gach

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x see cech.

gád

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Forms: gáid, gáda

n o,m. g s. gáid, gáda, IGT Decl. § 38 . danger, stress, need : gádh .i. gabhadh, Eg. Gl. 390 ; O'Cl. is gad mor ic lucht in choblaig, Aen. 1270 . budh iomdha gādh is grethlach, ZCP xiv 257.9 . bat dín ar gád 's ar guba, Met. Dinds. iii 96.9 . robeo ar gach ngādh | ar sgāth dernonn Dē, Ériu iv 238 § 18 . ní fhagdais gád na imesarcain, ALC i. 284.16 . ferann sáer gan gádh rogabh, Ériu iv 73 n. 2 . Ba gresacht gaidh ┐ guasachta aca ann, viii 40.9 . a sciath a ló gáidh nir' gheis, Acall. 864 . ba greit gáid `he was a champion at need,' Met. Dinds. ii. 64.15 . Cf. O'Cl. (s.v. greit) and Hermathena xiv 473 . A phosd gáidh chagaidh `O prop of battle,' Ériu ix 10.115 . gan bhūain eachta do ghort ghāidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1545 . ? an geantoirghlés gádh (: trom-ár), 23 L 22, 421 ( Mann. and Cust. iii 224 n . where the ref. is misprinted. The text is untrustworthy, cf. Duan F. i 44.1 ).

Compd. ¤mian : ba sír-mín gairbe in gád-méin `the violence of the imperious need,' Met. Dinds. ii 46.20 .

gadaide

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x see gataige.

gádamail

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adj (gád) i perilous, dire : o curadaib clisde ... ┐ o greidib gadhamla gaisgid, Celt. Rev. ii 110.11 . do coraighhedh ... grinne gasda gadhamail gormlann, Caithr. CC. § 11 ; cf. ina ngrinnib ... gadamla, BB 244a35 (= gadúmla, LB 123b35 ). la treib gadamail Gad, 244b42 .

gadán

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n o,m. sound, noise, a voice (?) : no choidelduis ... laeich letairthe ... risin ngadan nglésta nguithbinn do chanadh in fer, Acall. 1702 (= ngothan, Fr.; `leg. gothán,' W.S.). fregruid na heoin í co ndénaid gadáin gniomhacha ghuthbhinne, ITS v 134.33 . gadáin ghríos-ghorta ... do chaoraibh ... teineadh, TSh. 6631.

gadar

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Forms: gagar, gaghar, gadhar, gagair, gagru

n o,m. earlier gagar (ON gagarr, see Marstr., Bidrag 112 , 158 ). n s. gaghar, Rawl. B 506 f. 29b . gadhar, IGT Decl. § 17 . n p. gagair, LL 1769 n . a p. gagru, 333c9 . a hunting-dog, a beagle : milcú .i. gadhar, O'Dav. 1248 , but cf. Fiachra i richt milchon, Ailill a ndeilb gadair ┐ Feargus a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.7 . in milchu no gumadh hé in gaghar, O'D. 2300 ( Rawl. B. 506 f. 29b ). comdire a gadar ┐ a milcu, O'C. 2143 ( Eg. 88, f. 2 (3)c ). milchoin innti is gadhair, Acall. 344 . bid gadhar tafaind ... Ailill, RC xxiv 176.3 . coin taffaind .i. gagair, LL 1769 n . coin ic letrad, gadhair ic tafunn, Lism.L. 3655. BNnÉ 197.2 . sechtmad n-eneclainni do cach ina gadhar, O'Dav. 1248 . guth gadair ┐ fiad roime, SG 40.19 . nir bo engach (einech, Lism.) ḟírgadhair, Acall. 6418 . duísgit na gadhair míl, Cóir Anm. 214 . gadair garga, Acall. 344 n . cuanart gadar, 1947 . gotha gadar, SG 64.39 . re gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 . Fland Roí, is hé rogreiss na gagru asa charput co ro ralad a comarbus Patraic, LL 333c9 ( ZCP viii 320.23 ). Cf. Trip. ii 544.8 ( LL 42d8 ). Fig. an gadhar saothair se .i. an bás, TSh. 592.

gadmuin

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n some kind of insect. a gadfly (?), Eg. Gl. 417.

Gadra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gadra or dil.ie/25077

npr m. g s. scíath G.¤ , ZCP viii 228 § 26 . fuil Ghadhra, IGT Decl. ex. 1239 . In surname, Ua Gadra, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 86.w . Lachtnan uaghorm-ḟiaclach gadra guaile, IT iii 99 § 164 . Lachtnan mac Luchduind igadra, 101 § 180 . im Toichleach ua nGadhra, tighearna Luighne deisceirt, FM ii 686.22 .

1 gadrach

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x see gatrach.

2 gadrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gadrach or dil.ie/25079

ind gablach ┐ gai | ac rind gadhrach, IT iii 97 § 156.

gae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gae or dil.ie/25080

Forms: gae, gaí, gai, gae, gha, ga, gói, góei, gai, gae, gae, ghai, gae, gæ, gái, gæi, gói, gae, gaé, gaoi, gae, gaíthe, gaethe, gaei, gaoi, gaeithe, gaí, ga, gai, gaib, gaaib, gǽib, gáiaibh, gáib, goeib, gaoibh, gaíbh, gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh, gaíthibh, gaethibh, gaau, gau, goo, góo, goho, goo, gaó, gaíthe, gaethe, gaotha, gai, gai, ga, gaau

n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 , da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see Thurneysen ( ScM², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT = IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 . g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC 3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Met. Dinds. iii 460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC 2306 . gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ). don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC 2373 , 2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé (v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD 11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. gaí, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC 3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin), Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh TD 16.52 . gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT . a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo, SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii 212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIH 459 , 461 .

(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a ( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml. 55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Im. Br. ii 292.14 ; a gaaib línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth Gabl. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound, Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 . ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM § 11 ). gae semnech slindlethan slegḟota, TBC 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL 276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Met. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo, gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC 4531 . adbur craind gai, Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair, Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C. do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐ dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point, Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó, Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC 3023 . gae na haeire, O'C. 664 ( H.3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte ┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha gāi duaine dō, Bruchstücke no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of Bulga, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, Early Irish History, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir. Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC 3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ... ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni i cath, LL 195b38 ( Met. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 . gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasam- naig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae copa a tent or roll of lint etc. inserted into a wound to keep it open (see copga, copp). gae cró : orig. a tent or probe to keep a wound open; a pledget or roll (of lint, etc.) applied to a wound; by extension, a wound unhealed, a wound still bleeding, a haemorrhage Éigse ix 183 . See also 1 cró (g). marb in Dagda do gai chró ... dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a ngæ cró, TBC 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.) chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar' ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr. `shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old unstaunched wounds (?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, FM vi 2058.4 . iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.), Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit of a murderer, O'C. 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H.3.17, c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'C. 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ). la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina láimh, O'D. 769 ( H.3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g.¤ gréine a man of straw (?) Peritia iii 405 n. 2 : aithech baitse … ni fuilet (?) re daim in fer-sin ina fuil gnimiu laích lais; ni teit a raith na i naitire fri flaith na eclais, ar is gæ gréine dogairter CIH ii 585.17 . g.¤ leóin : Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP x 163.11 (cf. g.¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book- marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of the mother-kin,' the distaff : doberar gai matri do garmnaib beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother- kin' in Ireland (?), RC xii 94.24 . g¤ mela honey suppository Éigse ix 182 : gaoithi meala Rosa Angl. 64.1 . gaeithi mela Ir. Texts v 46 .

Compds. ¤buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi 266 . ¤derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii 168.9 (Tig.). ¤fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 . Misc. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav. 1146 . ¤neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh (sic leg.) nglic, Buile Ṡ. 56.15 .

(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . Arch. iii 304.27 amlaid robatar a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless under- taking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender shaft of day,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine (i. is etarbach), O'C. 427 ( H.3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine, Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg. Aithech baitse ... ni téit a raith, na i naitire ... ar is gae greine do gairter, Laws iv 352.26 .

(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.