lesugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesugud or dil.ie/30025

Forms: lesachadh

u, m. vn. of lesaigidir. lesachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (p. 245.6) .

(a) acting with a view to benefitting another or remedying a situation, repairing; a remedial or beneficial action; act of improving, reforming : dligtech cach lesugad, Laws ii 2.4 . ní len lugha lesughadh .i. nocha lenann lugha cinad asa ní do rinnis do lesughadh, O'D. 578 ( H. 3.17, 444 ). lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . ni do- gnithar for torba . . . ní heirenar nach lesughadh .i. nocha n-éirnithear éiric ann sin, O'D. 578 ( H. 3. 17, 444 ). do lesughadh tuaithe .i. is ar daighne lesa oigh don tuaith do niad é, ibid. Cf. les túaithe, s.v. 1 les. co ceand mbliadna .i. ar in re co roib fer bunaid i n-aititin a lesaigthi until the owner acknowledges that it has been (properly) repaired (of a fence). Laws iv 152.18 Comm . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren it can be recovered from him who brings or buys it (of stolen property), iii 240.23 . doronadh . . . lubhra iomdha ┐ lesaighte leis `works and repairs', Cog. 138.y . fer millti ┐ lesaigti na hErenn uli in fer-sin, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . fer leasaighthe tuath ┐ ecclas, FM ii 1058.12 . in doman do dhul a ṅdíth air, ┐ a animm do l.¤ , PH 7583. th'éunmhac d'iodhbairt a ccroich dár leasughadh-ni, Parrth. Anma 4410 . eaglais sbioradālta na n-anmann do chomóradh ┐ do leasughadh to improve, reform, Beatha S.F. 307 .

(b) Of the sick or wounded, act of curing, tending; cure, remedy: cuingi[dh] a lesaigthi remedium quaerere (sic leg.), O'C. 2222 ( Eg. 88, 16 ). docuaidh se la do leasugud duine galuir `to tend', Ériu ii 82.3 . ni fétar in chned . . . do l.¤ , PH 7646 . comhairle do chum lesaighthe ┐ sláinte na Sethrach n-esslán (`for the recovery and health'), RSClára 111a . Often coupled with leiges: oc cuinchid a llegis ┐ a llesaigthe fair, PH 4629 . nior ḟéad liaig . . . éolus mo leighis na mo lesaighthe, Ériu v 80.20 . Cf. leigius ┐ leasugadh co ceann secht mbliadhan, ┐ trommughadh orra, O'C. 295 ( H. 3.18, 162 ) (of small boys who have been guilty of some offence). Also: leighius ┐ leasugad isin cnedh, ibid. (here perh. compensation).

(c) act of making good, compensating for, amending, repair- ing; amends, compensation, reparation : do lesughadh a mhoide, Duan. Finn i xx 27 . a leasugud re M. in easanoir tuc se do, Fier. 210 . dobēr-sa lesugudh ad litechus duit I shall make amends to thee for the accusation, ZCP vi 86.29 . romarbhu[i]s mac mo derbrathar . . . ┐ is olc in lesugudh ┐ in lāneruic tú féin ann, 30.7 . bean leasuighthe ar loit an chéidbhean who made good what the first woman destroyed, PBocht 9.8 . do-dhén leasughadh in gach ní dar mhill mé, Dhá Sgéal Art. 765. uireasbhuidh bhur gcreidimh do leasughadh, 1 Thess. iii 10. é féin do leasúghadh ┐ a pheacu[i]dhe do chur de, Mac Aingil² 1262 . go ttug Dia fád láimh féin leasúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt reparation, 3521 . an lóirghníomh ┐ an leasughadh dlighthear ar a son (sc. sins), 58 . aithrighe . . . ina uile chiontuibh . . . re rún láidir lesaighthe, RSClára 155b . táinig don reacht soin fir Éireann do leasughadh a ngníomh `improved in their behaviour', Keat. ii 4022 . dochum mh'anma do shlānughadh ┐ mo bheathadh do leasughadh, Rial. S.F. 1287 . rún leasaighthe `purpose of amendment', Parrth. Anma 4779 . fear leasuighthe an bhriste `repairer', Is. lviii 12.

(d) act of looking after, caring for, maintaining, supporting, preserving; maintenance, care : is lá comurba Petair lesúgud na Eurupa, Trip.² 291 . do cach lesugad iar nDia ┐ duine, Laws iii 22.8 (.i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht, 25 ). in lucht ro herbad dóib do lessugud, ┐ níros lesaigset (of the áes gráid in hell), LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). na hindmasa . . . do-ratait dúin diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 6121 . arfeith .i. airitiu nó l.¤, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra, O'Mulc. 103 . fuair . . . bás gan faoisittin, gan lesucchad na hecclaisi `ministrations', BNnÉ 231.23 . ní bhiaidh imshníomh lóin nó leasuighthe ar bhar laochaibh, Dhá Sgeal Art. 2109. Of children: urailid dliged air a lesccugad `to educate them', Laws iii 542.2 Comm . in dalta icá tai leasugud fria re cian, Lism. L. 1422 (quem nutrire solebas, Lat. Lives 75 ). is coir a lesugudh co maith, uair is e bus righ i n-Edail a[d] diaid-siu, Aen. 644 . dia mbeiredh lenamh . . . a mharbadh, ar ni raibhe aca acfaing a lesaighthe, BNnÉ 40.6 . ba buidheach don l.¤ tucadh fair (of a boy), Lism. L. 3035 . gur tuirsighedh aithre ┐ oidigh . . . dhá leasughadh ┐ dhá ṡíormhúnadh, ZCP xii 396.26 . Of animals: tri C each buada ro batar for l.¤ aige which he maintained(?), Aen. 1605 (`which had been training by him'). Of objects: im chorus etha .i. med do cruaiche .i. im lesugad ind arba, Laws i 134.13 Comm . ma ar fath lesuigthe berur for teched (of cattle), v 192.z Comm . ro gab for l.¤ na hairge, IT i 40.10 . mad messu a bhláth nā (= no + a) lessugud lett indiu é andá in lá tucus bar in lettir i Cruachnaib Ái (of a sword), TBC 5954 . di lessugud loṅg ┐ luchtlaigi ┐ lónti do thecht in tṡlúagid, LL 299bx ( TTr. 936 `to prepare', Stokes). cach airicc urcoiteach robai for lesugud le that she had carefully preserved (tr. `that seemed to her useful'), CCath. 4137 . grúag . . . gan nighe, gan leasachadh unkempt hair, BNnÉ 169.12 . do aithin Flidais do'n bhanntracht an cend do lesugadh, Celt. Rev. iv 24.15 . Specifically of feeding, refection : ma ta leasug[ud] a serraigh isin sine, Laws iii 378.11 Comm . leór a llessaigthi enough to feed them, LL 12765 . ba doírbh lista a leasugud ar med satha a senblene (of Lebarcham), BB 257b10 . in corp do shásad ┐ do lessugud o aireraib na mbiad, PH 5997 . glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae choice entertainment of meat and drink, BColm. 84.6 . do chaithem bíd ┐ lenda ┐ lessaigthi leō, Aisl. MC 45.26 .

Freq. in Laws in phr. l.¤ ┐ comairléiciud maintaining and permitting (to remain). One who thus supported a criminal was liable to a fine, fíach lesaigthe: for nech biathus mac . . . a leasugad ┐ a comairlegad ban ┐ mac na murcartha, Laws iii 388.9 Comm . i[s] slan di (sc. in eclais) in lesugadh ┐ in comar- leigenn (sic) dogres, iv 234.23 . leasugadh ┐ comairleghadh neich marbas aitiri, O'C. 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ). cid deorad cid faenlegach cid furfogradach . . . fiach leasaigthe ┐ comar- leicthe, O'C. 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). is fiach comarlécthi no lesaighthi masa urcraid, slán masa faendledach, O'D. 1668 ( H. 5.15, 1 ). Cf. ? go mor muna lia leasugadh luigdeach luige lugaid lathgaile .i. as mor in gae mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do lughaidh laechdha, no do lughaidh do chorca luighde, O'C. 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ).

(e) Of land, act of cultivating, tending, manuring; manure : an talamh oirfither accat . . . nach suirfe (iarrfadh, v.l.) lesachadh tre bithe will not require manuring, BNnÉ 321.22 . mór gcré nach tabhair toradh / go bhfaghair lé leasoghadh, DDána 6.31 . um lesughadh a los, RSClára 41b (`to water his plants'). an machaire ar a ccurthar iomad leasaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3207 . as lúghaide a toradh iomad leasaighthe do chur urthe, 3212 .

Of literary works: d'ḟer na ngrēs / lūag a lessaigthi ba bēss, Ériu xix 78 § 4.

(f) Used of some technical process or processes, (i) in brewing: re lesugad na bracha o do berthar uisce uirre, Laws ii 242.6 Comm . (ii) in tanning hides: dlegair leathar l.¤ , ZCP iv 468 § 2 . fear leasaighthe leathair a tanner, Acts ix 43 .

(g) fer lesaigthe, from Laws Comm. below seems to mean a man engaged on certain duties for the benefit of his túath. Cf. aire échta, Críth Gabl. p. 70 . each fir leasaigthi (one of seven pledges on which it is difficult to estimate the com- pensation and interest payable), Laws v 238.19 ; glossed .i. each in fir is gnath ac denam leas oig .i. each in airi eachta, 242.7 Comm . cnead fir lesaigthe .i. dia mbe cū a coimitecht in fir oc timcell an tire co taesat na muca don coin, O'C. 219 ( H. 3.18, 115 ). More generally, guardian, teacher : ag fior leasaighthe an leinibh, PBocht 11.2 (equated with `oide', ibid). do thréig lucht a leasaighthe teachers(?), DDána 104.8 (`benefactors', Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ).

? let

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? let or dil.ie/30026

ind ar lár Maige Loingthe, in (na, ni, om., v.ll.) let / dál dia fúair doirthe Dechet, Met. Dinds. iii 412.27 (in let tr. `knowest thou ?').

lét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lét or dil.ie/30027

x see lamaid.

letan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letan or dil.ie/30028

x see léiten(a).

letán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letán or dil.ie/30029

x see litán.

letartha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letartha or dil.ie/30030

[io, iā] part. of letraid.

(a) rent, lacerated, wounded : bréne na mbeochorp letarti, LB 155a2 . crec[h]t[a] letarta fata fiartarstna, CCath. 6058 . fa ledarthi a lama, TTebe 4845 . Fig. Lugh ciarbo ledartha a lūth / la mac Cermada, ZCP xii 246 § 25 .

1 letarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 letarthach or dil.ie/30031

adj o, ā (letrad)

I

(a) rending, tearing, lacerating, wounding : leómain lonna letarthacha, LU 2421 . in leom l.¤ , TBC 500 . da laech lonna letarracha, Cog. 56.x . leadur- thach lúathghoinach ar bhiodhbhiodhuibh, RC xxix 112.17 . a cuiged letharthach Laigen, Acall. 2599 . gorba . . . ledar- thaigh lama bar laechraide i comneart bar colg, MR 126.6 . ro dhúnadar na laechlámha leadurthacha tar corpaibh a chéili, CF² 1390 . a dhá lámhainn leadarthacha uma lámh- aibh, ML 112.9 . fiadh gae-lethan .i. fiadha ga leothaigh no letarthaigh, O'Dav. 1146 . i suainem in let[h]ga letar- taigh, CCath. 5598 . dá loinn límtha leaturrthaigh, CF² 939. a bheithir leadarthach lonn (to a sword), TD 33.3 . tene . . . lemnech l.¤ , IT i 191.13 ( FA 30 , LB).

(b) torn, rent : lionbrat ledarach, lan-dercc `mangled', MR 266.x . ? Lachtín ledart[h]ach, ZCP i 66 § 109 (`L. the champion'). Adv. gur thuit céd laoch leis go lániarmartach ledartach, Comp. Con C. 128.7 .

II As subst. smiter, hewer : an leadarthach láithe, Hackett xl 141 . leadarthach na ladrann, xviii 21 .

2 letarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 letarthach or dil.ie/30032

n (letrad) griping pains : cibé [nech] aga mbia ledurtach, ┐ teindes fáo an imlican (torsiones), Rosa Ang. 268.10 . bi ledurtach ┐ gairfidech mor na medhon, 238.y . ledurtach ┐ gontach, 330.10 . coisgidh an leadarthach ┐ an teinneas, 23 P 10 (iii), 11b30 .

letarthaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letarthaige or dil.ie/30033

n [, f.] (1 letarthach) rending or tearing nature : roghabh . . . scemhdhacht ┐ leadarthaigi chon he ina gaiscedh `the howling and rending of a hound', Lism. L. 3186 . re borb-ledarthaighe a mbeimeann, Celt. Rev. iv 22.12 .

Fig. cutting quality (of satire): in ti is treisi ar leadar- thaighi `who is most powerful at lacerating (with satire)', Laws v 388.16 Comm . drisiuc .i. inti is dris ar letarthaighi, O'Dav. 724.

leter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leter or dil.ie/30034

x see later.

letgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letgaire or dil.ie/30035

n (quantity of first vowel uncertain. ? Cf. léiten(a)) clash of arms(?): do chūala I. . . . sestān na sochaide ┐ lētgairi na laechraide ac letrad a chéile, Fianaig. 72.29 . co clos . . . ledgaire na cloideam 'gá comtócbail, Celt. Rev. ii 306.17 . ad-chlos . . . leadghaire na luirgfhearsad, Cath MT² 796.