fíaclach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíaclach or dil.ie/21884

Forms: fíaclaich

adj o-ā (fíacail) toothed; having large or prominent teeth or tusks: a s. f. fíaclaich (gl. dentatam) Sg 49a17 . As subst.: f.¤ coilleadh .i. torc the tusked one of the wood i.e. boar O'Cl. (`a wild boar of the forest' P. O'C. ). f.¤ Find (name of a kind of Ogham), Auraic. 6093 . lánchend tri lorg línfíaclach BDD 93 . As sobriquet or npr.: do Ghilla ḟ.¤ hUa Baighill AU 1213 . di ṡleig Fiaclaig meic Conchind, Fianaig. 48.6 . ZCP viii 118.7 .

1 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíad or dil.ie/21885

Forms: fiadham, fiadum, fiadutsa, fiadsu, fiada, fiada, fiado-som, fiada, fíadai, fiadae, fiado, fíadib, fiadib, fiadaib

prep. with dat. (f.¤ firu LU 9773 is in a Mid. Ir. text), usually lenites. Orig. a subst., cf. W. gwydd `presence,' and perhaps folld. by gen., cf. f.¤ cach druing dein SR 4519 (Strachan, M. Ir. Decl., takes druing here as d s f. The word is f. in later lang.) cf. dothaitni grian fhiad cach druṅg SR 249 . cf. also f.¤ meic dé athar ZCP viii 561 < Lec. 183va 40 but: f.¤ genemain 2808 . Often written fia, esp. before d. feád LU 10978 . With rel. partic.: fiadh ndéntar ZCP xvi 170 . With pron. suff.: 1 sg. fiadham, Anecd. i 73 § 200 . fiadum, Aisl. MC 41.21 . 2 sg. fiadutsa LB 174a51 . fiadsu, Aisl. MC 41.21 . 3 s. m. fiada, Trip. 136.28 . fiada, Corm. Y 645 . fiado-som, Mon. Tall. § 78 , fiada LB 184a33 . BB 393a11 . fíadai LU 10826 . fiadae, O'Mulc. 49 . fiado, Bürgschaft 19 § 59 . 2 pl. fíadib Wb 19b6 , 24b12 . 3 pl. fiadib 10c5 . fiadaib Ml 112d8 .

(a) before, in presence of: gl. pro [tribunali] Ml 26c16 . coram 61b19 . fiad Abimelech (gl. ante A.) 53b5 . amal bid fíadib nocrochthe as if He had been crucified before you Wb 19b6 . f.¤ chách openly, publicly: Wb 3a7 . 2a1 (gl. in manifesto). 18d8 (gl. seorsum). Ml 24c19 . corop imdergad deit fía cách, Mon. Tall. § 15 . segair in chest isin tig feád ind oclaig LU 10978 . f.¤ na sluagaib, Anecd. i 68 § 155 . no bīdh ... C. f.¤ cách cech die, Arch. iii 308 vi 12 . f.¤ ainglib PH 4677 . f.¤ aingliu 6800 . f.¤ dálaib before assemblies Fél. Prol. 315 . f.¤ mathib Ulad LU 8790 ( FB 59 ). cor tasfen cách a cherd ... fíad firu Herend LU 9773 . fia fiadnaib before witnesses Bürgschaft 17 § 52 . fiadnaise didiu fiad neoch naisi 19 § 58 . f.¤ nUlad errathaib in the sight of the champions of Ulster TBC² 3561 . co ndernsat col mór fiadh Dhia ┐ fia dhainibh AU 1128 . co ttudhchatar uaidh fiadh ṡūilibh `escaped before his eyes' (openly) FM ii 692.4 . P.O'C. (s.v.) cites from a copy of the Táin: fiadh a chéle = hi fiadnaisi a cheli TBC² 784 .

(b) in the eyes of, in the opinion of: atchessa fiad lucht na n-etarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer Hy vii pref . isat somilis f.¤ borbaib, at sérb ... f.¤ ecnaidib (= dulcis stultis, amara sapientibus) PH 4662 . cinntech fia Dia ... nemchintech fia doinib 6214 . ar bat nefni fiadu na todernuma tuctha fair he counted as nought the tortures 6590 . cíat ísliu f.¤ [fia, la, v.l.] daínib, Fél. Prol. 153 . nirbo coir fiadha he did not deem it right Anecd. ii 13.8 . bec fiadsu innisin ┐ mór fiadumsa, Aisl. MC 41.21 .

2 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíad or dil.ie/21886

Forms: fiad, fiadhu, fiaidh, fiadeich, fiaidhleitiús, fíadmucca, fíadrath, uball

n u,m. (acc. to Ped., i 112 a derivative of fid `wood,' orig. an adj. = ` wild ,' cf. W. gwydd `wild' and Lat. silva- ticus < silva, a sense preserved in compds., but early applied to wild animals in particular, and used as subst.) Wild animals, game, esp. deer , early coll. but later also distrib.: f.¤ foluaimnech skittish deer (?) ZCP v 22 § 11 . ní rontétlai fíad dar fráech no quarry escaped him Met. Dinds. iii 158 . oc seilg ar cach f.¤ hunting every game LU 9888 ( Proc. RIA iii 1893-6, 534 ). im chetguine muicce no aige no fíada no fiadmíla TBC 248 . a ndegaid ind ḟiada síde the fairy deer Acall. 5324 . tecaid fíad alltaide ┐ loitidh ... uile 4211 . fiad 4429 = dam allaith 4430 . f.¤ cacha feda (.i. allaid), Laws v 482y (484.20) . in duine tainic do gait in fiadha as in cuithig iii 458.4 Comm . lánamain gacha fiadha ar bith a pair of each (species of) wild animal (including birds, see Duan. Ḟ. p. 20 ), Acall. 3615 . pl. na fiadhu wild animals (oppd. to: na ceannda), Laws iv 120.6 Comm. no marbdais na fiada ar luas LL 260a34 = IT i 72.12 . tangadur na fiada amach isin muir ar teiched roim na conaib, Acall. 3234 . lus na fiadh (gl. ferina) Ir. Gl. 183 . an fiadh (= cervus Ps. xli 2 ), TSh. 4424 . fiadh .i. fiadhain ` wild, savage '; `a deer' (g s. fiaidh); fiadh fionn ` fallow deer ' P.O'C. ( Deut. xiv 5 ). fiadh ruadh `a red deer ' ib. fiadh barr a stag BCC § 163 . § 297 . Compds. ¤chapall wild horse: amhail do-ní fiadh-chapall don chapall mhín ó neamh-aithighe na cuinge, TSh. 7450 . ¤chat `a wild cat, a forest cat ' P.O'C. (possibly a mistake for fid-chat, q.v.). ¤cholum a wild pigeon (gl. palumbem) Sg 70a16 . ¤chorr a crane TBC² 1940 . ¤chullach `a wild boar ' P.O'C. Ps. lxxx 13 . ¤ech a wild horse: g s. fiadeich FB 37 Eg. ¤fraech: Fódhla na fiadhfraech of heathy wastes BR 158.18 . ¤graig a herd of deer (or wild mares ?) ZCP viii 311.9 . fiaidhleitiús wild lettuce (ref. to lactucis agrestibus Exod. xii 8 ) Eochairsgiath 98.3 . ¤mag: untilled plain: for fiadmaighibh, CCath. 866 . ¤míl a wild animal (esp. of the deer kind): inna huili fiadmila (gl. omnia [cervorum] generis animalia) Ml 121c20 . (Of two calves:) foréimdes comairle forru odergena fiadmíla díb LL 165a50 . fiadmila bid i muine, Corm. Y 646 ( hares ?). i n-adba oss ┐ ḟiadmíl ┐ sinnach TBC 5996 . feoil oss ┐ fiadmil ┐ mathghaman, CCath. 2906 . snechta mór ... co rola ár n-innili ┐ fiadhmhíl ┐ enlaithe ... FM ii 852.12 = conruslá ár ndaoine ┐ indele ┐ ḟiadhmhíol an mhara ┐ énlaithe ALC i 46 . f. fairrge a seal (?): mar clises fiadmil ... fomorda fairgi fa murbruchtaib ... min-eisc ` sea-monster ' MR 248.10 (cf. f. an mhara in last cit.). ¤móin a bog, swamp: fidh na fiadmoin (: iarnóin) IT iii 69 § 16 = Bruchst. i § 25 . ¤muc wild pig: Dinds. 35 . pl. fíadmucca, Met. Dinds. iii 386.12 . fiadhmuc .i. muc fiadhain O'Cl. fíadrath stock granted by a wanderer or outlaw(?): f. .i. rath ernir i fidh eirnidh loingsech no fogluid no feinniuth, O'C. 879 ( H. 3. 18. 393b . See 2 rath. ¤uball a wild apple, crab-apple: FM iii 614.3 . fiad-ubull, Laws v 474.1 . meitis fiadubla `as large as wild apples' Dinds. 62 . míach fíadubull BDD 85 .

3 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fíad or dil.ie/21887

n m. (development of 2 fíad)

I Uncultivated land, a waste spot: f.¤ .i. fo fhid, O'Mulc. 533 (prob. applies both to 2 and 3 fíad). fiadh .i. fíadhántas, O'Cl. fiadh .i. fearann, ib. ( P.O'C. adds: `properly a wild woodland, wilderness '). nacha-reilic siar no sair | asind ḟiad hi tarrasair SR 4788 (ref. to `locum angustum' Numb. xxii 26 ). ba caill ... in f.¤ mesta `the wild spot rich in mast' Met. Dinds. iii 136 . an branar o théid a bfiadh `when once a fallow shall have run to weeds' O'Gr. Cat. 614.16 .

II In poetry with follg. gen., a territory, land: f.¤ finnḞódla ZCP x 341.4 . fiadh na bhFionn (i.e. Ireland) TD 7.2 . tar cóig goirmḟiadhaibh Gaoidheal (i.e. provinces) 9.10 . triar nach facaidh fiadh a sean the land of their ancestors Keat. ii 4437 (poem). d'ḟiadh bhar sinnsear, O'Bruad. iii 88 .

4 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 fíad or dil.ie/21888

prep in phr. (I) AR F.¤ before (cf. 1 fíad): is de ata Belach nEca iar fiad ratha, Rawl. 132b53 = hi f.¤ r., Ériu iii 141.211 . ro ṡuidhestar ar mín Mhuighe hOi, ┐ ar fiadh Ratha Cruachan ` before ' ALC i 546.19 = Ann. Conn. 1309 § 3 (which omits ar ... hOi ┐). Cf. Tir Mudain ... .i. a dilsi do rig Caisil cach ni dogebad ar fiadh Mudain in la dogebad righe, O'C. 846 (< H 3. 18, 385a ).

5 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 fíad or dil.ie/21889

Forms: fiadha, fiada, féid, féid

n [u,m. ?] honour, respect, reverence , esp. the honour bestowed on a guest according to his rank: fiadh .i. airmitiu do cach fo gradh ┐ dar liumsa issí in comeirge hí: failti do cach hí coitchinni; ise [sin] in dethbir respect paid to each according to rank and methinks it is the rising (before him); `fáilte' (is given) to all in common O'Dav. 875 . Cf. tech i mbí fiadh is fáilte, Ériu xiii 40.11 . ní ḟuarusa f.¤ n-oíged the honour due to a guest TBC 926 . Aisl. MC 23.24 . airm in-nā robai fiadh nā airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136.11 . (the wicked on Doomsday:) ní fuigbet fiadh ná failti iii 30.4 . Fergus mac Rōich | di[a] dtart Meadbh fiadh is onōir `to whom M. gave respect and honour' Móirthimch. Érenn § 4 . g s. ni airmither h ... ar ni litir fiadha , Auraic. 4545 (not a letter of honour, being merely an aspiration?. Or not a present, i.e., visible letter? Cf. 1 fíad). pl. tri fiada co n-anḟiad (i.e. three inhospitable welcomes), Triads 70 . Windisch, Wtb. s.v., sees a petrified d s. of this word in the phr. ar-muinethar (airmitiu) féid ; Ped. ii 80 , takes this féid for locative.

6 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 fíad or dil.ie/21890

n u,m. (cf. 1 fía and 1 fíada) a lord: fíadh .i. tighearna, fiadh maisi .i. as é tighearna na maise é O'Cl. (is this an etymological gloss. on Tigernmas ?). g s. (in B. na f.) aidchi fiado the eve of the Lord ZCP viii 102.12 = adhaigh Domh- naidh, Ériu ii 186.9 . do bochdaib an Fiatha, Aisl. Tund. 94 § 3 = ar bochtaib De, p. 121 .

7 fíad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 fíad or dil.ie/21891

n (a variant of biad `food' ? But the word is doubtful) food: fiadh .i. biadh .i. ubhall ba fó fiadh .i. ubhall ba maith an biadh, O'Cl. (abhall ba fiadh fo `an apple which was good for food' P.O'C. ). The quot. is from Met. Dinds. iii 144 : dercu ocus cnú ... ocus uball ba fó fíad (: chíar) ; `it was a goodly wilding' (see 2 fíad) ; the phrase may be a cheville, cf. SR 7455 quoted under 1 fía. Cf. further: dom-airbir f.¤ fath RC xxvi 16 § 17 , where Stokes gives as alternative renderings `thou yieldest to me the food of learning' and `thou humblest me before knowledge' (1 fíad).

1 fíada

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíada or dil.ie/21892

Forms: feda, fedot, fíadu, fiado, fiadu, fíadu, fiadait, fiadat, fiada, fiadut

n (-o, -u) — nt, m. (orig. a part. pres. = ` Knower ' Stokes RC i 259 ; Ped. ii 103 , cf. Thurn. Hdb. 200 and Towards a Relative Chronology of Ancient and Medieval Celtic Sound Change 106 , Sprache xlv 57 ). The oldest recorded form is feda, Thes. ii 244.22 (Camb. Hom.). g s. fedot ib. 32 , cf. moéda (gl. .i. mo iada), Fél. Jan. 27 (.i. mo dia no mo fiada maith LB Fél. xxxix ). n s. fíadu (: píana), Fél. Prol. 86 . fiado Hy vi 16. fiadu ib. ┐ fíadu SR 6837 . d s. fiadait, Fél. Jan. 14 . g s. fiadat Hy i 14 . Fél. Mar. 11 , May 30 , etc. v s. fiada Hy i 39 . d s. fiadut, Laws v 154.26 Comm. (scribal error ?). A lord, master, possessor: Fergus fiada fairgge, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 3 . basa f.¤ claidib glais I was lord of a blue blade LL 276b19 . geib lat giallu cāig | corbat fiadu féig 148a29 = KMMiscell. 260 § 5 . f.¤ fuilt ḟindbuidi possessor of yellow locks ZCP vi 267.8 . o fiadad na ndam owner Laws iii 292 n . in gal ... doniat a aititin a dā fiadat, a dā tigerna (of dogs) 194.10 . Cf. acht mad beith a fiadut for aird `if the owner be present' Laws v 300.9 Comm. aithgin for fiadut, mana ocraid `there is compensation on [ = due from] the owner if he does not warn' 154.26 Comm Cf. 2 fíada (d). Esp. of God, the Lord (freq. in Hy and Fél.): fiada .i. deus , O'Mulc. 498 . fiadha .i. fo-dhia .i. Dia maith, O'Cl. fiadu huas domun Hy vi 7 . ní ḟil flaith acht fiado fír LL 147b43 (= Fiada, Ériu ix 48.1 ). in Fiada find fil for nim, Trip. 140.23 . ... Pilait | fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . diar fiadait rontolomar may we please out Lord Hy i 35 . la dortacht ar Fíadat findnime iii 4 . nóebapstal ar Fiadat, Fél. May 30 . omon Fíadat fear of the Lord ZCP v 499 § 4 . Ériu ii 229.10 . a ndáil Fiadhatt ZCP viii 197 § 1 . i n-ucht Fiadhat FM i 336 (poem).

2 fíada

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíada or dil.ie/21893

Forms: fiadan, —na, —ain, fíadha, fiadain

n n (earlier probably d, Thurn. Gramm. § 330 , ZCP xlix-l 484 ), m. g s. p. fiadan, n p. —na and —ain. fíadha IGT, Decl. § 6 . Later also fiadain.

(a) a witness; one who bears testimony: fiadain (gl. testem) Ml 38d11 . curu cen fiadna contracts without witnesses Bürgschaft § 61 . rancatár ... co Úath ... ┐ fíadu o Budi leó LU 9010 ( FB 76 ; `Führer ?' Wind., but from the context in this and follg. ex. it seems likely that the f.¤ accompanied the three champions who were to be judged by Uath in order to witness and vouch for their performance in the tests which might be laid on them). eircid co tech S. ... ┐ dogena for mbrethugud. lotar dó ... ┐ focertar fíadain leo LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). innisit fiadhain witnesses relate FM ii 962.8 . fear tairgille (.i. aighne), fiadha, fechium `advocate, witness, plaintiff' Laws i 288.21 Comm. forgellat fiadain coitechta indraice etarru `lawful and worthy witnesses bear testimony between them' ii 332.14 . dā fiadne iv 4.5 Comm . tri fiadne leis ib. 11 . flaith ... toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain nā senchaide a lord who swears against the tenant a thing which neither eye-witnesses nor historians support v 360.7 Comm . cach fiadain a foirgell, Aib. Cuigne 10 ( Arch. iii 226 . ZCP xvii 48 ). cach snaidm co fiadnaib Aib. Cuigne 44 . foirgell o fiadnaib `testimony by witnesses' Laws v 366.12 . co n-imecla in Choimded ... is f.¤ da cech ḟuigell PH 4155 . da mbet da ḟiadain ... oc a forgell 3374 . gabaim in grian ina fiadain form 2696 . gabaim nem ┐ talam 'na ḟiadnaib form 2728 . bia pōsadh gan fiagain ZCP x 50.10 . da chomgraid ... im- meresnad cen fiadnae who dispute without witnesses Ériu vii 158.30 . tucc fiadhain o Dhia called God to witness BNnÉ 256.22 . Creud as mionna ann? Dia do thogbhail d'fiadhain ar an bhfirinne do bheith agad, Luc. Fid. 98.4 . Transf. of a thing: is e an la cetna bus fiadhu forgill ┐ bus íudic breithi etramsu ┐ Poimp it is the same day (of battle) that shall bear witness and decide CCath. 5060 (hence O'Cl.: fiadha foirghill .i. fiadhnaise follus).

(b) bearing witness; testimony: treōir fa foirglidi oc fiaduin ZCP xiii 16 § 13 . ní mhairid chum fiaghain linn to bear me witness Oss. iv 176.12 . do réir ḟiadhain [sic] na n-eólach TD 32.33 . go bhfiadhain d'eolchaibh maithe `as good sages attest' Content. v 113 .

(c) an escort or companion (?): co n-imeochadh ein- bhean Ere 'n-a haenar ... gen go mbeith fiadha aga for- choimed MR 104.4 (or does this belong to 1 fíada ?). Cf. do chuiredar reisiment ... leis ... mar chungnamh ┐ mar fiadhain `as an assistance and force' Rel. Celt. ii 182.19 . mór ar ngredain is ar ngráin | mor ar fiadain ar fforgráin `great was our company' Duan. Finn i 32.3 (leg. fedain ?). Cf. fíadan.

(d) owner; guarantor, custodian (? cf. 1 fíada): co ruc eocho ┐ aradu ┐ armgaisced a coceli leis co ránic Emain ... ┐ dorat dia fíadnaib fein iat LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). ódchonnairc an creach ... iarna fosdódh, acht chena ní hé ba háil doibhsium acht gan a fágbháil aga fiadhnuibh ALC i 572 - 4 = Ann. Conn. 1315.11 (cf. rucustar fein in creich leis ┐ nir aisicc da hurradaib hi ib.).

fíadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíadach or dil.ie/21894

Forms: fiadach, fiadaig

n o,m. (2 fíad)

(a) hunting (used apparently in wider sense than selg, and of all kinds of game. In: i selg .i. for aigibh ┐ fiadhuch .i. for mila muige, Auraic. 113 , it is apparently restricted to hares, but the confined sense is unusual). fiadach (= venatio) Ml 137c1 . ond úair ro scáich dóib fiadach in tṡlébe do-elsat for cethra fer nAlban do thabairt chuca LL 260b7 ( IT i 74.2 ). ic triall immach sin sliab ... fri f.¤ SR 2842 ( Gen. xxvii ). ac fiadhach ar mucaib, Ériu v 146.22 . ac fiadhach fur muir le líntaibh ... ac f.¤ fur enaib ... ac f.¤ le conuib ... ar damaibh allta ZCP vi 54.5 . la da raibe C. ag seilg ┐ ag fiadach a nGartan BCC § 44 . ro cóirged selg ┐ fiadach, Acall. 4816 . da faghaind selg ┐ fiadach Beinde Boirchi do denam dam 3204 . g s. cú fiadaig ` stag-hound ' (but cf. Auraic. 113 cited above) Laws iii 412.18 . fetgaire na fer fiadaig hunters Fianaig. 56.31 . gaiste na bhfear bhfiadhaigh, TSh. 3923 . Fig. lé fiadhach friothurlamh na faoisidne searching, probing 2316 .

(b) game, prey (living or dead): do brisfidis fiadhac na furaisi na pailisi the wild creatures of the forest ZCP vi 274.24 . gach uili fiadhach etir leomun ┐ mathgamhain, Ériu v 146.22 . mo ṡáith ... d'íascc is d'ḟiaduch, Anecd. i 25 § 6 . immad fíadaig is fíad-míl, Met. Dinds. iii 246.72 . lína fíadaigh hunting-nets (for snaring deer) Acall. 4424 . Cuillen bá hadhba ḟiadaig resort of game Acall. 5870 . nach dendaeis a coin ... digbail don fiadach BCC § 44 . fagh fíadhach dhamhsa venison Gen. xxvii 3 . sluicfidh sé a f.¤ prey xlix 27 .

(c) a hunting-ground, resort of game (late): ionnus nár fágadh leis fiadh i bhfiadhach ITS i 10.16 (fiaguidheacht v.l.). ?

(d) a hunter: as láimh a nfíadhuigh, Prov. vi 5 (prob. for fiadaighe).