1 fine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fine or dil.ie/22114

Forms: fini, fine, finiu, fine, fine, —da, f., f., fine, finigheacha, fine, fin-

n ,f. ( Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 1937 p. 104 ). a s. fini Wb 28a4 . (g s. fine, Thes. ii 295.13 may belong to fíne). Later also io,m. a p. finiu, Rawl. 124b48 . fine (m. and f., pl. fine, —da) IGT, Decl. § 1 .

(a) a group of persons of the same family or kindred ; as techn. term a group of male persons of common descent, the members of which were legally responsible for each other and had certain reciprocal obliga- tions; the f.¤ embraced four divisions, the gelfine (family proper, including 3 generations), derbfine, iarfine and indfine (including 4, 5 and 6 generations resp.), each group extend- ing to a remoter degree of kinship and the measure of common legal responsibility being proportionately dimi- nished; the f.¤ had a recognized living head, entitled var- iously áige fine, conn f.¤ , art f.¤ ( Mélanges ... à Ped. 302 ) or cenn f.¤ Other `fine'-relations of a more or less tem- porary nature might be formed for special reasons. See Laws iv 282ff . and Gloss.; Thurn., Cōic Conara Fugill 44 . RC vii 15 , 22 ; xxv 4 ff ., 181 ff .; MacNeill, Celtic Ireland 56 ff ., 171 ff . nech orcas a fini (gl. homicidis) Wb 28a4 . tu ṁ'aiccme, tu ṁ'ḟine thou art my clan and my kin TBC 3470 = TBC² 2659 . as iad so fineadha na Breudcha .i. O Tóghdha ... ┐ Ua Glaimín ..., Hy Fiachr. 10 (cf. finedach). dedlaid fri fine, Laws iv 286.2 . on med addaimther i fini inasmuch as it is acknowledged as of the family ib. 3 . f.¤ tacair an adopted family; kindred by adoption Ir. Recht p. 7 , 62 . See 2 tacair. cach f.¤ iar comarbus, Arch. iii 228.2 . flaithius ríg nimhe | as ferr iná gach f.¤ , Acall. 1855 . Mathias ... do fhine Iobab (= ex filiis J. 1 Maccab. ii 1 ) PH 6535 . flaith cacha fini SR 2726 (of God, cf. Ephes. iii 15 ). Used loosely of persons con- nected by some tie: ní mó iná f.¤ naenbair don Ḟéin rosoi- chedh ..., Acall. 564 . conach raibe f.¤ nonbuir dib ga[n] a ndaethin d'ór 2197 .

(b) in wider sense, progeny, des- cendants, a clan, tribe, race: fini Gaedil LL 4a20 . ar ḟini Iafeth BB 8a5 . ollam f.¤ Néill the poet of the race of Niall TD 25.11 . fini Gall the settlers (`foreign tribes') 16.57 . f.¤ cuindgheda IT iii 91 § 128 (`ein begehrliches Geschlecht' Bruchst. i § 36 ). ceitheora fine Theamhrach BR 32.10 . cethre fine Temrach MR 9 (see n .). for finib fodhaltaibh in domain, CCath. 50 . fineadhadha na Breifne FM vi 1886.14 . na fineadhacha-sa uile nations Deut. xi 23 . finigheacha, Maguires of F. § 4 . Transf. of territory occupied by a tribe: hui F. eter Liphi ┐ finiu Cualann, Rawl. 124b48 . F.¤ Gall, in North Co. Dublin, Onom. rogab foss ic finib Flaind, Met. Dinds. ii 58 . bráthair f.¤ one belonging to the same `fine': na braithre f.¤ sin baoi ag Coin cC. (of Cú Chulaind's friends among the `Sídhe') ZCP x 294.33 . sét f.¤ a treasure belonging to a family or race, an heirloom: corbo sed f.¤ do in claideb IT iii 201.5 . gur' sét f.¤ do righraidh S. in cloch sin, Marco P. 169 . a sheotu f.¤ 82 . seóidi ḟini na hairdrīghe, Ériu viii 135.7 . An abbreviated form fin- enters into many compds., including proper names, see below and Meyer Wortk. § 213 .

Cf. bronn—, corp—, derb—, gel—, iar— and ind-fine.

Compd. finebretha kin-judgements CIH ii 388.18 , GEIL 270 . fine-guth family voice , fine-chruth family appearance , fine-bés family behaviour Éigse xv 320 , GEIL 103: co'rrucad a mmac i fini-chruth ino i fine-guth no i fini-tés (sic) 'until her son had assumed the form, voice or habit of the sept' PMLA lvi 941 . mad mac cunntabartach … is anad fris, no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes Laws v 454.16 Comm . fine-rath tribal stock: fineraith [leg. —rath] [.i.] doberar isin ḟini tall, SM Facs. 5b1 .

? 2 fine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 fine or dil.ie/22115

ind fíne, feccad, Stowe Gl. 361 , where Stokes emends peccad. comparing ar fine (.i. ar pectha) Hy vi 7 (but see note, Thes. ii 351 ).

fíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíne or dil.ie/22116

Forms: fini, fíne, fine

n ,f. (Lat. vinea) a vine: fine .i. on finemuin, ab eo quod est uinea , Corm. Y 576 . a s. immun fini Ml 102a13 . g s. inna fíne ib. 14 . estosc inna fine (g p. ?) 24d9 . frém fíne, Fél. Oct. 10 . pupu na fíne, Ériu ii 192 § 3 . Transf. a vine- yard (?): cain doss ... hi Fíadat find fíni `a fair bush in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Apr. 6 . Here perhaps: gas fine ... di rigaib M. sprig of the vine (?) (of a prince) Thes. ii 295.13 .

finech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finech or dil.ie/22117

n adj. having to do with one's kindred (?): ferais Fergus ferḟechtas | finech i Iloch Rudraige 'into the tribal (?) loch of R.' gl. .i. rogab finechus i loch rudraidhi per hironiam dicitur 'he acquired kin-land (finechas) in Loch. R.', Ériu xvi 46.9 and see note on p. 47.

finechar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finechar or dil.ie/22118

Forms: finechair

adj o-ā (fine) loving one's `fine' or kindred (?) ; loved by the kindred (?): fuarrech cech f.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 13.10 . finechur gach solebach, Laws iv 374.23 = finichair cach solepaid .i. is finechoir is coir a bith isand fine inti ga mbi deigleabaidh doib SM Facs. 5b ; 'f.¤ is everyone with a good bed, i.e. he is "kindred-proper", it is proper that he be in the kindred, he who has a good bed (good protection) for them' Transactions of the Philological Society c (2002) 413 n. 30 . irchaire ... .i. cara ēgnairce, ut dicitur: irchar cach fine- chair, Corm. Y 792 = finechaire, Phil. Soc. 1859, 186 ( O'C. 107 ). ō atchualutar a finechar ┐ a munter ┐ a carait ... na scela LB 233b6 (leg. finechair or finechaire).

finechaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finechaire or dil.ie/22119

Forms: fineachaire

n ,f. (fine + cuire `band' ?) a family group, friends (?): cach bis don f.¤ , Laws v 366.17 Comm. brei- themnas ... don urradh for in deoraidh ... ┐ a dibad uile do breith do, muna uil bescna do re f.¤ iii 130.15 . g s. más a n-écmais a finecaireach ... mása fiadhnaise fineachaire , O'Don. 1980 (< Eg. 90, 11a ). Cf. más a fiadhnaise a ḟinech- aire ... más a n-écmais a fine ib. is fingalach é ┐ nocho dligind cuid dibaid na teora fine ... nocho [sic] nicud in fogail dorine ris in finechaire, O'C. 1968 (< H 4.22, 14 ).

finechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finechas or dil.ie/22120

n o,m. (fine)

(a) the land and possessions held by a `fine'; hereditary territory: nad confil f.¤ for Druimm leas `a family right of inheritance to Druim lias' Thes. ii 239.1 ( Arm. 17a2 ). dolodar Ulaid ... atuaid co tugtha a fineacus fo[r] a tir ... ┐ talmain fodein their hereditary rights of possession in their own land Anecd. i 24.3 (= condatarsat hi finechus, Ériu iii 141.222 ). taigam co Mumain diar f.¤ dīles ZCP viii 312.3 . laighett cheneóil Ḟiachach d'ḟ.¤ `how small the inheritance' FM v 1726.16 . gur t[h]óc cuice mar ferand taebfine ┐ combráthar hé, ┐ gur fág aicc a clainn hé mar finechus, O'Don. 1957 (< Eg. 90, 7a ). innuair tainic in roind finechuis ib. In wider sense, patrimony, possess- ions: a chuid fineachu[i]s féin do bheith aige d'Ibh Eachach, Ériu i 92y . ifrenn tall a bfineachus `their inheritance' BNnÉ 286.16 . do reacadar a bhḟineachas ┐ a máoin `possessions and goods' Acts ii 45 (hence fineachas `a possession ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 343 ).

(b) transf. kindred, des- cendants: ? cech roi reraig ... cotgab ... | roslín Fergus dia ḟinichas LL 23a15 . romarbad leis mac C. ... cona ḟineochus, Anecd. i 13.22 . nír iadsat ... fa aen duine reme ... frema fodhla finechais mar do iadsat fá'n ardflaith MR 116.4

finedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finedach or dil.ie/22121

Forms: finea- dhoigh

n o,m. (fine) a family-stock, clan: pl. as iad so finea- dhoigh dudhchusa an Bhaic, .i. O Lachtna, ... Ui Maoil- ruaidh ..., Hy Fiachr. 10 . ... óna Luighnibh ┐ ní ar dhaíri na (ḃ)fineadhach sin ` tribes ' BR 96.16 . A tribe or people: cuirfidh an Tighearna amach na fineadhacha sa, Deut. xi 23 .

fínégra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fínégra or dil.ie/22122

n m. (O.F. < Lat. vin[um] acre) vinegar: in finegra, gl. acetum RC ix 242.15 . lestar do fhíneccra PH 2869 . ar fín nó ar fínégra, O'Gr. Cat. 182.23 . domblas ... gusin ffineacta, Fl. Earls 194y . ar ngabháil an ḟínégra Dhiósa, Joh. xix 30 . fineagra fíona, Numb. vi 3 .

? finelach, fenelach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? finelach, fenelach or dil.ie/22123

n form and primary meaning doubt- ful: a half-witted, weak-witted person, one legally irrespon- sible: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, baeth ┐ gaeth ┐ in fer leth- chuind: ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'C. 982 (< H 3.18, 423a ). finechlog baeth gaeth ... .i. laech baeth indso ┐ bith becc do cheill occai O'C. 1392 ( H 3.18 631b ). cona seghar [cor] ... for dithir for finelaig O'C. 57 ( H 3.18 20b ). ni tui[d]benar fiadnaise fri carait nā mnai nā mac nā mug nā fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgsch. p. 19 § 59 (fri bein ná carait ... na finelach v.l.). fenelach .i. ellach ercai, Corm. Y 666 , does not seem to belong to this.

fínélta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fínélta or dil.ie/22124

Forms: fínealta

adj fine, exquisite: linédach finélta, Exod. xxviii 5 . fínealta, 1 Chron. iv 21 . atait ceitri peileir fhiched dor fineltai, Celtica ii 139.540 . See also fínáilte.