fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fid- bhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u,m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb 5b42 . d s. fid Ml 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg 35b12 . feda 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda LU 4768 . feadha TD 13.2 . n p. feda Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu TBC 3791 , 6054 . feda LL 108b46 . Bodl. Corm. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary- tree ' Ped. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu TBC 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC² 1180 = doíd LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Arm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC² 275 (= fid LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach TBC 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the Ogham alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cōic Conara 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim 1199 (= isin Duili F. 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar AU 856 . FM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... con- darsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3. 17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fid- bhrethaibh, Ir. Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of Status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich TBC² 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē find- liatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo TBC² 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma LU 3768 ( SC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib TBC 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Met. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley: epithet of a bull , Met. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Met. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c .racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fid- nemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fid- nemedh ann cen loscadh AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See nemed. ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'C. 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'C. 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'C. 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill TBC 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Met. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidboc, fidchell, etc.).

fidach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidach or dil.ie/22000

Forms: fidhach, feadhach

adj o-ā (fid)

I Wooded, abounding in trees: ar slis sleibi fidaig, Celt. Rev. iv 218.7 .

II n o,m. trees (coll.), timber: fidhach (v.l. fíadhach), feadhach (m.) IGT Decl. § 55 . f.¤ cuir comdlútha MR 162.13 . ba tocradh do sidhe in fighach do bein ina fherann, Lism.L. 895 . lógh a fhighaich 897 . do chuir cuid da manchaib do buain fidhaigh ... ar coill BCC § 79 . Cf. fedach.

fidair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidair or dil.ie/22001

x see fíadair.

fidan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidan or dil.ie/22002

ind .i. inar, Trans. Phil. Soc. 1859, 185 (< H 3.18, 70 ).

fidánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidánach or dil.ie/22003

adj o-ā (fid) abounding in trees (?): less fērach fidhān- ach IT iii 92 § 135 . Bruchst. i § 139 .

fidat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidat or dil.ie/22004

x see fidot.

1 fidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fidba or dil.ie/22005

Forms: fidhba, fidba, fidbu, fidbai

n (fid + bae, be, vn. termination fr. ben— `smite', see Wortk. 23 , Ped. i 389 ) a bill-hook: fidhba (gl. falcastrum) Ir. Gl. 797 . sarculum .i. sidbe (leg. fidbe) .i. ferum unde uinea inciditur ÉC xxii 211 § 22, 216 . f.¤ n-inraic na diuclad fid cona toimsib techta .i. dorn dia chrau. tri meoir ina croch. reisiu fod a foebuir, tri mer dua churr. mer dia frithchurr. ordlach lethit a cuil occa crandaid. lethordlach ar medon. trian oc a chuirr, O'C. 883 (< H 3. 18, 395a ). fidba cen ṡeim, Triads 172 . fidba, Críth G. 180 . d s. fidbu 247 . aitheach ... | f.¤ isin dara lāim dō, Anecd. i 45.15 . im biaill, im fidbae, Laws i 124.15 . fidbad fri felmad iv 72.3 . doluidh A. ┐ fidhbai 'na lāim dia marbad, Corm. Y 690 . g s. i fomailt do béla, do fidbai , Laws i 166.25 . larg a suisti ┐ larg a bela ┐ larg a fidba iii 106.15 Comm . Name of letter f. in `Ogham tīrda', Auraic. 5725 . triasin f.¤ cnáma jaw-bone SR 5343 . triasin f.¤ chnáma .i. lecca chamaill LB 127b7 . srengais in n-ól don ḟ.¤ chnáma draws back the cheek from the jawbone LU 6457 . TBC 2606 . See follg.

2 fidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fidba or dil.ie/22006

n some kind of malefic spell or sorcery; destruction (?): fí ... .i. neim. unde fidbae .i. fithnaisi, O'Mulc. 534 . fidba .i. neim nech rogab credbad 598 . Cf. cēne snigess snechta finn | f.¤ for lind latha lais ib. 110 (?). fiacal fidbai a tooth of venom (or destruction Ériu l 185 ) (?) in the head of Ailill Aulomm wherewith he bit Lugaid MacCon in the cheek, a presage of the latter's death, Lugaid being killed shortly after by Ferchess with an enchanted spear: rotbí fiacail fidbui `a poisonous tooth has wounded thee' Fianaig. 36.16 . donaidli fiacail fidbai ZCP xiii 375.15 . xx 222 ( B. in Scáil § 12 ) = dianaitbi fiacail fidbi ZCP iii 461.20 . don-airraill ... co fíacail fidba robúi ina chind ina leccoin RC xiii 464.2 . ro[t]geguin fiacail fidbúi ib. 6 . dobhoí in fiacail fidba (.i. neime) a cinn Oilella, Cóir Anm. 41 . Cf. d'fidbadaib neime, CCath. 4981 ?

Possibly identical with 1 fidba.

fidbac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidbac or dil.ie/22007

x see fidbocc.

fidbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidbach or dil.ie/22008

n :eorna, f.¤, corca, Aisl. MC 99.5 . See idbach.

fidba(i)d

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidba(i)d or dil.ie/22009

Forms: fidbadh, fidhbaid, fidbuth, fiodhba, fiodhbhuidh, fighbhuidi

n ā, i, f. (fid + vn. of subst. vb., Ped. ii 14 ) fidbadh IGT, Decl. § 12 . fidhbaid § 13 . fidbuth, Anecd. i 69 § 167 (Im. MD). d s. fiodhba (: diomdha) PBocht p. 20 § 1 . Trees (coll.), a wood or forest: is mo diri in craind bis i n-etarbib a thire oldas in crann bis a fidbaid cidh aonfidh, O'C. 890 (< H 3.18, 377 ). ba fidbad tunc it was a wood then Dinds. 27 ( BB 365b11 ). fidbaidae fál ` hedge of trees ' Thes. ii 290.7 . tigither fál fidbaide, Alex. 739 . ind [ḟ]idbad (: fidrad) SR 1389 . cach caill, cach fidbaig, Anecd. i 19.13 . fidbuth uase cain a bolath toradh fuirre 69 § 167 . tir fid- baige woodland Laws iv 102.4 Comm. druim fidbaidhe ` wooded ridge ' Dinds. 43 ( BB 373a35 ). in crand is ardi isin ḟidbuid PH 4116 . ní slicht sinnaig ... i fasaig nā fidbaid LL 264b9 ( MU² 336 ). os mincrandaib fidbaidi, TTebe 2563 . snadmait a n-eochu don fhighbaid to the trees Marco P. 113 . Mac Aedha na Fidbaidhi hUi N. `A. Ó N. of the wood' AU ii 506 . fiodhbhuidh (synon. with diothramh, fasach), Kirk = Eg. Gl. 214 . pl. teora fighbhuidi nofhasat imon cathraig, Marco P. 95 . idir ḟairrge is ḟiodhbhuidhe TD 28.34 . gaeth ... ro bris taighe ┐ fíodhbhadha FM ii 984.21 . claide fidbad uprooting woods Met. Dinds. iii 332.1 . Transf. of timber: adhbha chiúil d'fíodhbhadh giumhuis of fir-wood 2 Sam. vi 5 . Fig. of spears: risna fidbadaib ... di ṡlegaib LL 239b25 ( TTr. 1693 ). Cf. na hocht catha ... ina cro catha ... cona tuighi do clethcoilltibh āigh ┐ d'fidbadaib neime (2 fidba?), CCath. 4981 . fiodhbhaidh chraoiseach `spear-forest' (armed warriors) TD 29.39 . Of masts: ótchondaic in fidbaid imremair LL 235b2 ( TTr. 1366 ). Of hair: f.¤ roás triana chenn, Ériu iv 94 § 12 . Of the skeleton: fiodhbhaidh chríon cnámha mo cholna, TSh. 3312 = Dánfhocail 127 . Of a genealogical tree, a family: síol A. ... craobha d'ḟiodhbhaidh inleanta, Content. xxix 24 . Of a person, scion: a ḟiodhbha úr don ḟréimh ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 8 .