gné

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gné or dil.ie/26205

Forms: ngné, ngnǽ, gné, gné, gne, gnei, gnee, gné, (il)gné, gnee, gnei, gnéthi, gnethi, gnéithe

n O.Ir. n., later f. : n s. a ngné , Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ). a ngnǽ , Sg. 205a1 . Mid. Ir. survival of neut. : gné m-bróin, FA 33 ; gné n-onore, PH 7001 ; gne n-aill, CCath. 1026 ; MacCarthy 138.10 . a s. gnei, Sg. 166a2 . g s. in gnee , Goid. 67.23 ( Lib. Hymn. 11b ). n p. gné, Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ). (il)gné, Ml. 97a1 . LU 7533 . gnee, BB 297b35 . gnei, 321b51 . A common Mid. Ir. pl. gnéthi, LL 265b20 . gnethi, PH 7471 . gnéithe, IGT Decl. § 2.18 .

(a) kind, species : fúad et gné form and kind, Wb. 32c9 . gnǽ for leth ... far leth .i. tresṅgné `a species apart ... "apart" that is, by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . tri gné forsin apgitir, Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ). bieit ilgné indi son there will be many kinds in it, Ml. 97a1 . gne gneach a specific species, Laws iii 96.10 . in gne no in cenel in fidh ? ... masa chenel cadet a gnee ? Auraic. 853 - 854 . atat cóic gnethi icon duine-marbad, PH 7471 . da gne for leth dechnaid .i. sned ┐ trebradh, BB 297a37 . for tri gneib in three kinds, Fél. 4.30 . gné ḟerrdha díb ┐ gné bannda (of diamonds), Maund. § 138 . gné pupall `a kind of tents,' § 49 . an ghne as anbhfainne d'apoplexia , 23 K 42, 23.1 . na gnéithe don Gháoidhelg, IGT Introd. § 2 . Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 . maille ris an uile ghné airm, Ezech. xxxviii 4 . cred an ghné dhuine an té sin, 2 Kings i 7 . gné óir nó airgid do chor amach to issue a new coinage, Mac Aingil 305.1 . tairgit gnē chomhadh dōip `they offered them some gifts,' Fl. Earls 14.15 . dognīt gnē chiūnais ┐ chomnaidhe ann `they had some rest and repose there,' ib. y . gne d'imegla ... orra ..., 32.7 . ge gur fulaingset gne shaot[h]air, 88.10 .

(b) form ,

(1) of outward appearance, appearance of countenance : issed a ngne cétna foir, Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ). saingné fornaib gnímaib inna preceptore ... a special form, Wb. 5a5 . gné fírinne fuiri the appearance of righteous- ness, Ml. 95b6 . is follus co mór gné m-broin fair-seom, LU 2279 ( FA 33 ). fond ... na cathrach ... co ngné gréne fair, LU 2039 ( FA 11 ). ro soí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SC 40 ). is derb limm nochloemchlaifed gnee (leg. -fe a gnee ?), TBC 284 . imsod a gne do gruaide, TFerbe 720 . ra sáit gnéthi da gnúsib, MU² 500 . slóg rosóiset gnee, Ériu vi 149.72 . ni rangatar gaill a ngné, `did not recover their countenance,' Cog. 98.19 . Aen. 2642 . co mad gné forbáiltechuis no-beth fair, PH 3075 . doraitne gné báis foraib, 3488 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 ). robo ghlas a ainech ┐ a ghne `countenance,' Coir Anm. § 8 . ba cael gné a chuirp, ZCP xi 108 § 2 . gnē feola deirgi fair oc a chaithim (of the Sacred Host), xii 373.12 . gein co ngrinne gnéa `winsome of mien,' Met. Dinds. iii 300.44 . is olc do gne cid mor do meisnech `thou lookest ill ...,' Cog. 170.11 . gne do ghnuisi, TTebe 3599 . ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh, IGT Decl. ex. 318 ; 199 . caillid a ... ngné ┐ a maise, TSh. 546 . béal ... ar ghné ógróis, TD 39.4 . nach i ngné Gaoidheal gairmthir `... their names are not like those of the G.,' Content. xxix § 31 . Of gramm. inflexions : huare rombói la grecu a ngnæ the Greeks had the form, Sg. 205a1 . ailigid gnei changes the form, 166a2 .

(2) way, manner: fon ngne seo (gl. in chruth-so), Laws iv 214.19 . for gne gille `after the manner of a pledge,' i 276.17 Comm. ; 188.30 Comm. ar oen-gne in the one way, ZCP viii 266 § 34 . da leana tú he is na gneithi seo in these ways, Ériu v 138 § 122 . da ngabham is an ghné chóir (sic leg.) if we take it in the right way, Dán Dé xxii 1.

(3) Prep. phrases : ar gne like : fuair a ghruaidh ar gné mónann `his cheek as the berries,' Content. v 121 . proportioned to (?) : ar gne dia ccēill ┐ dia thuixin, Fl. Earls 182.2 . fo gné (gnéithibh) under the appearance (semblance) of, in the manner of, as : a m-bachla ina lám[h]aibh fo gné ... imdechta, PH 5104 . fo gné bairgine ┐ fhína, 5183 . caith corp fo ghnē rūine in Righ in mystical fashion, RC xxxvii 345 § 5 . cibe noscaith co dana | fo gné cech bīdh immana (of the body of Christ) ... as he would any other food, 349 § 80 . Corp Críost ... fá ghnéithibh na fola, O'Gr. Cat. 39.23 . fa ghnéithibh aráin ┐ fíona, Eochairsg. 20.30 . fo gne síthe `under the guise of peace,' ALC i 84.2 . FM ii 996.1 . fa ghné mhaitheasa fíre, TSh. 8135.

(c) a legal point, an argument, a case : seo na gneithe er nach roichenn Muircertach ... in cét gné dib ... gné eile, O'Don. 1956 - 7 ( Eg. 90 f. 7 (8a ) ( O'Gr. Cat. 77 ). er na gnéithib seo, O'Don. 1959 (ib. b). an tres gne, ML App. 180.10 .

(d) leg. a version : gné n-aill a different version, O'D. 568 ( H.3.17, c.440 - 41 ). deithbir na na (sic !) cantana fodera dam in da ghne sin do scribhad, O'Don. 213 (scribal note, H.3.17, c. 169 ).

Compds. ¤buan of lasting form : sgath an dána gnéabhuain, TD 31.16 . ¤bude of yellow appearance : a chiabh ghnéa- bhuidhe, TD 2.28 . ¤gen : a maise 'sa gnéghean `her loving countenance,' Oss. iv 266.3 . ¤glan : seabhac ... gné-ghlan, Ériu v 172.2 . ¤nuaide `youthful looking,' TD 2.45 ; `glistening,' 28.11 .

gnéach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnéach or dil.ie/26206

adj (gné) o,ā specific, pertaining to a species : gne gneach ocus cenal cenalach `a specific species ...,' Laws iii 96.10 . cenel cenelach gneach a genus generic and specific, Auraic. 858 . Cf. 861 , 3740 (gneithech), 3736 (gnethach).

gneide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gneide or dil.ie/26207

n g s. intan dia mba suillsi na gneidhe, O'C. 2025 (H.4.22, p. 49).

gneiugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gneiugud or dil.ie/26208

n (gné) variation, differentiation (?) : is mor in rodiall .i. in rogneiugud ┐ in cruthugud ┐ in diol doratus forsna foclu-sa anuass, LB 240b49 (ACC Comm. `forma- tion,' O'Beirne Crowe 74 ).

gnéthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnéthach or dil.ie/26209

x see gnéach.

gnéthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnéthech or dil.ie/26210

adj I o,ā active, busy : g s m. (gl. operosi), Ml. 48d1 . i tig in fir gnimaig no gniththig, Laws i 134.1 Comm. eitged gnéitheach active criminality, iii 90.22 (explained `gnímach,' 92.9 ). beatha ghneitheach .i. gnimhach (= vita actualis), v 22.15 Comm. do pecud gnéthech na bunad-gennti, PH 4826 . infinit gnima on breithir gneithig `an infinitive active from the active verb,' Ir. Gl. 136.25 ( Gild. Lor. 2 ).

n II ā,f. active voice : cumtach gnéthigi do chestaig the construction of the active for the passive, Goid. p. 67.5 .

? 1 gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 gní or dil.ie/26211

ind .i. coccnam nó ithe, ut est, rogáét guaire ni gniet dét dretell `gní, i.e. chewing or eating, ut est "the bristly one (?) has been wounded : (his) teeth chew not the pet hog,'" O'Dav. 1057.

? 2 gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 gní or dil.ie/26212

n voice : gni .i. guth, St. Gl. 419 . Lec. Gl. 538 . `gni .i. guth voice or sound,' P. O'C. con[d]ernum dore[i]r a rí | issí domén rarmorgní `with our great voices,' RC viii 348.41 .

Compd. ? ¤gal : gníd .i. guth unde dicitur gnídgal, Thr. Ir. Gl. (s.v. gníd). See also gníth.

1 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gnía or dil.ie/26213

n d,m. sister's son : gnía .i. mac seathar, O'Cl. Mugna moo gnía .i. mo macaib sethar quia fit gnia mac sethar, Dinds. § 34 . Mugna, mo gnia feda féil `M. my sister's son of the glorious wood,' Met. Dinds. iii 144.1 . ag mal Múscraoidh bheith na ghnia, Ó Bruad. iii 208 § xxiii . Cf. 2 nía, of which this appears to be a by-form influenced perhaps by 3 gnía, q.v.

2 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gnía or dil.ie/26214

n d,m. a warrior, a champion : n s. gnio nīthach Nad-Buidb `ein streitbarer Kämpe war N.,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 , where Meyer would emend to nio. ba gialltach gnía, LU 4283 = LL 145b24 ( Königl. Sächs. Gesellsch. Berichte, 1884, p. 194 ; SG 84.19 .). am gnia, IT i 142.2 . d s. tressiu cach gniaid, LU 10265 . n p. is mōr tria gaile glīäid gegnatar ann tria (leg. trí ?) gnīäid, ZCP viii 119 § 36 . gnía .i. bile, O'Cl. Cf. ┐ nía of which this appears to be a by-form.

3 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gnía or dil.ie/26215

n d,m. a worker, a servant: gnia (MS gnai) .i. mog, Lec. Gl. 73 . gnia nó gnīm, O'Mulc. 658 . gnía .i. reachtaire no fear foghainte, O'Cl. gníadh .i. foghantaidh, ib. Cf. fergnia, Sg. 52a10 (gl. uirago). fergnia, O'Dav. 1536 . fergnío, Laws iv 338.15 . uais gnia, Laws i 182.32 (in etym. gl.). Fintech ... gnīad maic S., O'Mulc. 541 . g s. im chaire tigi gniad, Laws i 124.4 (glossed fir gnimaig ... .i. in briugudh, 134.1 Comm. ). im lomuin (sic leg.) tige gniad, Laws i 124.15 . (glossed ... .i. in briugaid 140.5 Comm. ). a s. asbert fri gniad (sic MSS) Milcon (of Patrick), Hy. ii 7 . Cf. Trip. ii 404.16 . eter ríg nAnand ┐ a gníed, LU 10250 . a p. lasna gniadu (gl. operarios), Ml. 135d9 . amal bid inna gniadu (gl. tanquam operarii), 136a1 . gnía légend a student (B. na F.): treis gnía lēighind three students, Arch. iii 310.20 .

Cf. gnía .i. reachtaire, O'Cl. As npr m. Gnia (Gniadh, BB) m. Tigernaig, ZCP viii 297.23 .