fér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fér or dil.ie/21667

Forms: faer, fér, fér, feuir, feúir, ḟeóir, féiuir, féor, feór, feóir, féra, fér, fergoirt, ḟéarghloin

n o,n. n s. faer Ml 135d8 . a s. fér 90b8 . a fér LU 4733 . g s. ind feuir Ml 9b8 . ind feúir LU 4735 . ind ḟeóir 9142 . féiuir Sg 68b10 . d s. féor LL 266a31 . d s. feór, g s. feóir IGT. Decl. § 61 ex. 1471 . n p. féra IT i 190.27 ( FA 30 LB). Cf. in raeóir (v.l. raifheoir), Met. Dinds. iii 36.35 ( v 131 ). Grass (gen. of living grass, but occas. of hay and also of other graminaceous plants): gl. foenum Ml 135d8 ; carex Sg 68b10 . luigfér glasfeoir ┐ arbar small grass (?) LU 8124 ( FB 9 ). ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeóir LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). nicon berat a drucht dind ḟéor LL 266a31 ( MU² 566 ). geltatar dá ech S. a fér cona bun a talam LU 4733 . gelair scor ... i ngurt ḟeóir, Met. Dinds. iii 96.15 . tuctha dá ech D. ... for f.¤ were turned out to grass Lat. Lives 15 . āin bō a fer driving cows to grass Laws v 136.6 . bia fo ḟer isin relicc marb LB 204a30 (= bia fóen, Ériu ii 204.13 ). tuc óenach Tailten a feór, Met. Dinds. iv 160 . amhail fhéar thirim hay (= sicut foenum) TSh. 3798 . ag buain an fheóir 2644 . na guirt gemhair ... ro ḟaccaibh an cioth gan ioth gan ḟeor iad `without corn or blade' FM v 1678y . tugadh an talamh féur, Gen. i 11 . a n-inbhear ḟéir minligh, Ps. xxiii 2 . Used to denote an indef. number: bit comlín fri f.¤ Ml 90b8 . bit lir ... fér for faichthi as plentiful as grass on a green BDD 89 . co f.¤ to the ground: gunaidhi ... sida co f.¤ umpa silken gowns reaching to the ground ZCP vi 71.32 ; 62.31 (cf. mod.: ó bhathas go féar from head to foot Eoghan Ruadh 501 ). Pl. (in distrib. sense) athnugud ... na fér ┐ na lubi LU 2735 . conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ná lossa hi talam 10560 . féra gera rindaithe FA 30 LB ( IT i 190 ). for feraibh nemhidibh in tire, CCath. 3944 (= in herbas Phars. vi 506 ). Grass-lands, pastures: eigem do chur indile a feraib, Laws iii 250.19 . do feruib na comaightech iv 146.9 Comm .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: féarachadh meadow TD 17.49 . fér-aithgin (sic leg.) com- pensation ( restitution ) for grass Laws v 466.7 . ¤brug a grassy piece of land: f. gabala, Acall. 4179 (cf. ¤gort). ¤díguin (sic leg. ? Cf. féis dighuin feoir [leg. —feoir ?] etha- muin geimreta Laws iv 80.7 ). ` preserved grass ' Laws v 466.4 . ¤dílse proprietorship of grass iv 128.7 . ¤gelt, ¤gleith grazing: feirgleith, Laws iv 256z . léic na eochu ar férgeilt TBC 1134 . tucait a n-eich ... d'ḟergeltaib pastures 72 . dith a fergelta destruction of their pasture Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. u. Lit. i 42.14 . fēirgleith (sic leg.), Laws iv 256.30 Comm. ¤gort a grass field: rochuir ... na eocho hi fergort LU 8514 ( FB 36 ). g s. ind fergoirt LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). ocht fichit bó do chur i férghurt gabhála, Acall. 2309 . na crecha do léccean for a fér-gortaibh FM iv 1220x . ¤lann grassy tract (?): os ferlannaib portglana ... in prephir ... talmanta MR 112.10 (= airlann ?). ¤lepaid: dál féirleabtha d'inghin couching on the grass IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 . ¤mag a grassy plain: i férmaig Taillten, Ériu iv 106.2 .

(b) with adj., esp. in poetry, e.g.: ¤ardd long-grassed: os cloich ḟéraird stone amidst long grass (?): Anecd. i 55 . ar bhrú an tighe ḟéaraird `amidst rich sward' TD 8.11 . ¤bán: féarbhán ` fair- swarded ' TD 17.57 . ¤chorr: Banba an fhuind fhérchuirr `of smooth grass' Hy Fiachr. 176 . ¤dlúth densely grassed: fonncheltra ... ferdluithi in talman ` close-grassy ' MR 240.7 . ¤domain long-grassed: fa chlár bhféardhomhain na bhFionn TD 32.20 . ¤glan of bright, glistening grass: g s. an mhoighe ḟéarghloin TD 4.4 . ¤glas green-grassed: ar in faithche férglais, Acall. 6363 . ¤mín smooth-swarded: um Thealaigh bhféirmhín na bhF. TD 14.24 . ¤thlachtmar having a grassy covering: formna fertlachtmara ...cach bruighe grass-clad MR 100.20 . ¤úaine green-swarded: Inis Fáil f. verdant ZCP viii 108.29 . go faithche ḟ., Ériu v 174.204 .

fera

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fera or dil.ie/21668

n f.¤ .i. fúrthain, O'Dav. 947 . See feraid.

1 ferach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ferach or dil.ie/21669

adj o-ā having men: the `iomdhughadh' (adj. in ¤ach) of fer IGT, Introd. § 151 . Compar: as fearuighe mé iná thú (described as the `pearsa iomurbhádha' of fer) I have more men ib.

2 ferach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ferach or dil.ie/21670

adj f.¤ (ferech v.l.) cách co cresine, Tec. Corm. § 31.7 ; ` ferocious ', a deriv. fr. Lat. ferox, Meyer; but perhaps high-spirited ( < fer), `every man is a blade till he turns to religion,' i.e. the `ógláech' becomes later an `athláech cille .'

férach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. férach or dil.ie/21671

adj o-ā (fér) grassy, grass-grown: rob f.¤ ind relec, Lat. Lives 15 = Trip. 228.15 . co f.¤ fornocht (of a forsaken `dún') Met. Dinds. iii 96z . ar in faichthi féraig, Acall. 7104 . magsliab mór ... cen fraech, isse ferach, slemoin RC x 62.12 . samail fidbad féraigi ZCP v 22§15 .

ferachad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferachad or dil.ie/21672

n m. increasing in men (?): atá an baile ag fearachad ┐ ag fearughadh (`pearsa oibrighthe' or verbal noun of fear man) IGT, Introd. § 151 .

ferachas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferachas or dil.ie/21673

n m. (cf. 1 ferach) virility, manly spirit (?): is gleo ferge in f.¤ TBC 4157 . nir gab feirg re f.¤ [fersechas St] 4048 (`Mannhaftigheit (?)' Wind.).

feracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feracht or dil.ie/21674

n ā, f. (poss. an Old Irish formation although attested only in the later language, Ériu xxviii 155 ) the use or exercise (of an implement, industry, calling) IGT, Decl. § 26 : f.¤ eich horsemanship ex. 855 . (the form: ferdhacht eich is proscribed as faulty). ót ḟírḟerochd eichsi, ex. 859 . f.¤ coille outlawry, brigandage (?) 850 . nír chin fer bad ferr ar ḟ.¤ eich horsemanship FM v 1578.11 . feracht sgéal the office of a story-teller 23 L 17 22bx . feracht dána practice of the poetic art: saoi ḟir dána a bfocclaim ┐ a bf.¤ dána ALC ii 332.9 . feracht súl looking after, caring: f.¤ s. an leinimh do beith ag Aonghus, Nat. MSS. of Scotland III lxxxiv . coimed ┐ f.¤ s. na seacht laracadh `charge and keeping' ib. bíd dúlmhar ... i bhfeardhacht gunnaidhe the use of guns Corp. Astron. 76.14 . feardhacht tighe husbandry 90.15 . Cf. feras.

ferad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferad or dil.ie/21675

n u,m. (vn. of feraid).

(a) excrements, faeces: ocat ergab- āil fri fual ┐ fri f.¤ , Cáin Ad. § 6 . doberdis a bhḟual ┐ a bhferadh ar an altóir, B. Lism. 108va39 . dermuidid a fual ┐ a feradh do denumh, Ros. Angl. 226x . biadh cengail feraidh, Ir. Texts v 3.20 .

(b) a downpour: gur ḟear firmeint fearadh fras, Keat. Poems 1230 .

See ferthain.

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid Wb 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat Ml 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea Wb 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret Wb 29a9 . pret. s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa TBC² 1023 = firfassa LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes LU 4546 . fhirfes, Baile in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis TBC 3388 . ra ḟírastar LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad LL 258b15 . noḟurad 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with suffi- cient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arro- fera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh) BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMiscell. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Ir. Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC² 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often in- trans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. O'Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Met. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ? ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir LU 10384 = firfaidtir ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Met. Dinds iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Met. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices Buile Ṡ. 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht Wb 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór Muman § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Met. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC 3962 . nā fer bāig TBC² 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Met. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., Baile in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. Baile in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat com- lann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 .

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC² 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred LU 5504 (firfeasa TBC² 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ... LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a com- rama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset graf- aind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu LU 3228 ( SC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form TBC² 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, Aisl. MC 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh FM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Grádha² 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, Arch. iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

feraige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraige or dil.ie/21677

Forms: fhearuighe

n (abstr. of 1 ferach): an fhearuighe (`pearsa lóir' of fer IGT, Introd. § 151 .