Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíaltóc or dil.ie/21937

x see íaltóc.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíalus or dil.ie/21938

Forms: fíalas, —ais, —asa

n u, o, m. (cf. 3 fíal) fíalas (g s. n p. —ais, —asa) IGT, Decl. § 38 .

(a) consanguinity, kinship, relationship: ba focus a fialus a ndís the two were near relatives PH 862 . is fagus t'ḟuil ┐ t'f.¤ dam CF 144 . is e so cardius Crist ┐ na n-apstal do neoch isa fialus boi fris dib of such of them as were related to him LB 151by . iar n-imcein fialusa in distant relationship Laws iii 488.6 Comm. muna rabhut in treas glun d'fh.¤ diblinaibh the third degree of kinship (i.e. second cousins) Marco P. 180 . d'ḟachraibe a ḟialusa MR 238.13 . tre chomh- mbáidh fialasa sympathy of kinship Keat. i p. 50.20 . daoine ... da ḟine fein ┐ da ḟialus FM vi 2148.7 . In concrete sense a relative (?): a cho[m]slointhe .i. fialusa, Laws ii 380.22 . Affinity (fig. ): is inann `analogia' ┐ fialas éigintech ... chum gabála na foirme `a necessary affinity for the assumption of form' O'Gr. Cat. 254.20 . cosmailes ┐ fialas na foirime ... ┐ brighi disle in leighis `similarity and analogy of the form of the medicine to and with the proper virtue of the same' 234.13 . copulatio literarum ... .i. ... comthinol na litir cona fialus, Auraic. 1747 .

(b) kindred, family: fualas no fialas .i. muinntear go lionn a fualais .i. a fialais .i. a muinntire, O'Cl. (ref. to co lín a fualais, Dinds. 26 ; 82 ). gur fhógair Dia do Abraham ... teach a athar ┐ a fhialas do thréigean, TSh. 8424 .

1 fíam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíam or dil.ie/21939

n a chain (?): f.¤ .i. slabradh ..., a mbraigit fri fiam, O'C. 1483 (< H 3.18, 661 ). fiamh .i. slabhradh, O'Cl. Cf. dā fotalsciath leo, dā ḟiamchalad arcaid for cechtar de TBC² 2802 ; glossed by O'Cl.: da chruadhslabhradh airgid.

2 fíam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíam or dil.ie/21940

n a track (?): fiam .i. lorg, Corm. Y 641 . O'Cl. (fíamh).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiam or dil.ie/21941

Forms: f.

n (disyll. ) horror, fearfulness (?): fáilti fri cech n-oidid | asa fortrén fiam `whose horror is excessive' (of deaths of martyrs) Fél. Prol. 50 (.i. grannai LB). grānna no adhuath- mar, O'Dav. 885 . Hence, probably f.¤ = .i. grānda, Stowe Gl. 387 . O'Cl. (fiamh).

fíamach, fimach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíamach, fimach or dil.ie/21942

adj o-ā Of things: s e fatha f.¤ da fuil | bās Flaithbertaigh BB 50b8 ( MacCarthy 420.2 ). bās don gharg fatha fiamhach ib. BB 50b 5 ( MacCarthy 418.29 = fiadhnach, Lec. [621]b in both passages); the adj. perh. refers to the nature of F.'s disease, see MacCarthy 420.3 . fuaradar inad f.¤ farairi a nglind dorcha `dreadful' (secluded ?) TTebe 897 . fiamhach liom turas Torna (first line of poem), Ériu viii 96.1 . ba hathchosanach, imdherccthach, fiomach, forgruamdha an fiadhucchadh fuair ó chomhairle Shaxan ` sharp ' FM vi 2142.18 (of reception of Essex in London in May 1600; reserved ? sinister ?). Of persons, seems used in favourable sense: fer fathach f.¤ fírglicc LL 174a19 (` modest ' CRR 19 ; of one chosen as envoy for these qualities). fer f.¤ fírglicc ` cunning ' (of Ulysses) Mer. Uil. 39 . fer f.¤ fírgáeth 88 . gid fata robeth fer f.¤ firglic ac mideamain `modest' TTebe 733 . Diarmaít fiamhac[h] IT iii 15 § 36 = fianach 44 § 61 . batar fiamaigh frithalmuaigh `cunning' (of Nisus and Euryalus) Aen. 2064 . fednacha fīrmōra fíamhacha ` terrible ' Celt. Rev. iv 14.11 . YBL 338a9 . The rendering `modest', in some of the above citations seems taken from O'R. The orig. sense may be dark, hidden, secret or someth. similar, hence of persons, close, secretive > astute. See fiamuchraid.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiamuchraid or dil.ie/21943

Forms: fíamachraid

n d s. (leg. fíamachraid< fíamach ?): ni bói ní ba siriu ic f.¤ ríu, TFerbe 63 (`bei dem klugen Gerede (?)' Wind.; speaking darkly or ambiguously; quibbling ?).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíamuin or dil.ie/21944

Forms: fíad- muin, fiadmuin, fiadhmuine

n some kind of swift-footed animal (the spelling fíad- muin is perh. due to association with 2 fíad): fiadmuin .i. fiadmíla bid i muine, Corm. Y 646 (pl. or collect. ?). luai- thidir fíamuin, Bodl. Corm. s.v. prull (fándli no fiamain LB). BDD 135 . LU 9122 ( FB 87 ). TBC 5634 St (fiamhain). pl. [do]coislet fort fiadhmuine O'Dav. 627 . cf. coisle fiamoin ([.i.] siubhal sionnach no mactire) Hard. ii 294.12 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā,f. By Zimmer ( Zeits. f. deutsch. Alterthum 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pur- suing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. fein- nedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later appli- cation esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find' YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad- sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Met. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind] 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Arm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra TBC 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crand- char idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne TBC 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab. i 68 = fri fianna fecta LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi FM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) FM vi 2168.11 . See fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'C. 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claoch- moig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille LL 210a56 ( Met. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian- chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'C. 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, kill- ing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplish- ments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting- booths of osier' Met. Dinds iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . FM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fian- ṡruth Find, Met. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so 325a marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanach or dil.ie/21946

adj o-ā pertaining to or possessing warrior-bands or hunters: cathir fledach ... f.¤ (of Temair) LL 28b27 = Met. Dinds. i 32.62 . Dermait f.¤ IT iii 44 § 61 . Ferg[al] F.¤ , CRR 46 ( LL 177a10 ).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanachas or dil.ie/21947

n m. membership of a `fían' ; warrior's or hunter's calling: rotascair Macc Muire mas | dosrascair re fían- nachas RC xxiii 330.2 (of dead champions) = conosroscair fri fiannas LL 32a31 . ba rignia ar fianachus, CF 73.28 .