focherd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. focherd or dil.ie/22442

n f. (cerdd `art, craft' ?) a feat at arms, a cast (of a spear) (?): focheirt C. in sleig n-iarum i ndegaig Fir baith ... `Is beoda do ḟocheird [feocherd LU] indiu, A Ch. !' orse. conid de atā Focherd uada a Murthemniu TBC² 1562 = maith tra in focheird TBC 2193 . Fochaird Muir- t[h]emne, bhaili a nderna Cú Chulainn in foic[h]erd gaiscid ar sluaiged tána b. c., Acall. 2316 . go Fochaird M., bhail i nderna an C. ... an fhoicherd ghaisgidh, Hugh Roe 90.12 (f. 24a) . cathcles cu foceardaib .i. grāin catha cu ceartaib foiche in gae bulga ` subordinate arts ' Todd Nenn., Add. Notes p. xii (< 23 P 3 B, 23 , O'C. 1875 ; cf. O'D. 2208 ). Cf. cealgthar é d'fhoicheardaibh mná 'blandishments' Studies 1949, 466 .

fochest

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochest or dil.ie/22443

x see focheist and fogast.

fochetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochetal or dil.ie/22444

n o,n. (vn. of fo-cain) chanting, singing: focetal n-ēigme, Laws v 306.5 (one of the reasons for postponing a battle; expl.: .i. teit fo eigem 308.9 ). foceadal ceast a Caisel .i. corgus BB 267a23 = coigeadal chesta corgais i Caisil BR 4.15 . badar oc f.¤ dō (of birds), Dinds. 117 . cēn no bidis na heoin ic a foichedul `singing to them' Ériu ii 20 § 1 .

fochetlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochetlaid or dil.ie/22445

Forms: fochetlaidi

n i

(a) one who sings in accompaniment, a succentor: n p. fochetlaidi (gl. subpsalmistae) Ml 2b8 .

(b) a teacher (but prob. a mistake for forcetlaid): focetlaidh na catalcdha teacher of the Catholic faith (of Ambrose) BB 207b6 = for- ceallaidh, Todd Nenn. 68.5 . do Mhaol ruain diar bhfocet- laidh, Mart. Don. Aug. 15 .

1 fochla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochla or dil.ie/22446

Forms: ḟochlai, fochli, ḟochla, Fochla, fochla, fochlai, fochlu, fochla, -dha, fochlu

n io,n. g s. ind ḟochlai AU 913 (i 428) . ind fochli 821 . ind ḟochla LL 134b31 . ind Fochla AU 865. d s. usually fochla or fochlai, see exx. below; fochlu LL 124b40 . BDD 74 Y (ḟocluí LU). Laws iv 338.15 . A compd. of fo + clé `left' Ped. i 68 , hence

I The North (cf. faitse, and W. gogledd `North,' ZCP xiv 323 ), esp. the North of Ireland: f.¤ an tuascert, Corm. Y 654 . a fochlai Erend ō Tuaig Inbir RC xiii 222.33 (= a tuaiscert lethe Erenn, O'Curry, MS. Mat. 473 ). Níal ind ḟ.¤ N. of the North Todd Nenn. 252 ( LL 134b31 ). ri Ulad ... hi cetlud rig Fochla (i.e. the king of Ailech), Ériu v 232.25 (i c. fri fochlai v.l.). roslat uile longportu Gall (.i. airir ind Fochla) etir cenel nEugain ┐ Dal nAraide AU 865 . sloghedh la Flann ... isa f.¤ cor innred leis Ardd Macha 881 (= isin F.¤ , FM 879 ). sloghadh isin F.¤ la Donnchad AU 770 . The name was also given to territories in N. Meath, see Hog. Onom., and in Clare, Top. Poems 112.5 (= Carney, Butler Poems 1377 ) and n . Cf. gaibthiut co firu fochlae i faitse, Rawl. 132a16 (= foichle hi foidse, Ériu iii 137.74 ).

II Transf.

(a) the seat of honour in a king's or chief's hall; perhaps an earlier use than the follg., point- ing to a primitive arrangement like that in the old Icelandic house, where the seat of honour was in the middle of the northern bench facing south. Cf. Laws iv 338.15 (describ- ing arrangement of a king's banqueting-hall): cuslennaigh ... a n-airt[h]iur ḟoitsi. isinn leth eliu a fochlu fénnid `his champion's seat' (`on the other side, in the north, a man at arms', MacNeill PRIA xxxvi C 16. 306 , see n . ib.; Plummer suggests reading: isin leth chliu a fochlu fein- nid[a] `on the left is his champion's seat (MS. notes s.v.). Binchy, Críth G. 591 , prints: ailiu, i fochlu, which agrees with MacNeill's rendering, but compare the exx. of f.¤ feinneda below). i nairt[h]iur fochlai `on the east side of the champion's seat' ib. (= Críth G. 597 , `in the north-east' Vocab. s.v. airther). f.¤ nomen do suidhe na flatha, Corm. Y 656 . f.¤ didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda 698 . fochlu ... nomen primsuidhe ina himda, O'Dav. 841 (citing Corm. Y 698 , see (b) below). ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu ib. f.¤ fó .i. suidhe flatha no tighearna, O'Cl. In older literature, however, the name seems to have been given not to the king's (or chief's) seat but to that of his champion or chief man at arms; hence generally called f.¤ fénneda (possibly in these exx. the word is of different origin; cf. 2 fochla). [f]ochla (féinneadh) IGT, Decl. § 2 (m.; n p. fochla, -dha). It seems to have been usually oppo- site the king's seat; dobrethsat póca do Choin Culainn ┐ rafucsat leo dond ḟochlai ḟennida RC xiv 426x . ra innis [Cú Chulainn] do Chonchobur ┐ sé san ḟochlai ḟennida na ḟiad- naisi LL 263b12 ( MU² 229 ; the pron. sé presumably refers to Cú Chulainn). dochonnairc C. raet rob ingnad leis isin tigh n-ola .i. ingen ... isin [ḟ]ochla ḟéinned, Acall. 3251 . isind fhoclúi féinnida in tige fri enech ríg isind leith anall BDD 74 U (ḟochlu Y). Later heroic romance speaks of more than one f.¤ fénneda: tainic Ferccus ┐ do thóccaibh [sic leg.] a arma os a chionn isin ḟ.¤ ḟeinnidh ┐ tainic M. isin f.¤ ḟeinnidh oile ar ionchaibh Ferccusa ITS v 84.9 (cf. isin fochla thuaiscertach tige ib. 6 ). san f.¤ fheinned a n-imdaid na hursand ... san fh.¤ fheinned isan iar[sh]lis ar a n-agaid, Celt. Rev. i 296 . See also cit. from O'Cl. under 2 fochla. Cf. fuaim iar fochlu (= fame according to precedence in valour or dignity ? throughout the north ?) LL 124b40 (chev.). Fig. of a champion: fo fer Fergus ... f.¤ do rígaib mac Rosa, Celt. Rev. ii 20 . Cf. flaith .i. fochla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 19 ( LB 267a12 ). This not in Corm. Y or M, and is perhaps corrupt. In: fochlu .i. feinnidh, O'Dav. 841 , the latter word is probably gen. depending on fochlu.

(b) Incorrectly interpreted by glossators as the warrior's seat in a chariot (Ériu xxi 94-98) : bátar sinde riadatar a fochlai fria faitsi .i. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlae, Corm. Y 698 s.v. gaire. O'Dav. 841 .

2 fochla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fochla or dil.ie/22447

Forms: fochlai, ochlai

n m. (but g s. fordorus na fochlai , CCath. 3086 ).

(a) digging, rooting, burrowing: im rubu foichlige ... .i. im na robaib bis ar fochlae `which scrape' (e.g. young pigs or cocks) Laws i 190.15 Comm.

(b) a cavity, hole (in the earth): co n-acadar fochlui mar amail bid beolu uama, Otia i 115 § 6 . airm na bia f.¤ freim [sic] `where there is no place for the root' (i.e. no pit dug) Laws iv 382.29 . ar mothuittet eich i fochluib LL 120a29 . Maol Maedhócc ... do chendach Bachla Iosa ┐ dia tabhairt as a f.¤ `from its cave' (i.e. the place where it had been buried or hidden in troubled times ?) FM ii 1048 . Esp. an animal's burrow or den: f.¤ leomhain .i. tochailt, uaimh no poll leomhain, no f.¤ .i. ionadh suidhe leomhain, amhail atā f.¤ feinneadh, O'Cl., (probably ref. to: in foc[h]la leoman, CCath. 4903 ). foran bf.¤ leomain, Hugh Roe 156.3 (f. 41b) . tic in dael assa fochlai, Fél. 44.2 . tócaibtís ind anmannai ... a cenna asa fochluib LU 1692 ( RC ix 474 ). isin fochlae talman i mbi nathir, CCath. 3084 . v s. a ochlai dorchai na sinnach ! PH 8246 = a fhochlaig YBL 162b40 . Excavation, trench: clasacha ┐ uamh-fhochladha talmhan ro claidhset ... for ciund na nGall, Hugh Roe, 170.15 (f. 45b) . Cf. dorónta fochlói ┐ rátha móra [im in Trói] `casemates' TTr.² 197 .

See 1 fochlach and fochlaid.

1 fochlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochlach or dil.ie/22448

Forms: fhochlaig

n o,m. (= 2 fochla ?): ērigh suas ... as t[ḟ]ochlach `out of your hiding-place ' (of a stone chest) Cáin Ad. 15 . v s. a fhochlaig na sinnach den YBL 162b40 (cf. 2 fochla).

2 fochlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fochlach or dil.ie/22449

adj o-ā manibad airmitiu níe | nip indemain f.¤ fōe, Corm. Y 661 s.v. foī `prince'; ` seated ' (1 fochla) Corm. Tr. p. 81 .

fochlaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlaí or dil.ie/22450

ind airde na fochlai (corr. to fochrai MS) SR 4249 . cuairt cethrochair ... | cathclai gelbdai ... | fachlai febdai forordai 4228 , corresp. to: cu ḟochruib forórdai LB 120b22 .

See fochraí and cf. 2 fochla, last cit.

fochlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlaid or dil.ie/22451

Forms: fochlaidh

(vn. of fo-claid)

(a) burrowing, undermining, up- rooting (earth): fochlaid cach síde LU 10914 (= fochlade, Ériu xii 184 ). di loscad no di f.¤ [fochlaic v.l.] ecalse `digging under a church' Cáin Ad. 45 . is fri ochluid dogní ... amail muic `works at rooting' O'Dav. 761 . caithe muc ... ma fochlaidh tire (.i. mad tochailt in talmun), Laws iv 96.17 (98.3) . Cf. sruib tuirc fochlaid `the snout of a rooting hog' iv 310.18 (see Críth G. 185 and n .). gadaid[e] fuirregar og gait no og foclad 23 Q 6, 37b17 .

(b) concrete a cavity, hole, pit: fochlaidh (gl. cavicula) Ir. Gl. 229 . f.¤ fil i tir Guent (= Lat. fovea), Todd Nenn. 116 . gur cuired fo ḟoch- laidhibh talman hé (of burial), Acall 1177 . 2847 . ar na chur fá ḟochlaitib talman 2606 . ro hadnaicit cuirp na laecraidhe leo ... fo fochlaidhiph na caladh, CCath. 2857 .

See 2 fochla.

fochlaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlaide or dil.ie/22452

adj io-iā epithet of a cloak: brat odarda fochlaidi TBC² 3210 (= bha chuaslae TBC 5272 ). Leg. fo chl. ?