léo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léo or dil.ie/29941

Forms: léu, leü, banleu, léu, leo, léo, leon, leoman, leomain, leomain, leómain, leomun, leoman, leoṁ, léom, leom, léoman, leoman, leoa- man, leomain, leoamain, leomain, léón, liūin, léoman, leomain, léoman, leomhainealta

n (Lat. loanword) lion. Form and declension vary. (i) léo, léu. n s. in leü , Blathm. 404. banleu, ÉC xi 125 - 6 , 194 . in léu , Trip.² 1756. leo, Rawl. 116c11 . SR 5715. TBC² 3280 . 3305 (YBL). TBC 5405. a s. léo, LU 4841 ( TBC² 351 ). IT i 158.5 (: gléo). g p. inna leon (gl. leonum), Ml. 75b2 . (ii) léoman o, m. (? by metath. < lat. leonem, but see Sprache xliv 35 ). n s. in leoman , TBC 4184. PH 6383. Acall. 5931. g s. leomain, FA 18 (LB). in leomain , PH 7531. TBC St. 2318. leómain, PH 3437. d s. leomun, 8403 . g p. leoman, Fél. Ep. 500 (: deodam) (perh. to (iii)). (iii) léom n, m. (? orig. f.) (back formation from (ii), but see Sprache xliv 35 ). n s. leoṁ, Rawl. 116a41 (? or leg. leo). léom, SR 8322. leom, TBC 500. g s. léoman, LU 5442 . (ind) leoman , SR 7368. leoa- man, 6098 . a s. and d s. leomain, LU 6463. SR 5722. leoamain, 5720 . 6102 . ( SR 7368 , 6098 , 5720 and 6102 are all trisyllabic, metri gratia). n p. inna leomain , Ml. 80a 10 . Also léón, ZCP ii 362.26 (: Antéon). ? n p. na liūin (: fortriūin), viii 217 § 9 ( Rawl. 158.17 ); and ? léoman ā, f. a s. amal leomain londchrechtaig, TFerbe 733 . But cf. amal léoman . . . letarthaigh, TTr.² 1477 and see O'Brien, Celtica iv 102 .

(a) Freq. in comparisons: gnása ingen macdacht . . . ┐ brotha léoman, LU 7261 ( BDD² 895 ). co n-aicniud leomain, FA 18 (LB) = co n-aicniud lecdu, LU 2117 . as bruth biasta. As fercc leomain . . . .i. Conall Cernach, TBC St. 4565. leomhan sud ar cruas croidhe, Ir. Texts ii 102 § 48 . leó ar nert, FM vi 2296.23 . amail leoman lond . . . cratir ima culenaib, Cog. 188.19 . Classified among the canines: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con .i. B. a ndeilb leomain ┐ F. i richt milchon . . . , RC xxiv 174.6 .

In proverbial expressions: codlad in leomain . . . a súli oslacthi, PH 7531 . ceann i gcuithe leómhain, TD 18.33 (: aimhdheónaigh). gabh múnadh an leomhuin uaim learn from what has happened to me, Gleanings 103 § 28 . múnadh an léomhuin, Mac Aingil² 1318 .

(b) Of a lion figured in embroidery, etc.: gabhaidh seaca ar snuadh donnchaor / lán leomhan lán corcarchraobh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 98.138 . ar na himlibh . . . do bhádar léomhain [┐] daim, 1 Kings vii 29 .

(c) Very frequently applied to a warrior: Mōen Labraid Loṅgsech / leo nīthach, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 116c11 ). gabsus leo, Lugaid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17§ 10 . ōtbath leō Liphi lessaig, Bruchst. i 50 § 111 ( FM an. 884 ). in léu Éugan macc Néill, Trip.² 1756 . leomain lonna . . . na nGoedel, Cog. 160.19 . síol Néill . . . na leomhain ó mhuigh Midhe, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 104.87 (: Eoghain). Cf. Lucifer léom as dúru, SR 8322.

(d) pn The constellation Leo: dia mbad i Leomhuin . . . no beith in grian, CCath. 1029.

(e) As npr. m. Leo : noí mblíadna don tres-Léomain (: chair), ZCP x 270.15 . co tétríagail tres-Léoman, 16 .

Compd.: ¤elta n pride of lions : don leomhainealta , DDána 89.5 .

léoaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léoaid or dil.ie/29942

v ā Forms based on a stem léod-; pret. pass. pl. ros- leóta, Met. Dinds. iv 216.14 . leotta (for sg.), Anecd. i 69 § 166 . Vn. léod. cuts (off). hacks (off), hews : do chos- namhaidh bán an betha / ro leodh (v.ll. ro lead, doleonad, roleonamh, see LL 1278 ) a lam fhlatha, Leb. Gab. 174.4 (glossed: ro tesccadh nó ro gerradh). Mag mBernsa . . . do roleodh .i. ro gerradh asa dorcacht é, 102 n. 2 . léosu foot de bend leithglais tíre m'athar, Anecd. i 63 § 111. na trí Ferguis . . . / do láim Lugdach rosleóta, Met. Dinds. iv 216.14 . co roleoad dia bun it was hewn from its stock (of a tree), Ériu iv 134.11 . ro leoait a lama, CCath. 2065 v.l. (text: ro letradh). ro leoait a llatha gaile, 2118 v.l. (text: ro loitedh). leosait sluaigh Ui Muirithaigh, FM ii 698.17 . gor leoastar in leithchenn . . . gur leadair in leath- ucht, MR 298.z . Fig. laed . . . leoaid intan is aīr, Auraic. 1582.

léoaman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léoaman or dil.ie/29943

x see léo.

leóbán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leóbán or dil.ie/29944

n (unlenit. b) ` milt (of fish)'. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 197 .

léochaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léochaill or dil.ie/29945

adj i niggardly, ungenerous, miserly : a gilla leochaille leacaigh molaise, IT iii 88 § 106 (emended to l.¤, Murphy Metr. p. 49 § 38 ). imda lochaid leíre luatha, leochailli lind the pools are niggardly (of fish), Hib. Min. 66.17 . cf. tré esbaid onchon Adair/docht gach caill fá chnuastaraid / tré flaith Eochaille aidble / leochaille na linnaibne `the rivers' pools are miserly affected', Caithr. Thoirdh. 33.18 . Compar. ní raibi . . . duine bud dimicnigi na budh léochaille oldás, Acall. 5524 v.l.

As subst. érais [Maelan] Pátraic fa dig . . . lonnaigther . . . risin leochaill, Acall. 4834 (léochaille, v.l.).

léochaillecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léochaillecht or dil.ie/29946

n ā, f. (léochaill) niggardliness: ni raibe issin domun . . . duine bod mó cuid díbhi na leochaillechta anas, Acall. 5524 . nír caigil cur arm dá uaisli ar an imláid sin, óir do bí do thruma na tochlaighthi nár fhédadar leochaillecht ar na laocharmaib they could not be sparing of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 67.20 .

léochain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léochain or dil.ie/29947

n f. (? léo + caín) the name of Fergus's shield: ind Ochoin Chonchobuir . . . .i. sciath Conchobuir . . . oind Leochain Ḟergusa, LL 12511 ( Ériu iv 28 § 17 ).

léod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léod or dil.ie/29948

Forms: leódh, leotha, leódad

n u, later also o, m. leódh m., IGT Decl. § 96. Vn. of léoaid.

(a) act of cutting (off), hacking (off), hewing: reun folu tar gelcnius moethoclaech . . . iarna leudh do lāmaiuh letmiuch, RC xii 98 § 131 . leod, loscud (in Hell), SR 880 (: breud). is dód, is leód, is loscud, LU 2452 ( RC iv 254 § 21 ). óenbéim ┐ . . . óenleód a bun, LU 4812 = oenleud, TBC² 324 (corresponds to oentescad, TBC 781 ). ní-dom-geibend ecal / dim leod nó dim letrad, Met. Dinds. iii 152.19 (= leud, Dinds. 36 ). tesccad no leod no lettradh, CCath. 3619. claidmi . . . fri leod ┐ fri letrad, Cog. 162.16 . léodh ma leath-lámha ar coll mo cloidhimh-sea, MR 302.15 . ua rig Lemna leotha cend, Auraic. 5262 . ag leó ┐ aig leadradh a chéile, Dhá Sgéal Art. 741 . claideabh leota liach, FM ii 596.10 (? leg. leotha, but perh. g s. of a late vn. leódad. Cf. leodh ┐ leothadh .i. leadradh . . . P. O'C. ). ag leodh sleagh lucht na luirioch, Content. v 57 . leogh .i. leadhradh, no gearradh, O'Cl. Fig. na seacht ndeamhain . . . / do bhean Críost eisde . . . / do radadh luagh a deor dhí / ar n-a leodh d'Uan na hóighe, DDána 39.11 .

(b) act of scutching (flax): folt mín os maluigh an rígh / samhuil an lín arna leódh, IGT Decl. ex. 1750.

léogan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léogan or dil.ie/29949

x see lémann.

léoganta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léoganta or dil.ie/29950

x see léomanta.

léoit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léoit or dil.ie/29951

n cinnas dothíagat . . . . Dóit fri dóit . . . leóit fri leóit. fúamain fri fuamain. gúalaind fri gúalaind (of the approach of two chariot-fighters), LU 8704 ( FB 53 ). leoit .i. uille, fuamain .i. taebh, O'C. 1323 ( H. 3.18, 608a ), which may however be mere conjecture.