2 in

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 in or dil.ie/28195

Forms: im-, in, in, in, in, an, in, in, in, in, in, in, in, imb, imp, in

interrogative particle. im- before b-forms of the copula and substantive vb. (but: in biam, Wb. 15a1 . in ba maten, in ba fuin, Irish Metrics § 19. in budh geall re oirechus ..., ML² 1420 ). Causes eclipsis of following initial except when it contains the copula. n generally doubled before vowels (but not in Wb.), especially before pronouns é, í, ed: Folld. by dependent form of vb. and neg. particle and by Class C forms of infixed pron. Later Mid. and Mod. Ir.: an.

(i) In direct questions: in coscramni `do we destroy?,' Wb. 2b20 . in digén bullu mertrige diib, 9d4 . in cumgubsa .i. non gl. num ... potero, Ml. 49c5 . in intsamlammar-ni `do we imitate,' Wb. 11b16 . in intain rombói in circum- cisione, 2c5 . in anfossigid, 8d5 . in ed fodera báas domsa ..., 3c33 . in dia in doichside do `is it God? is it likely of Him?,' 4b14 . uidesne .i. in n-aci, Sg. 15b6 . in n-íírr `wilt Thou slay?,' Ml. 77a10 . inned insin furuar dait `is it that that caused it to thee?,' 44b10 . in forcmaither áes sain- rethach dond ḟi[u]r midboth ...?, Críth Gabl. 32. ind (leg. in) hí lanamnus atái béus `art thou still in the married state?,' Mon. Tall. 134.24 . inn é so Muinremor?, Sc.MMD § 12. ceist, in n-éláfa limm?, TBFr. 162. im bui (bia, v.l.) tesorcud na nDéisi innosa?, Ériu iii 140.179 . in creti Dia fodechtsa, LU 9281. inn ébairt-sium frit-su in chóma sain, TBC 1772. in anad dogníthi-si?, Mer. Uil. 187. an edh is áil lib ... imbualad oidhchi do dēnam?, ML² 1501. an faicend tu Tit, TTebe 4886 . in ro berbais in saill, IT i 41.12 .

(ii) In dependent questions in is used (a) alone meaning whether , or (b) preceded by duús (do ḟius) to know if, if perchance:

(a) nebmess for nech im maid fa olcc `whether he be good or evil,' Wb. 8d26 . asrubart sum fri mmaccu Israhel imbói di oinachdaib leu, Ml. 43d1 . ro ḟíarfuigh sceula dib, an fúaratar sgéulu Midir, IT i 129.30 . co finnad inn uaitsiu ro siacht fis dó, LU 3659. dóig innar tised Cúsc- raid, TBC 823. a innisin duind ... an mberam coscur dona Tiabandaib, TTebe 1214 . aitheantar ... an é flaitheas Dé is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1776. ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 .

(b) duús in comalnid arru- pridchad dúib `if perchance ye fulfil what has been preached to you,' Wb. 14d23 . doairfenus doib dús imbed comrorcon and `if perchance there might be error therein,' 18d7 . iar- moracht M. do M. dus imbad lór whether it were enough, Mon. Tall. 133.8 . dús in faigbitis nech bad toga leo dia tibertis rígi nErend, LU 3438. With loss of n: rochindset dul co Teamhraigh dūs a ccaomtais fuaslugudh Fiachra to see if they could ..., ZCP xiv 256.17 . In Mod. Ir. an ro> ar by the assimilation of n with r: do fhiafruigh dhe ar choimhéid na miasa gan osgladh, TSh. 3592.

(iii) Double interrogation expressed by in ... in , more frequently by in ... fa (or ba), in ... fa in , and later by in ... no in ... (im, imb, imp=in+3 s. pres. subj. of copula): imb i nógi imb i lánamnas `whether in celibacy or in marriage,' Wb. 10a12 . imbem i mbethu imbem i mbaás bad lessom, 25c12 . sechip hé im do día im do pheccad, 3b15 . ceist in tre prois fa in tre metur roceta ..., Hib. Min 175. cid dogēn fri firu Arddae? imba hāilgine ... bá 'ma (=imba) garge?, Arch. iii 293.z . imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . is inderb im mascul fá femen ..., Sg. 61a9 . imba bás ba bethu `whether it will be death or life,' Wb. 23b32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath?, Críth Gabl. 492. is cum- tabairt cia crocann in rúon nó in cethra, Trip.² 815. in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía ł in limsa doraga, LU 4012. dus cid dodentais fri h-Iacop .i. inn e a marbad ... no inn e a phiannad, LB 151b40 . in sith no in debaid fuil agaib? Aen. 1838. 'ca imradh an cath rocomorfad no an sid ro- sirfead, TTebe 1184 . Triple interrogation: in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit fa a ndíis `whether they are in com- position or in apposition or in both of them,' Sg. 217a1 . in ... fa nacc whether ... or not: in tree áem didiu fa nacc `is it through it then indeed or not?,' Wb. 2c4 . imb anacol dom fa nac `whether it be protection to me or no,' 23a6 .

(iv) Negative interrog.: innád cualaidsi `have ye not heard?,' Wb. 5a21 . inná tecta cumachte gl. an non habet potestatem?, 4c28 . innad n-accai dost thou not see?, Ml. 17b17 . dús innad n-utmaligetar, Thes. ii 4.34 (Acr.). cest ina raibi Gaedelg resiu rotobaidhe `did not G. exist ... ?,' Auraic. 13. In Ml. the neg. interrog. is frequently expressed by in ní nad is it that ... not: inní nad ṅdixnigedar is it a thing that it is not?, Ml. 55c9 . inní nadnimcai ate immaaccai is it a thing He does not consider? Yea, He considers it, 114a15 . inní nad roilgisid `have ye not read?,' 17b18 . inné nach foghnann duit duine ele, BNnÉ 179.4 .

(v) The object pronoun (indirect object in the case of sul st. verb and copula) is infixed between in and the verb, and in the case of the copula, between in and the predicate: in da hierr `wilt Thou slay them?,' Ml. 77a16 . inab-testa-si tesbuid a hEmuin?, IT i 144.19 . inn dath- gnitae would you recognise them?, 21 . inum-biasa úair coibligi lat?, BDD² 48. innut tarfás ní? has anything appeared to thee?, LU 9233. indad fil slondud bas derbu?, 5602 . indat mebhair-siu?, TBC 3552. in dóig inar tísed C., 815 . in-dat sochenel no dochenel?, PH 695.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con- cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See Thurn. Gramm. § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith in- naicde, O'C. 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, de Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. Finn i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoil- eadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or men- tioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. Suibhne § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, FM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd.D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' FM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd.D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hin- raith, O'C. 509 (< H 3. 18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be in- habited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), FM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, St. Ercuil 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D iv 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'C. 467 (< H 3. 18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'C. 2067 (< H 4. 22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame- worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' FM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .


(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis TC 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .


(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'C. 1988 (< H 4. 22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Aneed. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd.D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ion- choise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd.D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also incho- martha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incom- laind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chom- moídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchom- mórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimh- ionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, de Contemptu 1276.


(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, St. Ercuil 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be to- gether with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon- Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con- cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' FM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3. 17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incum- annta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤deg- duine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarm- acha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'C. 559 (< H 3. 18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndén- mhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, for- gettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach inder- maid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'C. 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numb. i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, FM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D iv 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5. 15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military ser- vice, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, FM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingab- daís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd.D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth Gabl. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'C. 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd.D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC² 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' FM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC² 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais capable of being inhabited: o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh ; cith a ni inforais .i. airm in hagedar nech inoga athgabala, O'C. 788 (< H 3. 18, p. 368a ). muna be treabad inforais lais `a habitable residence ,' Laws iv 128.5 . ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Misc. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd.D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be main- tained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infui- laing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhu- luing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. leighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.


(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3. 17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda in- gabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Tim. iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), Aisl. MC 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3. 17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd.D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar in- ghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbh- ach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd.D. 78 § 17.


(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'C. 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-im- bertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by trans- ference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3. 17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'C. 46 (< H 3. 18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC² 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC 4280. ¤leigis curable: do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gr. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd.D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'C. 875 (< H 3. 18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the main- tenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame- worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'C. 464 (< H 3. 18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd.D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, FM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab. 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd.D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása in- ógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriage- able age,' de Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáon- aigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionn- racais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be men- tioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ion- ráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lór- fhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth Gabl. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'C. 509 (< H 3. 18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5. 15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr.² 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd.D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Im. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hin- siubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, FM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd.D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mention- able is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd.D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haim- sear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd.D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintais- fenta leis (of knowledge), O'C. 896 (< H 3. 18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be tra- versed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidh- echta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezek. xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' de Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., FM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385. ¤uithir fit for sick-attendance: nach inuithir, do nach findtar a beo nach marb, O'C. 1879 (< 23 P 3, fo. 21 (23)b ). faithche insguir inuithir (sic leg.), Laws ii 12.19 . trī seúit caich bānbēime, ... cumal cach inuithir `a cumal for every confinement to bed,' Cáin Ad. § 44.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, con- siderable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáir- imthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., O'Hussey T.C. 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó in- atrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Prov. viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd.D. 34 § 4. ¤breth- naigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as in- breathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores salu- berrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ion- chathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ion- chaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. Con C. 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3. 17, col. 603 ). ¤chin- taigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéig- niughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomar- daigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomh- ardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Prov. viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ion- chúartuighthe, Jer. vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chu- mannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Rom. xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Mann. and Cust. iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniu- ghadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'C. 559 (< H 3. 18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodh- nadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, FM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha to be expelled ?: romdlomsat nīrb indlomhthai | in dhí gabor, ZCP vii 305.26 (B. na f.). ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd.D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd.D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr.² 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'C. 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ion- ghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Prov. x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, de Im. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si in- ghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤im- bertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innla- bartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Ang. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd.D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' FM v 1734.13 . ¤mes- caigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 . ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar chean- nach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoir- brethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luigh- dheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3. 17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism.L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ion- mholta dhúin, Aithd.D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd.D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsech- anta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseach- anta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Ang. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuain- tigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-inta- burta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intab- artha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

4 in-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 in- or dil.ie/28197

negative prefix ( Thurn. Gramm. § 872 ). See indatta, indeithbir, 1 inglan, etc.

5 in-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 in- or dil.ie/28198

intensive prefix. See inísel, iníchtarach, inmedónach, etc.

iná, ináit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iná, ináit or dil.ie/28199

x see 4 ná.

Inachda :

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Inachda : or dil.ie/28200

Forms: Inachda

pn n p. ind Inachda gl. Inachides (a patronymic from Inachus), Sg. 31a13 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. inad or dil.ie/28201

Forms: ined, inat-so, ined, ineth, inad, t-inad, ionadh, ined, inned, inad, inaid, inaig, ionaid, ionada, inud, inut, inad, n-ionatt, hionaid, hinada, hinadha, ionuid, n-inad, inadaib, hinataib, inadh, n-inad

n earlier ined. o, m. When folld. by -so, -sin, the final con- sonant became regularly delenited, int inat-so . This form later became universal. n s. ined, AU i 288.11 (A.D. 803). int ineth , Trip.² 1267. inad urdalta, TBC 1196. in t-inad , PH 6456. ionadh, TSh. 3989. a s. ined, LU 3786. inned, Lat. Lives 14.13 . an inad , PH 3410. g s. ind inaid , TBC 623. an inaig , Caithr. Cellaig 847. an ionaid , Desiderius 4025 . fer ionada Chriosd, Luc. Fid. 362.11 . d s. assa inud , LU 8765. isint inut , Lat. Lives 30.17 . in inad , Cog. 10.20 . co n-ionatt , FM iv 1034.7 . n p. na hionaid , TBC p. 877 n. 7 . na hinada , Laws v 324.17 Comm. na hinadha , CCath. 1853. na ced-ionuid , Luke xx 46. g p. na n-inad , TBC 1462. d p. isna inadaib , LU 2000. isna hinataib , PH 7124.


(a) place, spot; appointed place, position: inadh gl. locus, Ir. Gl. 516. rosuidig ecailsi cethrochairi isind inut sin, Lat. Lives 30.17 . dorónsat ... comarli a hoeninud im comuaill ... in trír curad sin, LU 8559. is in dun no a n-inut inill, Laws ii 2.9 Comm. secht maigne .i. ... secht n-inada, v 304.1 Comm. fail i.¤ urdalta lat-su an appointed place (viz. at the feasting), TBC 1196. i.¤ rend ┐ arm ┐ faebur `a mark for ...,' MU 18.11 . in t-i.¤ ┐ in aimser i nderna, PH 6456. gach son fordorcha ... fo[fh]rith ined doib isin Gaedelg `a place was found,' Auraic. 2.12 . i.¤ bunaidh rīg Ērenn Temair, ML² 885. na glu[a]sadh nech as a i.¤ cathai from his post, TFrag. 190.17 . ba cobhsaidhi na hinadha debhtha i rabhadar fighting positions, CCath. 1853. isin ionadh choinne sin `to this rendezvous,' ALC i 418.7 . team- poll no ionad comhnuighe Dé, Donlevy xiv 15 . gor' gab a inadh imtechta `the place to which he was going,' CCath. 4758. as na hionadhaibh doimhne do éigheas ort `de pro- fundis,' TSh. 4281. in long i raghbhadh ionadh ní fagbhadh gaoith sheolta a berth , FM ii 1034.16 . gurab ionadh adh- luicthe dhó féin burial place , TSh. 160. na céd-ionuid suighthe annsna coimhthionóluibh the chief seats, Luke xx 46.

(b) place (of safety), shelter: dossennat in tslúaig iarom conná fúair ined leó is tír, LU 3786. conā fagad i.¤ a chind for bith, TBC² 2214.

(c) space, extent, room: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 . ineth cethri mbó, ZCP viii 316.9 . cona bói i.¤ renda delgi i n-a chorp uli cen crécht fair, LB 142b50 .

(d) proper place, place suitable for ... : cīa corp nā fil i n-inud?, ZCP iv 236 § 16. in tan na faghuib inadh eir `place for ploughing,' Laws v 288.12 Comm. co hinadh catha do thabairt doib a place suitable to give battle, RC xviii 299.5 . dochuaid in comrac a hi.¤ edtrana ná h-eadar- gaire (i.e. had got past interference), MR 266.19 . i n-i.¤ a aimsigthi `where he could be attacked,' 200.4 . dā faghadh Conn a n-inat ghona nō imbualta, ML² 1808. ro cuiredh an oigrighan a n-inadh rigna acu `in a position befitting a queen,' St. Ercuil 570. Ercuil d'faghail a n-inadh na mbriathar sin do digail fair `where I may avenge those words on him,' 1419 . go mbí an fhairge 'na hionadh | gan airde gan íslioghadh, DDána 29 § 7. nír chuir th'óighe as a hionadh | do mhac ochta ar n-aibghioghadh, PBocht 17 § 27. do bhríogh nach ionadh réna háitiughadh go síor purgadóir, TSh. 3989.

(e) site, position, trace: rosoich | sech inud cech oenṡos- said, SR 436. atá i.¤ a da traiged isind lic, LU 1945. i.¤ dūine do bendachad dō-som to bless the site of a fortress for him, BColm. 62.24 . maraid i.¤ a thige, Arch. iii 304.1 . i.¤ cathrach a site for a city, Aen. 747.

(f) dwelling place, home, steading: dorat ... in chathir ... do Dauid fria prímhined, SR 6412. isna sostaib ocus isna inadaib i mbíat oc déscin gnússe Dé, LU 2000. na tairgsi damsa an t-inadh-sa ... uair ticfa mac bethadh ... ┐ doghena inadh at chomfocraib (said by C.C. to lord who offered him his `inadh'), RC xii 322.5 - 6 . robo marb in cerd iarsin ┐ roḟācaib a i.¤ ac siair dō, ZCP xiv 152.11 = facbaid a chomor- bus, PH 942. eirg ┐ geibh baile risin popul ... cia hairm i ngebh inadh?, Lism.L. 2042. an tír-se ní hí m'ionadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3.

(g) place, passage (in a text): a n-inadaib imdaib na scripturi noime, PH 5515. atbeir Ísu a n-inud aile isin tsoscela, 7926 . ag mínioghadh an ionaid sin Phóil, Desi- derius 4025 .

II position or office held by anyone: ┐ nār lēigis uasal a n-inadhaibh īsil, ML² 1367. gach neach len holc a ionadh, Aithd.D. 15 § 7. ionadh an ríogh mura raibh ... agaibh (to a former Lord Lieutenant), 36 § 32 . Tomas iarla Deas- mumhan do theacht ... ó tigh righ Saxan co nionatt righ leis (i.e. with the office of Viceroy), FM iv 1034.7 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne `takes the place of,' Aithd.D. 77 § 1.

fer inaid successor, deputy: sonas ┐ deggnim tria bithu d'fir th'inaid, Fél.² ci 1. rath fortsu ... ┐ for fir t'inaid ina log sin, LU 3114. Grigair 'sa Rōim ... fer inaid Pōil is Peadair, Arch. iii 245 § 26. in pāpa ... fer inaidh Dē a ttalmain, Fl. Earls 154.3 . fear ionaidh airdríogh Eireann `the deputy of Ireland's king,' Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . fear ionaid gl. bhiocáire, Donlevy 40 n. 1 .

III instance: dilsi bid na bliadna i netarscarat don cheile in cach inat dibsein ` in each case ,' Laws ii 336.25 Comm. is e sin in darna hinadh is in berla i nuraileann dligedh ar duine a fearand do reic, iv 214.11 Comm. clae- clodh inntinne i n-aen inadh on any point , RC xix 34.8 .

IV In prepositional phrases: di inad at once: di fot .i. d'inat nó di maignin .i. fochétói[r], O'Dav. 754.

i n-inad

(a) in place of, instead of, in succession to: coemchludh ababd (sic) ... .i. Forindan i n-i.¤ Dermota, AU i 334.13 . inn-ined Sául ... deni lat oirdned Duíd, SR 5679. mairg dobeir guth ar ḟer ngrāid | bīs i n-i.¤ Chrīst, Arch. iii 222.14 . uair oili a n-ionadh dola ar a aghaidh dhó, as ar a chúl do théigheadh, Desid. 5172.

(b) on account of, in indemnification for: ar chuinchid dílguda ininad catha Cule Dremne do brisiud, Goid.² 101.4 . tuc bórama a Lagnib i n-i.¤ marbtha a da ingen, LL 23b31 . Danair fo tri do gabail Erend ... in i.¤ a saraigthi (i.e. Ciarán's), Cog. 10.20 . a ndingnitis athrigi a n-i.¤ Crist do crochad doib, LB 151a16 . mór gus a-nocht mo chuid chionadh | an folt duid 'n-a n-ionadh uaim, Aithd.D. 43 § 1. Gallbrat ua Cearbhaill ... do mharbhadh ... ┐ morán do shédaibh do bhreith do mhac Maol na mbó na inadh sin, FM ii 874.18 .

for inad in place of: is for i.¤ bo tiaghaid, Laws iv 100.19 Comm. bo for ined bo, agh for inedh aighe, 20 Comm.

inada ? :

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inada ? : or dil.ie/28202

ind gl. tabe, Ir. Gl. 329. Cf. idu.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. inadach or dil.ie/28203

Forms: inadach

n (inad) collect. things which replace others, `sub- stitutes': dofung-sa ... nacon ḟetar-sa ca hairm i fail an inadach (perh. read a n-inadach ) sin iarna scíth lim ar críne (of vessels made out of and to take the place of larger vessels), Ériu iv 134.19 .

inadaid, inaidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inadaid, inaidid or dil.ie/28204

v ā or i places, appoints: do-huicem-ni corub ó toil-si (=ót thoil-si) ḟollamnaiges mac Muire na duile ┐ is esside ro hinaided uait-siu he has been appointed by you, LB 230b18 . gach fear oile do réir a gharma, ionadtar ar chlár an bhrannaimh é, TSh. 857.

? inae :

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? inae : or dil.ie/28205

ind glossed .i. inusae (leg. in usu?, Ed.) non est , O'Mulc. 722.