gaísitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaísitech or dil.ie/25271

adj (gaísid) o,ā coarse-haired, bristly: ba samalta fri herball fiadeich in mong gæisitech gre liath ... tar a formna, FB 37 (Eg.). RC xxiv 196 § 11 (v.l. gaiseachdach, BB 265a59 ). finna gaisitech forru amail ingin no fiacuil, Marco P. § 89 . § 14 . cúig cinn gaoisidecha, gairbhlíatha, Buile Ṡ. § 64 . a guairi gairblíath gaisideach (of a boar), TTebe 870 . nathair ... gaisidech 495 . broit garba gæsidecha, 1528 .

gaiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaiste or dil.ie/25272

x see 1 and 2 goiste.

gait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gait or dil.ie/25273

Forms: goid, goide, gada, gada, gat

n ā,f. (with d s. for n s.) n s. goid; g s. goide, gada; n p. gada, IGT Decl. § 42 . n s. gat, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ; 20.9 . O'Mulc. 608 . vn. of gataid. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168.

(a) taking away, abstracting (something from a person): gait an anmae díb the taking of their name from them, Ml. 70a5 . ní chaemnaic in ṅ-gabail do gait do lár ind átha to remove (i.e. to tear up) the fork, TBC 763. 738 . co súilib dessaib tennaib | do gait asa coemchennaib, SR 5556 . is gait claidib al-láim Ercail (of a difficult undertaking), Met. Dinds. iv 100.2 . nin do gait ás by taking away the letter n, Cóir Anm. § 162 . dia gait d'ḟir úaib a talmain `for any man of you to pluck [it] from the ground,' Met. Dinds. iv 78.2 . Sás gada céile Colla | do ghlaca séimhe sunna, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 216.41 . BNnÉ 268.15 . toradh na ngéag arna ghaid `the trees' fruits fallen,' Dán Dé xvii 15 . Rarely in an entirely favourable sense: dognid umaloit doside im ghait a iallacrand de removing his sandals, Lat. Lives 87.13 . intan ba mithig a gait de cīgh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 .

(b) purloining, theft, robbery (in later language almost exclusively used in this sense): brath ┐ gat ┐ coibnius do orguin, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 . is chom-chol gat nich ..., ib. 20.9 . ? gat ebraice fortitudo .i. quia per uim rapitur , O'Mulc. 608 . oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, BDD 54 . Ba saeth lia brathrea gait disi in tinscrae erru, Ir. Texts i 6 § 16 . bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.10 Comm. ; i 56.10 Comm. mad gait gataiter he if it is stolen, iii 208.11 . mas ar eigin no mas a ngaid rugad a seoit o nech, iv 270.16 . beodile coníc a gait budein livestock that can steal themselves (i.e. slaves), iii 432.9 . gatsatside na teora gata ... .i. mucc ┐ ag ┐ bo, BDD² 194 . bretha im gatta Judgments regarding Thefts (title of fragmentary Law Tract, H.2.15. 38a ( Irish Texts iv 18 ). dogniat gait er Dhia, PH 7682 . ni dentar gait gan rún gaite, 7547 . gaitt irisech a pious theft, BColm. 84.10 . ib. 78.28 . ech ... mo derbrathar ... is é a goid dorinnis, ZCP vi 288.27 . fer ... nó díghladh gach gaid ┐ gach slad, CCath. 54 . ná roléicc goitt ná meirle ... do éirge ina reimhes, FM vi 2374.7 . i ngait by theft, by stealth: is side ruc in mac legind leis i ngait dar muir, LU 2923 . Finnach foglaid robái i ṅgait isin sciaich, LL 354 marg. inf. 274b28 . luid Buchet for teiched ... i ṅgait, RC xxv 24.8 . oca chreicc a ṅgait, LB 155a57 . fer gaite meirle, Triads 141 . i fich na gaite, O'Dav. 900 . cosc gada, Keat. ii 5090 . fulang gada, TD 38.11 . rún gada, Ó Bruad. i 46 . biad ngaide stolen food, ZCP xiii 20.1 . mur gach mart ngoidi like any stolen ox, viii 541.6 . arbur gaide stolen wheat, Todd Nenn. 217 n . acht é 'na atán ghada a stolen hat, TD 38.9 . ní fuin- milsed gata ina flaith, BDD app. 168 ( LU 8021 ). gada ocus aircealla, Laws iv 270.26 . cen gáibthe gat `free from peril- ous thefts,' Met. Dinds. iii 82.71 . toirmesc trod is glíadh is gad, IGT Decl. ex. 1162 . creacha fada ... gada dob' áil orra d'úaim, ex. 1214 .

(c) Transf. that which is stolen: a ithe ... leth-om amal bid gait nobíd occu, LB 155b57 ; ib. 12 . gat d'ithedh (s.l.) to eat stolen food, Laws i 56.10 Comm. ri ithis gait, Laws v 172.16 = ZCP xv 342 § 33 . iarair goidi (gaite LB), Anecd. iii 22.5 . in gaid airgither a cengal don crand, O'D. 568 ( H.3.17, col. 440 ).

(d) In cheville (meaning uncertain): biathsat na habaidh gan gait | náim in cataigh re caocait, SG 25.16 . ri gan gait, Fen. 58.7 . ib. 136.15 .

Compd. ¤bratt plunder: gatprat fo comang .i. gabsat dí marc hi n-athgabhāil, ZCP vii 305.13 .

gaíthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaíthe or dil.ie/25274

Forms: goithe

ind g s. (?): ina chathcharpat serda ... cona tharṅgib gaithe (gæithi, H.2.17; goithe, St.), bítis ar fertsib ┐ iallaib ┐ fithisib ┐ ḟolomnaib dun charput sin `stechenden Nadeln,' TBC 2631 = cona thair[n]gib gáithe, TBC² 1968 . bundsach na goth gaithi `of the wounding spear,' Laws v 30.11 Comm. Cf. npr m. Goth Gaithe mac Ronain, Acall. 6579.

gaithlenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaithlenn or dil.ie/25275

n ā,f. ? some kind of spear (a javelin ?): deargaid gaithlenn (v.l. gaitlind) ngrib ngerfota, IT iii 72 § 29 ( BB 289b51 ). pl. ro cliath-chomardaigit ... a leabar-gaithlenna, MR 140.10 . re grain-faircsi a n-gaithlenn, 190.24 . ag droch- dainohib na ngaithlend (: aifrenn), ZCP x 30.24 . Fig. a spearsman (?), a tall youth (?): ropsat ... urscailti ar n-ath- chuma a n-anrad ocus a n-gaithlenn n-gaiscid, MR 236.16 . a tall, slender maiden (?): n s. an ghaithlionn óg, Oss. vi 166.13 .

gaithlennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaithlennach or dil.ie/25276

adj I o,ā armed or skilled with the spear or javelin: Conall glonn-mer, gaitlennach, MR 150.21 .

II o,m. a spearman: galgata gaiscidh ┐ gaithlengaidh in sluaigh `champions of valour and warriors of the host,' ALC ii 114.13 . do gleire gaithlennach ocus galgat, MR 224.10 .

1 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gal or dil.ie/25277

Forms: gail, gal, goil, gal, ghoil, ghal

n ā,f. n s. also gail; d s. and a s. occas. gal. goil, IGT Decl. § 14.17 . gal (grēine) o,m. § 73 ; g s. an ghoil gréine, ex. 1564 ; d s. ōn ghal , ex. 1567 . Used to form vn. of compds. of fichid, e.g. irgal, dígal, etc., prob. also in ecal (<*ek(s)gal), esgal (gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething heat, passing into that of mental excitement or rage. Cf. vbs. fischid fights and fichid boils which are probably akin. See Ped. ii 521.

(a) warlike ardour, fury, valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav. 1037 . ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ? gal .i. galar ... quia motat mentem , 614 . cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 . am amnus ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 . addaimet ... do gail ocus do gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 ); in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 . cor[o] islighea a ngal, CCath. 2493 . bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC 2894 . TFerbe 372 . amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ... escaped his val- our, Arch. iii 304.4 . ba gaoth i ngal `he was wise in con- flict,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 . ba gal craidi leis perturbation of heart, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 . fuair bás ann do ghal retha from ardour of running, Acall. 1617 . ? nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc `where my time sped more quickly,' 1585 . g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 . lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ). do chom- ramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC² 1862. 2046 . ar nert gaile by dint of valour, TTr² 55 . a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 . cona ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 . én gaile, see E 123.65 . pl. feats of valour (?): ar gressaib gal, Thes. ii 293.20 . for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are ever gained, MR 120.19 . nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 . indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L. 2806 . a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngalu MS) oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130.20 . da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC 4053 . ar galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 . miser fiana iarna ngalaib, O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 . ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour (often = in single combat): ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC² 1522 . ar galaib oenḟir, TBC 1642 . in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib óenfer, BDD 94 . comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 . gaibid ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9 ( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat, fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar gail, Laws v 152.3 , with gl. in adh da ngialland a gail merachta, 154.11 . Cf. (among legal exemptions) slan do na damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural pheno- mena, etc.: a gail co timm rothaisig (of a whirlpool) `he made feeble and faint its fury,' Met. Dinds. iv 86.79 . ó chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil `when the wind had exhausted its fury,' ML 48.22 . mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv 226 § 51 . a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé viii 2 . ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . mar chuiris an ghrian a gal `as the sun doth send its heat,' Arch. Hib. i 99 . fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = FM i 544.17 . congaibet gola (of waves), SR 7899 . Cf. further: gal a mbraighet the heat of their throats (from thirst), CCath. 2578 . ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush (lit. heat), IGT Decl. ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. in g p. feochair ngoile, ITS v 40.10 . dígrais gail, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 534.1 . dorairngert Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 . fichtib gal, TBC 3206 . línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 . miad n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .

Compds. ¤chét a valorous hundred: galchét clerech, LL 131a45 ( Trip. ii 536.25 ). ¤fine = fingal murder of a kinsman: bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for aroile, FM v 1406.4 .

(b) steam, vapour, mist: nírbo glac im gail it was not a hand grasping smoke (i.e. a futile achievement), Met. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav. 1586. ) bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile `with its curls of steam,' Aisl. MC 35.1 . do ling (i.e. an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 . fleochud, snechta co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ). re gail nglūair ngil (of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 . sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 . téid gach iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain `from the heat of the winter,' TD 34.36 .

? 2 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 gal or dil.ie/25278

ind Rí dosrat fo gailib gail | fo dairib fo thromdiglaib, SR 7201 . ilar ṅdelb ṅdomblas a ṅgal (: leoman), 899 .

gala, gal ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gala, gal ? or dil.ie/25279

ind cælach feda ar faga | uair gerga ┐ gala, IT iii 94 § 143.

1 galach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 galach or dil.ie/25280

adj (gal) o,ā hot, hence ardent, valiant, brave, combative: cerbdar galach i n-aicenta, CCath. 617 . fer galach mormenm- nach, 1088 . gleo galach, KMMisc. 314 . īar ngreis galach, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 ( LL 182a2 ). án gach galach, O'C. 1765 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). dun gamandraid ... galaig, Cog. 166.3 ; ib. 178.4 . a Iriel galaig, CRR 38.10 . ó Mhoigh chréacht-ghalaigh Chuinn, Dánta Grádha² 71.11 . pl. gaetha galacha gera burning sharp winds, SR 8121 . tri chóicait coica ngalach `steaming cooks' (?), Met. Dinds. i 34.77 . lechtán lond-galach, iv 82.38 . in galaig guinig combative men and slayers, SR 8340 . Same word (?): claideb Golai gér golach, SR 6192 . co tech ríg golaich (: chobaig) Galían, Met. Dinds. iii 162.8 . maic Gáith golaig, 338.14 .

2 galach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 galach or dil.ie/25281

n (gal) m, coll. hot fighting (?): galach .i. gail no gai- sgeadh, O'Cl. galach da ḟenned, TBC 4323 = galach dā fēindid TBC² 2800 . ro gniadh co garb an galach sin occo (of slaughter of enemies), CCath. 2829 . roba garb in galach, 6010 .