2 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gnía or dil.ie/26214

n d,m. a warrior, a champion : n s. gnio nīthach Nad-Buidb `ein streitbarer Kämpe war N.,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 , where Meyer would emend to nio. ba gialltach gnía, LU 4283 = LL 145b24 ( Königl. Sächs. Gesellsch. Berichte, 1884, p. 194 ; SG 84.19 .). am gnia, IT i 142.2 . d s. tressiu cach gniaid, LU 10265 . n p. is mōr tria gaile glīäid gegnatar ann tria (leg. trí ?) gnīäid, ZCP viii 119 § 36 . gnía .i. bile, O'Cl. Cf. ┐ nía of which this appears to be a by-form.

3 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gnía or dil.ie/26215

n d,m. a worker, a servant: gnia (MS gnai) .i. mog, Lec. Gl. 73 . gnia nó gnīm, O'Mulc. 658 . gnía .i. reachtaire no fear foghainte, O'Cl. gníadh .i. foghantaidh, ib. Cf. fergnia, Sg. 52a10 (gl. uirago). fergnia, O'Dav. 1536 . fergnío, Laws iv 338.15 . uais gnia, Laws i 182.32 (in etym. gl.). Fintech ... gnīad maic S., O'Mulc. 541 . g s. im chaire tigi gniad, Laws i 124.4 (glossed fir gnimaig ... .i. in briugudh, 134.1 Comm. ). im lomuin (sic leg.) tige gniad, Laws i 124.15 . (glossed ... .i. in briugaid 140.5 Comm. ). a s. asbert fri gniad (sic MSS) Milcon (of Patrick), Hy. ii 7 . Cf. Trip. ii 404.16 . eter ríg nAnand ┐ a gníed, LU 10250 . a p. lasna gniadu (gl. operarios), Ml. 135d9 . amal bid inna gniadu (gl. tanquam operarii), 136a1 . gnía légend a student (B. na F.): treis gnía lēighind three students, Arch. iii 310.20 .

Cf. gnía .i. reachtaire, O'Cl. As npr m. Gnia (Gniadh, BB) m. Tigernaig, ZCP viii 297.23 .

gníd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gníd or dil.ie/26216

x see 2 gní and gníth.

gníid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gníid or dil.ie/26217

Forms: n-a-gníu-sa, gniid, gniith, gníthi-sium, gnís, nodgní, gníte, gniad, gnid, gnete, n-gnemmis, n-gnetis, gēnde, gēnais, rogéni, rogenset, -gníset, gnisit, gnisset, gnither, gnaither, gnitir, gniter, génthir, rongníth, rognítha, -rognatha, remgnethi, mar- gnethi, caingnethi

v i O. Ir. forms :

Ind. pres. 1 s. n-a-gníu-sa, Wb. 3c30 . 3 s. gniid, Sg. 199a5 . gniith, Wb. 21b2 . With affixed pron., gníthi-sium, Ml. 30b20 . rel. gnís, Wb. 21b2 . Sg. 143a6 . nodgní, 209b22 . 3 pl. rel. gníte, 156b7 .

Impf. 3 s. gniad, SR 2743 . 2 pl. gnid, Wb. 33a17 .

Subj. pres. 3 pl. rel. gnete, Ml. 125c3 .

Subj. impf. co n-gnemmis , Wb. 4a9 . trisa n-gnetis , Ml. 23a2 .

Fut. 3 pl. rel. gēnde, Thes. i 714.10 .

Pret. 3 s. gēnais, Hy. v 11 . rogéni, Ml. 48c6 . Wb. 3c25 . pl. rogenset, Ml. 80c6 . (Later rogní, -gníset; gnisit, SR 4077 ; gnisset, 4197 .)

Pass pres. s. gnither, Sg. 140a2 . gnaither, Ml. 38a5 . pl. gnitir, ib. rel. gniter, Ml. 21c3 . fut. s. génthir (sic), Bcr. 44b3 . pret. s. rongníth, Ml. 14a18 . pl. rognítha, 115b4 . -rognatha, ib. and 39a24 . part. a p. inna gnimu gnethi, Ml. 115b2 . Cf. remgnethi (gl. ante acti), 103d15 . mar- gnethi (gl. magnifica), 126c6 . inna caingnethi (gl. bene acta), 22d18 . vn. gním u,m., q.v.

In general sense acts, does, makes: gl. agere, Ml. 14a18 ; 125c3 . Thes. i 714.10 . peragere, Ml. 48c6 . actitare, Bcr. 44b3 .

I Intrans. acts, works: amal gnīs tra Crist in iustis. ... is samlid ... gniith demun in filiis defidentiae, Wb. 21b2 . is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim who acts and suffers, Sg. 143a6 . gníd, amal cech mog, Fél 4.12 . gníad ísel fri hard let him act humbly ..., Ériu iii 98 § 13.

II Trans.

(a) makes, constructs: mur d'argut ... rognid im cach oen ḟaith[chi], SR 384 . secht ṁbenna ... gnitis dind or, 4343 . ra gniad ra Meidb dunibuali ... ar cind Conchobair, TBC 5134 . rognithea a mbotha, CRR § 24 . etrachta gnuisi ind Righ mair ro gni cach nduil, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . Maelsuthain is he rosgni (of a poem), ZCP v 499 § 10.

(b) With abstract or vn. as obj. does, performs, executes , etc.: co ngnemmis gnímu colno, Wb. 4a9 . huaræ ata ngnímai nui nadrognatha riam rognítha and, Ml. 115b4 . ar cach n-omgním gníset for every cruel deed they did, Met. Dinds. iii 4.47 . trisa n-gnetis aithirgi, Ml. 23a2 . is hé in peccad rogéni anuile comaccobor, Wb. 3c25 . figell āine, ernaigthe, | almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . ni gníand nách ṅdímáin, PH 5917 ( LB 68b12 ). roniat-som airisiumh `rested,' Marco P. § 56 . rugéne ... A. atlugud búdi dona déib, TTr.² 1935 . rogníset atlugthi buidhe, Arch. iii 10 § 11 . gníset cairddes, Met. Dinds. iii 244.31 . gnisit caratrad fri Fomorib, RC xii 58 § 8 . gnisit cathu fought, waged ..., SR 4077 . gniid cathu, SC 18 . intí gnifes catha fria demhna, Lism. L. 3778 . cindus rogentais cathugudh, Aen. 2074 . āth forsinngēnathar a gleō, TBC² 1140 . gníset gleic gairb, Met. Dinds. iii 372.69 . rogniad comairle la Ultaib the U. took counsel together, CRR § 9 . gnithir feis Temra la hE., Ériu ii 178.17 . gníset óenach cóir Carmain, Met. Dinds. iii 12.151 . rogní ... int ord forcetail ┐ celipartha, Fl. Earls 136.34 ; ib. 9 . no gniad druidechta, LU 9007 ( FB 75 ). gnít sealga they hunt, Cóir An. § 70 ( IT iii 318.24 ). Cf. further: súil cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐ Eogan thou makest sheep's eyes at Eogan and me, IT i 82.1 ( Longes 315 ). gniat cach a aimsir let each man have his day (lit. do his time), Lism. L. 1547 . roraid ... nogenad einech Troianna `... make the Trojans honoured,' TTr. 867 ( LL 228b49 ). aigne .i. ... fer gníes ái, Corm. Y 74 . seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib (of chips) the direction he gives them, Laws iii 226.24 .

(c) exercises (horses): do ghníeas m'eocha I have exer- cised my horses, IGT Introd. § 78 . See 1 gním for further exx.

1 gním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gním or dil.ie/26218

Forms: gnímo, gnimo, gníma, gníim, gnímai, gnima, gnímæ, gníme, gními, gníme, ngnimae, gnímu, gnímo

n u,m. g s. gnímo, Wb. 3c23 . gnimo, Sg. 153a3 . gníma, Wb. 6a11 . a s. gníim, 1d7 . n p. in gnímai , Ml. 99d9 . in gnima , 116d5 . gnímæ, Wb. 13d29 . gníme, 31b30 . gními, 28b20 . g p. gníme, 13d15 . inna ngnimae , Ml. 66b5 . a p. gnímu, Wb. 4a9 . 17a13 . gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe Miss.). Sometimes n. in chevilles, v. inf.

(a) As vn. of gníid in various senses: doing, performing, executing: gním pectho the commission of sin, Wb. 25d8 . ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire, 3c23 . a thal de gnim to do his will, RC xi 129.10 . icc gnim na mórchaingen sin `transacting ...,' CCath. 3250 . ni chumgaid olc na maith do gním, Alex. 989 . an marbhadh sin do ghniomh, FM v 1872.10 . ar ngniomh na goili fine `after perpetrating the kin-murder,' Leb. Gab. i 36.9 . TD 35.6 . making, con- structing: oc gním a sosta making their huts, TBC² 166 . g.¤ catha, etc.: ic gnimh in catha catharda fighting the civil war, CCath. 4584 . ag gniomh an iomairicc, FM vi 2132.9 . g.¤ ech exercising horses: lā dia nde[ch]adar sescad ridiri do gním a n-ech, ZCP vi 278.3 . eich dá ngníomh, TD 11.20 ; 34.13 ; 6.9 . g.¤ láime : ma ta gnimh laimhi aici-siumh 'if she has handiwork' CIH i 174.10 , Celtica xxvi 28 .

(b) Intrans. acting, action, activity, work: gl. actio, Ml. 15b1 . in belrai .i. is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium ...), 31b23 . 47b13 . crux didu ainm do gním in chrochtho ... the act of crucifixion, Wb. 8a5 . slond gnimo hi rec dogni indidit, Sg. 153a3 . i ngním et bésib, Wb. 23c11 a. gnim ┐ bestata ┐ morolus action and virtue ..., Hib. Min. 358 . bruth ┐ gním ruirech lais, BDD § 99 . do gním a lámi féin, TFerbe 247 . gnim claidib sword-play, CCath. 3618 . fuasgaltar iad do ghníomh a gcarad `by the action of their friends,' TSh. 4353 . lionn fuar ar bhfulang gnioma do lionn ruad air enduring the action of ..., 23 K 42 149.12 . peacadh gniomha actual (as opposed to original) sin, Donlevy 148.16 . grása gníomha efficient grace, 210.11 . Of the action or effects of medicines: doni gnim cosmail re meisce, O'Gr. Cat. 216.21 . is romór a ngnim ar in corp, 213.17 . doicc i ng.¤ is carried into effect: in fogail ... ni tainic a ngnim, Laws iii 138.4 Comm. acht co n-icsed a ngnim, O'C. 630 ( H.3.18, p. 304 ). cuirid i ng.¤ puts into action, practises: cuir do briathra a ngnim change your talk for action, RC xix 34 ( Fierabras § 36 ). gach ní noerrdercaiged docuiredh féin i ngníomh, xxv 396 § 12 . ó gním in deed (opp. to natura), Wb. 21b2 . de gním in deed, in effect: go n-abraid do ghníomh nach dleaghair dhóibh ... giall dó, TSh. 3043 . adeir an marbh ... do ghníomh, nach bí neach ag tabhairt láimhe leis féin, 4736 . Leg. fer gníma the champion (lit. `man of action') who acts for a woman in case of trial by battle: a fer gníma ise nodsaig isin roe, O'C. 795 ( H.3.18, p. 370a ) = fer lesach, Laws i 140.8 Comm. A definite act, deed: bid mogda in gním, IT i 98.3 . dodéna gním n-granna n-garg, 70.24 (Eg.). mac bec doriṅgni in gním sain, TBC 947 . gním demnach, LL 4910 . gním as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . Dec. 17 . gabtar an toil urlam ar son an gnima (= voluntas prompta pro opere reputatur), O'C. 2223 ( Eg. 88, f. 16 (17)b ). a nem-eiric in gnima sa, Laws i 6.28 . gniómh fallsa, Dán Dé xxxi 19 . do ghníomh a gcarad, TSh. 4353 . gníomh nár ḟéadodar d'ḟulong, TD 18.27 . pl. imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . congnemmis gnímu colno, 4a9 . fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine, Laws i 48.24 Comm. i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5863 . ZCP x 348 § 10 . In chevilles: gnim cert, SR 3167 . g.¤ ṅgann, 3219 ; g.¤ ṅgúr, 7371 . g.¤ ṅglegrach, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a44 ). ni gním ṅgoa, ib. § 51 ( ib. 46 ). Without qualifying adj. (1) an act of prowess, an exploit: (2) a wicked deed, a crime (cf. meanings of écht, bét and glond): a ḟergnīma, TBC² 363 . do scelaibh do gnima ┐ do gaisgid, ZCP vi 31.18 . is mór in gním Cormac ... do marbad, RC viii 358.8 . gním na n-ingen ... i taeb Temrach (i.e. the slaughter of the maidens), LL 4911 . Used loosely of a fact, an occurrence: andsin adces taidbsi ... is tresin ngnim sin rothuig T. fuagrad na faistine, TTebe 4143 . Of a special kind of activity proper to someone or some- thing function, duty, work: is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium), Ml. 31b23 . gnim an gabhann, BNnÉ 65 § 96 . ithé gními epscuip, Wb. 28b20 . conderna gnímu moga, 17a13 . cid do-beir na cóic ṡéotu do eneclainn in boairech? Ni anse, a gníma (`his functions,' Mac Neill), Críth Gabl. 163 ( Laws iv 308.26 ). ite inso trá gnima bóairech, Críth Gabl. 183 . acht na methat a ngnimu, Laws v 272.11 . ata dono naidm gaibes gnimu raithe ... ata aitire gaibhes gnimu nadma, ZCP xiii 24.10 ( H.3.18, p. 21a ), see Bürgschaft, p. 13, §§ 42 , 43 . Specifically in sexual sense: Sampait ... cen gním núachair S. inviolate, Met. Dinds. iv 7.22 . Cf. fergním, bangním, Laws ii 350.6 Comm. In theology, an act (= Lat. actum): gníomh creidimh, Donlevy 16.13 . gníomha caon dúthrachta Acts of Devotion, Pref. iv 17.

(c) In concrete sense, something made, a piece of work, a structure: mur do glain huaine, gnim cain, SR 347 . indas in gníma sin, FB 2 . gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh `a work of boards and wattles ...,' CCath. 1814 . do gnimaibh cloch, 1880 . ós gním ochta aird-inbir `above the breastwork ...,' Met. Dinds. ii 58.10 . Of literary work: gnim Lucae etir soscela 7 Acta, RC viii 367.11 . Cf. i ngnímaib na nApstal (= in Actis Apostolorum), Hib. Min. 53.

(d) Gram. the active voice; an active verb: gním ┐ césad active and passive, Sg. 172a2 . gnim indi as fio the active of `fio', 194a2 . torand gnima no césta, 26b15 ; 149b7 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio, 145b4 . Auraic. 651 ; 1620 .

(e) organisation (?) : gnim .i. tigedus, Stowe Gl. 415 . Lec. Gl. 401.

(f) As npr m. mac Gnimai meic Ruaidene, Lec. 134rc40 .

Compds. ¤arnaidh, MR 144.5 . ¤charcar: g p. inna ngním- carcar (gl. ergastolorum), Lib. Hymn. 72.y . ¤dénmaid (gl. opificem), Lib. Hymn. 71.24 . ¤doilig, ML 48.10 . ¤écht prowess: gan derbhadh gaisgidh nā gnīmechta, ZCP vi 28.17 . ¤gartglóir glory of liberality of deeds (?) : in primaltoir ... | fri gnimgartgloir roturcbad, SR 4266 . ¤ghnáthughadh putting into practice, TSh. 1850 ; 8076 . ¤grith a forcible shout (?) : a p. scertair iarna ṅgnímgreth[a] (at Last Judg- ment), SR 8327 . ¤molta of praiseworthy deeds, TD 18.23 . ¤scélrad relation of deeds, CCath. 4407.

2 gním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gním or dil.ie/26219

n a division of land, equivalent to the twelfth part of a ploughland, called in Anglo-Ir. `gnieve,' see Joyce, Soc. Hist. i 245 : tobretha trí dúne dō ... Búi gnīm dō hi cach æ, ZCP viii 312.23 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein cion, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.8 . cor ar a bhfuair ... iarla Chille dara gnimh na ratha driseoguighi, O'Gr. Cat. 150.5. As n. l. Gním na tri sesreach, RC xviii 297.27 (Tig.).

gnímach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnímach or dil.ie/26220

Forms: gimacha

adj (1 gním) o,ā active, busy: in gleo gnimach, RC xxxvi 262 § 3 . lasin gamanraid ... galaigh gnimaig, Cog. 56.15 . i tig in fir gnimaig in the house of the worker, Laws i 132.31 Comm. (glosses tigi gniad, 124.4 ). beatha ghnei- theach .i. gnimhach (= vita actualis), v 22.15 Comm. eitged ... gnímach, iii 92.9 . samad gnimaig (sic leg., cheville), `a doer's congregation,' RC xxvi 166.22 . gnimach cech gallrach every sickly person is restless (?), LL 344b55 (= crimnach cech galrach, Tec. Corm. § 15.5 ). mór ... do láthaib gaile gnímacha, 232b17 ( TTr. 1137 ). dā cāil gnimh- acha ... .i. tes ┐ fuacht, ITS xiv 12.27 . nach féadann oibriughadh do réir na beatha gníomhaighe, ná na beatha cráibhthighe, TSh. 7550 . an phian ghníomhach positive pain, 2025 ; 6390 . ní hí an tsubstaint bhíos gniómhach acht na haicídighe (of bread and wine), Eochairsg. 71.20 . pecadh gníomhach sin of commission, 32.8 . med. cumachta ghnímh- ach in lenna, O'Gr. Cat. 234.9. capable of action: mad écunnail ina tslainte ... ni ba gnimag fri bas, O'C. 1744 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 31 ). ? for slebtib tenda garba gnimacha (of the dwelling of the damned: leg. gimacha ?), YBL 163a49 . Compar. mac righ ... is gnimaichi do bi do Breifnechaibh, AU ii 446.9 .

gnímaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnímaige or dil.ie/26221

n (gnímach) ,f.

(a) activity, prowess: ar a n-gaircce, ar a n-gniomaighi, TBC 5654 (St.). [betha] gneitheach gnimaighi (= actualis vita), O'C. 309 ( H.3.18, p. 172 ).

(b) workmanship: re seol-ghnimhaighe a saer ` handicraft ,' MR 102.19 .

gnímaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnímaigid or dil.ie/26222

v (gním) denom.

I Trans. puts into operation, effects, practises: acht narab seol gnius no gnimaighes fuithib (of flying chips) `provided he does not send them in a certain direction,' Laws iii 226.24 Comm. go ngníomh- uigheann searbhas i meanmain an pheacthaigh (of sin), TSh. 9477 . gníomhuighthear na piana (= tormenta aguntur), 6580 . gach maith do fhoráileadh ar chách do dheanamh go ngniómhuigheadh féin rompa í, he would practise ..., Keat. iii 3038 . Vn. gan choir gráidh do ghníomhoghadh (of a bishop) `free from deeds of sinful love,' Arch. Hib. i 98 § 2.

II Intrans. acts, takes effect: ní oibrighinn én ní san inntlecht go ngnímhuiginn ar tús sa cédfadh, O'Gr. Cat. 237.25 . gnimhaidhi an re ... isin fairrgi the moon acts on the sea, ITS xiv 44 § 11 . ib. 38.20 . go ngníomhuigheann teine phurgadóra arna hanmaibh, TSh. 1992.

gnímaigtheóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnímaigtheóir or dil.ie/26223

n (gnímaigid) i,m. an agent: itáit trí gní- muightheora ac gach uili leighios ... .i. gnímaightheoir inmhedhonach ... (etc.) = triplex est agens in medicina, O'Gr. Cat. 234.5 . gurab é Dia is prímh-ghníomhuightheóir prinnsiopálta ..., TSh. 8499.

gnímarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnímarthach or dil.ie/26224

adj (gnímrad) o,ā active, vigorous: o gníomh- arthach Gairmleadhaigh, Top. Poems² 194 . onchú gním- artach na nGaedhel, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). buaidhridh an fearg gnímarthach an reasun uile, O'Don. Gr. 453.12 (from Med. MS.). creud thuigeas tú ré grásaibh gníomharthacha, Donlevy 208.17 .