.26 = sé coirthi cloichi, 15 . na mairbh . . . gan lia ná leacht ós a gcionn, TSh. 5761. Hence in later lang. in sense of grave, tomb (cf. lecc, lecht): do-chuadhais fan líg `thou didst enter the grave', Dán Dé ix 18 . [san] lia 'n-a éanar gan óidh / ní sgéaradh re Dia dá deoin, PBocht 13.18 . In: is hé ro sáith in lia lom, Duan. Finn ii 78.48 , where lia corresponds to v s. líog in 47 , it is not clear whether a flat or upright stone is meant. Note also: co talaid a anmain as for a beolu i richt lici, Anecd. i 10.16 (confused with lecc, cf. lia, 13 , lie, 19 ). atá ben Lóith ina lícc ṡalainn, Maund. 93.

Of a stone used as a landmark: see l. cloiche below. crich incoisce ail adrada . . . no crann, no líg a district which a stone of worship . . . or a tree or a standing stone (`flag') marks, Laws iv 142.17 Comm . crich íncoisce comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag, 144.4 Comm . Of a milestone: isin treas lícc on chathraigh E., BB 207b24 ( = lapide tertio, Nenn., see Todd Nenn. 70 n .). Equated with carraic: coronesart 'moan cairric, conid marb and. Unde Lia Lind- gadan, Dinds. 119.

Note also: lec an arain lapisfulta, O'Don. Suppl.

(c) With adj. or defining gen. l.¤ cloiche. In some exx. perhaps stone pillar: rosuigid . . . lia cloichi cóicdruimneach i fír-mullach Uisnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . tuc a lám ar lia cloiche ro bói a slis in dúnaid, Acall. 2175 . liaga cloch do dhenamh d'echaibh righ Uludh the turning of the King of U.'s steeds into pillarstones (`flagstones'), Lism. L. 2875 . do chruinniughadh a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch 'n-a seasamh i nÉirinn, Keat. ii 3504 (corresp. to cach coirthi . . . , Ériu ii 22.16 ). an líog chomhthrom chloicheise (of the tomb of Christ), DDána 20.42 . do ním líga cloch / dia feraibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.17 . lia láime missile-stone, slingstone : lia laime druth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 . fácbaid . . . / liic (sic leg.) laime cech láech-fhir, Met. Dinds. iii 116.100 . ro gabadh . . . dib . . . di liagaib lam, CCath. 3150 . l.¤ telma slingstone : srethis liic telma boí ina láim fair, LU 5875 = TBC² 1406 . fucaird L. . . . liic talma do, RC xii 100 § 135 . l.¤ lógmar precious stone, see lógmar.

Of the Lía Fáil Stone of Destiny , see 5 fál.

In names of mosses or fungus: co ndath losa líac, LL 6782 . ropo chomhderg a haiged ┐ corcair líac Laigen, Ériu iv 104.52 . samalta ra corcair lossa liac . . . a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU² 589 ; luss liac `foxglove', Watson). See corcur, lus.

Compds. ¤aidne, see 2 aidne. ¤delgg, ZCP xxii 74.3 . liagdhealg .i. dealg in a mbí liag loghmar, no cloch úasal, O'Cl. liagh-delg óir, BB 260b 62 . da liaig-delgg n-iairn ina mbrutt (`two spoon-shaped brooches of iron'), ZCP xviii 297.6 .

2 lía

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Forms: lie, liae, lia[i]bh

n Earlier lie, liae. Prob. io, n., cf. tóla, tuile (orig. nt, Thurn. ZCP xii 288 , comparing We. lliant). Perh. orig. dissyll., cf. liaa: Iáa, ZCP xii 394 § 29. Vn. of *linaid ( Ped. ii 566 ). d p. lia[i]bh, CCath. 2113.

Flood, spate .

(a) Of sea, rivers, rainwater: is gnath lie i n-aibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81c3 . i Slán . . . / nisgaibed tart na liae (: gniae) `neither drought nor flood used to seize it', Thes. ii 315.29 . co llínad tola ┐ lia husqui less a muime, Trip.² 113 . taeidiu chorrach. / ar ur na cairrgi is lia, Acall. 2674 . lia mór . . . co roacht an t-uisce Less nAbaidh, FM ii 598.10 . ic Luchraib Lia, ZCP ii 246 § 15 (in n. p. 407 Thurn. prefers to print ic l.l.¤ `beim glanze der Flut' = `am Meeresstrand'). ? ferr co tora liagh ler tonnaigh (ferr co taire liaigh lerthonnaig v.l.) better that he reach the flood of the sea waves (?), O'Dav. 1583 . lia .i. fleachadh, O'Cl. lia .i. tuile, ib. Of a spring: lia uiscce anaichnidh do mheabhsain a ttaobh sléibhe Cualann, FM i 510.1 .

(b) Of human blood: gur chuir a chraidhi na lia dubhḟola tar a bhél, Acall. 1739 . cor theilg braen fola . . . ┐ lia(th) dubhfhola tar a bhel, CF 208 . fulradh a craidhi ina lia[i]bh dubhḟola, CCath. 2113. ? i n-agat laīch līu i lles 'where warriors drive floods (?) into the courtyard' Ériu lx 103 .

3 lía

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x see il.

4 lía

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x see la.

5 lía

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n .i. [ḟ]liuchderc, O'Dav. 1166 (explanation of name Leah: Lia lippis erat oculis, Gen. xxix 17 ).

6 lía

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ind mainly in glossaries and perhaps based on a misunder- standing of subj. pres. 1 and 3 s. of lenaid, q.v. lia .i. comarba, ut est lia an Athgno Aithirni .i. roba comarba d'Athgno iar fir Aithirne, O'Dav. 1165 (see Ériu xiii 21 ). lia .i. mac, with same example as above, O'C. 1369 ( H.3.18,625 ). Cf. lía .i. muc, O'Cl. imad uisci, ut est g[o] lia ina linn laithrech, O'Dav. 1166 = gach eó ina linn laithrech, Ériu xiii 32.