láth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láth or dil.ie/29625

Forms: láith, laith, lātha, lāithe

n o,m. Originally láith i, m. n s. laith, Corm. Y 811. g s. lātha (: Rātha), ZCP viii 334 n. l . n p. lāithe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2.

(a) Frequ. in phrase l.¤ gaile warrior: lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaibh laigne `Kriegshelden', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2 . ind laith gaile, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). trí láith gaile, trí laeich, BDD² 949 . airm itát na láith gaile, TBC 5772. diguin laith gaile outrage against a warrior, O'C. 674 ( H.3.18, 329 ). Aengus Gaibuaibthech lád gaile, Ériu iii 135.5 . ar belaib láth gaile fer ṅHerend, LL 12528 . do ionalat a laochradh ┐ a laith goile, Leb. Gab. i 246.7 . mó a lion do láthaibh goile, TD 27.33 . Incorrectly as compd.: tictis . . . a lathgaile, Fen. 112.18 . ALC i 412.24 = lath gaili `warriors', Ann. Conn. 12.

Without follg. gen. l.¤ warrior: l.¤ .i. laoch, O'Cl. láech bas ansu . . . nó l.¤ bas luinniu, LU 4840 ( TBC² 350 ). TBC 850. airm itát na laith aníar, / bérait toilg trisin cath sair, 5773 . co Belach Líac na l.¤ ngle, Met. Dinds. iii 450.13 . lāth Elggae, aue Luirc Loīguiri, Ält. Ir. Dicht, ii 7 § 2 . sceo lathaib, 18 § 1. do lonnaib l.¤ is gaile, LL 259b1 ( IT iii 528 § 35 ).

For lúan láith warrior's moon, see 1 lúan. Cf. gin eneclann, gin daimh, lath ┐ fine, O'C. 2489 ( Eg.88, 39(40)d ).

(b) Of animals heat, rutting : céin bess meracht a latha . . . orra, Laws iii 558.x . In phr. i n-aimsir (aimseraib) láith in rutting season : im muccullach for mucc(h)u .i. i n-aimsir laith, Laws i 144.6 Comm . a n-aimsir laith, v 152.6 . buirb anindle i n-aimseruib laith, 268.20 . As vn. in re . . . i mbit ac laith, v 154.y Comm . bid ag lath, no bis lath orra, 270.7 Comm .

Note also: lath .i. lúth .i. iarsinní lúthas, Corm. 27 . láith .i. dēde fordangair .i. lāith gail ┐ lāith med, Corm. Y 811.

Compds. With nouns: ¤buiden: trī liic lāthbuidne, Ériu viii 156.28 . ¤buille: heó óir . . . fris mben lúthu láthbulli, LU 8675 ( FB 51. `against which his bosom heaves, beating in full strokes', Henderson ITS ii p. 63 ). Cf. with basgadh(?): ge magh lán a long gan lathbhasgad, Rel. Celt. ii 286.28 .

lathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lathach or dil.ie/29626

Forms: laithech

n also laithech ā, f. (loth) cf. Jn. Celt. St. i 71 . mire, puddle : ina sesam . . . i llathachaib círdubaib connice a cressa, LU 2179 ( FA 26 ). no comad tar lathaig chena il-Luachair no linged, Fél. 150.40 . on lucht ro thoit isin lathaich, YBL 153a10 . a breth amarach da bhádhudh docum na laithchi (laithi, v.l.) `slough', IT iii 189.15 . rola A. tra co romor illongaib illathacaib ri h-or in aigeoin mudbanks, BB 496a2 ( IT, ii2 100.30 ). a lathachaib ┐ in otrachaib `puddles', MR 276.4 . cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar ┐ l.¤ .i. l.¤ a hichtar ┐ uisce a huachtar (distinguishing l.¤ from cechair quagmire), O'Dav. 514 . do dhealbhadh Adhamh de lathuigh na talmhan, Eochairsg. 59.10 . muc arna glanadh i n-únfairt laithighe, TSh. 10439 . do sluigeadh do chosa annsa lathaigh, Jer. xxxviii 22 . lathaigh coisighi `walker's abrasion(?)', Rosa Ang. 62.20 .

Of sin, the body, the world, etc.: a l.¤ brén (of sinful soul), PH 8271 . in corp dá lár is l.¤ (: donnsgathach), Aithd. D. 80.5 . seal 'san saoghal dom shalchadh / seal san lathaigh, DDána 50.4 . i laithigh na drúise, TSh. 10424 . ón láthuigh ina roibhi (of repentant sinner), Mac Aingil² 2186 . In nn.loc. see Hog. Onom.

láthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthach or dil.ie/29627

adj o, ā (láth): tuc léi tarb tnúthach / . . . baí i Líathmuine l.¤ , Met. Dinds. iv 198.23 `in heat' (Corrig.), but syntax suggests adj. agreeing with L. Perh. L. of the mighty deeds. Cf. cath in-Argetros lathach, LL 328f55 .

láthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthair or dil.ie/29628

x see láthar.

lathairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lathairt or dil.ie/29629

x see laithirt.

lathamar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lathamar or dil.ie/29630

x see lothommar.

láthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthar or dil.ie/29631

Forms: láither, láithir, láthair, láithri, laithri, láithrea

n o,n. (cf. Ped. ii 45 ). Later láither ā, f., láithir, láthair k, f. IGT Decl. § 162 , § 163 , § 185 . n p. láithri, IGT Decl. ex. 2033 . laithri, Fen. 328.16 (perh. orig. a p. láithrea). See Blathm. 23 n .

I Arrangement, disposition : a lathar sin gl. dispositio creaturarum, Ml. 42b16 . Often of arrangement, interpretation, etc. of a text: is ferr lesom a lathar-sa gl. vel certe ita (of an alternative explanation), 44b17 . follintar assa chanoin fria lathar `thus it is supplied . . . for its disposition' (of a passage in a text), 123a10 . idilcnigthir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb, Hib. Min. 8.246 . caecdach .i. canas salma solabra secht fichit for a deich iar lathar ┐ ebert, O'D. 920 ( H.3.17, 654 ). lathar n-aigniusa `the arrangement of a pleading', Laws v 100.z Comm. = O'Dav. 1147 . lathar .i. indeall, O'Dav. 1192. As vn. oc lathur thestimin `arranging', Sg. 154a1 . is amne as cóir a l.¤ gl. sic vult accipi, Ml. 114a9 .

Of mental characteristics: nochon olc a l.¤ som / can descin cirt ná dligid, Met. Dinds. ii 8.87 . Libir ind láthair lond-braiss `quick and eager of mood', 66.6 . Liamuin láthair láin `perfect of temper', iii 74.93 . Herccad in máthair rosmill / co feib láthair in cech amm of excellent disposition, 84.10 . tiucfa macu dochum domhuin / co feib láthair, ZCP viii 196 § 21. ba gilla cair co feib lathair, Anecd. i 51 § 9 . dul do dígail a máthar / romídair tri mór-l.¤ `in his proud heart', Met. Dinds. iv 32.34 .

Of divine providence: is tre lathar Dáe són dano `appoint- ment', Wb. 25c11 . dont lathur diasndísiu robói hirúnaib inna deacte oc tuiste dúile hitossuch unutterable design, 5c16 . nadrobae remdeicsiu na lathar Dae dia dulib `dispensation', Ml. 20b2 . lathar nDáe di dóinib, 51c11 . it hé inna llathar asbeir inna ndiad gl. dispensationes, 91d7 . aní as arcanum dund lathar fil la Dia `purpose', 103d27 . Cf. l.¤ .i. gach ciall inchleithe, O'Cl.

Pejoratively machination, wiles : arna dich cách assa dligud i n-adaltras tri lathar demuin through the plan of the devil (`influence'), Wb. 9d24 . cocrait 'na mbrāthreib a brath / dial- lathreib conā ragad though brothers they conspire to betray him that he might not escape their machinations, SR 3132 . slatra in lathar / indmaiss brāthar / do creic aire, Anecd. i 72.195 . ?lathar col combat col cend frit ṁbráth ṁbrichi (rhet.), LL 287a20 .

II Vigour, energy, power : tre l.¤ in spirito gl subministra- tionem, Wb. 23b26 . ar demni ind aicnid ┐ lúthige ind láthair, LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). dian farslaic Dia tria l.¤ / do lámaib a derbráthar, SR 7319 . fer n-og co luth ┐ co l-lathar `vigour', Aen. 1087 . ucra lathair `decay of vigour', RC v 203.z . gan uireasbhaidh . . . leime na lathair, MR 318.23 . ro dibdad a nert . . . narbo tulaing lathir nā luaigilla hé, Grail 1828 . l.¤ iona laochaibh, ML 48.26 . cen nert cen lāthar energy, Otia iii 48.5 . ar ttriur brathar . . . / maith ar lathar imon sluagh, Ir. Texts iii 9.21 . ag sin daoip bás Caoilte / . . . a ndeireadh a lathoir `in the last days of his vigour', Duan. Finn ii 174§4. With lúth: ar luth ┐ lathor, Ériu viii 177.24 . mo lúth ┐ mo l.¤ , Comp. Con C. 82.17 . ind aimsir do bádusa im luth ┐ im lathar, Acall. 4416 . caillid a lúth ┐ a l.¤ , TSh. 546. In other phrases: lucht láthair, Todd Nenn. 134.54 . Colgo, Conall, ba lucht lathair `men of energy', RC xlvii 308.2 . Cf. ōtconnarc Osgur . . . in láthair lāech ┐ con ┐ fer dothuit lesin muicc `the number . . . that had fallen', Fianaig. 64.28 . In phr. cen l.¤ ferdae without male agency (of virgin birth): compert maic Dé i m-broind Muire óige cen l.¤ ferdai `without man's presence', Ériu ii 198.16 . Ísa Crīst do geinemhain ō Muire . . . cen lathar ferrda, ZCP vi 84.9 . cen díth nóige . . . cen lathair fherrda, LB 251b23 . Cf. ni fuair bean a dingbala riam acht cuit[r?]ed Medba re met a lathair ferda (of Fergus mac Róig), H.2.15, 228b37 (leaf now in YBL but not in facs. See Gwynn Cat. p. 100 ) sexual vigour (glossed .i. biach in O'Curry's MS. Dict.). See Ériu iv 26 § 13. As cheville: láthur ferda, LL 6425 `in manly actions', MS. Mat. 482.

?in dorus ele . . . ┐ lathar leccchloiche fair `the weight of a flagstone on it', Mer. Uil. 226.

III Place, position : slíab Lecga an láthair iarsin, / fri fáthaib is fri fogail `the next spot' (or in meaning II?), Met. Dinds. iii 110.17 . tangattar . . . go lathair a écca, BNnÉ 273.34 . is tú as ríoghan . . . / lér líonadh gach l.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 2036 . etargna indláthair aimserdi point of time, ZCP viii 176.23 . go ndearntaoi láthair logmhór do shoicheadh ós cionn a ghlún dó ┐ cuirthí innte é `a large pit', Keat. ii 5198 . leath-mharbh ar an láthair, TSh. 2584 . san lathair so, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 45.28 . suidhe a dTulaigh na dTrí bFear / budh í a Lughaidh do láithear, IGT Decl. ex. 2034. Cf. rodhalbestar for alailiu indlautar (leg. l.¤) concealed the place from the other by magic, ZCP viii 104.11 .

(b) In military sense: ro comruicsit ar in lathair sin, TBC 3896 . trotach [airecht]a, ┐ deabthach laithrech, Acall. 6707. daine imda ele do lot arin lathair-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . gurro trasccrait ilmhile . . . for in lat[h]air sin leo, CCath. 5837 . at laechda bar laích ar lathir in battle, LL 239a8 ( TTr. 1642 ). go raibh an láthair fúinn féin till we win the fight, PBocht 14.36 . do locatar láithir do chongmáil dá cathsluaghaib `to maintain the field', Caithr. Thoirdh. 80.3 . faire do chur ar láthair (láithreach, v.l.) nó ar ionad an ármhaigh `site', Keat. i 202.22 . do lingeadh an láthair the field was won, Hackett² xliii 150. Fighting-space: do reidiged laithir fairsing imbualta d'on laechraid (i.e. for a duel), Celt. Rev. iv 118.28 . do léicceadh lathair fairsing . . . isin iorghuil sin dhóib, ITS v 186.22 .

Freq. with attrib. gen.: for láthir na debtha, TTr.² 1030. co lathair an morcatha, CCath. 3399 . ar láthair comluind, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . libh lāthair catha, O'R. Poems 3614 . leac láithreach na troda thú, IGT Decl. ex. 2032 . buaidh láith- reach gaiscidh, Keat. ii 3070 . más libh láthair an iomairg `field of battle', Content. xii 8 . ro suidh gach lāech ina láthair licthi `shooting-site', Fianaig. 64.7 . as a láithrechaib léicthe `slipping stations', SG 264.33 . beirnd curad, ┐ latair miled (of slaughter wrought by warrior), Cog. 188.23 . lathir miled, 194.20 . Cf. is agi ro bai lathair ┐ coscur in catha `victory', Ann. Conn. 1311.9 .

IV Very freq. in chevilles: lathar n-amra, LL 4984 . l.¤ n-án `noble design', Met. Dinds. iv 8.3 . lathar ndein, SR 5861. lathar ṅdil, LL 205a21 . láthair ṅdoiṅg, Met. Dinds. iii 108.77 . lathar féile, LL 4938 . láthur ferda, LL 6425 . lāthur ngell, ZCP xii 245 § 14 . scela Bresail Bregamain / do Lagnib lathar foníal `a cloudy region', ZCP xxiv 142 § 46 ( LL 6336 ). ní lathar lesc, LL 17732 . nói mbliadna dond ingin-sin / i mBrí Léith, l.¤ nena `with the spirit of a handmaid', Met. Dinds. ii 2.12 .

V In adv. and quasi-adj. phrases. for (ar) l.¤ Of place: do'n tí na fil er lathair present, PH 7688 . is ann sin tháinig Leabharcham aran l.¤ mara raibh Cú Chulainn, Comp. Con C. 78.3 . Of time immediately : co m-bái marb ar in lathir, RC vii 302 § 192 . co raibh dall ar in láthar, SG 27.2 . adro- chair M. fen ar in lathair sin, RC xvii 138.19 (Tig. = statim, AU 548 = fo chédo[i]r, FM 538 ). gur thuit a neál air an láthair iair ttréigion iomaid fola do, Death-tales 40.24 . ar in lathair sin `on that same time', BR 204.z . ar an lathair, ITS xxix 198.22 . Note also: ar lathair in laithe sin `on that very day', MR 120.27 . ar óenláthair together: ar aon lathair, Cog. 206.12 . fir Éireann ar aon láthair `assembled', Keat. iii 987. do-icc co l.¤ : tángatar cúic mic Uirgrend go lāthair `came upon the scene', Fianaig. 98.6 . ó thanic Osgur co lāthair `to the spot', 66.2 . tanic dano ín leoghan co lathair, Études Celtiques i 91.12 . gach feindidh da ttigeadh a lathair, Duan. Finn ii 370 § 3 . iar tiacht a muindtiri co haenlathair risin impir, ZCP vi 40.26 . urmhór an tsluaigh ar dteacht ar aon-láthair ris, TSh. 1071 . do láthair at once: do láthair iar ngabháil creidimh, O'Gr. Cat. 51.5 . luathaid cach lib do lathair, Ir. Texts ii 61 § 38 . do cuaid doraith leis a marbad (.i. doraid do lathair a marbad), Arch. iii 14.23 . do éirigh Lugaid co láechdána leómanda don l.¤ sin, Comp. Con C. 110.1 . Also at hand, present : comhtha séd isíad do láthair / locaidh tú go techt ar áth, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 223.97 . do neoch nach raibhe do lathair díbh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . Cf. gan bhréig ná locht do láthair, / gnáthaigh a dtéid ort [d'fhiachaibh], PBocht 3.38 (`failing of vigour'). Cf. láithrech.

In prep. phrases with gen.: do chuiredar fios ar A. . . . go láthair na comhuirle `A. was invited before the council', Rel. Celt. ii 180.33 . In pl.: dá leana go láithribh Cuinn back to C., L. Cl. A. Buidhe, 63.117 . do l.¤ l. in(to) the presence of: d'eagla . . . go mbeartaoi do láthair an dlíghe é `should be brought to justice', ZCP iv 398.27 . iar ndul . . . do lathair Aodha, FM iii 228.1 . ná cuir do chomaoin bréige / do láthair mo leithéide, Content. x 5 . doní caoi da láthair, Keat. ii 5944. Folld. by vn. phrase present at: bí si . . . im fhochair i n-aimsir m'eitseachta . . . ┐ do lathair m'adh- naicthi, BNnÉ 267. 19 . gach aon . . . bīss do lāthair a ttaispēnta present when they are displayed, Fl. Earls 216.8 . bheith do láthair thorraimh na marbh, TSh. 5556 . do láthair an trátha sin at that time, Maguires of F. 12 . i l.¤ in(to) the presence of: ní fhúicfidhear do leachtsa ionár lath- airne, ML 112.31 . do-chúadar a lathair éga, Duan. Finn ii 380.41 . táinig . . . i láthair Sholaimh, TD 2.177 . im láthair-se, Keat. ii 6354 . 'na láthair, TSh. 10335 . a lathair dhaóine móra, Prov. xviii 16. Note also: bheith ar láthair na dtrí dtairngeadh to witness the three nails (of the Cruci- fixion), PBocht 4.45 .

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

láthardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthardacht or dil.ie/29632

ind (láthardae): lathardhacht Chriosd a Sacramaint na haltora presence, Luc. Fid.² 2897 .

láthardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthardae or dil.ie/29633

Forms: lathartae, latharde, lathardae, latharthe, lathardu

adj io, iā (láthar, láthraid). In Ml. glossing Lat. expositus: lathartae, 32c2 . latharde, 14c13 . lathardae, 140c6 . latharthe, 23d1 . lathardu, 146c1 . In Luc. Fid.2 actually present : leis an iodhbairt lathardha cheudna, Luc. Fid.² 3890 . sacramaint fhola ┐ chuirp lathardha Chriosd, 3893 .

? lathire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? lathire or dil.ie/29634

ind conid form forromais nach for a l.¤ tí tarrassais, LL 287a20 .

lathrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lathrach or dil.ie/29635

Forms: laithrech

n o,m. Also perh. ā, f. (see below) (loth). Cf. Jn. Celt St. i 71. Also lo-, laithrech. puddle, muddy pool : mēit cuithi cach lattrach léig `as big as a pit each . . . puddle', Four Songs 18 § 3 . do bhainnib líontar l.¤ `with drops the pool is filled', BNnÉ 179.27 . an domuin . . . .i. ainm antire moin ┐ lothrach, O'C. 123 ( H.3.18, 75a ). fan, no seisc, no tail gleann, no lathrach sean roda, Laws iv 144.8 Comm . loch Laigh . . . do elud siar co muir nad bai de acht a l.¤ mud- banks(?) (`place'), Todd Nenn. 206.11 ( BB 256b35 ). mór doinenn . . . ba lán cach linn ┐ cach laithreach, SG 44.29 . In rhetoric, perh. as ā, f.: fri lathraige lár on the middle of a muddy pool, LL 13447. Note further: co techda latraig, co litin with due amount of gruel with porridge, Aisl. MC 127.19 .

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.