gaínem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaínem or dil.ie/25183

superl. of gaíne, q.v., used as an adj.? (cf. gaoine .i. maith O'Cl. ): samchorgus nō gemchorgus isa gāinem (cairem v.l.) glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 .

gainemda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainemda or dil.ie/25184

adj (gainem) io,iā sandy: ráthaigsit indsi moir ... ganemdha a talum, RC ix 464.13 . isin Moab n-gainemdai, Alex. 331.

? gainethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gainethar or dil.ie/25185

ind gongáinethar cath for Gárich ┐ Ilgarich, TBC 4968 (retoric) = rogenetar, Lec. (leg. dogéntar, Wind.).

gainithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainithir or dil.ie/25186

Forms: genither, genethar, geniter, genetar, gignither, gignethar, gigne, gignidh, gignathar, gignis, gēntar, gignitir, gentair, gein, rogeinset, ro-genset, genfed

v Conjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir. deponent. See Ped. ii 533 . Further : pres. ind. 3 s. genither Laws iv 38.14 . rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 . pl. geniter, LU 3477 . nad genetar , 701 . fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom. 98 (LB). nochon gignethar (s.l.), FM 472 . gigne, TBC 4015 . gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 . rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 . gignis, LL 380b47 . gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 . pl. gignitir RC xxvi 48.255 . gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early Mod. Ir. active forms with the stem gein (gen) are frequent. See below. Further: pret. 1 s. (?) geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ) but see ZCP xxiv 237 . 3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 . ro-genset, PH 7060 . do gheansadar Celtica xvi 75 § 3 . sec. fut. rel. 35 . no genfed , LU 4261 . vn. gein, q.v.

I Intrans.

(a) comes to life, is born : is hé Crist rogenir, Wb. 11a17 . corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 . nogigne[d] (gl. nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 . annogenad (gl. nascente), Enchir. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ). génair Patraicc i Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 . Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR 7522 . gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 . tuiregin ... .i. gein ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 . in Tarso C. ro-genir, PH 1648 . in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 . as amram rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 . co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna do ríg, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ). géntair amal turcu `they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 . rogēner co ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 . a comainm in lae cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 . cuirp na ndaine ... genit ┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 . mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 . ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 . Tāilcend gignid 'na ré, ZCP xii 238.3 . flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, FM i 472.16 . Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . gur ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 . geintear piasda i ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 . is procreated : curo genir Abel mac Adhaim eatura, D iv 2, 42vb36 . Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep. ó is born from, springs from, descends from : intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 . dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 . ó oínsíl rogé- nartar (leg. rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1 ( LU 4261 ). Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 . na huli chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 . cia ór' genis, RC xxiii 406 § 16 . mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe 1114 . Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i 186.23 (poem). With de : Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic, Auraic. 176.

(b) With extension of meaning : is produced, is derived, is formed, arises, originates : nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Aug. 12b ) inna ṅdobriathar ... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 . ranic maige mós nad genetar ciuil (Amra CC.) with gl. .i. inid bes nemgenemain ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ). genithir tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 . fo miad grian genither `according to the size of the land it (i.e. the cumal) is produced,' Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded (?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143 ). it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib. 23 . Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ; 160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 . fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii 197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 . gignithir breo a muig Breg, LB 220 (marg. inf.). in cu hoband ro- gein in rédlu? PH 6977 . in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the member in which the disease originated, 4225 . an bás do ghein a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 . an céolchuire fár ghin goimh, Gleanings 14 § 2 . ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river, etc. springs up, springs forth : as innte (i.e. san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 . Eo Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 . nir genar fiodh ann riam `no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 . genid buindi asin talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 . genid tipra and, Met. Dinds. iii 326.35 . loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6 ( Dinds. 40 ).

II Trans. and active (a later usage).

(a) begets, procreates : (Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 . an fheis ... dār geined Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 . Eíst red athair, noch do ghin thú, Prov. xxiii 22 . an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 . níor geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .

(b) conceives : as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .

(c) produces, brings into being : cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b47 . geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P. § 43 . genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v 80.2 . na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 . geinter ... nesgóid ó'n gerradh sin (= quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat. 272.14 . an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an bás, TSh. 1496 . mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain a sgathán, O'Hussey T.C. 22.

III pret. 3 s. (3 p. occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with mad- (later ma-, mu-, mo-, mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in sense blessed (fortunate, happy) is. For exx. and usage see mad- (a weakened form of maith).

gainmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmech or dil.ie/25187

(gainem)

adj I o,ā sandy : in gaeth ganmech `sandful,' Ir. Gl. 74.9 . rolá curu in gāeth ganmech, Otia Merseiana ii 82 § 7 . tír ghainmech mín, Maund. § 246 . LB 122b13 . múr gainmech `a sandy rampart,' Met. Dinds. ii 46.6 . gáir na Gairbe gainmige, SG 367.85 . san tseanAfraig gainmhigh, TD 1.19 . rofháccsat ... Luimneach na ghual gann gain- mheach, FM ii 882.13 (poem). ? fo gre[i]n gil ganmigh (: Laigh- nigh) flecked (?), RC xvii 242.7 (Tig.) = FM i 334.4 .

n II ā,f. sandy ground, sand : co frítha ar in gainmig glain, Met. Dinds. iii 384.27 . mar thuargther íasc for ganmig, RC xiv 408 § 19 . os gainmechaibh glasmara, LL 386b39 .

gainmed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmed or dil.ie/25188

Forms: gainmheadh

o,m. vn. strewing with sand (?) : gainmheadh, IGT Decl. § 11 , No exx.

gainmén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmén or dil.ie/25189

n (gainem) o,m. dimin. small gravel or sand : g s. do bhris sé fós m'ḟiacla le clochaibh gainmhéin `gravel stones,' Lam. iii 16.

gainmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmide or dil.ie/25190

adj (gainem) io,iā sandy : talam garb ganmide, FA § 30 . deog usci fūair gainmidi a drink of cold water from the sand, TBC² 2353 . úir glan gainmidhe, Anecd. ii 22 § 3 . IGT Decl. ex. 1246 . co glan-tobar ngainmidi `sand-strewn,' Met. Dinds. iv 12.8 . in cæmtracht gainmide, Aen. 1473 . gur bruighedar an gealtracht gainmighi, CF 492 . conuigi an muir ngainmhidhi, Maund. § 245 . mar chith gainnmhidhe `a shower of sand,' Maguires of F. § 3 . oitir gainmhidhe a sand- bank , L. Chl. Suibhne § 21 . an uair bíd clocha beaga gain- mhidhe isin bfual gravelly, 23 K 42, 137.16 . arán gainmhidhe bread mixed with sand, Mac Aingil 351.

? gainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gainn or dil.ie/25191

n scurf : nech ithes a mila nó gainn (sic leg.) a choirp cét aidche for aisci ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 150 § 21 ( 3 B 23, 20b6 where editor reads gauin). ? Also in compd: a ben co n-aillsin duib eógainn (MSS. eogaing) 'you woman with a tumour, black and scurfy-topped' EIS 154 § 54 . Cf. 1 gainech.

gainne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainne or dil.ie/25192

n (gann) ,f.

(a) want, scarcity : do bai gainne lachta ann, BNnÉ 151.6 . gan ghainne innill ar a n-oirrigaib `their captains constrained to [warlike] preparations,' ITS xxvi 46.29 . arán gan gainne, Deut. viii 9 . gaende no caile (of a wasting disease), O'C. 2309 ( Eg. 88, f. 23b ). dá ghoinne an ghaoth however scarce be the wind, Measgra D. 48.26 .

(b) Hence in moral sense parsimony, stinginess : mas ar daigin secdachta no gaindi na tuc in fer in biad, Laws iii 206.13 . ní bía rath nā féile | ach déine ┐ gainde, ZCP x 49.33 . ro choillistar in ṅganni (gl. neoit), RC xx 276 (Amra CC. Comm.). fleadh dó cach seachtmhadh Samhna | is a cur dó cean gaindi, BR 240.8 . cleireach nach ccleachtadh gainne, Mart. Don. Dec. 26 . Gilla Caemain cen gainne, LL 129 marg. inf. As fictitious name. pn Gainne ingen Diultadhaigh, Anecd. ii 54.3 .

(c) hardness (?) : amail lic im gaindi ... a thol `like a flagstone for hardness,' BColm. 6.25 . lán cruaís is gainde, ZCP x 49.11 . ? asort slúag co ṅgainni, Fél. Oct. 7 . hardship (?) : go ngainne .i. go ndocamhla, O'Cl. s.v. gann (probably a ref. to preceding example). In chevilles (meaning doubtful, prob. indefinite) : céim-cen gainne, LL 49a9 . toraim ngainde, Arch. iii 294 § 6.

gáinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáinne or dil.ie/25193

n a dart, a javelin : `a reed, cane, arrow ,' O'R. le gai- nnibh gera ┐ ... le soigdib, ZCP vi 46.26 . le slegaibh ... ┐ le gainnib gera, 60.21 . fuile fuirtbe gainne .i. cend fuirtbe āir, TBC² 1082 . Fig. gáinnidhe an ghráidh cholnaidhe ón chol- ainn, TSh. 10778 . See O'Rahilly, EIH 519.