fiuraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiuraid or dil.ie/22278

x see feraid.

fiurt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiurt or dil.ie/22279

Forms: fiurt, fert, ferto, fertae, ferte, fertai, firtu, firto, ferte, fertae, fertaib, firt, fert, firt

n (firt, fert) u,m. (<Lat. virtus) n s. fiurt, Thes. ii 346.31 ( Hy v Comm.). a s. ? fert, Thes. ii 291.7 (Ml Poems). g s. ferto Wb 12a9 . cf. ind fertae (gl. signi) Ml 16a9 . n p. ferte Wb 24c5 . fertai Ml 112d8 . a p. firtu Wb 12b20 . firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . g p. ferte Wb 12b15 . fertae Ml 17c9 . d p. ho fertaib 64d15 . firt, fert (ón mírbhail) IGT, Decl. § 95 (p. 127) .

A wonderful work, a miracle , of something done or caused by supernatural or occult means; common in relig. lit.; in Glosses = Lat. signum, miraculum and in pl. virtutes: uirtus .i. firt, Corm. Y 576 . firt a uirtute , O'Mulc. 543 . ni dénat firtu úili (gl. numquid omnes virtutes?) Wb 12b20 . is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu PH 4500 . firta ┐ mirbuli 945 . ferta ┐ mírbaile LU 2206 ( FA 28 ). tria firt ┐ mirbuilib Dia RC xvii 411.1 (Tig.). robo mór in fiurt do Brigit, Thes. ii 346.31 . ic comardugud ind [ḟ]erta (= in miraculi memoriam) Lat. Lives 52 . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile BNnÉ 267.11 . tria fiortaibh Dé ┐ Caoimhghin FM ii 716.8 . tre fertaib Coluim Cille, Ann. Conn. 1261 § 3 . eochair ferta féile (= generosity works wonders) ZCP vi 270 § 7 . A `deórad Dé' was expected to perform miracles: on deorad De ge donethsen firt no da firt, ma doḟemid in tres firt noco n-amail tarba, Laws v 16.11 Comm. in deoraid Dé ma dorinde tri ferta faillsighi ag tiachtain dochum thire i fiadnaise righ ┐ tuaithi is saire do cona sedaib ┐ a bairc ┐ mana derna act aen no dedhe dib is saire do cona sedaib ┐ comroind bairci dlighthighi for a bairc, O'C. 1047 (< H 3.18, 436b ). deora De ernaigther ferta .i. ailithir co ndernadar a ferta tre urnaigthi, O'C. 1058 (< H 3.18, 438 ). firt filed `a poet's miracle' [i.e. wrought by a poet] AU 1024 . RC xvii 364 (Tig.). an darna fiort filidh doronadh for N. `the second poetical miracle performed by N.' FM iv 818.8 . f.¤ féle a miracle of generosity, extraordinary generosity: firt féli is ferr cach ní LL 207a1 . dús in bhfuigbit[h]i cornn tria f.¤ fele ann ZCP viii 102 x = tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 . feart féile, Studies 1921, 258 § 11 . IGT, Decl. § 95 (feart, firt). Transf. of supernatural beings: aingil nimhe ┐ ferta flaithemhnuis (perh. = Virtutes of Celestial Hierarchy), Parrth. Anma 347.19 .

Compds.: ¤fuil blood of virtue: a Mheic Dé ... atá th'fhiortfhuil dá dáil, Studies 1931, 660 . ¤linn liquor of virtue: grása ... go bhfeara 'na firtlinn te ib. 662 .

flaigín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaigín or dil.ie/22280

n m. (Romance loan-word) a flagon: O'Bruad. iii 6 . f.¤ fíona, 2 Sam. vi 19 .

1 flaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flaith or dil.ie/22281

Forms: flaith, flatho, flatha, ardlathi, flathae, flaith, ḟlatha, flatha, flaithe, flaith- eadh, flath, saerlatha, flathae, ardlathi, f., f., inis, Flaithniad, Flaithri, flaithgil, Flaithgile

n i,f. (cf. W. gwlad `land'). O.Ir. n s. ind flaith , Thes. ii 295.12 . g s. inna flatho Wb 9d2 . Ml 137b5 . AU 749 . flatha Ml 90a5 . n p. ardlathi Wb 1a3 . g p. flathae, Fél. Nov. 27 . Later also masc. in sense II. flaith, g s. an ḟlatha (ó chiort), na flatha (ó chanamhuin), n a p. flaithe, g p. flaith- eadh IGT, Decl. § 91 (g p. flath proscribed as incorrect, ex. 1639 ). Initial f sometimes omitted in MSS. when lenited: Wb 1a3 . 30d4 . 31a3 ; saerlatha BB 362b29 (= Dinds. 21 ). Cf. énlaith.

I

(a) lordship, sovereignty, rule: f.¤ ┐ brithemnacht Ml 133c10 . combad and nogabad f.¤ (gl. tunc adeptus imperium) 113c7 . tairṅgire flatho dia chlaind som 137b5 . cartach a f.¤ his rule is a rule of love LU 3404 ( SC 18 ). tāthut bithlaith lasin Ríg LL 50a33 ( Hail Brigit § 26 ). ó gabais Ailill ... f.¤ since A. began to reign TBFr. § 4 ( LL 248b10 ). is amlaid domel Conchobar a f.¤ enjoys his sovereignty LU 4858 = domeil C. in rigi TBC 867 . gabais Cormac f.¤ fer nhEirenn ZCP viii 314.6 . tocart Fiacha Cormac a flaith Temra F. ejected C. from the lordship of Temair ib. 8 . dí bliadain f.¤ in maicc maith reign Arch. Hib. ii 84 (LL) = Rawl. 164a21 . isin nomad bliadain déc do f.¤ Tibir PH 2571 . isa tossach flatha dait thy lordship is beginning ZCP viii 312.7 .

(b) king- dom, realm, esp. the kingdom of Heaven , absol. or with qualifying adj. or gen., without art.: gl. regnum [Dei] Wb 30d4 . aromfoimfea inna laith 31a3 . lethcholba flatha Hy iv 9 . ledcholbe flatho Wb 23d31 . dollaid [ = do ḟlaith] ronsnāde slúagu Hy v 10 . f.¤ Dé athar, Fél. Prol. 215 . d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire Hy v 12 . do ascnám flatha Dé PH 7287 . hi f.¤ nime Hy i 42 . in f.¤ nemda PH 6095 . for dind flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . ar thir na flatha findi, Arch. iii 311.28 (these two exx. may belong to II). pl. cet[h]oir flathae duine isan centur .i. oeti ┐ soinmige, slaine ┐ sochraiti four heavens on earth ZCP iii 453.16 . Cf. .4. flatho nime iv 234.18 . a Rí rímter flaithi (` lords, princes '), Fél. Prol. 286 ; Ep. 46 , may belong to this. Cf. dorīme an Mac | aite ile lasin nAthair, Imm. M.D. § 3 Anecd. i 51 .

II Applied to persons, in O. Ir. fem., Mid. Ir. also masc. (later regularly masc.; exceptions are rare, see IGT, Decl . cited above). don f.¤ ionḟuair TD 31.4 . feirinnsgne ... flaith: ... an flaith as cóir ann, IGT, Introd. § 21 . A ruler, prince: f.¤ .i. tighearna, O'Cl. is torbach du popul f.¤ firian leu Ml 90b11 . is bésad inna flatho doem e[t] dofich Wb 9d2 . tiugḟ.¤ Med last prince of the Medes LL 131a11 = Trip. 534.4 . Eochaidh M., f.¤ clann bhFiacrach, Lism.L. 4751 . as treisi f.¤ fiora a prince is stronger than subjects Hugh Roe² 26.5 (f. 14b) (for the proverb see also 2 flaith). do thuit mac na flatha ... Oisin `O., the prince's son' Duan. Ḟ. ii 174 § 5 . Of Deity: a ḟ.¤ síl Adaim! Ériu vi 115 . pl. ro- creitset ardlathi in betho Wb 1a3 . atbath borg tromm Temra | la tairthim a flathe, Fél. Prol. 166 . In Irish social organization a chief, lord, applied to the various degrees of `aire' subordinate to the `rí'; for qualifications of the f.¤ see Laws ii 200 ff ., ZCP xiv 337 , Laws v 440 , Críth Gablach p. 91 . f.¤ ┐ aithech `lord and vassal' Thes. ii 238.12 ( Arm. 17a2 ). flaith fria aicgillne a lord with his bond-tenants (one of the recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.2 ( Ir. Law 3 ). is i lanamnacht athfegthair itir in flaith ┐ a cheile ib. Laws ii 344.10 Comm . secht ngraid flatha; flaith fria haicillni; aire desa, ... aire ard, etc. v 24.10 . f.¤ athuigh (one whose father had not been a chief) Laws ii 200.21 . f.¤ ciniuil coir athur ┐ senathur (one whose father and grandfather had been chiefs) 202.24 . cor moga cen a f.¤ contract of a serf without his lord i 50z (one of the soluble contracts). dlegair i cuibrind rīg raith | brethem is fili is f.¤ , Arch. iii 223.20 . co maccaib flaithi fer nErenn sons of the Irish chiefs BDD 20 . Etáin boí ocon dáil ... forsna flathi E. was dispensing (drink) to the lords LU 10894 . romarbsat riogha ... rioghdamhna ┐ rioghflatha Erenn, Cog. 42.10 . i n-éadach flaithe tuaithe a district chief (ranking next to `ollam' and `rí') Keat. ii 1919 . FÍR FLATHA, see fír. Transf. of a preeminent person: Tadg f.¤ na sgol TD 32.54 . ar lorg na flaithe forasda fiorfoghlama J. B. Bossuet, Luc. Fid. 181.10 (the use of f.¤ with fem. adj. in gs. is proscribed as incorrect IGT, Decl. § 91 ).

COMPDS.

(a) with nouns, expressing preeminence or exalted quality usually chief—, princely, lordly: ¤bendacht the blessing of lordship (i.e. good rule?) ZCP viii 560 . ¤bile: flaithbhile Fáil `princely champion' TD 9.17 . ¤br(i)ugaid a chieftain hospitaller (i.e. of chieftain rank): Eoghan flathbrughaid, Acall. 1875 . flathbriugaid CRR 23 . flaithbrucchaidh FM iii 492.1 (` farmer '). ¤chenn: flaith- cenn thíre Fiachrach ` chief ' FM iii 604.9 . ¤einech `princely honour' Caithr. CC § 5 . ¤fénnid chief and warrior: in flaithféindidh Find, Acall. 19 . imon fflaith-feindidh Conainn, Leb. Gab. i 78 . ¤goba a chieftain smith: co tech Lochain flaithgobann RC v 200.25 . ¤inis lordly isle: Cl. A.B. 142.87 . ¤nia a prince and hero: frega f., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26.12 = IT iii 39 § 30 . As npr. m.: Rawl. 141b30 (s.o. Nia). 151b3 . AU 714 , 754 , 805 . f. Rawl. 123.21 (dau. of Forannān), gen. Flaithniad, Rawl. 159a27 . 161a35 . ¤niadh AU 754 . 771 . 780 . 782 . ¤nia, Rawl. 120b3 . AU 811 . ¤rí: Fergal ... f. sluagach sil Eogain SR 2360 . f. Conacht, Ériu v 234 . As npr. m. Flaithri FM 836 . IGT, Decl. § 112 . Keat. ii 5256 . gen. mac Flaithri AU 791 . Rawl. 153b1 . ¤rí, Keat. ii 5291 . See also flaithrí. ¤ruire ` high-prince ' Met. Dinds. iv 320 .

(b) rarely with adj.: ua ¤foclach Fergusa of kingly speech (epithet of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340 . ¤gel: g s m. ind Rig flaithgil ` bright-realmed ' Fél. Ep. 239 . As npr. m., Flaithgel AU 792 . Flaithgheal FM 788 . Cf. gen. Flaithgile , Rawl. 160a5 (m.) .

¤ólach feasting like a chief (?) Keat. Poems 794 .

2 flaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 flaith or dil.ie/22282

n f. (prob. same word as laith `liquor,' the f being due to influence of 1 flaith or association with find) liquor, esp. ale or beer: f.¤ find milk: f.¤ .i. [fó] laith ... f.¤ didiu déde fordingair .i. coirm ┐ loimm. ut est isint [Ṡ]enchas már .i. f.¤ [.i.] laith find ... .i. ass na mbo, Thr. Ir. Gl. 19 = f.¤ .i. fo-laith. laith .i. cuirm. bīth dano laith .i. ass, ut est isin tṠ. M.: laith finn, etc., Corm. Y 575 (quotation fr. Laws i 64.4 ). Hence perh. f.¤ .i. cuirm no lionn, O'Cl. ba derglaid (.i. ba lind derg .i. ba f.¤ derg), Thes. ii 337 ( Hy v 38 Comm. ). ind airdech cosin dergḟlaith ZCP xx 220 § 9 . 221 § 11 (Baile in Scáil; derglaith ZCP iii 460 ). inn uair ropo thressiu f.¤ firu when ale overpowered men CRR 13 . corbo treisi flait[h] firu ZCP xi 61.15 . co na hesboi Doelgus in laith [flaith v.l.] forrabái Oengus, Cáin Ad. § 18 (with play on double meaning). Here perhaps: brocóit flatha, Eriu iii 104 § 35 . Cf. flaith-ólach s.v. 1 flaith, Compds.

flaithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithem or dil.ie/22283

Forms: flaithem, flaithemain, flaithemain, flaithemain, flathemon, flaitheamain, flaithemna, flaithemda, Flaithem, Flaithim, Flaithemháin, Flaitheman, Flathim, Flaithim

n n,m. (flaith) also o-stem as npr. (see Wortk. 59 ), cf. g s. ind flaithem .i. Achaz (gl. regnantis) Ml 67a2 ; later n s. flaithemain (i-st.) occurs.

(a) a ruler, prince: bith f.¤ ... for saint will be king over cupidity Ml 90a9 . f.¤ nime Hy i 31 . f.¤ nóeb na ndúile, Fél. Prol. 337 . Feradach f.¤ Find, Rawl. 116c20 ( Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 17 ). a s. co Feradach ... flaithemain n-uasal ..., co cech flaithemain fallnathar co fīr ZCP xi 98.2 . g s. is tre ḟír flathemon cach tír toirthech ZCP xi 81 § 14 . folaid ḟír-flaitheman for a tuatha, Laws iv 334.11 . As i-stem: geilbriathrach cach flaitheamain , Arch. iii 230.139 . flaithemna BB 50b2 ( MacCarthy 418 ) is apparently a mistake for flaithemda, the reading of Lec. 311b36 .

(b) as techn. term in the law tract on `míad[ṡ]- lechta,' a rank of freeman , divided into three grades (ögflai- them, lethf.¤, f.¤ oenescra, having respectively three, two and one tenants attached to the soil), whose honour-price was payable in kine, Laws iv 350 (MacNeill, PRIA xxxvi C 16 312 ).

As npr. m. Flaithem, Rawl. 159a27 . FM 825 ; 869 . Flaithim 895 . Cf. Flaithemháin 878 = Flaitheman AU 880 . gen. Flathim LL 317a39 . Flaithim, Rawl. 160a35 .

flaithemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithemail or dil.ie/22284

Forms: -th-

adj i princely, munificent: as npr. m. FM 718 (= Flayheawil, Clonmacnois). With broad -th- (metri gratiâ): sluaigh ḟlathamhla TD 2.24 . Compar.: ní ḟuighthi ... rí is ḟlathamhla iná an rí 9.56 .

flaithemda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithemda or dil.ie/22285

adj io-iā princely: is f.¤ a fuaim BDD 73 . failti flaitemhda, Anecd. ii 42.19 . fri Forand ḟ.¤ LB 117b31 .

flaithemlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithemlacht or dil.ie/22286

Forms: flaitheamhlacht, flathamhlacht

n ā,f. (flaithemail) princeliness, munificence: flaitheamhlacht, Hackett xxxix 127 . flathamhlacht (: athardhacht) TD 26.44 .

flaithemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithemnacht or dil.ie/22287

Forms: flaithemnachtae, fírflathemnácht

n ā,f. (flaithem) rule, sovereignty: ní leicfither f.¤ du saint cupidity will not be allowed to rule Ml 90a9 . d s. i f.¤ Wb 30b1 . g s. inna flaithemnachtae (gl. dignitatis) Sg 2a1 . co ragab fírflathemnácht SR 6636 .

flaithemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flaithemnas or dil.ie/22288

Forms: flaitheamhnas, flathemnasa

n u, o, m. flaitheamhnas (g s. n p. -ais, -asa) IGT, Decl. § 38 .

(a) rule, sovereignty: robad maith a f.¤ Ml 89b9 . in flaith ata isin flathamnus chieftaincy Laws v 238.1 Comm. ond úair gabais flaithemnas LL 278b34 . ar bad messu do flaithemnas [s]u oldás flathius t'athar 278b48 . g s. flathemnasa Herenn, Thes. ii 326.31 (gl. flatho Hy iv 9 ). cecha flaithemnusa firioin ZCP xi 93 §27 (= flatha 81 § 18 ).

(b) kingdom, realm: i ḟlaithemnus dorchatu in éca LB 171a54 ( PH 3785 ). tar mnaibh gacha flaithemnuis RC xix 16.17 .

(c) esp. the kingdom of Heaven; Heaven: hesséirge et f.¤ Wb 25c13 . fuaradar bās ┐ flaithemhnus a n-aenlō ZCP xiii 180.33 . dia tabairt a purgadóir chumm flaithémnais PH 7408 . an céddoras atá ar ḟlaithemhnas nimhe, O'Hussey, T.C. 88 . geata ḟlaitheamhnuis, Gen. xxviii 17 . pl. heavens: na seachd bpláinéid ... ┐ na cúig flaithemhnais atá ósa ccionn, O'Hussey T.C. 28.7 . do dhaingnidh sé na flaitheamhnuis, Prov. iii 19 .