fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáth or dil.ie/21356

Forms: fáth, fáth, fáith, fátha, fatha

n u,m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle LL 17a9 ). fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith, fátha. See fáith).

(a) cause, reason; with subjective sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele PH 7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tund. 110.4 . fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause (i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f.¤ airicc the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis, Aisl. MC 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4 ( Hy iv pref .). más é is f.¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their matter for praise TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f.¤ fodera ... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of that pestilence' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair ZCP vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 . in f.¤ forar crochad Ísu PH 2877 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra molais in fer sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC 3343 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra thogais 3367 . cá f.¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what purpose the owner had it Laws iii 150.8 . ca f.¤ nach filet na demnu fomamaigti? PH 2798 . cred in f.¤ ara feithim ? why do I wait ? YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ... m'ainm nó f.¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr². 95.14 . co nadh fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of healing) TBC p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will me to cause reproach to Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra ML 86.11 . fá hé f.¤ Bhlánaide ris sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.: ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ.¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain- sea PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd LU 7034 ( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais ZCP iv 239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii 227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the purpose of killing' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl. 85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f.¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh `all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 . ár bhf.¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .

Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 . cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .

(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal Fedelmthe Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd); 'the two noble sons of F. are worth a composition by poets', ZCP xxxi 49 . Freq. in chevilles: fath cen chlith SR 6879 . f.¤ ngle LL 17a9 . f.¤ co ngail 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f.¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme Met. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis ZCP viii 107.16 . f.¤ ro feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .

(c) wisdom, learning; maxims; skill: fath .i. fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath .i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav. 860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith, O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca imbirt, Corm. Y 607 . fatha felmacc 'a student of wisdom (leech)', Ériu xx 38 § 28 . … fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 .'… of the men of wisdom (learning)', ZCP xxxi 48 . The following seem to belong to this: cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss `mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ; fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage' Met. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ... as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e., perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól, fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through lore of battles' Met. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring sciences' RC xxvi 24 § 88 , cf. fiad fath `food of learning' 16 § 17 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? Eocho flaith na fáth LL 18a3 .

(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i. aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside, Met. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti RC xxvi 24 n. 15 . In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤bert crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim ALC i 582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the pro- ceedings of an enemy). ¤chomairle wise counsel: fathcho- mairledha fellsam MR 296.30 . ¤foghloim: (labrait) iarsin rath ┐ iarsin f.¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤foras: fáthfhoras focal `mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 . ¤gleó: f.¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 . ¤imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤rann `a witty stave' (a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach, gl.). ? ¤réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh do rannaibh slegh RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf. fonaidm níad for rindib sleg LU 10344 . ¤rún figurative, mystical meaning: gurab é is f.¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .

With adj.: ¤bertach: do roinn sé go f.¤ cách `with fore- sight' (cleverly ?) Duan. Finn i 13.27 . ¤chomhairlech wise in counsel MR 214.20 . ¤rannach: ar mo cheird bfath- rannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé xvi 14 . ¤rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsgiath 28.10 . do-ní Dia bagar go f.¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh. 7802 .

fatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fatha or dil.ie/21357

x see fotha.

fáthacda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáthacda or dil.ie/21358

Forms: faithechda

adj io-iā oracular, prophetic: possessing knowledge, accomplished, expert: in scriptúir fáthacdai `of the prophets' PH 4054 . il-lébraib in rechta fáthacda 5731 . Iarunngléo Fáthach .i. bád fathemail ... ┐ bád fathagdai in fer sin, Cóir Anm. 95 . in rig ina roibe spirut fathacdai (of David) LB 221a60 . rogab in fers fhathacda: ne tradas, Domine, Trip. 450.5 = faithechda ` prophetic ' Lat. Lives 51 . gabhu[i]s F. in fersa fathachda Hec requies mea Lism L. 2656 . in taircetal fathachta, Cog. 922 . ro chuaidh im-munighin a feasa fáthachda (of a sooth-sayer), CCath. 1004 ( ¤accda v.l.). filidh fathacdha Anecd. ii 50.6 . co foclaib fáthacdaib (sic leg.), Arch. iii 218.6 .

fathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathach or dil.ie/21359

x see aithech.

fáthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáthach or dil.ie/21360

adj o-ā (cf. fáth (c) and see Ériu xiii 171 ).

(a) possessed of knowledge or skill; wise, sagacious (?). Of pers.: fer fathach fírglicc CRR 19 . Fintan fáthach, MacCarthy 142.9 . diamsa ingen find f.¤ prudent (?) ZCP iv 468 § 10 . úa d'Étaín ḟathaig LL 137b24 . mná finna fáthacha ` accomplished ' SG 241.3 . fisicidhe fathacha, Fl. Earls 202.12 . As sobriquet: Fachtna Fathach, MacCarthy 194.15 . Iarunngléo Fáthach .i. bád fathemail glic gaesmar, Cóir Anm. 95 . Iarainnghleo Fáthach, Keat. ii 2726 . Of actions, etc.: ceim fathach (: gnáthach) `walking with knowledge', circumspect behaviour Ériu ii 64 § 6 . co na dernta feircc fathaig | ra hAengus rat fír- bhrathair that thou shouldst not cherish deliberate (?) anger Anecd. ii 37 § 8 . fáthrann (.i. rann fáthach) Triads 89 (Gl.). rún f.¤ `prudent care' TD 14.16 . Adv.: ag imirt fitch[il]le co fathach firglicc (with foresight, skilfully ) ZCP vi 47.13 (cf. fáith-imbert, s.v. fáth, compds.). cia imreas ar fidhchill go f.¤ ? Keat. Poems 519 .

(b) mystic, symbolic: go f.¤ is í Éire an chailleach so allegorically Keat. ii 2341 . féadtar a rádh go f.¤ gurab é an duine úd ... an peacthach, TSh. 586 . is i bpearsain an chiontaigh ... go f.¤ labhras T. 6528 .

fathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathad or dil.ie/21361

ind a word of doubtful form and meaning, in follg. exx.: ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig i fathod MU² 611 (see Gloss. p. 84 ). con cechlastar rucht claidib C. mar glimmaig n-archon i fathad TBC 5584 = i fothadh St; i fothach H; cf. ro clos ... imar glimnaig árchon i fotha 2612 = fothach St; fathoch, Eg. 93 , H; fotha LU 6463 .

? fáthad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fáthad or dil.ie/21362

ind ac furech re f.¤ Feidhlim ┐ an tslúaig bói ... ina ḟochair ALC i 568.8 = fathaib, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 7 . Cf. fáthbert, s.v. fáth, (d) compds.

fáthaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáthaige or dil.ie/21363

n ,f. (fáthach) `the gift of prophecy ' Triads 192 (.i. bheith foghluma fáithchialluigh, Gl.).

fatham

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fatham or dil.ie/21364

n some impurity or affection of the skin (?) (Med.): marbaidh [althea] conairce na haigthe ┐ glanaidh í ona salcur ┐ ona fathamh, 23 K 42, 345.12 .

fáthamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáthamail or dil.ie/21365

adj i (fáith, fáth) possessing knowledge or skill; prophetic: f.¤ glic gaosmhar, Keat. ii 2726 (= fathemail, Cóir Anm 95 ). an fer indisin scēl ... Meon fileata fadamail (fathamail v.l.) `prophetic (?) Maeon' TTebe 1161 .

fathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathar or dil.ie/21366

Mid. Ir. form of sethar, gen. of pers. pron. pl. 2: nechtar f.¤ IT i 336.13 ( Eg. 93 ). cechtar f.¤ , BNnÉ 303.16 . a cechtar fáthar (: máthar; fathfear, v.l.)! JCS i 202 § 13 .