esarg-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esarg- or dil.ie/20384

x see esorc-.

-esarlaither

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -esarlaither or dil.ie/20385

Forms: na hesarlaither, esarlathar

v (apparently pres. subj. pass. of as-cuir throws off; overthrows): a choclaid ar na hesarlaither nech fair that one may not be overthrown on it (sc. the road) Bodl. Corm. s. ro(u)t ( Corm. Y 1082 ; esarlathar LB).

esarn, esern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esarn, esern or dil.ie/20386

n (< L. exhibernum, see K. Meyer, Wortk. 34 and Vendryes, RC xxxviii 22 ) year-old wine: esarn .i. ni úrfin...esuern ní nue-ḟin sed uetuss , O'Mulc. 447 . cenéle dáileman: mórmenmnach meda...itfa eserni, Triads 231 .

esartae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esartae or dil.ie/20387

Forms: esartaib

io-iā (part. of as-oirc) smitten: is hosuidib ropu esartae Tur 94 . esartaib (gl. caesis) Ml 36b17 . 37b29 .

esartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esartaid or dil.ie/20388

n i, m. (nom. ag. of as-oirc) a smiter: gl. Caeṡsar (= caesor fr. caedo) Sg 50a22 .

es(s)artha, e(s)arda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. es(s)artha, e(s)arda or dil.ie/20389

io-iā (part. of esraid) strewn, littered: áiliu suide n-ard n-esarthae 'I pray for a high, straw-covered seat' Éigse xxxvii 76 § 2 . robatar gríanana...essarda do aín ┐ do urluachair LL 263a37 = MU 12.5 . a bhfoirgneadha áille easartha `well-littered buildings' ML 76.5 .

esba(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esba(e) or dil.ie/20390

Forms: espai, n-espai

n io, m. (báe good, profit) uselessness, vanity, folly; idleness, play, wantonness: easba .i. diomhaoines, O'Cl. BCC § 399 . mad espe dom a nopridchim if it be useless Wb 19d17 . bad n-esbae dam du frecur ceill-siu that it is useless for me to worship Thee Ml 132b3 . fretech cech espi `renunciation of every vanity' Mon. Tall. § 56 . is espa (.i. is feles) a techt TBC² 169 (= LU 56b22 ). esba .i. filus, O'C. 1388 < H 3.18, 630 . ba hespa ecóir imlúad trenḟir ri comai cluchi LL 228a36 = TTr. 819 . guide cech maicc lére...ní hespae, Fél. Epil. 430 . oc cles- rad ┐ oc espai dona slogaib = variis lusit artibus (of a pet fox) Todd Lect. v 85.14 = IT i 46.25 . dia ndernur uabur no esba commit arrogance or folly LL 279a30 . u. na hespa 33 . YBL 164a5 . érniud mo chesta...corop espa olloman a poet's sport (?) LL 141b29 . In Laws, with ref. to acts performed without serious intention, in the course of play, sport, heedless trifling (opp. to torba, which refers to an act committed in course of business): in torba no in t-esba iii 96.13 . re bec- deithbirius no re espa 250.27 Comm. mas re hesba atait maraen `if both are (riding) for amusement' 258.10 Comm. a n-esbo `their idle offences' v 150.26 Comm. Of an idle person; one at play: slan don torbach in t-esba the person on business is exempt as regards the idler (if he ac- cidentally injure the latter) iii 258.16 Comm. gen. as attrib.: raind espai wanton staves LL 110a32 . RC xxiv 46.1 . TFrag. 34.11 . fri forluamain n-espai `idle volatility' Ériu vii 172.18 . Cf. Ailill Cethech...cethech .i. beimnech ut dicitur bemnech fer espai, Rawl. 124a15 . bá saethar n-espa dóib tíchtain a vain labor LL 220b22 = TTr. 255 . dercad espo, Aisl. Tund. 95.16 . gan ridh [reith v.l.] n-espo frivolous running (on Sunday) Anecd. iii 21.5 . re heirim n-espa...re heirim torba riding for amusement...on business Laws iii 258.15 Comm. scian espa useless dagger (a contemptuous epithet) IT iii 102 § 191 = Bruchst. § 73 . In stricter sense useless, invalid: teora nadmand aspa invalid covenants Laws iv 54.6 . i n-esba idle, unoccupied: na bi a n-espa, is ed timarna in Ri, | lubra, legad, ernaigthi, denadh egin na ni ZCP vii 310.22 . forcetul nó scribend nó cecip tarba, arna beither ind-espa...ut Dominus ait: non apparebis ante me vacu[u]s iii 29.31 . Cf. comhcetlud a n-espaibh BNnÉ 305.28 v.l. im raind a tíri d'espaib | dorigset mor d'imres- naib SR 5125 .

esbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbach or dil.ie/20391

adj o-ā (esbae)

I Useless, vain, purposeless: imchomarc (n-)espach an idle question Ml 35c26 . is gním n-espach `a deed unprofitable' Met. Dinds. iv 16.9 (Dubthir). is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 . hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it TBC 414 . esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes. ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .). espach sin that is folly (of the act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 . ba esbach comrac ris CRR 55 . mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a n-écoir do dénam LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . ní espach linne in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .

II Idle, unoccupied: espach no deid (gl. otiosus) Ml 35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm. n an idler (stander-by, dis- engaged person), oft. opposed to torbach profitable worker: Laws iii 242.14 , 23 . nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig iii 482. 3 . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable workers iii 166 z ; 224.10 . is iat ata espaigh and, daine rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh 190.23 (cf.: is iat ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t., l. 21 ). ar na huile esbachuib uile 242.16 .

Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the meaning to be useless, unavailing i.e. their valour no longer avails (since they are dead), but cf. follg.

III without good, unfortunate (?): espach éc ríg Mugna LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 . do thuitset isin cath... | clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. Cell. 80 .

esbadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbadach or dil.ie/20392

adj o-ā (esbaid)

(a) wanting, lacking, deficient: in Laws, Comm.: mad esbadach ní do fleid if any portion of the feast be deficient Laws i 126.28 . cen cumad esbadach acht in aenmad rann fichit dib though but the one and twentieth part should be deficient in them iii 362.13 . aithgin i[n] neich is esbadach `compensation for whatever is deficient' 460.27 . in tan as chutrumma sesid...is esbadach don chundrud, Cóic Conara 19 § 11 . With ar: is leth-eneclann is esbadach aire `lost to him' Laws v 164. 9 . With ó: cuitig airm is esbudach uathu iii 510.19 . is easbadach a leth-eniclann uad v 50.29 ; 34 z ; 164.3 . an phian easbadhach pain of deprivation TSh. 2044 (con- trasted with p. ghníomhach 2025 ). Incomplete, imperfect: a ní iomlán...a ní easbhadhach, 1 Cor. xiii 10 . sí uime dob easbhadhach TD 24.7 .

(b) defective, deprived, damaged: cia ro thomail ní don uig easbadhaigh ? (of a partly-eaten egg) MR 24.21 = FDG 178 v.l. cona terna acht aonchath easbadhach `one shattered battalion' FM ii 1098.18 . RC xviii 173.15 . ba hesbadhach Goill ┐ Gaoidhil `suffered great losses' (in battle) FM iii 388.5 . vi 1986 . nó in áoinní dob esbhadhach aitherrach 'or any thing which might be otherwise notoriously defectiue' (w.r.t. religious practices etc.) Ériu xv 126 § 15 .

(c) injured, disfigured: ó a mbeith ainmheach easbhadhach ML 144.4 . go rabhadar taoibh ┐ ochta ┐ aighthe ┐ easnach go heasbhadhach aca on iomghuin 138.13 .

(d) needy, in want: na druinge bhíos easbadhach = egentium TSh. 4667 . an bocht ┐ an t-easbhuidheach, Ps. xxxv 10 . don duine chráite ┐ don e.¤ lxxxii 3 . do scrios an bhoicht... agus a neasbhuighidh, Prov. xxx 14 .

(e) in wider sense lonely, forlorn: ra adlaicsed [an bantrachta] curpu a carad ┐ a cæmceilead ┐ dochuadar...da tigib co cæinteach easbadach, TTebe 4919 .

1 esbaid, esbud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 esbaid, esbud or dil.ie/20393

f. (ess + both, buith, vn. of subst. vb.) lack, loss, deficiency, defect: ogṡlan gin on gin ainim gin esbuid ZCP iv 42.4 . cen turbadh ┐ gen espud, Laws i 262.21 . bla easbaidhe; crich incoisce easbaigh talman .i. fan no seisc...no lathrach seanroda `a defect mark i.e. a district defined by want of land i.e. a declivity or a sedgy place...or track of an old road' iv 144.7 . is mor for n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 . 2895 . fuilledh a n-esbadh supplying their defects (omissions; of the pagan laws) Laws i 38.19 . do dhealbh Dia...an teagh-sain | ní fhoil...easbhaidh ann, Dán Dé xxxi 2 . chum easbhuidhe want, indigence Prov. xxi 5 . xiv 23 . Affliction, injury: doilghius im na [h]esbadhaib sæghalla temporal losses ZCP iv 384.7 . na huilc ┐ na hesbadha [sic MS] móra sin aga ndenamh ag na haithechthuathuibh, Ériu v 76.20 . Fianaig. 70.27 . tar eis áir ┐ esbadha do tabairt ar Midechaib RC xviii 164.9 . fíor-thairrngire na n-olc ┐ na n-easbadh, TSh. 6683 . Especially of loss by death, losses in battle, slayings: sé mili...esbaid Gréc o Troianaib LL 144a11 . co fintáis a n-esbada oc B. that they might find out (the number of) their losses (i.e. their slain) BDD 68 . ni fes méd a n-esbadha RC xviii 299.12 . re himut a n- esfadha, TTebe 3868 . ro adhnaicset clanna N. a n-easbada buried their slain ZCP xiv 241.14 . Mac M. do écc... ┐ ba moir-easbaidh eside a great loss FM iii 334.5 . tri hesbada cutruma tucad ar Eirinn...┐ issí seo in cethramad esbaid... .i. Find, Acall. 5275 . (Med.) scrufuile .i. easbada ┐ cnuic bragad `neck defects and neck lumps' (of scrofula) O'Gr. Cat. 196.27 . easbadha bragh- at `scrofula, King's evil' BNnÉ 147.38 (ii 344) . disinteria ┐ cretan ┐ esbadha 'scrofula (?)' Ériu x 147.4 . (accalife)...a cur amal ceirin ar na heasbudhuibh ┐ fóiridh iad, 23 K 42, 327.22 .

With gen. of thing wanting or missing: secht cēt dēc cen essbaid n-oenfir...rosmarb C., Rawl. 85b18 = RC xxxvi 262 . esbaid daim na bó loss of ox or cow CRR 4 . comlantius cecha huilc la hesbaid cech maithiusa FA 20 (LB). PH 3638 . 6167 . essbuid cecha maithiusa 4344 . tre esbhuigh an indḟuartha = propter privationem eventationis Reg. San. c. iv . esbaidh díleaghtha, TSh. 1574 . o fuair esbaid a ingine `discovered the loss of his daughter' TTebe 20 . iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha excess or insufficiency of definition IGT, Introd. 2.26 . d(i) e.¤ for lack of: go rachadh cluain, d'easbhaidh ḟear | gan bhuain TD 27.32 d'easbaidh na ngrás, TSh. 7835 . Cf. d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca from the fault that they had not belief 7835 . ar (for) e.¤ missing, lost: co mbeth se ar esbaid tri n-aidhci missing for three nights Laws v 324.11 Comm. [in lucht] rochuatar for easbaidh o A. who had gone astray from A. Aen. 327 . áiremh ar easbuidh a reckoning with a deficiency ZCP xiv 232.1 . d(i) ¤ or d(o) e. lacking to: nech hi pairilís ┐ cos ┐ lamh dia easbaidh , lacking (the use of) foot and hand BNnÉ 10.1 . nach biadh a mac...da easbaidh would not lose his son FM iii 634.19 . ropo lór in fer marb diar n-esbud, Death-tales 26.2 (as lór aoinfer do esbaid oirn v.l.) = LL 118b27 (in the v.l. e. seems used as vn.; cf. iongna do ḟuilngeadar... | a n- eighriocht orra d'easbhoidh TD 24.10 ).

i n-e.¤

(1) missing, lacking, absent from: ni bai ní a n-easbaidh acht a mbeith can gein there was nothing lacking save that they were without children ZCP vii 307.20 . ní roibhe ní a n- esbaidh fer nÉrenn re lind an rígh sin, Ériu iii 150.9 . ní fuil ní...ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . gan dul go Tír T. | go mbeinn bliadhain 'na heasbaidh a year away from it Ir. Monthly 1921, 28 . fuair sí... | gach ní dhá n-uair 'na heasbhaidh everything she needed TD 15.32 .

(2) in want: níor dhiúlt sise...neach i n-easbhaidh, Dánta Gr.² 87.59 .

With ar (for) of pers. etc., want, lack: intíí er a mbí esbuid na ngrás PH 7754 . nach aithnend in esbuid indus do beth esbuid uirri ann 7466 . tucsat biad cuca...┐ ni boi esbaid fair acht slicht a mbeoil amain ann the food was not diminished Arch. iii 224.34 . má tá easbhaidh | ar an ndúnadh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . ni bhiadh easbhaidh orm TD 11.2 . ní rabhattar...acht easbhaidh ar tri céd did not amount to three hundred FM vi 2316 x . With d(i): as espuid dia airmitin a loss to his dignity Anecd. ii 67.11 . With ó: nad rabi ní bad esbaid úad FB 4 . a hesbaid uathib its having failed them PH 7013 . In: in testa esbuid uaibsi a hEmain have you lost anything from E.? ZCP v 501.31 the first prep. completes the verb. Note the following superficially similar con- struction, with a different sense: easbhaidh ón toigh ní theasdá `no privation is wanting there' Dán Dé v 39 .

2 *esbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 *esbaid or dil.ie/20394

Forms: n-esbat, heseba, imdesfíaid

(originally a compd. vb., cf. do-está and 1 esbaid) is wanting, lacking: pres. ind. [torothair] ara n-esbat araile baill a cuirp to whom some members are lacking LU 34bz (= RC xxv 238 ). fut. conna heseba nach ní fortho 35a1 ( RC xxv 238 ). cip é chometas fírinni ni esseba nach maith aire ZCP xi 88 § 8 (= nicon tesseba 81 § 9 ). Cf. na esbiad fer im druimne Concobair TBC² 3076 (rhet.) = imdesfíaid TBC 4963 .