gnás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnás or dil.ie/26190

Forms: gnas, gnásu, gnáis, gnása

n (gnáth) ā,f. but a s. gnas, AU i 404.19 (an. 886 ); a p. gnásu, LL 156b16 . m. (g s. and n p. gnáis and gnása), IGT Decl. § 38.11 . o,m. in Mod. Ir.

(a) intercourse, companionship, frequentation : maith les a gnási he likes her companionship, Wb. 10a2 . dús inríct[h]ar tria gnáissi, 10a3 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnaís, 32a9 . resiu robetis im gnais (gl. priusquam mihi essent usui) before they were familiar to me, Ml. 58d7 . doberaind-se uile ... ar gnais (gnuis, Eg.) Noisi, IT i 81.11 . cach oén bís ina ngnáis ┐ inna lepaid, BDD 92 . robeó ... i mbith- gnáis in tṡlúaig-se, Fél. Ep. 316 ; 375 . m' ænurān ... | cen duinēn im gnāis, Ériu ii 55 § 1 . cett lim cia rabur na gnáis, ZCP iii 37.17 . nī roächt gnās co marbu has not reached the company of the dead, Bruchst. i § 112 ( AU an. 886 ; FM an. 884 ). rop sorche fri gnáis `brilliant in company,' Tec. Corm. § 6.37 . serba sírgnáise (of women) `crabbed in constant companionship,' § 16.3 . Laws i 20.28 Comm. FM i 308.1 . mairc rachas i gnāis (v.l. fíadnaise) Ulad do gabail ir-righe ... who shall go among the Ulstermen, RC xxi 160 § 25 . Of places: i ngnais in díthruib, SR 4740 . da m-bad lim Ériu ule ... dobéraind ... ar gnais in bale ránac, LU 3737 ( SC 33 ). bud maith lim ma (= mo) ghnās a nGartan I should like to dwell in G., Arch. iii 224 § 3 . mór in buaid don reilic bic | cibé rosic iarna ghnáis, SG 33.12 . Cnoc Tarbga co túath-gnáis `a resort of the people,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . By extension: cech slógh roscaoil gnás don ghliaidh every host that has parted company from strife, FM ii 898.12 (poem). gnās na Sacramaintedh the frequentation of the Sacraments, Luc. Fid. 67.7 . Freq. of cohabitation: co rosaraich hi ┐ co ndeachaid na gnais da h-aindeoin, Ériu ii 180.1 . Laws iii 540.9 Comm. co ndeachaid ina gnáis ┐ ina caomhthach, Anecd. i 78.7 . Cóir Anm. § 70 ( IT iii 320.11 ). SG 48.5 . i ngnáis mná in rechtairi, 241.2 . dochúaidh Iácob na gnás, Gen. xxx 4. Of rape: is dachuáid ina gnáis ar sain, | ní ar áis acht ar éicin 'and he had knowledge of her then, not by consent but by force' Ériu xiv 157 § 11 (The Yew of the Disputing Sons (LL)) .

(b) custom, usage, practice, manners: tre gnais a ṁbuithe in hilur through the usage of their being in the plural, Sg. 73a13 . i ngassaib garbdai cech cin, SR 7995 . gnása ingen macdacht léo they have the manners of young girls, BDD 92 . nathir cach ben, grīb cach ingen, | serbha a [n]gnāsa, ZCP viii 196 § 15 . is comaith gnais caich diaraile `the customs are equally good,' Laws iv 68.3 . gnás cumaide `the common usage,' (8 Comm. ). at mathi a chland .i. ... fir Breg ... im gnáis, im alaig, im sotlotus, LU 4267 . eter gnāis ┐ gaisced ┐ chenēl, Death-tales 6.9 . TTr.² 1666 . scith mo mheanma, muad mo ghnas, Bruchst. i § 111 ( FM an. 884 ). gnás alaig erlabra, Triads 80 (v.l.). gairm fri gnásu `a customary title,' Met. Dinds. iii 302.63 . níor chuireamar na cumhachta-sa a ngnás, 1 Cor. ix 12 . gnás geasróghach a superstitious practice, Donlevy 436.16 . ? co tanic mac Agnomain | Nemed nimtha gnás, LL 418.

(c) frequency: a gnas do-gabhais fád cenn | feilm cruadha the frequency with which you put on your head a helmet, Irish Texts ii 29 § 35 .

gnásach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnásach or dil.ie/26191

Forms: gressaigh, gaesaich

n (gnás) o,ā practised (?), well-mannered (?): don gasraidh glebinn gnasaigh, Leb. Gab. i 68.70 = Keat. i 168.19 = gressaigh, BB 24b42 = gaesaich, Lec. 547a46 .

gnássad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnássad or dil.ie/26192

n (gnás) habit, wont (?): hith do chuit frit' gnássad ṅglain, | duit rop sásad sainemail, SR 2907 . clu co n-áne fri gnassad, | fri slane fri sirsassad, 4407 .

gnáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáth or dil.ie/26193

adj I o,ā customary, usual, familiar, well-known (cf. gnāth .i. cognosco , O'Mulc. 617 ): (1) Predicative: is gnath do firianaib a n-ingabal ab hominibus (gl. plerumque immo frequenter), Ml. 54a10 . amal as ngnath in moidem hisin hi fledtigib (gl. ut plerumque ...), 86b5 . is (g)nad radat gói they usually speak lies, 31b11 . air it gnátha side i n-dithrub they are customary ..., 104d4 . is gnath (gl. necesse est), Sg. 21b1 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib, RC iii 181.y . timthach fir is gnath a ndail, Laws v 238.19 . is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib i n-ádnocul, PH 7022 . is gnáth ... tuiseal dá leagadh, TSh. 10464 . g.¤ co acquainted with: dia mba gnáth co rro-chneit `if he were acquainted with sorrow,' Fél. Ep. 171 . g.¤ oc: usual with: amal ba gnath aco, PH 90 . gur gnáth agaibh ceart chomhluinn `you practised fairness in fight,' Content. xvii 3 . is g.¤ (foll. by nom.) it is usual with: mar as ghnath lucht an dío- mais, Content. xiv 61 . mar fa gnáth glór Aimhirgin, v 18 . (2) Attributive: na duine gnátha d'ingnais to do without those we are accustomed to, ZCP vii 298.14 . atherruch i nguth ngnáth, LU 407 . filliud glūine gnāth constant bending of the knees, Ériu ii 56 § 11 . fri hētrad ngér ngnáth sharp, besetting lust, ZCP vi 271 § 2 . féile ghnáth `unfailing liberality,' Studies 1918, 452 § 7 . gola gnatha constant weepings, RC xxviii 318 § 35 . lasna gliccu gnátha `by the noted men of cunning,' Met. Dinds. iii 218.38 . gell re bás a mbetha ghnáth `the life they lead ...,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.17 . briathar ghnáth `a common saying,' TD 14.2 . amba[sa]doir gnáth `ambassador in ordinary,' Fl. Earls 256.17 . ? cnuas ic tuttim, cnuas na bláth, | cnuas gnáth ┐ cnuas abbaig, LL 206a41 . A common epithet of the Gaels in poetry, familiar, dear (?): iath Gōidel ngnāth (: brāth), Bruchst. i 56 § 124 ( AU an. 942 ). rolēgh libru Gāidel [n]gnáth, Cáin Ad. § 27 . ar cind Gall is Gáidel ngnáth, Anecd. ii 38 § 15 . ML 92.4 .

Compar.: is gnáthiu són, Sg. 179a5 . ciasu gnathiu do foisitin, Ml. 26c4 . in dul is gnathu oldas cach athgabail, Laws i 250.15 . Superl. is an bliadain tanaisi is gnaithem seol ... for bechaib, O'C. 889 ( H.3.18, 397a ). As neut. subst. is gel cach nua ... is serb cach gnáth, LU 3915 ( SC 43 ), cf. Ériu ix 47 § 20 . gach maith ... etir gnath ocus ingnath, IT i 137.27 . Adverbial: Giolla Mochoda ... gnath leghann a n-eittirbreth `who is wont to study ...,' BNnÉ 264.4 . Co g.¤, do g.¤, i ng.¤ usually, habitually, always: bríathar comailter co gnáth, Met. Dinds. iv 52.131 . in béo é do gnáth, Trip. i 100 n. 8 (= si vivus semper). ic cocnam ... a fheola do gnath, PH 7671 . ZCP viii 113.17 . Cóir Anm. § 8 . bar tteist do ghnáth `thy common report,' MS. Mat. 564.7 . ní éigeonainn gaoth do ghnáth `never would I complain of wind,' O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ní mhair dheid a ngnáth do ghrádsa, IGT Decl. ex. 137 . do g (of diseases) chronic: beidh an tennes do g.¤ the ache will be chronic, O'Gr. Cat. 180.23.

II Subst.

(a) o and u,m. custom, wont, usage: secht ... mbliadna co deggnáth, MacCarthy 196.14 . ní hionand gnáth damhsa is duitt, Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . gnáth ferainn `the usages of the estate,' Ériu v 78.18 . atá gnáth na mban orum, Gen. xxxvi 35 . do ofráil i do réir ghnátha, Lev. ix 16 . pl. trí gnátha Hérenn .i. Tráig Lí, etc. `noted spots' (?) (places of common resort ?), Triads 61 . gnóthaig as mo ghnáthaib `busy thyself with my wonted arts,' Met. Dinds. iv 72.z . atáid gnátha an phobail díomhaoin `the laws of the people are vain,' Jer. x 3 . fulang gada ... ní do ghnáthaibh an Iarla it is not the custom of the Earl to endure theft, TD 38.11 . g s. as attrib. : riachtanus a less gnáith habitual need, Maund. § 131 . fa choimet gnaith in constant care, § 55 . sírgorta gnaith, RC xxviii 318 § 32.

(b) o,m. In pl. intimates, familiar friends : medrait gnáith ┐ ingnaith intimates and strangers, ZCP xi 83 § 26 . romertsam coem diar ṅgnáthaib, SR 3623 . eter du gnathu inmaini amongst thy dear familiar ones, LU 10029 ( Echtra CC 4 ).

(c) Idioms : gaibid g.¤ becomes customary : rogab gnath giugrann guth `the wild goose has uttered a cry habitually,' RC xx 258.14 ( ACC § 63 Comm. ). cuirid i ng.¤ practises : maith thuillim t'fheirg ... fan gceird do [chuireas] i ng, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 2.

III Compds.

(a) g.¤ + subst.: ¤ainm, SG ii 489.25 . Keat. ii 6026 . ¤aiste, IT iii 91 § 127 . ¤amus : pl. a gnathamais comaidechta `his body-guard,' TTebe 4366 . ¤bérla current speech, one of the five divisions of Irish, Auraic. 2514. Laws iv 358.5 . Corm. Y 972 (where opp. to senbérla). Keat. ii 141 . ¤bés, ZCP xiv 226.8 . CCath. 4910 . CF. (Eg.) 111 . 1 Sam. xxvii 11 . ¤bile, MR 98.11 . ¤bir, Met. Dinds. iii 314.10 . ¤blad, MS. Mat. 632.7 . ¤buiden, CF. (Eg.) 293 . ¤chas (of a horse's tail), SG 242.29 . ¤chóir ever-just (a nickname) : Cairpre G., explained : ro-gnathaigedh coir, Laws i 156.14 Comm. ; 66.12 . ¤chomnuide, Fl. Earls 126.8 . ¤chompert normal conception, BNnÉ 207 § 54 ; 267 § 235 . ¤chomrann, Maguires of F. § 35 . ¤chorad (sobriquet), ZCP viii 274.22 (called C. Gnathchoir, Laws i 156.14 Comm. ). ¤chorcur, Celt. Rev. iv 14.16 . ¤chuibde, SR 722 . ¤chuimne con- stant remembrance ; tradition (as opp. to written records), Hy Fiachr. 126.9 . FM iii 394.z . O'Hussey T.C. 75.12. Mac Aingil 541.7 . Luc. Fid. 191.12 . Donlevy 248.17 . ¤chuing, Eochairsg. 36.7 . ¤enech, SG 32.11 . ¤ḟian stand- ing corps of the Fianna, Acall. 6538 ; 6563 . Keat. ii 5156 . ¤ḟocul a proverbial saying, a formula, a habitual phrase, Acall. 6214 - 5 . RC xv 281 § 14 . TSh. 2513 . ¤galar chronic disease, TSh. 229.5 . ¤geócach professional buffoon (?), AU iii 634.21 . ¤guide persevering prayer, Keat. iii 609 . ¤less ordinary need : .i. gach aoidhigheacht ón chéd oidhche amach, O'Don. Suppl. fo aicnedh feachta fele no gnath-lesa, Laws ii 26.28 Comm. in tan is for fecht feili ... in tan is fria gnaith-leasa, v 42.17 , ( 22 Comm. ). comdamh don ollamh frisin ri ... for fecht feile ... ┐ for gnathleas, O'C. 1857 ( 23 Q 6, p. 52a ). is fri gnathles do in cethrur so ar is ochtar do fora daim fechta feile, O'C. 2145 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)d ). Auraic. 2242 . ¤lucht attendants , BNnÉ 168 § 1 . ¤maccaem an ordinary boy, RC xiv 422 § 42 . ¤muinter retinue, standing household , Acall. 3066 v.l. Keat. iii 387 . ¤muir the un- changing (?) sea, Caithr. CC. § 76 . ¤óigi a customary guest, ZCP viii 546.33 . ¤scél an ordinary or well-known tale : gnathscela Herenn, Anecd. ii 43.12 . ¤ṡlige a frequented road, BB 20a10 . ¤ṡluag a standing army, Keat. ii 5155 . ¤ṡóirse (?) : nāi ngrād na gnāthṡāirsi (of the celestial hierarchy), ZCP viii 214 § 69 . ¤thaom : an fiabhras da ngairthear continua .i. gnáth-thaom sin, TSh. 7919 . ¤theglach standing household, TBC 23 . ¤uair accustomed hour : gnáth- huaraib (sic leg.? see ZCP xi 308 ) ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna lín-sam, SP ii § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ).

(b) g.¤ + adj. : ¤búan, ZCP x 342 § 5 . ¤buidech ever- pleased , BNnÉ 272.3 . ¤écnech frequented by salmon , Ó Bruad. iii 154.4 . ¤gel, Met. Dinds. iii 338.z . ¤nue, 282.86 .

(c) g.¤ + vb. : ¤ḟognann gives constant service : nocha bīd ēnfer dīb soin | nāch do Dīa do gnāthḟoghnaig (leg. -ḟoghain?), ZCP x 342 § 7 . -gairid: Ard na Riag de ... | gnath-gairthear ac Goeidelaib it is commonly called A. na R., Met. Dinds. iii 416.38 . ¤imrid : do greised ┐ do gnaith- imredh long laech Fhailbhi, Caithr. CC. § 73.

gnáthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthach or dil.ie/26194

(gnáth)

adj I o,ā

(a) customary, usual, constant : as gnathach fri hegeda `which is customary towards guests,' Thes. ii 329.31 (gl. on : as chomtig fri dáma, Hy. v 14 ). no thathiged Medb co gnáthach sin tech, LU 8841 ( FB 63 ). isin tig i ṅgebthar co gnat[h]ach (of a hymn), Goid. 102.11 . oes cacha dana gnathaig ocus ingnathaig ordinary and extraordinary, MR 22.15 . ar shórt gnathách grés robhog `for a common sort of easy art,' Studies 1918, 616 § 4 . faire ghnáthach do dhéanamh, TSh. 3823 . a n-íodhbhuirt ghnáthach loisge the continual burnt offering, Ezra iii 5 . Prov. xv 15 . pl. snechta sírgnáthchi, IT i 190.29 . na focuil gnathcha `dochuisin' ┐ `senchas,' RC xx 152.11 . PH 5496 . na ríg garba gnáthacha `of the ordinary sort,' SG 241.4 . Compar. cid at gnáthchiu side ní lugu ata mirbaile though they are more usual, RC xxv 252 § 36 . in crand is ardi ... is e is gnathciu do-fuit, PH 4116 . is gnaithciu in cetfaid túsech the former is the prevailing opinion, IT iii 78.22 . ni gnaiche (= gnáithche), 27.19 . fa roinn críche is gnáithche tol arbitrariness is more common, Content. vi § 45 . For Superl. gurab fon samhail sin as gnaithche ... that it is in this way that it is most usual, MS. Mat. 572.11 .

(b) familiar, well-known : glún gnáthach na hindsi-sea, Ériu iv 128 § 8 . fod gnatach mo gheinemhna, BNnÉ 272.12 . inchind Meis Gegra gnáthaigh, ZCP viii 117 § 8 . pl. it use dia n-gnaithchibh it is easy to those accustomed to them, TBC 5660 (St.). As alleg. npr m. Gnathach ┐ Ingnathach (druids of the Fir Bolg), Ériu viii 26 § 29.

II o,m. custom, wont : Coirpre Gnathchoir ... rocarad gnathachu (of a judge) he cherished established customs (?), Laws i 156.15 Comm. do réir ghnáthaigh ar seinríogh `according to the customs of our ancient kings,' Content. xvi § 65 .

gnáthadh

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthadh or dil.ie/26195

x see gnátham.

gnáthaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthaid or dil.ie/26196

v (gnáth) practises, uses, is accustomed : asa n-inat a ngnathdais [beith] ana suighi, Laws iv 226.18 . conair nar gnathad (gnathaighedh v.l.) riamh no iaramh a road that was not frequented, BNnÉ 327 § 50.

gnáthaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthaige or dil.ie/26197

n (gnáthach) ,f. frequency, usage, wont : Nís cathuir is ferr ann ar a ghnathaige bis an t-impere ann, Maund. § 239 . do shaini ... gnáthaighi ┐ bés ┐ berla, CCath. 1616.

gnáthaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnáthaigid or dil.ie/26198

Forms: rognathaigsetar

v (gnáth)

I Trans. is accustomed to, practises, frequents, inhabits : rognathaigsetar (gl. adsueti sunt), Ml. 34b2 . nibo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún ... banco- marchi, LU 3352 ( SC 14 ). (no) gnathaigeth Victor co torraimed indí Pátraic V. was accustomed to watch over P., Arch. iii 10.9 . na gnáthaig ní as sia do scél, SR 6031 . na gnathaig in tūaith do not consort with the people, KMMisc. 264 § 24 . is do is dír anní is psalmus dondi ... gnathaigtir hi croit, Hib. Min. 282 . forcetul no gnáthaiged A. dona slúagaib, FA 32 . is é seo scél gnáthaiges Héli, § 33 . Coirpre Gnath-choír ro gnathaighed coir who practised justice, Laws i 156.14 Comm. ; 66.12 Comm. arnā ro gnathaighit curu i n-ecmuis a cend lest they become accustomed to making con- tracts..., v 286.25 Comm. ar na ro gnathaigead neach toitim gill, 378.14 Comm. na seoit gnathaither do breith i n-aenach, i 234.30 Comm. cia ros gnathaig gletin ngéir, LL 138a16 . aiste i ngnathaigther in senchass in which history is practised, 38a36 (`Metrum in dem die alte Tradition bekannt gemacht wird,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 76 ). leaba i ngnathaighed siumh troisccthe ... do denamh, BNnÉ 275 § 256 . mogēnair gnāthaighes ... ge[n]mnaideacht, ZCP viii 215 § 74 . amail gnathaighther as the practice is, BNnÉ 125 § 3 . fó indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther le cinedhaibh na Uén[et]ecdha, CCath. 2380 . is mó do gnáthaighidis, 1413 . nognáthaigtis in ṅgarb-slíab used to frequent..., Met. Dinds. iii 304.10 . port ragnathaig Find fir-fial, ii 72.2 . rosgnáthaig écomnart `hardship has been her lot,' Ériu iv 98.2 . cia gnaithochas let laidiri thu (of a sword = ... tua virtute utetur), ITS xix 84.z . gnáthuighid teanga na Scot (= lingua Scotica utuntur), Keat. ii 967 . Prov. xv 2 . cailleacha ghnáthuigheas bheith ann who reside there, TD 34.52 . foiridh se ... dá ngnáthuighther (of a prescription) if taken regularly, O'Don. Gr. 450.26 (from Med. MS.).

II Intrans. dwells, is accustomed to be : cendacuil ... hi ngnáthaiged Petar ┐ Eoin, PH 5439 . nognáthaiged co menic i n-airimlib Lacha Rí, Arch. iii 224.18 . is a Roim do gnathaiged, YBL 166b5 . O'Gr. Cat. 513.13.

Gnáthal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gnáthal or dil.ie/26199

Forms: Gnathaltach

o, npr m. g s. Líc Gnathail, Acall. 7515 . gnim glond gnatail, LU p. 216 n. 7 = gnataltaig, BB. Gnathaltach (Gnathal, LL, BB, Lec.) m. Eircc Nair, Rawl. 156a1 . See Heldensage (Index).

gnátham

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnátham or dil.ie/26200

n (gnáth) o,m. custom, wont, habit : isi cetfaidh Gilla na naomh sin ... ┐ na he seo a ngnathamh this is not the usual view. (?), O'C. 297 ( H.3.18, p. 163 ). iseadh is ail leo, gnathamh acu doib, ┐ ni ordaiginn dligi a beag d'ic inntib (i.e. the settlement is by custom and not by law) O'C. 301 - 2 ( ib. p. 166 ). do bhí d'iomad gnáthaidh ag a thír ... air `intimacy,' Maguires of F. § 11.