faitse, foitse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faitse, foitse or dil.ie/21229

n io, [n. ?.] (< fo-desse, Stokes, O'Dav. 841 )

(a) the right, south, south side or part: faitsi an desscert, Corm. Y 655 . faitse .i. an deisceart; clanna Neill in fhaitse .i. clanna N. an deisceirt, O'Cl. co sernar tech rig ? amuis ríg hi foitsiu `what is the arrangement of a king's house ? The bodyguard of the king are on the south' Laws iv 338.9 . cuslennaigh ... a n-airt[h]iur ḟoitsi `south-east' ib. 14 . gaibthiut co firu fochlae i faitse, Rawl. 132a16 = hi foidse, Ériu iii 137 - 74 (rhet.).

(b) the charioteer's seat on the right hand side of a chariot (oppd. to fochlae): batar sinde riadatar a fochlai fria faitsi .i. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlae; faitsi immorro ainm do suidhiu ind arad, Corm. Y 698 . O'Dav. 841 (s.v. fochlu). Hence

(c) a high- seat or seat in general (?): fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda; faitsi cach n-airide, Corm. Y 698 . (... faitsi gach n-airide nó gach imdae, O'Dav. 841 ). Cf. fochlae.

fáitsine, fáithsine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáitsine, fáithsine or dil.ie/21230

Forms: fáitsine, faithsine, faissine, atsine, faithsini, faithsine, faidsine, fá(i)stine, faistine, fastini

n ,f. (fáith) n s. fáitsine Wb 30d23 . ind faithsine Ml 89b11 . ind faissine 25b6 . ind atsine (aitsine v.l.) Hy ii 22 . d s. dund faithsini Ml 24d5 . g s. inna faithsine 25b8 . inna faidsine 81c6 . In Mid. Ir., through metathesis, also fá(i)stine. Prophesying; a prophecy, an augury: in older lit. used both of Scriptural prophecy and pagan soothsaying, in OT of latter only, fáidhedóracht being the term applied to the former: cid dia tirchain fáitsinei inna psalm ? of what did the prophecy of the psalms foretell? Hib. Min. 10.321 (faidsene v.l.). libuir na fastinei 3.67 . (fastine v.l.). in conid he Dia ro lín faithsine ṅDauida, Rawl. 75a43 . do chomailliud fástine in chomded LU 1415 = RC xxi 386 . fátsine ┐ gellta in choimded frínd PH 2546 . comlanius ... in rechta diada ┐ inna fáitsine 5845 . is and sin ra comallad fastini Berchain, Cog. 225 = LL 309ax . co nderna fáitsine dó = prophetice locutus est Lat. Lives 111 . dorairngert fáitsine fír, Met. Dinds. iv 150.49 . amhail boi hi ffíoghair ┐ hi ffaistine dhóibh, Cog. 84.23 . fástine Cassandra do Troianaib, TTr.² 546 . curo comalladh faistine Apaill, CCath. 3246 . atchota lesci fatsine LL 345b47 = faistine, Anecd. iii 11 . fer fastine soothsayer Ann. Conn. 1282 § 9 . sgéala na bhfear bhfáisdine TD 4.36 . luchd fáistine soothsayers Isa. ii 6 . pl. rocomollit na fastini , Cog. 12.6 . rofaillsighit ... faistineada ┐ remtirc[h]anta na n-olc robadar ar cind doib, CCath. 820 (faistenaighti v.l.). ata san aithnesi gan credium do chrandchuraib ... no d'fháistine duine da marand indiu PH 7317 . As quasi- vn., prophesying: oc faitsine dia mac prophesying about his son PH 3436 . oc faisdine dó prophesying to him RC vi 177 . tig aingeal ... d'ḟáisdine dhó to prophesy to him TD 7.35 . Divination: déna fáistine dhamhsa leis an leannán síthe divine unto me 1 Sam. xxviii 8 . énduine ... ghnáthuighios fáistine, Deut. xviii 10 . spiorad ḟaisthsine (sic) a spirit of divination (Gk. πύθωνος) Acts xvi 16 . Gift of prophecy, second-sight: tic rath fastini fair LU 9827 . Saul ... ba snímach ... | ... cen noibi, cen fáithsine SR 6476 . faitsine o Dia leiside, Anecd. i 5.20 . fir ... go mórḟastine ┐ druidect TBC 1453 . dia mbeth fastini ocut, TFerbe 345 .

See remfáistine, and fáistinech.

1 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fál or dil.ie/21231

Forms: fala, fáltaigib, fáltaib, fál

n o,m. cf. fál o,m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . (orig. neut. ? n p. fala, Laws v 500.9 ). The pl. forms fáltaigib, fáltaib, cited below, are perhaps caused by contamination with búale (q.v.) which is common in similar contexts. A fence, hedge, enclosure: fál `a hedge' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 334 . domfarcai fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees overlooks me Thes. ii 290.7 . fri frega f.¤ `against the wall-fence' 293.22 ( SP ii 9 ). clár cóir cobsaid ... fal fri fóir forsaid SR 982 (cf. fal ḟossud 986 ). draighneach bis i fal...`a blackthorn which is in a ... fence' Laws iv 150.11 Comm. felmae quasi fal im bae, ar is fal fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . ro choimh- rithsat na huain ar amus a maithrech, ár ní raba fal eatarra, Lism. L. 4847 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta `a hedge against the swelling of a spring-tide' (of a hopeless under- taking), Cog. 162.22 . focherd-san a ḟál mbodhbha ... i n-imthimcheall ceitri n-ollchóiged nErenn TBC p. 381 n. 1 , cf. 'na cathchliathaibh ... ┐ 'na faltaighibh bodba umpu, CCath. 2691 (faltaibh v.l. see Compds. below, under -tech). fál catha, CCath. 1722 = moenia clausa ... iuvenum Phars. iii 373 . fal mara `a sea-wall ' (expl. of Fālgai = Fālchae) Ériu ii 22.11 . fál tonnmhuire 'na thimchioll the billowing sea as hedge TD 28.35 . g s. nach faicci ... inad in fail? `the site of the wall' (of a camp) CCath. 2997 . athnuagugad na mur ┐ tormach na rath ┐ na ḟal (of fortifying Troy) LL 407a42 . d'faltaib in longphuirt, CCath. 5421 . fá na fáltuibh, Luke xiv 23 . do bhris tú a ḟálta uile all his hedges Ps. lxxxix 40 . do phlanduigh ... fíneamhain ┐ do chuir fál uimpe (= saepivit eam) TSh. 10484 . leim tar fal amach a leap over the hedge (i.e. an evasion) Luc. Fid. 286.7 . Often fig.: nai ngrad na gnath-ṡairsi | bud f.¤ fam naomhaib-si ZCP viii 214.10 . inti scuchas fal dochraite dibh the barrier of oppression Laws iv 376.16 Comm. f.¤ na fírinde IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhf.¤ bhfírinne se, TSh. 6714 . f.¤ na foghluma, Studies 1924, 89 . na soibhéasa bhíos 'na bhf.¤ timcheall na hanma, TSh. 1469 . ... atáid 'na bhfál re broscar bíodhbhadh, Keat. Poems 35 . In Laws, a legal barrier: cis lir fala for iadat dilse cacha selba SM Facs. 1a20 (`how many are the bars which shut up the right to every kind of property ?' Laws v 500.9 ). fal fine (.i. inn imi dani in fer fini, etc.) ib. SM Facs. 23 ( Laws v 500. 10 ). muna tuctar, is fal `unless they are given, it is a bar' Laws v 504.5 Comm. fal anfaitcis (.i. ... in ime doni in tí ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan), Laws v 508.19 . Cf. ZCP iv 227 . fal fingaili (= the murder of a kinsman as an impediment to assuming sovereignty) BR 110.17 .

Compds.: ¤airbe hedge-fence: (fig. of an encircling phalanx) fál-airbi ferrda ... Frangc MR 214.17 . ¤chip close phalanx: pl. fālchipeada fēigi 224.6 . ¤chliath a hurdle: co rallsat ... falcliatha sciach ┐ draigen isin n-āth, Dinds. 61 . ¤dos = a thornhedge: Micah vii 4 . ¤tech (?) an enclosure, pen: alma ┐ éiti ... iarna lecud as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib LL 265a9 ( MU² 390 ). Cf. CCath. 2691 cited above.

2 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fál or dil.ie/21232

n m. a king (?): f.¤ .i. rī, Corm. Y 650 . O'Cl. fal .i. ri no muir [leg. mūr, Arch. iii 331 ], ut est fal scothe sinnath `king of speech is satire' O'Dav. 846 (but perh. we should read falscothe ? Cf. fallscad). Fáelan ... gér caemḟál LL 32b27 . Fergus na fāl (: Baetān) F. of the chiefs (?) Rawl. 163a5 = BB 79a26 . Prob. a fig. use of 1 fál. Hence possibly the compd. fálgus: f. féig (: Cnámrus) `eager strength of chieftains' Met. Dinds. iii 130 .

3 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fál or dil.ie/21233

Forms: fal

n abundance (?) : f.¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. Leb. Gab. i 102 n. 7 ( fal ). fal (fan v.l.) romiad `abundance of great honours' RC xxvi 28.2 (with gl.: immad na fer romiadach LL 187b53 ) Cf. citt. under 4 fál.

4 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 fál or dil.ie/21234

Forms: fál

n o,m. science, learning (?): fal .i. achmhaing [sic] ` ability ' O[ld] G[lossary], P.O'C. sruth fáil `a stream o science' RC xxvi 22.14 (with gl.: aiste imda nó immad na hecsi no fál gotha cáich no Inis Fāil LL 187a34 . na haiste imda .i. immad na ecse no fál gotha cáich no is [s]ruith i n-inis Fail, Rawl. 109a8 ). Neither texts nor glosses furnish sufficient ground for assuming a subst. fál = learning .

5 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 fál or dil.ie/21235

Forms: fol, Falmaige

n o,m.

(a) name of the stone at Temair (Tara ) said to have been brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann, and generally known as the Lia Fáil . Not to be associated with a conical stone on Ráth na Ríogh, Celtica xxi 396, 400, Ériu I 167-68 : is iat Tuatha D.D. tucsat leo in fál mór .i. in lia fis baí i Temraig LL 9a14 . BB 32b23 (see Ériu viii 106 ). Fál i tóeb dumai na ngiall atuaid .i. cloch in sin no géissed fonti no gebad rígi nHerenn LL 30az . fál ainm na clochi sin .i. fó ail .i. ail fo ríg LL 30b2 . BB 32a19 . in cloch nogeissed fo chossaib cach ríg nogeibedh hErinn, Fal ainm na cloichi sin (etc., as in LL 30aff .) RC xv 281.22 . BB 350a18 . an Lia Fail bui a Temraig nogesed fo cech rig nogebad Erinn RC xii 56 § 3 . cec[h]aing dar fal faen Temrach BB 378b27 = fol KZ xxxiii 83 (from H3.3, where it is glossed .i. lia fail). lengait Temraig tren titacht tuath Galeoin, | golaid lia Fail fri falgud fairni faireoin, Rawl. 115b22 ( Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 41 ). Fāl anmaim na cloche ZCP iii 459.1 (Baile in Scáil). rogēs fāl foat cosaib-se, ib. 5 (O'Curry, MS. Mat. 618 ). bai Fal and, Ferp cluche ... intī arfemath flaith Temrach, gloedad in Fal fri fonnad in charpait, Ériu vi 134.25 . teit dochum Fail. ... ; gloedith in Fal. `Arraet Fal' forsint slua[i]g 135.54 . an Lia Fáil: ... saxum fatale ... gaireas Hector Boetius di i stair na hAlban, Keat i p. 100 (ainm eile dhi cloch na cinneamhna 206 ). The interpretation of Lia F.¤ `the stone of destiny' is not supported by ancient testimony. (see Journal of the Ivernian Soc., 1910 p. 152 ff .). Cf. roth Fáil Flaind, Met. Dinds. iv 154.123 . co Fál as far as F., an expression used in connection with Irish kings to imply that they were high-kings of Ireland ( KM Wortk. 42 ): Eir[i]u fo Chund, Conn co Fal (: brāth), Anecd. ii 8.4 . Cuan iar Failbe co Fal (: Cuān) (i.e. after Failbe, k. of Munster, reigned Cuan, who was also high-king), Rawl. 163a40 . Núadha Finn Fáil ... no thaidhledh co minic in Lía Fáil ic cluici fría ┐ ag suirghi 'he used to visit the Lia Fáil often, playing with it [lit. her] and courting', Cóir A.2 ii § 85 .

(b) As a name of Ireland: Rudraige rí Fáil LL 129a15 = BB 47b18 . ingen Echach Find Fáil TBC 1675 . d'feraib Fail 3119 . filid Fail LL 38a4 = Auraic. 5385 . rí fionn Fáil, Keat. ii 5464 .

(c) more often in gen. preceded by inis, mag, crich, etc.: in Fál Mór .i. in lia fis bái i Tem- raig diata Mag Ḟáil for Herind, Ériu viii 106 (< LL 9a ). Temair Tiri Fail ZCP iii 459.2 . crích Fáil, Ériu iv 222.2 . Inis Fáil, Keat. i p. 100.206 . d'écsib innsi Fáil, Ériu iv 220.9 . Magh Fáil IGT, Decl. § 176 . Keat. i p. 100.206 (cit.), see TD i p. lvii . Cf. Inis Fo ail name of the mythical island whence the Lia F. was brought ZCP iii 459.2 . Inis Fáil name of Beggery Island, Co. Wexford. Onom.

(d) cf. further: firu Faal (= f. Fálchae ?) ZCP viii 564 . See Heldensage i-ii 430 . bid olc de cuanaib fal fomoiri fo tuili ZCP xii 403.17 (rhet.).

Compds.: ¤inis Ireland: rí for fíannaib Fáilinse LL 128b21 = MacCarthy 182 . ¤mag id. Falmag Sc.M. § 3 ; gen. Falmaige ZCP viii 102.16 . Cf. i n-inpher an Falmoigh RC xi 130.19 (for decl. cf. Maonmach IGT, Decl. § 138 ).

6 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 fál or dil.ie/21236

n (<Norman-French val) valley: fál .i. fánaidh isin Berla, Ériu xiii 82.303 . See fáltach.

fala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fala or dil.ie/21237

x see fola.

falach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. falach or dil.ie/21238

x see folach.

fálad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fálad or dil.ie/21239

n u,m. fencing (?) : gort nach uair a fáladh íad IGT, Verbs ex. 844 .