lex-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lex- or dil.ie/30087

Forms: lex-áos

adj lex-áos `idle-folk', Mon. Tall. 148.18 . Cf. Ducange, s.v. 1 lexa .

léx

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léx or dil.ie/30088

n m. (Lat. lex)

(a) the law, esp. the civil law; a law: oir adeir in l.¤ : qui in possessione (sic leg.) est, O'D. 624 ( H. 3.17, 463 ). O'C. 2250 ( Eg. 88, 18a ). ata lex ┐ canóin da dhearbhadh civil and canon law, O'C. 2307 ( Eg. 88 23b ). Adhomnan tuc recht lecsa i nErind, RC xvii 215. 16 (Tig.) (ref. to the so-called lex innocentium, AU an. 697 ). ardmaighistir dlighid nua ┐ sen dlighedh, hi l.¤ ┐ a canoin in Civil and Canon Law, ALC i 600.y . go roibi lēx ag na Rōmānchaib gan neach . . . do bāsugadh . . . , Fl. Earls 212.29 . fear cogaidh a n-aghuidh Chríosd bhrisios a léaxa, Mac Aingil² 699 . a n-aimsir léxa na ngrás (i.e. after the redemption), 590 . 'nar choimhéduis léxa ┐ sttatúide th'uachdarán cilli ┐ tuaithi, 3285 .

(b) chanting in unison : co cualatar . . . gáir móir ┐ l.¤ amal bid oc cetol salm no bethe `chant', RC ix 492.13 (ICM). co festais cia gair no cia l.¤ rochúalatar, 15 . fri gein Críst co ṅóigi / tindscan lechsa léri `begin pious chants', Fél. Nov. 14 (lexa, lexu, v.ll.). In phr. for l.¤ `to music', in unison: o ro chriochnaighthior . . . na tri Hymnum for l.¤ `sung to music', Rule of Tall. 52.14 (§ 91) . issed canir leisim . . . auis aue for l.¤ `He sings Averte faciem to a chant', Mon. Tall. 131.12 .

léxaidecht

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n (léx) chanting(?): exarcistid .i. . . . cethra uird lais .i. liachtain, aurlégend ┐ lexaidecht ┐ comet screptra, O'D. 921 ( H. 3.17, 655 ).

léxaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léxaire or dil.ie/30090

Forms: lexaire

n (léx) lawyer: lexaire gl. legista, Ir. Gl. 11.

1 lí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lí or dil.ie/30091

Forms: li, li, líi, lii, líi, li, liga, líthe, lighthe, dhali, liga, liga, lig, ligaib, líg, líd

n orig. perh. g, but freq. indecl. in s. and du.; l.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 98 , 99 ; cf. li n-aimbi, Auraic. 5540 , li ambi, 1170 . n s. líi, Wb. 12b 5 . Thes. ii 250.11 . lii, RC xvii 148.18 (Tig). li, Auraic. 1170. a s. líi, Corm. Y 37. li, Ériu ii 15 § 2. g s. l.¤ , SR 6883. liga, Laws i 150.10 . líthe (lighthe MS.), O'R. Poems 3358. d s. l.¤ , Wb. 15a21 . LU 9501. g du. dhali, CF 1002. n p. liga, Corm. Y 799. a p. liga, Im. Brain 40 . Airne F. 209 . g p. lig, Hail Brigit 2 . d p. ligaib, SR 439. n s. líg of glossaries is probably not an old n. but has been abstracted from compds. or oblique cases; n s. líd of Trip. ii 552.6 is perh. for l.¤

Beauty, lustre, glory

(a) in general meaning: ar l.¤ gl. propter gloriam, Wb. 15a21 . ho l.¤ gl. decore, Ml. 37b9 . líi grene `the sun's brightness', Thes. ii 250.11 . líí .i. taithnem, O'Dav. 1197 . lig .i. maisi, Lec. Gl. 66 . co na l.¤ .i. cona taithnemh, H. 2.15, 72 (O'Don. Suppl.). a brat lig, Hail Brigit 20 . bid cach sluag . . . / lánaib do ligaib fofeib / do sidaib, do sonmigeib, SR 439 . ni ro fhuilngsetar na suili peccthacha sella[d] frisna liga nōiba, Ériu ii 122.4 . in delb rola a mathair .i. Uenir, o li serce ina ghnuis `with love's splendour', Aen. 350 . indiu is forderg a lii (of a place), RC xvii 148.18 (Tig.). atá sunna sét co l.¤ / fotán tiri tairngirí `a shining treasure', Met. Dinds. iv 166.53 . nó co mbad Fea an ainm ┐ li oni ba laind le ina faca, Dinds. 12 (Mag Lifi). l.¤ crotha `beauty of form', Auraic. 5662 . a comlond lig lumnech lenn, ZCP xi 109 § 13 . do chongain líga a lann lib (: sída) (`whetting'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 38.33 . l.¤ an toighe `splendour', TD 11.24 . do-bhéaruise . . . / l.¤ an smóil ar geiltighibh Gall `the hue of embers', 27.147 . lúirech lonn ar l.¤ n-airgid, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 98.142 . l.¤ an óir ar a húrmháille, 144 .

For phrase l.¤ súla attractive sight (lit. `bright- ness of the sun', O'Rahilly Early Ir. Hist. & Myth. 58 n.4 ) see súil. Note also: dobudh fo li liomsa sin that would please me (?), ZCP x 281. 15 (= ? fó l.¤ good splendour (?), but see fó líth s.v. 1 fó). l.¤ .i. lainn no toil, O'Dav. 1157. For ligaib, SR 7874 see lígda.

(b) Of persons beauty, (beautiful) complexion, splendour, appearance: ré taoibh amban, caomh a l.¤ , TBC 6118 . nocha maith ata do li, Anecd. i 21.4 . garb a ll.¤ , MU² 431 . rograd fir alathire / romsiacht . . . / rucc mo li, ni lor do dath, Ériu ii 15 § 2 . Fionn . . . go l.¤ ccroth `of ruddy complexion', Duan. Finn ii 16 § 5 . meic Néill Fhrasaigh, . . . / do leasoigh l.¤ na ndaoineadh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 276.108 . gidh dubh anocht mo l.¤ , Duan. Finn ii 64.20 . l.¤ gruaidheadh ndonn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 216.48 . braoi . . . ar l.¤ na subh, TD 40.15 . Of flushing of face of person satirized: ní fhuil l.¤ mh'imdheargtha ort, Aithd. D. 34.16 .

(c) With co and FO in adj. phr. brilliant, beautiful (often mere cheville): fúaim co ll.¤ , LU 3755 . atchonnarc láechu co ll.¤ , 3761 ( SC 34 ). ar tri do rannsat an sluagh / . . . trian im Laignib con a li `a third of brilliant Leinstermen', Celt. Rev. iv 214.30 . gan mo spéis a cceól go l.¤ `I am heedless of rich melody', Duan. Finn ii 18 § 10 . triar fer ar caeccait fo l.¤ (.i. ar a mbaoi degghne) `well-complexioned', Leb. Gab. 16.8 ( BB 22a51 ). is cian scarsu fri eochu / fri carpat foa l.¤ , LU 9501. boi fó a l.¤ ┐ fó bláth cach datha (leg. fo áilli?), 10792 (fó a ile, Ériu xii 174 § 1 ). detgein némanda fo l.¤ , IT i 80.15 .

(d) In contexts denoting change of colour or complexion in death colour, pallor : is cosmail fri líi bais ar baini, or na bi ni do dergge and quasi exsangis mortus , Corm. Y 37 . millfet l.¤ th'aigthe . . . `I will mar the colour of thy face' (i.e. `I will kill thee', note), Met. Dinds iii 62.99 . ní thardda l.¤ tassi form `may it not put the colour of a corpse on me', Thes. ii 352.18 . l.¤ n-aimbí .i. li mairb `hue of the lifeless' name of willow-tree (sail) or letter s in the Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin, Auraic. 5540 . claochloidhfidh do laochuibh l.¤ , ITS v 122. y . adbath gan locht a l.¤ dhe, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 20.33 .

In n. pr. L.¤ Ban `Beauty of Women', wife of Labraid Lúathlám ar Claideb, LU 3354 ( SC 14 ) etc.

In chevilles: leri líí, SR 7019 . cen lunni l.¤ , SR 6883 . l.¤ gan locht, O'R. Poems 3131.

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. Earlier composition-form líg-, later lí-.

(a) With nouns: ? ¤both: ordugud inna ligboth `ordering of the colours', Ériu ii 104. 24 . di cheolaib ┐ ligbothaib ind nim `of the melodies and bright abodes in heaven', 132.16 , cf. 106.14 , 142.28 . ¤búaid resplendent triumph: cona uilib fochraiccib ┐ ligbuadaib, LB 74c23 . ¤dath beauteous colour : glaisiu cach ligdath, Ériu ii 110.3 . atá . . . adhbur eile ann do bláthaibh ┐ do lídhathaib, RC xxiv 370.25 . ¤derc bright eye : córrmho- gail lóghmhara (leg. loghmhar a?) lídhearc, Hackett xxxix 250 . ¤drong: ba lúam cech líg-druing, Met. Dinds. ii 26.7 . ¤ḟlaith: il-lígḟlatha lestur `in the vessel of the beautiful realm', Fél. Ep. 22 . ¤gile: taise a learg sa líghile, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 4 . ¤luib fair herb; fig. of person: braon don ríoghfhuil . . ./ . . . ar líoluibh lubhghorta, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 147.32 . ¤mag: documnet inna ligmuigi `that traverse the bright plains', Ériu ii 128.8 . ¤néll bright cloud, bright sheen : lí-néll, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 185.148 . ¤scrisad destruction of splendour : mo lá léin lead- artha leagaithe is líscriosta (líghsgriosta v.l.), Hackett xx 6 . ¤ṡruth fair stream : dha ghéis líoghshrotha leac bhfionn, O'R. Poems 2803 . ¤thorad bright produce : in mbile cona ligthoirthib, Ériu ii 120.30 . ¤thorba bright fruit : ni frith fri ligthorba /acht in ficomna, SR 1361.

(b) With adjj.: ¤bratánach bright-mantled: for ligbratanach Line (applied to Cú Chulainn), RC xiv 398 § 1. Cf. a lígbrataig Life, LU 8145 ( FB 11 ). ¤doilbthe of magical brilliance: fionnráith . . . líodhoilfe (lioghfhoirfe, v.l.), LBranach 471 . ¤daithte: le héudaighibh sáimhe ┐ líodhaithe mollibus vestimentis et coloratis, Rial. SF. 1391 . ¤gel of bright colour : o Ghaillimh na líog lí-gheal, E. O'Rahilly 22.6 . a eachtra fan fhiort lígeal `his sojourn neath the white tomb', PBocht 21.8 . ¤glan of unspotted beauty: a dhreach líoghlan, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 191.38 . ¤mas brightly beautiful : uisce lerga ligmaise (`many-coloured'), Ériu ii 56 § 8 . ¤oll of great beauty : aonach lebar ligoll, ZCP xiii 8.12 .

2 lí

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n praise (in etymological glosses on word fili): fili .i. fi a n-aoras ┐ li a mmolas, Corm. Y 600 = fili .i. fí anaer ┐ l.¤ amolad in fili, Corm. 20 . fi-li .i. fi fora aeir ┐ li forae molad. No lifial, O'Mulc. 537 . l.¤ molad, Met. Gl. Eg. 14 . l.¤ .i. molad, Lec. Gl. 529 (M 328) . filidh .i. . . . fi ani aerais, ┐ li ani molais, Auraic. 669 , 3308 . file .i. fi a oumna ┐ li a danu fair, 3311 ( = Laws iv 358.7 Comm .). Cf. fi oulc ┐ li maith, Auraic. 3312 . lai .i. molad, ZCP v 486.4 (B. na f.).

3 lí

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ind .i. muir, O'Cl.

?4 lí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ?4 lí or dil.ie/30094

ind ( = 1 lí?): molt feissi cet do chuir con a líí, O'C. 880 ( H.3. 18, 394 ). i ngait . . . do chairech .i. cen li no cen iuir without fleece (?) or without fat, Laws i 170.10 Comm . cauru co l.¤ , Laws i 122.11 .

? 5 lí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 5 lí or dil.ie/30095

n truagh nachar chláidhis in l.¤ `pity thou hast not dug the tomb', Duan. Finn i 57.30 . For 1 lía?

1 lía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lía or dil.ie/30096

Forms: lie, lie, liae, liaa, liic, liaic, liic, lia, liacc, liac, liic, lic, léig, lieic, liic, lic, legga, liaga, líac, leagaibh, liic, leag, líog, lie

n (orig. disyll., see Otia ii 86.y , Met. Dinds iii 116.100 . Later monosyll., LL 6365 , Duan. Finn ii 78.48 ). nk, m. (later occasionally f., see below). l.¤ m. (as vocalic stem), IGT Decl. § 108. n s. lie, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . in lie , Wb. 4d16 . Fél. Ep. 14 (dissyll.), O'Mulc. 247. liae, Laws i 124.18 . liaa, TBC² 1230. a s. liic, LU 5365. liaic, TBC² 3004. liic (in place-name), LL 6365. lia, Acall. 867. g s. liacc, Wb. 4d15 . liac, Sg. 22b10 . Ml. 131c9 . d s. liic, Fél. Oct. 5 (dissyll.). liac, Sg. 65a1 (perhaps scribal error, see Strachan, Paradigms and Glosses 4th ed. p. 148 , 209 ). lic (liic, LU 5367 ), TBC² 891. léig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.28 . n p. lieic, Sg. 18b7 . liic, Ériu viii 156.26 . lic, ib. a p. legga, LL 227a33 ( TTr. 741 ). liaga, TSh. 9455. g p. líac, LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). d p. leagaibh, CRR² 16. n du. in da liic , LU 4928. Note also: ar do lia luim (: chong- bhuim), IGT Decl. ex. 1805 . This is (hesitantly) condemned as `lochdach', but may be an example of the usage described by O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 , iv 102 . Fem. gender is, however, supported by: is líag fhīorbhúadhach eiséin (with alliteration), O'R. Poems 2987 , cf. 2990 . On the late n s. leag (lec, AU ii 174.9 etc.) see Bergin, Ériu xii 217. See also Duan. Finn iii Gloss. s.v. líog.

Stone.

(a) In general meaning: lie . . . lapis , Corm. Y 810. lie uilnech gl. angularis lapis, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . lia brec ┐ lia find ┐ lia dub (used in ordeals), Laws v 472. 19 Comm . a mbeith amail comorba liacc their being like the inheritor of a stone, O'C. 249 ( H.3. 18, 144 ). cur liac putting the stone (`putting stones'), RC ix 454.18 .

(b) Various specific meanings. Whetstone : lia gl. cos, Sg. 67b12 . lieic gl. cotes, 18b7 . cotibus .i. lecib, Thes. ii 47.17 . cotut .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . aithigud ar n-iarnd fri liic, Trip. 218.18 ( Trip.² 2592 ). bla liac limad (.i. slan don ti limus in scin risin lic, Comm.) grinding is exemption of a stone (i.e. the owner of a grindstone is exempt from penalty for accidental damage during grinding), Laws iii 294.20 , 21 . imbleith for lig, v 484.3 . mor sleg . . . ro limtha risin lia, Acall. 4495.

Upper millstone; millstone : im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond: topur . . . liae, mol, indeoin . . . `for the eight parts which constitute (lit. serve) the mill . . . the stone, the shaft, the supporting stone' .i. . . . in cloch iachtair, Laws i 124.18 , 140.17 Comm . im denum liacc bron, 184.11 . imrethed ima cuairt amal licc muilind, RC ix 470.16 . Cf. 1 mol.

Standing stone, pillar-stone, usually of a memorial stone, one marking place of death or burial; Ogham-stone: tir . . . a claetar poll i curtar lia `land . . . where a hole is made, where a stone is put', Laws iv 6.12 . cladar a fert . . . sátir a lia, LU 5704 ( = liaa, TBC² 1230 ). ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim ┐ doringned duma immon licc, TFerbe 757 . co ro chlaidhter mo ḟertsa lat ┐ co clantar mo lia that my grave may be dug by thee and my stone planted (i.e. set in the ground), Rawl. 130b28 . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the pillar, LU 3284 . ogum i lia, lia uas lecht, IT i 158.10 . tri lic . . . niathbuidne ┐ tri liic lathbuidne, Ériu viii 156.26 = sé coirthi cloichi, 15 . na mairbh . . . gan lia ná leacht ós a gcionn, TSh. 5761. Hence in later lang. in sense of grave, tomb (cf. lecc, lecht): do-chuadhais fan líg `thou didst enter the grave', Dán Dé ix 18 . [san] lia 'n-a éanar gan óidh / ní sgéaradh re Dia dá deoin, PBocht 13.18 . In: is hé ro sáith in lia lom, Duan. Finn ii 78.48 , where lia corresponds to v s. líog in 47 , it is not clear whether a flat or upright stone is meant. Note also: co talaid a anmain as for a beolu i richt lici, Anecd. i 10.16 (confused with lecc, cf. lia, 13 , lie, 19 ). atá ben Lóith ina lícc ṡalainn, Maund. 93.

Of a stone used as a landmark: see l. cloiche below. crich incoisce ail adrada . . . no crann, no líg a district which a stone of worship . . . or a tree or a standing stone (`flag') marks, Laws iv 142.17 Comm . crich íncoisce comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag, 144.4 Comm . Of a milestone: isin treas lícc on chathraigh E., BB 207b24 ( = lapide tertio, Nenn., see Todd Nenn. 70 n .). Equated with carraic: coronesart 'moan cairric, conid marb and. Unde Lia Lind- gadan, Dinds. 119.

Note also: lec an arain lapisfulta, O'Don. Suppl.

(c) With adj. or defining gen. l.¤ cloiche. In some exx. perhaps stone pillar: rosuigid . . . lia cloichi cóicdruimneach i fír-mullach Uisnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . tuc a lám ar lia cloiche ro bói a slis in dúnaid, Acall. 2175 . liaga cloch do dhenamh d'echaibh righ Uludh the turning of the King of U.'s steeds into pillarstones (`flagstones'), Lism. L. 2875 . do chruinniughadh a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch 'n-a seasamh i nÉirinn, Keat. ii 3504 (corresp. to cach coirthi . . . , Ériu ii 22.16 ). an líog chomhthrom chloicheise (of the tomb of Christ), DDána 20.42 . do ním líga cloch / dia feraibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.17 . lia láime missile-stone, slingstone : lia laime druth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 . fácbaid . . . / liic (sic leg.) laime cech láech-fhir, Met. Dinds. iii 116.100 . ro gabadh . . . dib . . . di liagaib lam, CCath. 3150 . l.¤ telma slingstone : srethis liic telma boí ina láim fair, LU 5875 = TBC² 1406 . fucaird L. . . . liic talma do, RC xii 100 § 135 . l.¤ lógmar precious stone, see lógmar.

Of the Lía Fáil Stone of Destiny , see 5 fál.

In names of mosses or fungus: co ndath losa líac, LL 6782 . ropo chomhderg a haiged ┐ corcair líac Laigen, Ériu iv 104.52 . samalta ra corcair lossa liac . . . a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU² 589 ; luss liac `foxglove', Watson). See corcur, lus.

Compds. ¤aidne, see 2 aidne. ¤delgg, ZCP xxii 74.3 . liagdhealg .i. dealg in a mbí liag loghmar, no cloch úasal, O'Cl. liagh-delg óir, BB 260b 62 . da liaig-delgg n-iairn ina mbrutt (`two spoon-shaped brooches of iron'), ZCP xviii 297.6 .

2 lía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lía or dil.ie/30097

Forms: lie, liae, lia[i]bh

n Earlier lie, liae. Prob. io, n., cf. tóla, tuile (orig. nt, Thurn. ZCP xii 288 , comparing We. lliant). Perh. orig. dissyll., cf. liaa: Iáa, ZCP xii 394 § 29. Vn. of *linaid ( Ped. ii 566 ). d p. lia[i]bh, CCath. 2113.

Flood, spate .

(a) Of sea, rivers, rainwater: is gnath lie i n-aibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81c3 . i Slán . . . / nisgaibed tart na liae (: gniae) `neither drought nor flood used to seize it', Thes. ii 315.29 . co llínad tola ┐ lia husqui less a muime, Trip.² 113 . taeidiu chorrach. / ar ur na cairrgi is lia, Acall. 2674 . lia mór . . . co roacht an t-uisce Less nAbaidh, FM ii 598.10 . ic Luchraib Lia, ZCP ii 246 § 15 (in n. p. 407 Thurn. prefers to print ic l.l.¤ `beim glanze der Flut' = `am Meeresstrand'). ? ferr co tora liagh ler tonnaigh (ferr co taire liaigh lerthonnaig v.l.) better that he reach the flood of the sea waves (?), O'Dav. 1583 . lia .i. fleachadh, O'Cl. lia .i. tuile, ib. Of a spring: lia uiscce anaichnidh do mheabhsain a ttaobh sléibhe Cualann, FM i 510.1 .

(b) Of human blood: gur chuir a chraidhi na lia dubhḟola tar a bhél, Acall. 1739 . cor theilg braen fola . . . ┐ lia(th) dubhfhola tar a bhel, CF 208 . fulradh a craidhi ina lia[i]bh dubhḟola, CCath. 2113. ? i n-agat laīch līu i lles 'where warriors drive floods (?) into the courtyard' Ériu lx 103 .