? gaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gaind or dil.ie/25176

ind uair nachat craind gránna a muirn gaind nach dailb, LL 265a32 ( MU 22 ).

gainde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainde or dil.ie/25177

x see gainne.

gaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaíne or dil.ie/25178

Forms: Gaíne, Gaeine

n ,f. (? cf. LL 140a24 ).

(a) excellence, a fine thing; choice, quality: gaine .i. maith, H.3.18, 625 . gaoine .i. maith, O'Cl. Míchol mór, mó cách ṅgaine (: dagdaine), SR 5919 . as gáine leam ... ór as mac rucad ann, Acall. 547 . Cf. 551 - 2 . tancas sund tria gáine ngnó, dia cáine dia cét-gubo, `for the delight of her beauty,' Met. Dinds. iii 8.1 . rongáet Fergna fo gaíne `... in his flower,' iv 176.5 . ger[bo] gāeth, nīrbo gāine | marb in mac ..., ZCP xiii 15 § 4 . gach flaith ghebhus gort n-gaíne (: somhaíne) `... rightful inheritance,' BR 240.21 . rucsat leo fo gaíne a ngeall ... among the pick of their pledges, BB 387b34 = fo glére a ngell, Met. Dinds. iii 398.1 . fo ghaoine freastail ocus friothalma, ZCP xiv 220.6 . nos friothailet do ghaoine cecha maithiusa, Leb. Gab. i 224.17 . occ fledhuccadh ... do gaoine bidh ┐ leanda, Hugh Roe § 70b . In chevilles: fri gaine ngart, MacCarthy 410.3 . gáine gaile (: Māile), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 11 . ? gaíni a comráid do neoch aile acht dósom, LL 267b6 ( MU 36 ). co cruaidh iar ngaoine gan creancha, FM ii 962.24 (poem).

(b) a feat, a prank, a jest: is cluchi ┐ is gáini lem-sa cach comlond ... darónus, TBC 4160 . cluchi cach gáine cach | go roich Fer[ṅ]diad issin n-áth, 4164 ; 4170 ; 4176 (v.l. cluithe cach caine cach). ben rognathaig gaíni dligthig, LL 140a24 .

(c) npr m. Gaíne, CRR. § 31 . Acall. 551 . Duan. Finn i 25.25 . Gaeine, Acall. 552.

1 gainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gainech or dil.ie/25179

n (gainnech): scurf, scab on the skin: is uadha aderar sgabies ria on gainnech bis ac tuitim de, Irish Texts v 78.1 . is edh is tinea ann, brusgar no gainech in chinn, ib. 78.8 . clam .i. occultus, ar doeim in gainech (s.l.) a chorp, O'Mulc. 198.

2 gainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gainech or dil.ie/25180

adj o,ā: eisg beca gainecha, Irish Texts v 42.15 .

gainel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainel or dil.ie/25181

n some kind of kindling or tinder (?): cia mac beo genes ho mnai mairb ? Adudh i ngin gainel (riddle and answer), ZCP xiii 272 § 15 (= fadadh ingni gaim v.l.). See under gainem for ex. of gainem used for kindling.

gainem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainem or dil.ie/25182

Forms: gainemh

n ā,f. and o,m. In later MSS. occas. treated as n-stem in d s. and a s. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53.

(a) sand, gravel: int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . glé nodonselni sládar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 . amail tuaircther iasg fór gainemh, TBC p. 881 n.1 . ro gab lán a duirnd don ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ). i ngainem na tragai, Three Hom. 122 (LB). risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v 270.24 gloss. cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara, RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ). gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34 (LB). a gainemh glan, Buile Ṡ. 156 . roerig a luaithred ┐ a langainem, TTebe 2933 . rotbía ... deog de ganim (i.e. a specially cool draught, cf. 2353 ), TBC² 1170 ( LU 5648 = deoch a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] = deoch a gaineamh, x 280.12 [Fr.]). gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in gri- nneall, TBC, p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.). go ganem nglasruad, TTebe 1967 . amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san urláisde, TSh.² 112 . gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 . san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 . is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem). Matt. vii 26 . bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is weighty, Prov. xxvii 3 . an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD 4.17 . is gat im ganem (of a cheat or illusion), TBC 4057 . is gnim for gainem a structure on sand (of a useless labour), RIA 23 Q 6 ( O'C. 1613 ). g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1368 . landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 . ríomh ... gainimh ghil, Content. xxviii 24 . ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh.² 9289 . ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jer. xv 8 . n p. it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 . Ní mhar acht a ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 . d p. cethra srotha ... co ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 . gaineamh beó a quicksand , Acts xxvii 17 . tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐ gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tos- aigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh `hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has `fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita Secunda ( VSH ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum collo eius suspensum.' In the French version of the legend an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e. sea-wrack). Cf. gainel.

(b) Med. gravel (in the kidneys): gaineamh no clocha na n-aronn, Gwynn Cat. 317.

gaínem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaínem or dil.ie/25183

superl. of gaíne, q.v., used as an adj.? (cf. gaoine .i. maith O'Cl. ): samchorgus nō gemchorgus isa gāinem (cairem v.l.) glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 .

gainemda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainemda or dil.ie/25184

adj (gainem) io,iā sandy: ráthaigsit indsi moir ... ganemdha a talum, RC ix 464.13 . isin Moab n-gainemdai, Alex. 331.

? gainethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? gainethar or dil.ie/25185

ind gongáinethar cath for Gárich ┐ Ilgarich, TBC 4968 (retoric) = rogenetar, Lec. (leg. dogéntar, Wind.).

gainithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainithir or dil.ie/25186

Forms: genither, genethar, geniter, genetar, gignither, gignethar, gigne, gignidh, gignathar, gignis, gēntar, gignitir, gentair, gein, rogeinset, ro-genset, genfed

v Conjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir. deponent. See Ped. ii 533 . Further : pres. ind. 3 s. genither Laws iv 38.14 . rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 . pl. geniter, LU 3477 . nad genetar , 701 . fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom. 98 (LB). nochon gignethar (s.l.), FM 472 . gigne, TBC 4015 . gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 . rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 . gignis, LL 380b47 . gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 . pl. gignitir RC xxvi 48.255 . gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early Mod. Ir. active forms with the stem gein (gen) are frequent. See below. Further: pret. 1 s. (?) geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ) but see ZCP xxiv 237 . 3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 . ro-genset, PH 7060 . do gheansadar Celtica xvi 75 § 3 . sec. fut. rel. 35 . no genfed , LU 4261 . vn. gein, q.v.

I Intrans.

(a) comes to life, is born : is hé Crist rogenir, Wb. 11a17 . corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 . nogigne[d] (gl. nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 . annogenad (gl. nascente), Enchir. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ). génair Patraicc i Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 . Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR 7522 . gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 . tuiregin ... .i. gein ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 . in Tarso C. ro-genir, PH 1648 . in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 . as amram rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 . co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna do ríg, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ). géntair amal turcu `they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 . rogēner co ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 . a comainm in lae cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 . cuirp na ndaine ... genit ┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 . mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 . ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 . Tāilcend gignid 'na ré, ZCP xii 238.3 . flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, FM i 472.16 . Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . gur ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 . geintear piasda i ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 . is procreated : curo genir Abel mac Adhaim eatura, D iv 2, 42vb36 . Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep. ó is born from, springs from, descends from : intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 . dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 . ó oínsíl rogé- nartar (leg. rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1 ( LU 4261 ). Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 . na huli chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 . cia ór' genis, RC xxiii 406 § 16 . mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe 1114 . Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i 186.23 (poem). With de : Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic, Auraic. 176.

(b) With extension of meaning : is produced, is derived, is formed, arises, originates : nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Aug. 12b ) inna ṅdobriathar ... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 . ranic maige mós nad genetar ciuil (Amra CC.) with gl. .i. inid bes nemgenemain ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ). genithir tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 . fo miad grian genither `according to the size of the land it (i.e. the cumal) is produced,' Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded (?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143 ). it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib. 23 . Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ; 160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 . fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii 197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 . gignithir breo a muig Breg, LB 220 (marg. inf.). in cu hoband ro- gein in rédlu? PH 6977 . in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the member in which the disease originated, 4225 . an bás do ghein a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 . an céolchuire fár ghin goimh, Gleanings 14 § 2 . ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river, etc. springs up, springs forth : as innte (i.e. san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 . Eo Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 . nir genar fiodh ann riam `no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 . genid buindi asin talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 . genid tipra and, Met. Dinds. iii 326.35 . loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6 ( Dinds. 40 ).

II Trans. and active (a later usage).

(a) begets, procreates : (Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 . an fheis ... dār geined Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 . Eíst red athair, noch do ghin thú, Prov. xxiii 22 . an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 . níor geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .

(b) conceives : as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .

(c) produces, brings into being : cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b47 . geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P. § 43 . genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v 80.2 . na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 . geinter ... nesgóid ó'n gerradh sin (= quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat. 272.14 . an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an bás, TSh. 1496 . mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain a sgathán, O'Hussey T.C. 22.

III pret. 3 s. (3 p. occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with mad- (later ma-, mu-, mo-, mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in sense blessed (fortunate, happy) is. For exx. and usage see mad- (a weakened form of maith).