1 gadrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gadrach or dil.ie/25078

x see gatrach.

2 gadrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gadrach or dil.ie/25079

ind gablach ┐ gai | ac rind gadhrach, IT iii 97 § 156.

gae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gae or dil.ie/25080

Forms: gae, gaí, gai, gae, gha, ga, gói, góei, gai, gae, gae, ghai, gae, gæ, gái, gæi, gói, gae, gaé, gaoi, gae, gaíthe, gaethe, gaei, gaoi, gaeithe, gaí, ga, gai, gaib, gaaib, gǽib, gáiaibh, gáib, goeib, gaoibh, gaíbh, gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh, gaíthibh, gaethibh, gaau, gau, goo, góo, goho, goo, gaó, gaíthe, gaethe, gaotha, gai, gai, ga, gaau

n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 , da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see Thurneysen ( ScM², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT = IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 . g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC 3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Met. Dinds. iii 460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC 2306 . gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ). don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC 2373 , 2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé (v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD 11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. gaí, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC 3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin), Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh TD 16.52 . gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT . a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo, SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii 212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIH 459 , 461 .

(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a ( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml. 55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Im. Br. ii 292.14 ; a gaaib línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth Gabl. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound, Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 . ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM § 11 ). gae semnech slindlethan slegḟota, TBC 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL 276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Met. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo, gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC 4531 . adbur craind gai, Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair, Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C. do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐ dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point, Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó, Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC 3023 . gae na haeire, O'C. 664 ( H.3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte ┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha gāi duaine dō, Bruchstücke no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of Bulga, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, Early Irish History, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir. Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC 3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ... ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni i cath, LL 195b38 ( Met. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 . gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasam- naig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae copa a tent or roll of lint etc. inserted into a wound to keep it open (see copga, copp). gae cró : orig. a tent or probe to keep a wound open; a pledget or roll (of lint, etc.) applied to a wound; by extension, a wound unhealed, a wound still bleeding, a haemorrhage Éigse ix 183 . See also 1 cró (g). marb in Dagda do gai chró ... dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a ngæ cró, TBC 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.) chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar' ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr. `shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old unstaunched wounds (?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, FM vi 2058.4 . iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.), Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit of a murderer, O'C. 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H.3.17, c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'C. 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ). la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina láimh, O'D. 769 ( H.3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g.¤ gréine a man of straw (?) Peritia iii 405 n. 2 : aithech baitse … ni fuilet (?) re daim in fer-sin ina fuil gnimiu laích lais; ni teit a raith na i naitire fri flaith na eclais, ar is gæ gréine dogairter CIH ii 585.17 . g.¤ leóin : Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP x 163.11 (cf. g.¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book- marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of the mother-kin,' the distaff : doberar gai matri do garmnaib beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother- kin' in Ireland (?), RC xii 94.24 . g¤ mela honey suppository Éigse ix 182 : gaoithi meala Rosa Angl. 64.1 . gaeithi mela Ir. Texts v 46 .

Compds. ¤buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi 266 . ¤derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii 168.9 (Tig.). ¤fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 . Misc. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav. 1146 . ¤neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh (sic leg.) nglic, Buile Ṡ. 56.15 .

(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . Arch. iii 304.27 amlaid robatar a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless under- taking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender shaft of day,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine (i. is etarbach), O'C. 427 ( H.3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine, Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg. Aithech baitse ... ni téit a raith, na i naitire ... ar is gae greine do gairter, Laws iv 352.26 .

(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.

1 gáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gáel or dil.ie/25081

Forms: gaelta

n o,m. pl. gaelta, IGT Decl. § 60 . For history and etymology see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 365 .

(a) kinship, re- lationship : in fhuil gáel no munterus duit ris-in tii fo'r- ghlaccais ? PH 7534 . ata in nádúir fén ica furail-so ... ar gáel na fola, 7394 (of reverence to parents). MR 44.22 . anuit a ngael ┐ chardius fri araili, Marco P. § 38 . tre bithin gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . MS. Mat. 572.26 . tre goire a ngaoil, TFrag. 182.24 . bean fogus gaoil, Eg. Gl. 61 . is gael re nathair neme ... is comaenta fri Lucifer, SG 48.1 . drochdhaine gail bad kinsfolk, Ériu viii 123.3 . le baidhbh ngáoil, IGT Decl. ex. 1978 . fer gail no fialusa, O'Dav. 458 . braithreacha gaíl, Hy Many 161.29 . dá chairdibh gaoil, TD 13.42 . bar ngaol ngeinemna `con- sanguinity of birth,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.26 . athair ┐ mathair hIsu ┐ dream da lucht gail ┐ deala, YBL 148b23 . dias gaoil two kinsfolk, Dán Dé xi 3 ; xxii 5 . connsuine gaoil do, IGT Introd. § 26 . gaol sbioradálta, spiritual kinship (i.e. between sponsor and godchild), Parrth. Anma 196 . The affection of kinsfolk : an t-ég araon aga sgarrthain | nior fhét gáol Chathfuigh do chlódh, Rel. Celt. ii 220.22 . beag dá ngaol do ghéabha Dia little of their love will God get, Dán Dé xxiii 8 . olc an gaol do ṡíol Ṡuibhne | tabhach Fódla ... a láimh aicme Néill, TD 26.42 . As pred. kindly, natural, congruous : drem nár ghaol comfeirg ná cruas, SG 24.28 . raon ... nach gaol don charaid do chom, Dán Dé xxiii 4. ? To this: ni fhuil goel dam-sai ma beith aice ar comae na ar nem-comae 'there is nothing, good or bad, that would cause me to lie with her' ZCP xxxvi 72 .

(b) a relative ; kin, kinsfolk (in s. and pl.) : Atá Temhair gan a túar, | atá fo gredhaibh a gáel, Arch. iii 304 , III § 6 . gáel ḟíann .i. ḟiann ghaíl lochta na dáirsi (etymol. gl. on Gaileóin), Cóir Anm. 226 . d'fuasccladh a ghaoil geinealaigh , BNnÉ i 227 . Mo chúmha! mo cháirde a's mo ghaol, Oss. iv 168.5 . gaol fallsa do Mhoire mé, a false kinsman, Dán Dé ii 3 . an gaol ór ghabhluigh, TD 34.19 . pl. a maithrecha ┐ a ngaelta, Marco P. § 102 . drong do gæltaibh in diuice, ZCP vi 94.19 . TD 26.32 . Cinnta suil chuire ar do gháoltaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1458 . Ní námhaid do ghnáth na gáolta, ex. 1459 . a chine ┐ a ghaolta, Keat. ii 5191.

(b 2) In gramm. conson gáeil a homorganic consonant : gach connsuine eile nach connsuine gáoil dóibh mur sin IGT Introd. § 26 .

Compds. ¤bean a kinswoman , A. Ó Dálaigh xix 1 . ¤bráthair a kinsman , ib. xxxv 11 . ¤buain : ní fhuil gaol-bhuain na ríogh ribh `a link with the kings,' ib. lii 3 . ? ¤genelach genealogy : ar aon aicme iad araon iar ngaol-genealaig (sic leg. ?) with regard to their descent, Hy Fiachr. 42.19 .

(c) ? anagallda luathit lama .i. ... an gaoil gallda no luai- dhit ó lama ... .i. an cach gonas na hurraidh tre gail naith ┐ án gach buaigh berar a n-aineol n-ecraite, O'C. 1765 - 6 ( 23 Q 6 36a37 ). Cf. ān cach chindes na buadha ar na hecarr- dib isin crichid aineoil, O'C. 349 ( H.3.18, 193a ).

2 Gáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 Gáel or dil.ie/25082

pn n. l., see Hog. Onom. and O'Rahilly, Celtica i 366 n. 2 .

3 gáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gáel or dil.ie/25083

n wound (?), injury (?) : gaol .i. goin no briseadh, P.O'C. `Gaol a wound,' O'R. ? go n-ebhairt mac rad gaela | nach e sud Daig mac Dreada (leg. Draeda), Anecd. ii 35 § 11.

gáelaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáelaid or dil.ie/25084

v breaks, wounds, overcomes (?) ; an old word later confined to poetic diction. gaolaim .i. brisim, O'Cl. catha gulae gailais .i. rogailastar catha in chraes, RC xx 254 ( ACC 56 ). gailais didu ro bris, ib. Comm. nathir rongáel, garb a graph, SR 1341 . garb rogáel gail, 6167 . rogail ... tri chath in fail faebrach, 1291 . Rí mōrchatha rodagǣl, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . mo c[h]orc am reilic roghaol (.i. mo chraidhe am chorp robris), v 487 § 1 (B. na F.). drem nár ghaol ... cruas, SG 24.28 . Cláenferta a ngaeltís (.i. inguintis superscr. from Ms. G) aindre, Met. Dinds. i 16.41 . Cf. Petrie, Tara 144 ( Trans.RIA. xviii ) ; O'C. 1282 ( H.3.18, 534 ). mor do chathaib gael- ustar .i. brisestar, Gwynn Cat. p. 345 ( YBL c. 289 ). goel iat (.i. mo pectha), Laud 610, f. 6c . Brigit bán in mōrchatha rodagǣl, LL 52a50 . úar rogǣlad ... C. la F., 133a2 .

gáelaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáelaigid or dil.ie/25085

v breaks, destroys : a Demuin ... rongailaigeis ... hí Pardos, SR 1723.

gáele

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáele or dil.ie/25086

x see gaíle.

gáelmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáelmar or dil.ie/25087

adj (1 gáel) o,ā related, akin : is gaelmhar in ghenelach, Misc. Celt. Soc. 338.16 . bean ghaolmhar a kinswoman A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 2 . cain Cormaic so, ┐ is gaolmhar it is akin, Laws iv 249 n . re Durlas Ghuaire is gaolmhar (of a place) it is akin to G.'s Durlas, TD 6.3 . atá sí cáirdeamhail gaolmhar clannish , Ó Bruad. iii 66.11 .

gaelseach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaelseach or dil.ie/25088

n earwig: gaelseach Zoilomastix xlviii (Appendix A) . See Celtica xviii 67 .