fastód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fastód or dil.ie/21347

n (a development of fastud < astud, q.v., see also fostad).

I

(a) holding back, detaining, retaining: aga ḟastog detaining him Anecd. i 16.19 (= oca thofund LU 4375 ). nodaerfa sind ... i cinaid gan bhar fastogh for not having kept you back BB 18a28 . ṅi léigfiom úainn gan fasdúdh ... an sdúaigh, Ériu ix 164 § 17 . nior fhulang ... do chorp ar éigin d'fhosdúdh, Dán Dé xv 29 . ar n-a chlos ... do Bh. gur ḟágaibh rí L. an longphort ... cuiris giolla grádha ... da ḟastódh go dtugadh féin tuarastal is tabhartus do, Keat. iii 4233 . mar angcaire agá fhastódh, TSh. 9505 .

(b) retaining, keeping (in service); engaging, hiring: fostadhfas- tódh na bhfileadh, Keat. iii 1453 (corresp. to: astud na filed LU 316 ). triallaid ... i gConnachtaibh mar a bhfuaradar fáilte is fastódh `were taken into service' Keat. ii 3008 (= fostadh IT ii2149 ). is ferr [in] fastó gérr tend ná fastó mall `a short decisive engagement is better than a long- drawn one' O'Gr. Cat. 119.6 . cf. Brian ... do gabail righi nO. ┐ cleamhnus ┐ caradragh d'fas dó [leg. d'ḟasdódh dó?] ar Somairligh AU 1365 (= cleamhnus do denam do re S., Ann. Conn. ALC. c. d'forailemh do ar S., FM).

(c) Med. retention, constipation: fostog na fola, Ros. Angl. 218.19 ; 292.5 . Reg. Sláinte 2459 .

II In concrete use canine tooth (see fíacail): clairfiacail le ndentur gerradh ... et cainine re n-abur fostogh YBL 343b20 . tucastar an onchú fabach [sic leg.] fuac[h]da d'á fastoigib ar F. `with her teeth' Celt. Rev. iv 116.18 .

fastóthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fastóthach or dil.ie/21348

adj o-ā that which retains, binds, astringent: nach dū dō beith gu fasdoitheach acht a beith lacach (of food) 23 P 10³, 69a28 . anbainni na brighe fasdothaigh ib. 20b18 . brigh fasdochach, MacKinnon Cat. 21.9 .

See fostadach

fastugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fastugad or dil.ie/21349

x see fostugad.

fastuím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fastuím or dil.ie/21350

n f. (Engl. pastime) sport, pastime, merry-making: fastaoim ríghthe is míleadh, Ó Bruad. i 38 . ag fastaeim, ag āiness ┐ ag aoipness, Fl. Earls 58.4 . ni faicfidhear mē ... ag fastaím ná ag marcaigheacht, Hackett xxvi 18 (fasduim v.l.).

fásugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fásugud or dil.ie/21351

n u,m. (vn. of fásaigid)

(a) emptying, making void: ba hé a fassugud a nebchomalnad (gl. ad evacuandam pro- missionem) Wb 19c4 .

(b) desolating, laying waste: fásu- ghadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh etir ecclais ┐ tuaith FM 683 . Aed O. do ḟasucchadh Midhe gurbho riarach dhó 793 . tarthomar ... puirt oirechais d'fásughad `we have lived to see ... the tribal convention places emptied' O'Gr. Cat. 374.26 .

fátal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fátal or dil.ie/21352

n m. (n. ?) (<Lat. fātāle ? KM, Wortk. 119 ) fate, lot (?): ba trúag a fātal cin bríg | co mbātar fiad inn airrig SR 3563 . sochla fatal (: mbátar), Snedgus and MacR. § 20 (chev.). dá mbátar na ríg rádim | fri fátal fír adfédim LL 21a15 .

1 fath , fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fath , fáth or dil.ie/21353

Forms: fathuáime

n a covering, garment (?): f.¤ i étach ut est: ni lenat foidhlenna fatha, O'Dav. 855 = faidhe Laws iv 384.29 (with gl.: .i. nocha lenadh a snaithedh donahib lennaib, o bentar did iad). faith .i. édach, O'Cl. crothus a f.¤ `shook her raiment' RC xi 130.19 . ? ata sund ... heo find foda f.¤ fo neim, Auraic. 5142 (` garment, covering, shelter ' Vocab.). Compds.: ¤gér (?): as alleg. npr. f. Fathger (Faithgér v.l.) ingen Fighige, Anecd. ii 56.4 . ¤úaimm hem of a gar- ment ; 'garment-stitching' ZCP xxxi 57 (Addendum) : ar ḟathúaim an róba fa gcúairt, Exod. xxviii 34 . g s. fa gcuáirt na fathuáime ib. 33 . Cf. fathi.

2 fath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fath or dil.ie/21354

ind .i. urnaide, Stowe Gl. 377 .

3 fath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fath or dil.ie/21355

n heat (?): f.¤ tes ┐ fath (fat v.l.) anál heat...breath Met. Gl., Ff. 68 . faith .i. teas, O'Cl.

fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáth or dil.ie/21356

Forms: fáth, fáth, fáith, fátha, fatha

n u,m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle LL 17a9 ). fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith, fátha. See fáith).

(a) cause, reason; with subjective sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele PH 7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tund. 110.4 . fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause (i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f.¤ airicc the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis, Aisl. MC 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4 ( Hy iv pref .). más é is f.¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their matter for praise TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f.¤ fodera ... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of that pestilence' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair ZCP vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 . in f.¤ forar crochad Ísu PH 2877 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra molais in fer sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC 3343 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra thogais 3367 . cá f.¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what purpose the owner had it Laws iii 150.8 . ca f.¤ nach filet na demnu fomamaigti? PH 2798 . cred in f.¤ ara feithim ? why do I wait ? YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ... m'ainm nó f.¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr². 95.14 . co nadh fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of healing) TBC p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will me to cause reproach to Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra ML 86.11 . fá hé f.¤ Bhlánaide ris sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.: ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ.¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain- sea PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd LU 7034 ( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais ZCP iv 239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii 227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the purpose of killing' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl. 85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f.¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh `all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 . ár bhf.¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .

Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 . cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .

(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal Fedelmthe Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd); 'the two noble sons of F. are worth a composition by poets', ZCP xxxi 49 . Freq. in chevilles: fath cen chlith SR 6879 . f.¤ ngle LL 17a9 . f.¤ co ngail 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f.¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme Met. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis ZCP viii 107.16 . f.¤ ro feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .

(c) wisdom, learning; maxims; skill: fath .i. fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath .i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav. 860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith, O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca imbirt, Corm. Y 607 . fatha felmacc 'a student of wisdom (leech)', Ériu xx 38 § 28 . … fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 .'… of the men of wisdom (learning)', ZCP xxxi 48 . The following seem to belong to this: cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss `mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ; fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage' Met. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ... as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e., perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól, fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through lore of battles' Met. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring sciences' RC xxvi 24 § 88 , cf. fiad fath `food of learning' 16 § 17 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? Eocho flaith na fáth LL 18a3 .

(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i. aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside, Met. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti RC xxvi 24 n. 15 . In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤bert crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim ALC i 582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the pro- ceedings of an enemy). ¤chomairle wise counsel: fathcho- mairledha fellsam MR 296.30 . ¤foghloim: (labrait) iarsin rath ┐ iarsin f.¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤foras: fáthfhoras focal `mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 . ¤gleó: f.¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 . ¤imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤rann `a witty stave' (a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach, gl.). ? ¤réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh do rannaibh slegh RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf. fonaidm níad for rindib sleg LU 10344 . ¤rún figurative, mystical meaning: gurab é is f.¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .

With adj.: ¤bertach: do roinn sé go f.¤ cách `with fore- sight' (cleverly ?) Duan. Finn i 13.27 . ¤chomhairlech wise in counsel MR 214.20 . ¤rannach: ar mo cheird bfath- rannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé xvi 14 . ¤rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsgiath 28.10 . do-ní Dia bagar go f.¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh. 7802 .

fatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fatha or dil.ie/21357

x see fotha.