gáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáir or dil.ie/25196

Forms: ngáir, gáre, gár, gáir

n f. Orig. i,n.(?) IGT Decl. § 14.18 . n s. a ngáir (reading of 5 MSS, Fél. Oct. 20 . n p. na gáre , LU 2215 ( FA 29 ). g p. gár, Met. Dinds. iv 262.64 . a shout, a cry (of exaltation, grief, etc.), a call : ba mor a ngair (: dāil) forsin maig, SR 3743 . `cissi gáir so, a gillai ?' or se. `Inna gillai oc guin na bo,' Ériu iii 141.8 . focherdat in macrad gair foa, LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). doberat gáir dó, ib. 8846 . tibit ... gáir commaidmi ocus búada, ib. 8853 . ro lasat gáir mesca, IT i 67.5 . re úathgráin na gáre, TBC 2443 . gáir míle, Fél. Dec. 6 . Trí gáire buada do rígh ... gāir ilaig ... gāir molta ... gāir im fleid, Ériu ix 46 § 9 . innithim immorro na nGréc gáir fói the intention of the Greeks was to shout at him, TTr.² 1189 . gair ri dogur, CRR § 38 . do-rat gáir tróm ┐ égium ... ass, PH 2112 . o gul ┐ o gair ban, TTebe 2155 . 3472 . gáir na mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . truagh a ngáir i ndeaghaidh Dé, Dán Dé x 10 . gáirguil (s.l.) grednaigh, Cog. 96.3 . do bhiodhg mé le a méad do gháir `I was startled at the tumult,' TD 11.8 . atbertsat uli is-in aen gáir, PH 472 . Cf. ag a rádh d'aongháir, Keat. iii 1592 . gair .i. cara graece .i. gaudium, ar is fāilte fodera, O'Mulc. 627 . pl. at trúaga na gáre ocus na golgaire doníat, FA 29 . rothócbatar ... a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.21 . gairi catha, CCath. 5908. 1953 . gairi coscair, TTebe 3470 . gairi duba ┐ domenman, 4535 . re gairib suba ┐ somenman, 3002 . tucsat ... gáire ┐ hilgaire mora écnecha, LB 143a32 . Later analogical pl. (?) : tugadur tri gartha bennacht don imper, ZCP vi 49.25 . dorōnsad gartha ... ┐ nualla, xiii 234.6 . Cidh uma tat na gairthe-sea ?, RC xliii 100 § 104 . Dun na nGairthi ... o gairthib lochta in long- phuirt, Met. Dinds. iii 434.41 . Psalms xx 1 . Of animals : ba bind gāir caille lonche, Corm. Y 48 . gair in cailigh cearc, Laws ii 108.18 Comm. ré gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 . gáir na mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . Of inanimate things : gāir pe[i]nd do dromaib duillend, O'Mulc. 815 = gair penn, ZCP ix 167.20 . gair na sciath oca n-imtuargain, RIA MSS. Ser. i 182.19 . gair ... geranach na clocc, ZCP vi 284.25 . le garthaibh na clog, ib. 27 . g.¤ clocc often excommunication, malediction : in mac ... fora tucsam in gáir clog, FDG 300 . maircc fa ttabhraid mo cluig gair, BNnÉ 285.2 . eslainte legas gach nech | gáir mo clocc is mo chleirech, ib. 286.14 . gáir cheall is chlog na cruinne, Dánfhocail 11 . Also gáir alone the uplifted voice (i.e. excommunication, curse) : gair mo thermainn is mo mionn | acc cur anmann i nifrionn, BNnÉ 286.7 . Cf. Congal Claen | in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem, MR 40.6 . Fig. of a person battle-cry, rallying point : Dūnadach ... gáir fer ndomain, Bruchst. i § 107 (= FM an. 871 ). Colman Cluana gair gach tuir, FM ii 612.z (an. 924 ).

Compds. ¤glór shouting voice : gáir-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain na ngruagach, CRR 70.25 . ¤guba lamentation : gairguba ┐ golgairi, Aen. 528.

1 gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gair or dil.ie/25197

Forms: ngair, gair

subst. and adj. : neut. n s. a ngair , Sg. 176b2 . Ml. 132d4 . gair n-aigenta, Auraic. 4375.

(a) shortness ; esp. a short time : used adverbially : cid a ngair romba hi fochaid even the short time, Ml. 132d4 . gair biuc iartain shortly after- wards, Sg. 147a7 . Cf. gair bic ríana chésad, LU 2310 ( RC iv 246.9 ). cid cían cid gair be it long or short, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair sooner or later, Ériu ix 48.3 . do láib is d'aidchib cen gair | in bi[th], iv 106 § 60 . gair riana dīth (.i. ōenbliadain ... ria ēc), ZCP xii 235 § 51 . bid gair uair dossom, BDD² 1419 . gair siu (s.l.) condristais a sciss shortly before, IT i 158 § 2 , §4 ( Oss. i .). With cop. as pred. : amal as ndian ade ┐ as ngair mbis even as it is swift and lasts for a short time, Ml. 57c12 . Ní déne tenid ratha | is and is gair a bádud, Ériu i 194 § 5. Attrib. (rare) : iarna sáethur gair-som, Fél. Prol. 59.

Compd. gaire .i. gair-seclæ .i. gair-rē .i. rē gair, Corm. Y 698 . gaire .i. gair-[r]ae .i. rē cumair, O'Mulc. 619.

(b) Rarely of distance a short space : gāir glám dia guin cid cian gair `be it far off or near,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . ar a gair `convenient to him' (?), Laws v 84.24 (etym. gl. on gairid). Fig. ba gair nisleceth a pater (= minimum aberat quin ...) her father would scarcely allow, Lism. L. 321.24 = Irish Texts i 4 § 12 .

(c) In gram. shortness of quantity : eter fot ┐ gair, Sg. 5a9 . ar gair aicnid, 69a5 . Cf. gair n-aigenta ┐ gair suidigthi i bfoclaip gairdiph shortness by nature and position, Auraic. 4375 - 6 . a ngair robói hi `ruitus,' Sg. 176b2 . fri realadh fuid ┐ gair, Auraic. 1552 . for fut no for gair on a long or short [syllable], 819 . Caide fot ┐ gair intib ? 1339 . 1547 . See also 1 gar.

2 gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gair or dil.ie/25198

n word, command (?) : ba cadla gair (: thaig), Met. Dinds. ii 20.27 . torud craind ... dar mo gair bethi mairb diandessabair, SR 1231 . raid[id] ... for ṅgair, SR 3471 . adbul gair (: iarair), 3095 . digrais gair (: bráthair), 3074 , 4141 ; 4909 ; 7009 .

? 3 gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 gair or dil.ie/25199

ind in grian gluair goires cach ṅgair (: gēnair) (ref. to Nimrod), SR 2735.

gairb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairb or dil.ie/25200

n f. a torrent (prob. subst. use of garb) : gidh garbh in gairbh, Acall. 3834 n . darsiṅ gairb sair ┐ siar, LL 284a37 . ib. 39 . se[i]nm gairuh cēir (leg. gairb chéir) `the music of the dark torrent,' K. and H. § 25 . As river-namen : Gáir na Gairbe gainmige, LL 298b9 ( SG 367.5 ). ib. 297b50 ( SG 366.20 ). See Hog. Onom.

gairbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairbe or dil.ie/25201

x see garbe.

gairbsin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairbsin or dil.ie/25202

n (garb) roughness, harshness : gairbsin a gotha glóraig (: taidbsin), Met. Dinds. iii 464.68 . D.F. co ṅgarb-sin gle (: aimsir), iv 338.19 . Cf. ITS xix 106 n. 5 .

gairbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairbthen or dil.ie/25203

n o,m. roughness : of the weather doinenn ocus gairbhthen (gairbhsin v.l.) mor, ITS xix 106.5 . gairbhten na gaith[e], Ériu viii 12.23 . licoris do chognum ┐ foirid gairbhtean na tengta, C iv 2, 27rb19 . `goose-flesh,' shivering (?) : ro lá graín ┐ gairbthen dia gnúis, Alex. 484 . g s. foghnaidh a n-aghaidh an ghairbhthin bhios annsa croiceann, 23 K 42, 390.3 . In moral sense asperity, harshness : dlighid na tighearnaidhe bheith gan ... ghairbhthean, Keat. iii 162. Of voice: re gairbten in gotha 'hoarseness of the voice' Ériu x 147.22 .

gairde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairde or dil.ie/25204

x see gairte.

gairdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairdech or dil.ie/25205

adj o,ā joyful, festive : do chuáidh Háman amach ... gáirdeach, Esther v 9 . go gáirdeach ag caitheamh fleadh, ITS i 46.32 .

gairdechad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairdechad or dil.ie/25206

(gairdech), vn. (= gairtiugud) gladdening, delight- ing : ar ghairdechad menman dorigni, RC x 94.8 . `gairde- chad .i. gairdeaghadh a rejoicing, elating, joy,' P. O'C.