labra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labra or dil.ie/29248

Forms: laibre

n (-ae) , f. (2 labar) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . laibre, Abstr. Nouns § 97.

(a) As noun gift of speech, talkativeness; utterance : ba imm Chríst mo labrae, Fél. Feb. 8 . itge Tuae / . . . nad labrae the prayer of the Dumb One . . . which is not speech, Dec. 22 (`which is not arrogant', Meyer, Misc. Hib. p. 37 ). bind l.¤ , LU 3586 ( SC 29 ). atchota . . . flaith labrai, LL 345b52 = folabrad, Anecd. iii 12.16 `beer begets talkativeness', Smith, RC xlv 12.2 . he focerd cen dolma / ném oir derg forml.¤ , IT iii 8.13 ( BB 297a37 ). issed l.¤ s[ū]t aingil . . . a mbelra-sa nolabraimsi `the speech of the angels', Ériu ii 102 § 10 . is l.¤ nach lomar cor, MacCarthy 312.15 . a c[h]īall cain di clothach l.¤ , Arch. iii 296.3 . irdairc a lūad re l.¤ , ZCP viii 113.24 . is e in spirut-sin is augtar do'n labrasa, PH 6494 . nir' cumaing sium fen l.¤ do denam, RC xx 430.5 . go mbí a theanga . . . gan lūth gan labhra, TSh. 4198. As attrib. gen.: deghfer labhra a good speaker, FM ii 1136.14 .

Of non-human sound, utterance : eisdeacht re labhra h'iolar, Duan. F. ii 372 § 9 . labhra a hén, Studies 1920, 568 § 23 . Of Lia Fáil: ni hé as labhra don Lia Fáil / cia dana cáir adhbha Ir, L.Cl.A. Buidhe 231.11 . Of the sea: labhra na dTrí dTonn, DDána 93.10 .

(b) As vn. of labraithir speaking: l.¤ fríu nocha techta, Fél. 190.18 . ni dam tualnge laubru rimm, IT i 123.24 ( TE Eg. 9 ). cen duine d'acsin na dho labrai frium, PH 508 . a fhear grádha ag labhra linn, Ir. Texts i 39 § 24 . ni hiongnadh don Lia gan labhra, L.Cl.A. Buidhe 85.103 . na cúig cáis ag labhra leam, DDána 16.7 . do chairt ag labhra ar áon ortha, Sc.G.St. iv 144 § 29. Of singing of birds: lán d'énaib . . . oc nuall ┐ oc l.¤ (erlapra v.l.), RC ix 492.z . With obj. gen.: boi Ísu oc lábhra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076 . fétait maith ┐ olc do l.¤ , 2656 . is oircheas a labhra libh, Dán Dé xxix 11 . suairc an sgéalsa . . . / do ghéansa a labhra rem liaigh, 12 .

Note also: labrad ┐ labrae a labro .i. ō bēlaib, O'Mulc. 773.

Also as n. pr., see Corp. Gen.

1 labrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 labrad or dil.ie/29249

u, m. vn. of labraithir. Plural forms usually not distinguishable from pl. of labairt. IGT Decl. § 106.

(a) As vn. act of speaking : l.¤ ilbéelre = loqui linguis, Wb. 12d7 . ni l.¤ ho belaib namma, Ml. 64c16 . l.¤ do dia inna medón, Ml. 105d8 . soirthiu de in l.¤ , Sg. 15a4 . or bam túalaing lapharthai, IT i 120.24 ( TE Eg. 5 ). cen l.¤ fri nech, IT i 208.15 . tú ag labhradh red mhac go milis, PBocht 4.44 . l.¤to take precedence of in speaking: geiss d'Ultaib l.¤ rena ríg, TBC 4724 . tucsamar dó . . . i ndáil fer talman . . . l.¤ lá is aidchi remonn, Ériu iv 108.6 .

(b) speech, utterance : combed a ndedesin im labradsa .i. gáu et fír, Wb. 14c23 . a labartho gl. dictionis, Ml. 123b14 . inna timthrechta ind labrada innid eula nech `the services of the speech in which one is skilled', 42c4 . sruth sulbaire ind labartha, 89d3 . l.¤ firian hi cridiu do accomul, 35d26 . l.¤ huallach, 31b10 . l.¤ intansin, Ir. Texts i 14.28 . conid ina l.¤ atgenatar so that they recognised him only by his speech, LU 8384 ( FB 25 ). an cetna labradh na hanma iar tuidheacht asin chorp, Ériu v 122.37 . cach cenel labartha, Auraic. 1952. lethan in l.¤ `story', Met. Dinds. iii 270.5 . ar nírlam a l.¤ `what he spoke of', ii 74.59 . ba dorcha din in l.¤ rolabairset na fileda isin fuigell sin, Laws i 18.15 Comm . labhradh ciallaidh, v 178.23 Comm . fuath laburtha figure of speech, PH 5655 . cumachta laburtha, 2654 . In phr. fer labartha láin official spokesman : rofrecartsidhe in fer lapartha lain ina conaire, Anecd. ii 51.8 . ni leis t'acallaim acht lem-sa, ar is me is fer laburtha lain ina conaire, 13 . is é fá fer labartha láin dó lé Connachtoibh .i. Donn Ó Brisléin, F.4. 13 (T.C.D.) 6a . Note also: dar bhfer labhartha . . . Iosa Criosd, Luc. Fid.² 3052 . See also labra, labairt.

2 labrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 labrad or dil.ie/29250

v or dolabrad in B. na f. (of dead man): dolabrad é iaram et rotóccbad a fola cum n-andóiti et doclaited a lectus , Arch. iii 311.9 . Perh. pret. pass. formation from Lat. lavare if not simply for dolabra, q.v.

labraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labraid or dil.ie/29251

n i, m. (labra) speaker: sciath for a druim ┐ for a chind in labrada, YBL 113a 18 . Sencha . . . soirl.¤ Ulad ┐ fer sidaighthe slóig, TBC 5233. As n. pr. Labraidh Loingsech, Cóir Anm. 175 . labraid Moen, or na gillai. L.¤ a ainm ónd uair sin (with play on labraid he speaks, speaker), Fing. R. 337 . L.¤ Moen mac Ailella Āine, 344 . for láim Labrada, 394 . See Corp. Gen. and O'Rahilly, E. Ir. Hist. and Myth. 103.

labraithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labraithir or dil.ie/29252

Forms: labraid, labra, labrad, labairt

v (labar). Later labraid. IGT Verbs § 46 , 47 . speaks, talks, utters :

(a) Intrans. Of persons: mad amne labrar, Wb. 12c36 . ni labrafammar, 12c4 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib `all do not speak with many tongues', 12b22 . nabad immalle labritir `let them not speak at the same time', 13a5 . intan labratar ind ḟilid, Sg. 162a3 . conicsom hi suidiu nad labrathar `it is able here not to speak,' 199b5 . labraid in spiurt noib tri giun duaid, Ml. 115a2 . lase labraimme gl. loquendo, 31b15 . ar da (leg. ara) lesaib labrait(h)er, Laws ii 306.4 ( ZCP xiv 379 - 380 ). C. i ngin cech óin rodomlabrathar speaks to me, Hy. vii 59 . labraid Moen, Fing. R. 337 . atraig C. . . . ┐ labrais iar sin, LU 3330 ( SC 12 ). rolabair . . . ┐ atbert, PH 2883 . beas co loibera `haply he will speak', RC xx 430.16 . Of a bell: día labhraid cluig a gceallaibh, Duan. Finn ii 140 § 58 . Of birds: da labhra an chaei im fhiadh Emhna, Ir. Texts ii 84 § 22. Cf. go labhradh lon, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 4 , where, however, the form may be vn.

(b) Trans. says, speaks, utters : is and atá gním tengad isind huiliu labramarni `the action of the tongue is in all that we say', Ml. 31b23 . na nní labrathar, 35d22 . is dia rodla- brastar `it was God that had spoken it', 126c10 . aní nola- braifitis `what they would have said', 55a10 . arnóib (= arnaib) briathraib rolabrastar C., Thes. ii 248.3 . conid ed toissech rolabair .i. nin nin, unde est Moninni, Fél. 166.22 . intí labrus in fírinde, PH 8089 . sul do labhradar focal, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 23.30 . da labhra se brec, ITS xxix 130.13 . l.¤ bélre speaks a language : intíi labrathar ilbélre, Wb. 12c19 . ciarud- chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar `though they speak them', 12d28 . issed a mbelra-sa labartait (leg. labērtait with suff. n. pron.?) this is the language which all will speak, Ériu ii 102 § 10 .

Also speaks of, mentions : ni labraim a lind, Mac Carthy 432.y . Michél dia Luain labraimsea, Ériu ii 92.2 . in sacart dolabrumair tuasana mentioned, D iv 2, 75b32 . mairg a-tá ag teacht im eolas / a cheart an lá laibheoras, DDána 12.12 . inghean shaor dhealbhdha Domhnaill / . . . labhraim, 99.1 `is my theme', Ir. Monthly 1919, 224 . In religious contexts: ro labratar na fáidhe . . . gein Crist foretold(?), PH 2300 . co labratis na apstail mirbuli Meic Dé preached, 5423 .

(c) With various prepp. l.¤ AR speaks of: sul laibheoram ar thriall Niuil, Keat. ii 175 . l.¤ AS: conid as cech berla ro-labairset spoke in every tongue, PH 5486 . l.¤ DI (DO) speaks of: na clanna dar labhradh linn, DDána 27a.8 . ní laibhéar . . . / don bhuidhin fhinn ildealbhaigh, 97.28 . is don eire-sin labras Heremías, PH 7356 . laibheoratt don canaidh caoimh, BNnÉ 252.11 . Note also: is don folmugad nach labrann don anmuindi . . . labruimsi has nothing to say to, is not a cause of weakness, Rosa Ang. 150.5 . With prep. introducing person addressed: labraid sund Dia . . . na briathra sídamla dona hapstalu, PH 6763 . ro loprustar a Paitir . . . do maisi, Laws i 282.1Comm . l.¤ FA speaks of: fan gcíogh libh ní labhairthir, Aithd. D. 65.16 . l.¤ FRI speaks to: ro-labair diabul fri hÍsu, PH 4876 . laibheóraidh mé ris an dTighearna, TSh. 429 . l.¤ LA speaks for, intercedes on behalf of: gibé dhíobh nar labhair liom `who have not spoken for me', Content. ix 29 . 's í aineoghas ar t'fheirg mhé / gan cheilg laibheoras linne, Aithd. D. 34.22 . liom-sa labhair, a Fhlaithrí, DDána 90.2 . extols, praises in verse: dā labhart[h]ar lais, | mac na flatha 'if one speaks [in poetry] on behalf of the youthful prince' Celtica xxiv 134 § 7 . ? iomdha fādh libh ag labhra | agus rádh fhir ealadhna O'R Poems 427 . iomdha sgol libh ag labhra 'many a poet-band praises thee' Aithd. D. 42.15 . l.¤ TRE: in Spirut Naem ro labrastar . . . tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.5 Comm . do labhair an Tighearna ar tus . . . trid na faidhibh, ITS xxix 166.11 . laibheorad co cumair trit in tegasc so ritt, 109.9 .

Vn. labra, labrad, labairt.

labral

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labral or dil.ie/29253

Forms: labras

n also labras (Engl. or Rom. loanword) laurel: coróin labhrail, Oss. v 146.14 . ni do duilleogaib an craind re n-abar labrus, 23 P 10³, 13a7 . labhrais bheag, labhrais raibhianach, Hog. Luibhl. See laur.

labta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labta or dil.ie/29254

x See lota.

lac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lac or dil.ie/29255

adj o,ā. With -o- in d s. and g s. (as in cas = cos), IGT Decl. § 40. weak, feeble . Of persons: in tí as l.¤ is dó is méla, LL 307b21 . a chruachaidhi lenaim laic (: brait), IT iii 104 § 200 ( Bruchst. i 27 § 59 ). a leanaib laic (: cait), IT 93 § 140 . Freq. of hair soft, smooth : ó Concobair na cíabh lag, IGT Decl. ex. 70 . In metonymy: a chiabh lacch `thou lady of clinging tresses', O'Hara 659 . a chiabh lag, Aithd. D. 41.6 . a earrla lag, Aithd. D. 46.5 . ar teccuscc da thrilis loig, Ir. Texts ii 97 § 11 . Of other parts of the body: a basa taise laga leabhaire, Keat. Poems 91 . a suile lacca liatha, LB 155a30 . In a variety of other applications: na lochta cen lomrim l.¤ , BB 331b40 . Tech na Fían, nirbo long l.¤ `it was no mean hall', Met. Dinds. i 18.59 . nir l.¤ a ḟal, LL 4306 . nirbo l.¤ in lenamain, 375b4 . nír lag a dhal, BB 56b15 . ní l.¤ rogní iarcóir cath, / in rí dorat mór ndígal, SR 3943 . th'aire ar fhās na n-abhall lag, Ériu viii 195 § 4 . a thuir nach tor lag, ML² 934 . gér lag an long 'na raibhe Peadar, TSh. 2067. lag an foirgneadh aga mbi fulang . . . lag, Luc. Fid.² 5117 - 8 . With neg. of copula as laudatory epithet and in chevilles: ní láthar l.¤ , LU 3737 ( SC 12 ). ós Lifi Lagnech nách lacc (: tochmarc), Met. Dinds. iii 82.67 . Lugaid nar l.¤ , LL 19477. tri hingena in láich nad lac, Met. Dinds. iii 156.5 . líth nad lacc, Ériu iv 136.15 . ní lúad lac, Met. Dinds. iii 146.9 ( ZCP viii 106 § 4 ). miad nar l.¤ , CRR § 29 . ni tres lag, Cog. 64.5 . a chreach bhó ar Laighnibh ní lag, IGT Decl. ex. 1180. Cf. sluagh na serda . . . / . . . lúardaib l.¤ SR 6791.

As adv. roleigsed . . . a srein co lag asa lamaib, TTebe 4479 .

Compar. is laigide na lochta / mé ar m'intinn go harrochta, Dán Dé xxi 9 . loige a-chách ar geóir chuige, PBocht 12.7 . trí téad is laige táin, Rel. Celt. ii 293.14 . is lagaide an urraim ó fhile . . . dlíghthear dháibh, Ó Bruad. i 122.7 .

As subst.: cuirfid lamha ar laguibh ┐ slaineoghthar iad, Luc. Fid.² 5751 . an tréan 'san lag, Keat. Poems 711. Cf. forroilged la Gartán dabach i llac mara, SCano 15 ( Anecd. i 1 ) where l.m. is taken by Editor (following O'Brien, Ériu xi 87 ) to mean shallow of the sea (a part of the beach accessible only at certain low tides), but is perh. to be referred to loc (e).

Compds. With nouns. ¤báid: ná déantair lat lagbháidh `be not remiss in love', PBocht 4.43 . ¤bothán: lag-bhotháin tógbhaid fragiles domos, Keat. i 54.5 . ¤chreitem: lagchreidiomh an tí bhíos ar úrnaighthe, Párl. na mB. 2887 . ¤gabáil: gan rann dá oigealaoidh lais ón laggabháil `poor treatment', Aithd. D. 19.8 . ¤lúb: Óilléan Carrún laglúb líomhtha léir, Hackett xxxi l.¤-thomus: lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl (of sin), PBocht 15.15 . ¤urán: glor gan l. `without weakness', Hy Maine 132.28 .

With adjj. (a) dvandva compds.: ¤buide: a fholt lagbhuidhe líneach, Top. Poems² 1580 . ¤lebar: a fholt laig-leabhar chladh gcam soft and long, DDána 105.24 . ¤remor: lama lacremra litarrda aice flabby, CCath. 4029.

(b) Formed with adjj. formed from nouns: ¤brígach: ná bí laig-bhrígheach, Is. xli 10 . ¤chroidech: eaglach nó lag- chroidhech, Deut. xx 8 . ¤lámach: curtha ┐ laglámhach, 2 Sam. xvii 2 . ¤radarcach: atáid ar súile lagradharcach, Lament. v 17 . ¤rúnach: don aithrigheach lagrúnach weak of purpose, Mac Aingil² 2185 . ¤spiraitech: do na daoinibh laigspioraideacha, Desid. 772 . ¤ṡúilech: ina ḟanntassib bána ┐ ina n-ímágib laccṡuileacha dim-eyed (of starving men), LB 154b60 . ¤thuirsech: do chréachtghuin mé go lagthúirseach, Keat. Poems 81.

lacad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lacad or dil.ie/29256

[u, m.] vn. of lacaid (see laca(ig)id). act of weakening, laying low : a lagadh ┐ a laighdiugad ┐ a aimnertugad, Cóir Anm. 31 . ragabsat a láma lacgad ┐ lán merbligud, LL 244b2 ( TTr. 2055 ). forsin loch leír cen l.¤ / nochantais cléir cain-abbad, Met. Dinds. iii 378.11 . ar lagad . . . a luth- glac, MR 232.7 ( LL 409b4 ). lagadh ná laghdughadh, TSh. 6565. In description of warrior: ba sluag leoman cen l.¤ `lions undaunted', Met. Dinds. iv 284.31 . in leoman gan lagadh, Caithr. CC 16.

In sense of discouragement, dejection, etc.: lagadh na lán- mheirtean, MR 298.1 . narub lagad duid `do not be dis- couraged', Aen. 296.

Med. laxation, laxative : lagad na brond = solutio ventris, O'Gr. Cat. 259.z . is eigin ar tus in tadbur dfolmugad le cuisle, ┐ re becan lagaidh noch bogas, Rosa Ang. 310.13 . See locad, logad.

laca(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laca(ig)id or dil.ie/29257

Forms: lacad

v (lac)

(a) Trans. weakens: ro lagaig (rolacgaig, Eg.) Pátraic in mallachtain, Trip.² 1667 . scél ná lacaid logud `that oblivion wastes not', Met. Dinds iv 216.78 . ro lacc ┐ ro leon ┐ ro leadair, St. Ercuil 472 . céim fa lagfaidhe ar luaighill, DDána 104.1 . do laguighis thú dom láidrioghadh, Mac Aingil 616 . lagaighidh (an peaca) an t-anam, Parrth. Anma 3358 . do laguidh na cineadhacha, Is. xiv 12 . do lag cách mo chadhasa, Misc. Celt. Soc. 328.19 . Of bonds, reins etc. slackens: rolagait na slabraid, CCath. 2661 . co rala- gaigset a cengail, TTebe 214 . ro lacsat na marcaigh a n-aradhna da n-echaibh `gave rein', CCath. 1273.

Med. loosens the bowels : tig an tart . . . tareis na purgoidi . . . nis tusca na lagas si, 23 P 10³, 43a9 . muchaid in fiabras, ┐ lagaid in medhon, Rosa Ang. 30 § 10 . sinnsir ┐ caisi . . . lagaid siad co maith, 114.24 . le neithibh lagus ┐ folmuiges adbur na heslainti. 148.15 . dona leigheasaibh lagus ag fásgadh, O'Gr. Cat. 176.16.

(b) Intrans. grows weak, feeble . Usually of feelings, courage etc.: do lacc mo spirut, Laud 610 fo. 23b (Plummer MS. notes). cia dib no laccadh a fe[i]dm catha, CCath. 5975 . ní lacc celg dá cnuas treachery enjoys a rich booty, Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.16 (or adj. lac?). d'eag(h)la go laigeochadh croidhe a dhearbhraithreach, Deut. xx 8.

Cf. nír fír lagaigh fích na b-fer, Misc. Celt. Soc. 364.5 .

Vn. lacad.

lacán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lacán or dil.ie/29258

see locán.