2 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 les or dil.ie/29991

Forms: lis, lius, lesu, lisu, lissu, leas, leasa, Lesa, lis, liss, lios

n o,m. g s. lis, Laws v 320.15 . LU 8380 ( FB 25 ). DDána 29.30 ; 73.12 . d s. lius, Laws iv 198.18 (Bechbretha). AU 916. LU 10753. a pl. lesu, Cáin Ad. 21. lisu, Ériu ii 56 § 13. lissu, LU 6572 (lissiu, TBC² 2057 ). Later also as u, m. leas (ó dhá chéill), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.14) and g s. leasa, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 277.146 . Keat. Poems 496. TSh. 6604. Lesa an Doill, FM iii 178.16 (an. 1213 ). Later also n s. and a s. lis: liss (: ḟiss a s.), Ériu iii 104 § 33. lios, MR 288.7 . TD 5.1 .

(a) the space about a dwelling-house or houses enclosed by a bank or rampart , farmyard, courtyard : dorus lis gl. porticus, Ir. Gl. 580 . lios .i. teagh no baile, O'Cl. be[i]ch bite i llugbart no i lius, Laws iv 198.18 (Bechbretha). oircc peata bis a lis no a faithche, 108.9 . bis a lis, .i. tall. No a faithche, .i. amuich, 110.17 Comm . i cuaird lis sluaig, v 320.15 . craebh cu toradh aicce ina garrgha no ina llis, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506, 26a ). cethruime coibche fia lucht aen lis ┐ aen baile, ┐ og-coibche a sechtar lis in the presence of those dwelling in the same l.¤ , Laws v 294. 9 - 10 Comm . Cf. ni théit mac neich do thig araile acht mac óenlis, Ériu ii 206 § 26 (`of a single steading'). ic tiachtain ar ammus a liss ┐ a léis ┐ a machaid (of the Donn Cúalnge), TBC 1539 . lis ┐ tighe ┐ airlisi, H. 3.18, 10b17 . i liss fo leith, IT i 71.9 ( Lg. 6 ). co closs fón less uile, IT 67.7 ( Lg. 1 ). duntar in less, LU 5003 . ba hosluicthe l.¤ ┐ tech foruib, IT iii 550.36 . totaet C. issind l.¤ a tri cet co mbatar for lar in dúini, 23 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . fri l.¤ anechtair, 8852 ( FB 64 ). for fordorus ind liss immach, LU 8718 ( FB 54 ). liss airslocthi, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). isind otruch for lar ind lis eter na conaib, LU 8380 ( FB 25 ). na coic thigi filet isind lis, Anecd. i 4.12 ( SCano 96 ). Almu Lagen, l.¤ na Fían, Met. Dinds. ii 72.1 . tecmalla A. a ḟolad ┐ a inmass issin less ┐ gabtha fair a l.¤ , Ir. Texts i 34 § 7 . is caingen / bith frisin less n-imdangen, Auraic. 5125 . less no cat[h]air no caislen, CCath. 5581. do aclai a l.¤ beos iarna adnacul do Pirr in ferainn sidein, BB 4a40 . buinne lindghlan láimh re leas, IGT Decl. ex. 1671 . lucht an lis-sin (sc. Hell), DDána 29.30 .

(b) a (large) settlement, probably within an enclosure, and by extension a city, part of a (monastic) complex: a dul-si isind l.¤ caillech, Mon. Tall. 130.20 (§ 7) . itir lisu lann, Ériu ii 56 § 13 (`amid monastic enclosures', Murphy Lyrics 9 § 13 ). Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cosind lius abbaid huile, AU 916 . airc[h]innech lis ōeiged Chrīst, Arch. iii 308 § 29 . lia mór . . . co roacht an t-uisce less n-abaidh Cluana, FM ii 598.11 (an. 918 ). l.¤ martradh (cf. Martar- tech), Laws iv 86.19 Comm (`probably a churchyard', n. Cf. cell martra, O'D. 1674 ).

(c) a palisade or stockade; by extension rampart : .v. ṡéoit i ndul tara l.¤ díchmairc, Críth Gabl. 210 . comérgit Ulaid ara ammus. araill dib for less. araill for dorus liss over the rampart . . . through the gate, LU 5017 (tar less . . . for dorus lis, TBC² 528 - 9 ). focherd bedg dar na tri lisu, RC xi 452.148 . lingid Cú Ch. i n-ardai co mboí for tulchinniu ind lis, MU² 911. co ndringitís for foradhaib ┐ for lesaib do décain Hectoir, TTr.² 1094 . ag leim na lios, Rel. Celt. ii 242.x .

(d) a ringfort, circular earthwork : ro ir dam .x. ratha .i. lis, Ériu ii 4 . bai Ailill a comriachtain fri mnai a taib in lis, ZCP i 104.13 . tainic … co Lis in bantrachta bodes ┐ ro tṡuidh in sluag uile ar in raith, Acall. 5515 .

Freq. in nn. loc. grían Liss móir, Fél. June 25 . Dec. 3. Corbmac mac Cuilennáin, epscop Lis Móir, FM ii 598.7 (an. 918 ). rogab Lugaid i lLius Breg / gíallu Gall ┐ Gáedel, Met. Dinds. iv 136.33 . do thigh an fhilidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill ua [uí] Dálaigh, FM iii 178.16 (an. 1213 ). See also Hog. Onom.

Compds.

(a) With noun. ¤chlár: dá chúis daghra leas- Chláir Luirc, DDána 73.11 .

(b) With adjj. ¤aíbinn: muighi loma lesaíbhne, IGT Decl. ex. 150 . ¤lebar: ós do thír lis- leabhair longchlannaigh, DDána 114.10 .

3 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 les or dil.ie/29992

Forms: leas

n ā, f. leas (na coisi), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) buttock, hip, haunch ; very freq. in dual buttocks, posterior : coche no less gl. clunis, Sg. 67a14 . catas (crinas) .i. na lessa `the haunches', Gild. Lor. 176 . for di lis ṅgabra `on the haunches of the steed', Fél. 152.23 . ina suidhiu isin sneachta corici a dī leis, TBC² 1117 ( LU 5600 ). cen chnáim lessi . . . do brisiud, LU 6530 . congeib ó chond a leisi co holl a ochsaille, LL 189a46 . Cf. dar cuimgib a ll.¤ , Dinds. 1 § 8 . ubhall a leisi do dhol asa ionad cavitate sua excidit coxa, 23 K 42, 102.y . co ndechaid a uball asa leis don leim sin, D iv 2, 63rb11 . gluaisidh si cenn uachtarach na leisi a folmuigecht na leisi, ┐ in cnamha uachtaruigh `the upper end of the thigh- bone moves in the hollow of the upper bone', Rosa Ang. 318.13 . loigid in t-otar faon ┐ a [leasa] co hard, 244.6 (cuirem ard fo chorranaib a leas, v.l.). is edh is siética and .i. teindes bis isin leis, 318.8 . moṅg . . . fair co clár a dá leas the small of the back (?), Ériu iv 138.x . do ben legadh di, ┐ do briseadh cnaimh a lesi, BCC 272.28 (§ 267) (coxaque ejus in duas con- fracta est partes, Adamnan).

(b) thighs(?): ní tuidchid for lesa ban ┐ nícon gignethar [mac amne], Blathm. 19. Cf. clár da less .i. in loc as a teít ind nóidiu, LL 187b 56 (cf. RC xxvi 28 § 109n .). mac lessi, Aisl. MC 33.23 (in comic pedigree).

(c) In verse loosely side, thigh : a fhir (a) legas an leac go trom / air leis mínghil mheic Domhnoill, 23 E 26, 274.35 mo leanabh óm leas do ládh (on the death of a son), 23 G 24, 324. 25 .

With ref. to animals: tuc a leis ria ais . . . / co Inis ṅGlais (of the Dond Cúalṅge bearing away the body of the Find- bennach), LL 20960 (`buttock', Met. Dinds. iii 372.93 ). Of the distribution of various joints of meat according to the status of the recipient: laarg do righ . . . colp[th]a ogtigern, cuind arad, l.¤ rigna, IT iii 188 § 10 . larac do rig . . . colpta octigerna, . . . l.¤ rigna, croichet fresabrattrig, Laws i 48.13 Comm . Cf. les-chrúachait below.

Compds. With nouns. ¤chrúachait the name of some portion of the rump variously said to be reserved for the queen, a rí ruirech, a deogbaire, etc.: righan ┐ ri ruireach: —les-croichte, Petrie Tara 185 § 16 . tanaise suad leschrua- chait doib, LL 3648 . scolaige leschruachait doib . . . deog- baire leschruachait doib, 3643 - 4 . ¤druimm: name given to group of Ogham letters m g ng st s denoted by lines drawn at an acute angle across the `druimm' (basic line or solid angle of stone, etc.) and extending on each side of it, Auraic. 948. lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, 988 . it e a n-airdi: deasdruim, tuath- druim, leasdruim, tredruim, imdruim, 948 . ¤lerg (?): dam derg . . . do bói a les-lergaib na Luachra swelling slopes (?), Acall. 2909 (`open lands', SG ii 176 ). ocht fichit findairge . . . i les-lergaib na Luachra, 5986 (`pastures', 239 ).

With adjj. ¤baccach lame: a tri náimhde tuathchaecha lesbaccach[a] leisbréna, Acall. 6248 . ¤brén see above. ¤chora (variant of 2 cara): la táeb … leaschorach 'together with… hips and haunches' Celtica xiii 7.33 . ¤lethan wide in the haunch: ech líath lesslethan, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ).

1 lés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lés or dil.ie/29993

n (ON ljós, Plummer MS. notes)

(a) light, radiance; light of the day (usu. l.¤ (in) lae), of the sky : leos .i. soilsi, idem et lēs, O'Mulc 785 . `l.¤' soillse, Met. Gl. 19 § 57. ? grínniud lōess (lois, leos, v.ll.) .i. dībud soillsi, Corm. Y 827 . l.¤ .i. solas, no soillsi [les .i. cainnle, v.l.], OC'l. samaiges crích fri aidchi / arnā caite l.¤ occae `lest light should be consumed at it(?)', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii ). ? ria ndul issin fargge / gleam ar lessu re n-aidche, LL 5030 (`let us make our lights clear', s.v. gléid). teora bliadna boí cen l.¤ / Colum ina dubreclés, LU 651 ( ACC 24 ). do chonnairc sí taithnemh . . . an chloidhiomh idir í ┐ léas, RC xxix 134 § 48 . ni fhaicfitis less na soillsi `neither splendour nor light', Ériu ii 134 § 115 . léas beag dá shuaraighe, Keat. Poems 345.

l.¤ (in) láe daylight: tre nach bhfaic súil l.¤ an laoi, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 98.127 . muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, / mar dhlaoi díona ar l.¤ an laoi `as a protecting veil against the daylight', Studies 1920, 263 § 10 . air léas lae by day, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1001 . ar léus lae (the day tyme), RSClára fo. 119b . ? leges lega cen l.¤ (prov. of an impossible undertaking), RC xx 436.x (`medicine-bag', Stokes). Hence i (fri, air) l.¤ (n-)aidche night-time: astoidi da mhagh decc fo thoibaib talman i lles cach aidhche, Ériu ii 122 § 64 . fris' taitin grian fri les cach n-aidchi, 124 § 65. isí [sc. an charbuncail] do-níodh soillsi air feadh an dúnaidh . . . air léas aoidhche, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1003.

Used figuratively (i) of saints: balc l.¤ lir dar doe / Failbe ánle Íae, Fél. Mar. 22 . Lucius l.¤ laindrech, Mar. 4. Cf. June 9 . Maodhóc in l.¤ lánlainnech, SG 25.11 . (ii) illumina- tion (of the mind) (?): itgait fri l.¤, bēs cidh tindta / a cīall friu, Arch. iii 294 § 10.

(b) window or opening to admit light (?): focoisle (.i. do- chúaidh) for l.¤ in tighe, ZCP v 526.25 (but perh. read forlés q.v.).

(c) Of the pupil of the eye: doinfidet [in dracoin] luachtiu di lessaibh sell, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . loarn (.i. snimach? recte sinnach) laas tar leas (.i. suil) lond-adbul, KZ xxxiii 83.24 (rhet.).

(d) flush, blush or burning spot on a person's face caused by being satirized: leos .i. imdergad imadergt[h]ar duine īarna aīr no īarna ēcnuch, Corm. Y 826 . grínniud lōess .i. dībud soillsi .i. caindle . . . agaid fir ima leos luinit[h]er .i. imatim- chella soilsi, 827 . Cf. O'Dav. 1156 . leos .i. imdergad no leos .i. bolga, ut est asrenar a leos payment is made for causing him to blush, 1154 . Cf. O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153a ). leos .i. imdeargad, Lec. Gl. 460 . leos .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. at, nó gearb, nó léus a ccroiceann a fhéola `bright spot', Lev. xiii 2. ? By extension of the blow which causes such a mark: go mbuailtear trí leusa . . . do luirgfhearsaid . . air, Oss iii 134.x . 140.3 . Cf. Dinneen, s.v. léas.

2 lés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lés or dil.ie/29994

Forms: léis, leis

n [u,] m. g s. later also léis. a s. leis, Rosa Ang. 182.8 is appar. a mistake.

bag, bladder : lēs cach mbolg i mbī lind, Corm. Y 833 (l.¤ , v.l.). leos [.i. lesa, v.l.] .i. bolga, O'Dav. 1154 . l.¤ .i. éttromán, O'Cl. `les' etrom, Met. Gl. 33 § 15 . go ros lín att ┐ infithsi mar anáil i ll.¤ , LL 10759 ( TBC 3803 ). att ┐ onfissi . . . amal anáil bís i ll.¤ , LB 142b46 . Of the human bladder: go muinél an lésa (ad collum vesicae ), O'Gr. Cat. 271.33 . periconia .i. muinél an lésa, 4 . foirid in cloich bis isin les ┐ brisit, Celtica ii 73.105 . do ghlac galar an leis e go bhfuair bas, i 246.213

3 lés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 lés or dil.ie/29995

x see léas.

4 lés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 lés or dil.ie/29996

x see 1 lías.

1 lesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lesach or dil.ie/29997

Forms: ferlesach

adj o, ā (1 les)

I

(a) successful in obtaining legal remedy : ni bi l.¤ nach suanach, Laws i 102.23 (.i. nocha bi les og don tí bis ina suan can fasc na hathgabala do breith, 104.3 Comm .)

(b) beneficent, profitable, advantageous : apair fris, ba trōcar . . . ba lessach . . . ba innraic, ZCP xi 96 § 55 (Morann). tuae ┐ fethamlae, / do chrábud co rop lessach `advantageous to piety', Ériu iii 100 § 21. Adv. co forcetul ōgdaine / co l.¤, co lēir, Arch. iii 320 § 102.

(c) hospitable(?): he do rigne failte lessaig / . . . / frisin dis do munntir Coluim, Snedgus u. Mac R. 12 § 56.

II As subst. legal representative : ba lessach dīten in mug di alaile `der Knecht sorgte fur den Schutz des andern', ZCP xv 360 § 45 (but possibly adjectival here folld. by gen.). Usually in the compd. ferlesach (sic leg. in all exx. below): fon tuige bis i tig na mbantrebtach, ┐ fer lesach ro gabustar aithgabail uime, Laws i 140.8 Comm . anadh naíne ar an athgabail geabait a fer lesaig na mban so . . . uili `the guardians of all these women', 142.4 Comm . o bus iad na mna fein gabas in athgabail. Mas iat a ferlesaigh gabas . . . , O'C. 685 ( H. 3.18, 333 ). slan dona mnaib a cath banda . . . a fiadnaise a fer l.¤ , Laws iii 290.3 Comm . a fear-gnia ┐ a fear- leasach, v 366.8 Comm . im tinde óir a feirlesaigh, O'D. 504 ( H. 3.17, 410 ).

2 lesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lesach or dil.ie/29998

adj o, ā (2 les): leō Liphi lessaig rich in forts, Bruchst. i 50 § 111 ( FM an. 884 ). See also s.vv. ard and tírim.

1 lésach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lésach or dil.ie/29999

adj o, ā (2 lés) inflamed(?); blistered(?): an trath is arrsaid an brisid, ┐ bis bel na cneidi let istig lesach, cruaidh, Rosa Ang. 240.z .

2 lésach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lésach or dil.ie/30000

n m. (2 lés) blisters, pimples : l.¤ ar dhuine ┐ ar ainmhidhe `blains', Exod. ix 10. pustulae sunt quaedam vesiculae parvae ad modum granorum ficuum, sicut sordices sudoris .i. . . . gné l.¤ mbeag, 23 K 42, 282.12 . sicut essent quaedam ampullae parvae . . . .i. mar l.¤ mbeag, 284.y .

lésaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lésaigid or dil.ie/30001

v (1 lés) illumines: lassais tír tuaith .i. ro soillsig nó ro lassaig nó ro léssaig tiri ┐ tuatha. . . Leiss tuath . . . .i. lessaigis no soillsigis . . . .i. cutrumma ro soillsig nó ro lessaig . . . , RC xx 168 § 28 (ACC Comm.).