fertán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fertán or dil.ie/21760

n o,m. (dim. of 1 fert) a grave-mound: f.¤ Carmain, cia ro chlaid? Met. Dinds. iii 8.77 . f.¤ Dubthaig 228.37 . f.¤ in laích, Acall. 1078 . fertan Airt ┐ Eogain 3180 . Feartan Crimthaind RC xxiv 180.1 (= Fert C. 178.24 ).

1 fertas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fertas or dil.ie/21761

Forms: fersat, —aid, fearsaid, fertas, fertais, feirtse, fertais, fertsi, feirsti, fersde, fertse, fertsi, feirtsi, feirstte, fertas, fersad, feirtsib, fersib, fertas, f., fersad, feartas

n ā, f. (cf. 2 fert ?) in late Mid. Ir. by metathesis also fersat, —aid ; mod. fearsaid ` spindle .' n s. fertas LU 5250 = fertais TBC² 773 . g s. feirtse, Laws iv 108.6 Comm. a du. eter di fertais LU 5066 . n p. fertsi LU 8595 . TBC² 2512 . feirsti, Mart. Don. 154.14 . fersde TBC² 2580 . a p. fertse LU 5260 . fertsi 5252 . feirtsi TBC² 2506 . feirstte ZCP x 283.21 . g p. fertas LU 5251. 5258 . fersad ZCP viii 539y . d p. feirtsib, Alex. 232 . fersib TBC² 2549 . A pole or stake , esp.

(a) a shaft attached to a chariot and possibly also a spoke ; occas. translated `axle,' a rendering based on O'Mulc. 524 (cited below) and on Lat. axis in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 390a , corresponding to feirsti an carpait, Mart. Don. 154.14 ; but the word is pl. in the latter passage, and in the majority of exx. `fertas' is used in dual or plural of a single chariot. The word may have been used both of shaft and axletree (see Kelten am Rhein 281 , but chariot-pole according to Greene, The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 67 , and swingletree according to Sayers, ÉC xxi 176 ). The f.¤ could be of holly-wood : na fertse cuilinn TBC² 784 . Cf. cuilenn ? fer for araili inn sin, ┐ feirse carpaid, Laws iv 150.2 ; of [plated with (?)] metal : co ḟeirtsib ... óir ┐ argaid, Alex. 232 . in carpat co fersib credumaib TBC² 2549 . Cf. 2331 . a charpat ... cona ḟeirtsib findruine RC xliii 62.25 . In the follg. exx. the word seems used of a chariot-shaft projecting either in front of the chariot or more often behind : ech ... fil do desḟertais in charpait LU 10207 (obviously a front-shaft). The f.¤ was attached to the chariot-frame : (all that remained of a chariot :) bass dina fertsib immon creitt TBC 6070 (but cf. the parallel passages : bas dona fertsaibh im in roth, H, Add. ; dorn dona fersib imon droch TBC² 3639 ; the prep. imm may mean here `on both sides of' or `including'). fertsi crúadi colgdirgi (dist. from droch, roth, all, sithbe, cuing) LU 9261 . A person could sit on it : co n-accai ... in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait TBC 202 (but the sense is not clear). It could be detached and used as a pole for other purposes : domroched f.¤ mo charpait co ro ḟromur in n-áth give me the shaft ... that I may test the (depth of the) ford RC xiv 422.17 . cid nach srengai feirtsi in charpait fom thaib ┐ mo ḟogaimen fom chind co rocodlaind colleic? TBC² 2506 (where the `feirtsi' and `fogaimen' seem con- verted into a kind of litter) = scaroidh feirstte ┐ forgeime mu charboitt fum ZCP x 283.21 . scar dam fortcha ┐ forge- men mo charpait fóm TBC 3285 . Animals could be attached to the `fertse' behind : gebis da n-ag ... ceṅglais d'fertsib ┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait TBC 1324 (= cumraigis itir dia ḟeirt TBC² 690 , see 2 fert). teilcid [in ngai] a ndiaid A. co ndechaid tresin milco[i]n bui eter da fertas in carpait, Death-tales 34.10 . Further exx. : forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait, co mmebaid in carbat LU 5066 . ar samailtur nime [ = ar insamlaiter nemed, SMFacs. 5b ] fri beusa carpuit (.i. cach tuidme tuidhmes nech docum in carpait do dul ind is uad uatuasluices feirtsi in carpuit ┐ a rothae), O'Don. 508 (< H 3.17, 413 ; cf. Laws iv 374.27 Comm. ). da n-impōind m'aigid ... noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl TBC² 2580 . rogab in cú fertais in charpait fo Ailill ... is and donáraill F. ara Aililla ... corrala a cholaind for leth ┐ co ro an a chend i fertais in charpait IT i 106.1 ( ScMMD 19 ). is mo chend-sa ... imcoicertár ... eter fertsib [ferstib v.l.] carpat BDD 81 . cor ránic [in snechta] ... co fertsib carpat LL 264a33 ( MU² 307 ). Acall. 3510 . gia ra- thiasmáis i ndib carptib and ... ní rossed crú nā roth nā fonnud nā f.¤ dib [lár] TBC 5865 . in tan romebsat da fhertais in car- pait, Lism. L. 3498 = fracte sunt due rote currus V. Sanct. Hib. i 102.32 . brisitt feirsti an carpait do bí faoi, acus gach uair da ndaingnighthi iad an tan do teigheadh P. is in carpat do brisdis doridhisi, Marl. Don. 154.14 . The gloss : fertais carpuit quia uertitur cum rota , O'Mulc. 524 (= spoke ?) may be due to freq. association of the word with `roth,' cf. TBC 5865 and TBC² 3639 quoted above. Or does it imply that the word was applied to an external projection of the axle? Fig. of a hero ? f.¤ búada for a blai `chariot- pole of victory' Met. Dinds. ii 80 (but the expression may refer to the rath of Alend, cf. Acall. 4114 quoted s.v. 2 fertas).

(b) a stick used for winding or spinning yarn, etc. a spindle: f.¤ snimae quia uertitur digitis , O'Mulc. 524 . fersad (gl. fusus), Ir. Gl. 568 . feartas n-olla (n s.) `a spindle full of woollen yarn' Laws v 214.18 Comm. ni tabair acht ... fertais, ii 378.28 Comm . damna feirtse `the makings of a spindle (of wool)' iv 108.6 Comm . damna teora fertas 116.9 Comm .

(c) of other objects : a spike projecting from a horizontal cooking-spit (?) : Fulacht na morrigna ... tricha bir do bid ass ┐ tricha drol ┐ tricha fertas ` spindles ' Celt. Rev. viii 74 = Mackinnon Cat. 133 . A rung (of a ladder) : a ḟeartais āraid (leg. feartas : cleachtus) IT iii 85 § 84 . a ḟeartais abraind 102 § 189 (fertas Zu Ir. Hss. u. Lit. i 70 ) = Bruchst. i § 83 , 86 (where Meyer reads : a f.¤ a broinn. Used contemptuously of a person). COMPD. ¤lorg a mace, club: fertas-lorcc iaraind TBC 5529 St. Cf. lorg-fertas.

2 fertas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fertas or dil.ie/21762

Forms: fersad, —aid, feartas, fearsad

n ā,f. (prob. same word as prec.), later fersad, —aid, feartas IGT, Decl. § 12 . fearsad § 54 . A raised bank or ridge of earth or sand, gen. of a bar or shallow near the sea- shore or a ford in a river ;common in place-names. f.¤ mara, O'Mulc. 524 . tré ḟertais mara IGT, Decl. ex. 552 . is and fóḟuair Pátraic in fertais .i. conucbad in talam súas fó P. isind áth ┐ fógabat ind éolaig béos in n-escir sin, Trip.² 1027 . do luid ... for Fertais Tuama (ford on the r. Bann) 1954 = per Fersait Tuama, Colgan, Trias Thaum. 148 . for fertais Locha Echtra LU 5089 . TBC 1172. 1192 . Fearsad Treisi `T.'s ferry' Met. Dinds. iii 424.33 . go Fearsaid Tresi, Hy Fiachr. 8.16 . don taobh araill d'Fear- sait Ṡúilidhi FM v 1610.20 . go rangattar ... tar an ffersait ar bá haithbe ann ib. y . ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangatar 1614.21 . maidhm Feirtsi Súilighe (`i.e. trajectus or crossing of the Swilly, now Farsetmore,' O'Don. note) ii 958.7 . Cf. caislén Beoil Feirste (Belfast) iv 1100.7 (expld. by O'Don. note, as `the mouth of the r. Fersat'). c. Beil Feirsdi AU iii 258 . srotha ... Bheóil Ḟeirsdi (: meisgi) IGT, Decl. ex. 1408 . In extended sense : os fertais blae on the ridge (crest) of the plain (?) Acall. 4114 . for fertas in betha on the face of earth LU 10827 (cf. similar use of druim). See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fertas, Fersat and Feirste.

ferthain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferthain or dil.ie/21763

Forms: fertain, fearthuinn

n i,f. (Mid. Ir. vn. of feraid) IGT, Decl. § 150 . Giving forth, pouring .

(a) in physical sense, pouring, showering (both in intrans. and trans. sense) : .xl. lā ... ro buī in dīliu ic f.¤ , Rawl. 70a13 . ro tindscain in diliu fearthain BB 21b37 . frassa derga tentide oc f.¤ forro LU 2185 ( FA 26 ). cith cloicsnechta do ferthain a shower of hail fell RC xviii 297.26 (Tig.). frasa ... foghadh ag fearthain orra, TSh. 6606 . lógh a ḟola d'ḟearthuin the price of shedding his blood TD 32.21 . Hence rain: fertain (gl. pulma = pluvia) Auraic. 4220 . fearthuinn ` rains ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 320 ). amail sduaigh nimhi re frais fearthana TBC 3870 St. cith ferthana CF 827 . tangadur ... ina ndluim ciach ┐ ina ferthain draīdechta, Ériu viii 24.13 . tic gne fleachaidh ┐ fherthana issin aimsir, Fl. Earls 64.13 . néull fearthanna deighionuidh of the latter rain Prov. xvi 15 . ní raibhe fearthain nā doinionn re a linn, Keat. i p. 198.4 .

(b) in various fig. senses (see feraid) : d'ḟ.¤ ḟáilti ra Coin Culaind to welcome C., LL 262a26 ( MU² 55 ). ra po chóru damsa fálti d'ferthain fritsu TBC 3392 . lotar ... d'ferthain ḟáilte fris PH 535 . oc ferthain oenaig na Samna holding the fair LU 3224 ( SC 1 ). ita in cath oc a f.¤ indiu the battle is being waged LU 3664 ( SC 33 ). ic ferthain graffand horse-racing LL 273b12 . d'fert[h]ain comlainn fris, CCath. 5737 . a ferthain cnedhe for a comairce for inflicting a wound Laws iv 234.4 . do fir fertana na cneidhe iii 368.5 .

See ferad.

ferthainid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferthainid or dil.ie/21764

vb. (B. na f.) : do ferthain iat ōn imned a rabhatar delivered (?) Arch. iii 311.3 .

ferthamain ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferthamain ? or dil.ie/21765

n f.¤ .i. borb, ut est ní tam mac ni dom f.¤ [dam ferr thamon v.l.] .i. ni dom ferrthamain [ferrtaman v.l.] ni dom borb. Nó ni tamain fir den eolus, O'Dav. 1560 (` blockhead ' Stokes, cf. tamon `stock' and tamain fir, Laws ii 256.17 . But the text Ériu xiii 26.24 reads : nidam ferdomhan.

See ferdoman.

ferthigis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferthigis or dil.ie/21766

Forms: ferthaigis, ferthaighis, ferthigisi

n m. ( Ped., ii 611 , suggests a formation from frith- saig- through metathesis, influenced by feraid and fer ; forms vary).

I A steward in a household , whose business it was to receive guests : taét f.¤ [ferdaigis v.l.] fri Mael dúin let .M .D be served RC ix 488.8 ( LU 1797 ). ferthaigis RC ix 488.16 . ba mithig ... mas co mbiud dothiagar dunni ... Fertigess dognithse dimsa, or C. IT ii1 178.118 . ferthaighis ib. 125 . eigid in teglach ┐ an fertoighes (i.e. host), Aisl. Tund. 93z . pl. it malla na ferthigisi , Hib. Min. 66.8 . Esp. of the magister hospitum' or officer who in a monastery had charge of the hospice or guest-house (Plummer V. Sanct. Hib. i p. cxviii n. 6 ) : Ultan fertighis Beandchuir FM i 382.15 = U. equonimus (= economus) Bennchair AU 781 . in maccléirech ... ba ferrthigis ┐ ba coic isin praindtig, Ériu i 44.8 . ferthaiges umal ... don chumang conicc | bendachad ┐ fálte fri cech n-oín dodnic iii 106.1 . airchinnech, a thānaise, secnap, coic coir cert | athchomarcthid, ferdaigis, frith- ṡecnap for fecht (officers of a monastery) ZCP v 499 § 3 .

II The act of entertaining or waiting upon guests: ésseom féin ... oca ferthaigis ZCP iii 7.20 ( LL 270a15 ). Mac D. feín ocá feirthigis, Hib. Min. 52 § 6 (= Sc.MMD § 6 ). cu mbui ica [ḟ]erdhaighis (of a woman), Lism. L. 2700 .

fert(h)igsecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fert(h)igsecht or dil.ie/21767

n ā,f. acting as `ferthigis' or majordomo : Mac D. fessin icond ḟerdaigsecht (fertighsecht v.l.) IT i 99.22 ( Sc.MMD § 6 ).

fert(h)igsed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fert(h)igsed or dil.ie/21768

n m. acting as `ferthigis': eisseom fein ... oca ferdthigsead YBL 113a15 ( ZCP iii 7.20 v.l.).

fert(h)igsid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fert(h)igsid or dil.ie/21769

n m. = ferthiges : Labraid fodessin ba ferdaigsig in n-aidchi sin, Rawl. 131a53 ( ZCP iii 7.20 v.l.).

fertsech, fertsige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fertsech, fertsige or dil.ie/21770

x see fersech, fersige.